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   the social welfare 在 经济理论及经济思想史 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.191秒
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the social welfare
相关语句
  社会福利
    The social welfare of narrow sense mainly reflects economic contents and its research methods are mostly positive.
    狭义的社会福利主要反映在其经济内容方面,研究方法也多以实证研究为主,其在分析中以经济福利作为社会福利的近似替代。
短句来源
    The practice proved that, the competition introduction enormously improved the service, the operation efficiency and the social welfare of the natural monopoly industry.
    实践证明,竞争的引入极大地改善了自然垄断产业的服务水平和运营效率,大幅度地提高了社会福利水平。
短句来源
    The government ought to determine the reasonable price taxes, which can make the enterprises’pricing equal its average cost, and make the social welfare maximize.
    政府应该合理确定征收的价格税的数量,以使企业的定价等于其平均成本定价,进而使社会福利达到最大。
短句来源
    Competition is the optimal method to maximize the social welfare.
    引入竞争则是政府追求社会福利最大化的最优方法。
短句来源
    Most of existing documents just expatiate the third sector and the social welfare system solely, the combination of the two-part study is not much, nor in-depth, and specialized literature from the perspective of the third sector research on social welfare is less.
    现有的大多数文献只是分别对第三部门和社会福利制度进行了阐述,对于二者的结合部分的研究并不多,也不很深入,在国内的文献资料中专门从第三部门的角度来研究社会福利的文章就更少。
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  “the social welfare”译为未确定词的双语例句
    A Policy Instrument to Reform the Social Welfare Regimes: Targeting Social Benefits
    社会保障制度改革的一个政策工具:“目标定位”
短句来源
    In the research, the economic welfare is considered as approximate substitution for the social welfare.
    广义的社会福利的研究,还包括其与社会伦理、社会规范相关的内容,研究方法也多以规范研究为主。
短句来源
    This paper defines the concept of Sustainable Development in two ways. First, it is the sustainability of the social welfare; second, it is the Intergenerational Equity.
    本文尝试从福利水平的可持续与代际公平两个角度定义可持续发展,着重从资源代际合理配置的角度研究可持续发展、代际公平与代际外部性问题。
短句来源
    In his works, he approachs the quality, character, function and meaning of market exchange from different angles, and firmly believes that in the condition of the freedom of market exchange, the social welfare will increase and social justice and harmony will be realized.
    他详细探讨了市场交换的性质、特征及其所具有的意义 ,认为只有在自由的市场交换下 ,才能增进社会的福利 ,实现社会的公正和和谐
短句来源
    The reason for such a contradiction is that the increment of the social welfare under pure cooperation is smaller than that under full noncooperation and mixed game if there is an increment to the R&D level.
    产生这种现象的原因是 R& D水平增加相同数量后 ,完全合作时社会福利的增加比完全不合作和半合作时小
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  the social welfare
Using a short-run partial equilibrium model of social welfare, this paper examines the social welfare implications of changing Pigouvian taxes under three markets: perfect competition, monopoly, and Cournot oligopoly.
      
Numerical simulation finds that the social welfare cost of rigidity is increasing in the concavity of the economy's welfare function.
      
By focussing on the Social Welfare Ordering associated with a bargaining solution, we characterize the symmetric Nash Bargaining Solution (NBS).
      
It is also argued that anybody who feels that the utilitarian (i.e., linear) form of the social welfare function is not egalitarian enough, should reject the author's individualism axiom, instead of trying to reject the Bayesian rationality axioms.
      
The social welfare function proposed by the author depends on interpersonal utility comparisons.
      
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This article studies the problem of social welfare_maximization under the condition of market economics which have been involved by the government. The mathematical model of the problem is establisted. It points out that we can realize the social welfare_maximization and utility optimality of every consumer under some conditions. Finally, it gives us the economic meaning and analysis and points out that the point of social welfare_maximization in our countries is better than that in other...

This article studies the problem of social welfare_maximization under the condition of market economics which have been involved by the government. The mathematical model of the problem is establisted. It points out that we can realize the social welfare_maximization and utility optimality of every consumer under some conditions. Finally, it gives us the economic meaning and analysis and points out that the point of social welfare_maximization in our countries is better than that in other countries which have market economics system of complete competition. 

初步研究了有政府干预的市场经济条件下的福利最大化问题,建立了相应的数学模型,并指出在一定的条件下,既可使社会福利达到最大,又可使消费者的个人效用达到最优.最后给出了相应的经济含义及分析,并指出我国市场经济条件下的福利最大点将优于完全竞争条件下的福利最大点.

The disputes on the relation between fair and efficiency come from the different understandings to the defination of fair. The fair compared to efficiency is the one in result. When the fair and efficiency are regarded as the goal,the contradictions between fair and efficiency seem no room for compromise. When fair and efficiency are taken as the means to increase the social welfare,there will be substituted relation between them. Through the static state analysis,social welfare is the increased...

The disputes on the relation between fair and efficiency come from the different understandings to the defination of fair. The fair compared to efficiency is the one in result. When the fair and efficiency are regarded as the goal,the contradictions between fair and efficiency seem no room for compromise. When fair and efficiency are taken as the means to increase the social welfare,there will be substituted relation between them. Through the static state analysis,social welfare is the increased function of fair and efficiency. And the dynamic state analysis indicates that the maximum fair and the highest efficiency do not mean the maximum of social welfair. The conditions of maximum social welfair are:the increase of social welfare resulted in the increase of fair (efficiency)is equal to the lose of social welfare caused by the decrease of fair and efficiency. For many reasons,there is no existence of sutstituted relation of fair and efficiency in China,unfair and lack of efficiency have become a serious social pooblem,and the efficiency in microcomic field has priority. The priority of the fair in microspic field should be the basic principle in dealing with the relation between fair and efficiency.

人们在公平与效率关系上的争论源于对公平的不同理解,与效率相对的公平只能是结果上的公平。当把公平和效率看作目的时,公平和效率之间的矛盾似乎是不可调和的,当把公平和效率当作增进社会福利的手段时,公平和效率之间就具有了替代关系。静态地分析,社会福利是公平和效率的增函数,动态地分析,最大的公平和最高的效率并不意味着社会福利的最大化,社会福利最大化的条件是;公平(效率)的提高带来的社会福利的增加与效率(公平)的降低引起的社会福利的损失相等。由于种种原因,在中国,公平与效率的替代关系并不完全存在,既不公平又缺乏效率已成为一个重要社会问题。微观领域效率优先,宏观领域公平优先应成为目前处理公平与效率关系的基本原则。

Under the condition of the utility function is concave we set up the social welfare maximal model and the resources consumption minimal model, then apply the duality theory to prove their realization under the regulation of the government at the same time, give the personal income tax rate and the subsidy rate to the different persons, at last point out that the maximal social welfare point is Pareto optimal.

本文首先在效用函数为凹的条件下,建立了政府追求社会福利最大化和资源消耗最小化的优化模型,然后运用对偶理论证明了在政府调控下,社会福利的最大化和资源消耗的最小化能够同时实现,并给出了政府对不同收入消费者实行的个人所得税率与补贴率,最后指出社会福利最大化点是帕累托最优的,

 
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