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malthus population theory
相关语句
  马尔萨斯人口理论
     Malthus Population Theory in China
     马尔萨斯人口理论在中国
短句来源
  马尔萨斯人口原理
     The Methodological Characteristics of Malthus Population Theory
     马尔萨斯人口原理方法论特征
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Malthus Population Theory in China
     马尔萨斯人口理论在中国
短句来源
     The Methodological Characteristics of Malthus Population Theory
     马尔萨斯人口原理方法论特征
短句来源
     Analysis on the Rational Parts in Malthus's Population Theory
     马尔萨斯《人口论》中的合理成份分析
短句来源
     Malthus's Theory of Population has far-reaching effects .
     马尔萨斯人口理论思想影响深远,众说纷纭,毁誉参半,争论不休。
短句来源
     Debate over Population in the Shadow of Malthus' Theory
     马尔萨斯阴影下的人口争论
短句来源
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  malthus population theory
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Although there is a reactionary aspect in Malthus' population theory, yet there are certain reasonable and scientific elements in it. This paper analyzes the four methods within Malthus' population theory and summarizes their characteristics.

马尔萨斯的人口原理虽有反动的一面,但其中也不乏合理因素和科学成分。本文具体分析了马尔萨斯在人口原理中运用的四种方法,并对其特征进行了概括。

From the view of history, in this paper, the concept of carrying capacity is investigated to provide an improved understanding about its contribution to solve environmental and resources problems. \ \ The evolution of the concept of carrying capacity can be divided into three stages. The first stage began with an examination of the bedrock of carrying capacity, which was the Malthuspopulation theory. In the theory, the mathematical formulation (logistic growth equation), the rigid...

From the view of history, in this paper, the concept of carrying capacity is investigated to provide an improved understanding about its contribution to solve environmental and resources problems. \ \ The evolution of the concept of carrying capacity can be divided into three stages. The first stage began with an examination of the bedrock of carrying capacity, which was the Malthuspopulation theory. In the theory, the mathematical formulation (logistic growth equation), the rigid assumptions of logistic equation and the uncertainty of terms were found not to follow an equivocal calculation and prediction. But the Malthustheory provided the bedrock of carrying capacity. The second stage was a development stage, mainly furnished by ecology research. This stage definition induced the idea of interaction between population of animal species and state of the environment. It shifted the attention from equilibrium quality to the environment range. The third stage consummates the concept of bearing capacity. In this stage, the notions of bearing capacity are placed in the background of ecological economics system for human beings. The matter is complicated by some factors, such as substantial individual difference in types and quantities of resources consumption, rapid cultural evolution of the types and quantities of resources supplying each unit consumption, institutions background, and patterns of socially controlled resources distribution. The notions put a premium on value judgments, institutional settings and interaction between ecological and economics system. \ \ In the second part of this paper, the notion of water resources bearing capacity was analyses in detail and redefined. An analysis framework of water carrying capacity in Northwest China is produced. In the new analysis framework, more attentions were paid on the ecological process, the interaction between ecological and economic systems, and management practices.

研究了承载力概念的历史、特征和缺陷及其应用背景和条件 ,对承载力对环境问题的理解提供了新的思路 .将承载力概念的变化划分为 3阶段 :1)萌芽阶段 ,环境容纳能力概念的提出 ;2 )发展阶段 ,容纳能力概念中强调资源和环境与种群增长之间的状态均衡 ;3)完善阶段 ,承载力的概念强调人文价值选择 ,追求的目标 ,强调生态和经济系统之间的相互影响 ,是对生态经济系统良性发展的一种支持能力 ,承载力的估计变为一种范围估计 .承载力概念应用在与人文活动及人文目标等有关的领域的时候 ,是一个复杂的规范概念 ,受生态系统的动态演替规律 ,人类价值取向 ,目标体制背景及管理措施等的影响 .最后 ,在分析总结我国已有水资源承载力研究成果的基础上 ,在生态经济系统的背景下 ,提出了新的水资源承载力概念 ,分析了水资源承载力的特征和研究方法 ,并提出了西北水资源承载力的研究框架

The focus of sustainable development issue would be people. The ultimate guarantee for realizing the sustainable development of mankind's economic society is to control the size of population, improve the quality of people. And that Malthus' population theory and Schultz' s human capital theory has just made the contribution of milestone nature to the sustainable development theory in these two aspects. Understanding and appraising these two milestones correctly will have...

The focus of sustainable development issue would be people. The ultimate guarantee for realizing the sustainable development of mankind's economic society is to control the size of population, improve the quality of people. And that Malthus' population theory and Schultz' s human capital theory has just made the contribution of milestone nature to the sustainable development theory in these two aspects. Understanding and appraising these two milestones correctly will have important meanings in promoting the sustainable development of the economic society of our country.

可持续发展问题的中心是人,控制人口数量、提高人口质量是实现人类经济社会可持续发展的根本保证,而马尔萨斯的人口理论和舒尔茨的人力资本理论正是从这两个方面对可持续发展理论做出了里程碑性质的贡献。正确认识和评价这两座里程碑,对促进我国经济社会的可持续发展有着重要意义。

 
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