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mainland     
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  大陆
     The Evolution of H9N2 Subtype Avian Influenza Virus in Mainland China
     中国大陆H9N2亚型禽流感病毒遗传演化关系的研究
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     Screening and Identification of the Specific IgE Antibody Related Antigen and Mimic Epitopes of Schistosoma Japonicum (Chinese Mainland Strain)
     日本血吸虫(中国大陆株)特异性IgE抗体相关抗原和表位的筛选与鉴定
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     Ethnomusicological Fieldworks in Mainland China (1900—1966)
     中国大陆1900—1966民族音乐实地考察——编年与个案
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     Study on Activity and Mechanism of Group Strong Earthquake in China Mainland
     中国大陆强震的成组活动特征及发生机制研究
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     The Formal Research on Contemporary Poetry in China Mainland
     中国大陆当代诗歌形式研究
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  内地
     Approximately 13.91% of the students reported having had sexual behaviors, the proportion of males was higher than females(χ~2=56.65,P=0.000),the students from out of mainland was higher than students from mainland(χ~2=54.14,P=0.000).
     性行为的报告率为13.91%,男生明显多于女生(χ2=56.65,P=0.000),港澳台生源明显多于广东和内地生源(χ2=54.14,P=0.000);
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     Trade relations between Hong Kong and Mainland China (1869—1904)
     香港与内地的贸易关系(1869—1904)
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     Study on the Conflict of Marriage Law between the Mainland and Hongkong--From the Point of View of Proper Law
     内地与香港婚姻法律冲突问题研究——来自proper law的审视
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     ResultsThe results show that the rate((21.26%)) of Hp infection of people from HK, Taiwan and Macao is lower apparently than that of people from mainland((31.46%))( χ ~2=(6.65),( P <0.05)).
     结果 入境港澳台人员Hp感染率(21.26%)明显低于内地相应人员Hp感染率(31.46%)(χ2=6.65,P<0.01).
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     The Impact on Mainland Petroleum & Petrochemical Industries by the Execution of CEPA Agreement
     CEPA协议实施对内地石油石化业的影响对内地石油石化业的影响
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  本土
     They integrate the mainland culture and the thought of the modern architecture results in the times' character.
     这一时代特征正是他们将瑞士本土文化和现代建筑思想批判性结合的结果。
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     In the study of national packaging design, the principle can be explained as the designer design activity should correspond to the local culture, the aesthetic psychology and activity, the historic venation of the mainland consumption colony.
     本土契合性原则在我国民族化包装设计中可表述为:设计工作者的设计活动(设计师的设计实践及设计理论研究者的研究活动),必须与本土商品目标消费群体的地域文化、审美心理与行为及其历史脉络等高度契合(包括配合、符合及调和)。
短句来源
     Based on the actual investigation of the batik on African market,some special cultural symbols on batiks of Aken and Adinkra peoples in African mainland were collected,classified and interpreted.
     在非洲市场实际调研的基础上,收集和整理了非洲本土蜡染文化中一些特殊的非洲阿肯(Akan)族和阿丁克拉(Adinkra)族等蜡染布料上的文化符号,对它们进行了分类和解读。
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     The simulation results show that accuracy(Circular error probable) of missile fall points is less than 60m with a Double-Satellite receiver and a SINS of one kind when the launch point is on our mainland, the integrated navigation time is 180s~480s after the missile launched, the range error is 3m(1s) and the range rate error is 0.02m/s(1s).
     仿真研究结果表明当导弹发射点在我国本土,SINS/双星组合导航时段为发射后的180s~480s,测距偶然误差为3m(1s)、测速偶然误差为0.02m/s(1s)的双星接收机与一定精度的SINS进行SINS/双星组合导航的导弹落点CEP小于60m,明显优于单纯SINS的导航精度。
短句来源
     500 kV AC Submarine Cable Link from Mainland Canada to Vancouver Island
     加拿大本土至温哥华岛500kV交流海底电缆工程
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  本岛
     The ferry-shipping lane from Yadanshan of Dinghai District, Zhoushan to Baifeng of Beilun District, Ningbo is called as the Ya-Bai Sea Route for short. Located in the western coast of Zhoushan Main Island, the sea route is the predominant line of communication connecting Zhoushan with the mainland and undertakes 90% and 60%of the total traffic volume and the passenger capacity between Zhoushan Main Island and the mainland, respectively.
     鸭—白航线是定海鸭蛋山至宁波北仑白峰轮渡航线的简称,该航线位于舟山岛西岸,是舟山与大陆联系的主要交通干线,它担负着舟山本岛与大陆连接的公路运输量的90%,客运量的60%,是舟山对外联系的主要窗口。
短句来源
     The number of islands that the deer distributed declines with increase of the distance from the mainland and main island.
     獐所分布的岛屿随着离大陆和本岛距离的增加而减少。
短句来源
     The major factors that affect the distribution of the deer are the distances from the mainland and the main island,the size of islands,and human activities especially poaching.
     对獐分布影响较大的因素是离本岛和大陆的距离及岛屿面积 ; 其次是人类活动 ,主要是偷猎 ;
短句来源
     Hainan Island and the mainland have a history of being connected, disconnected, reconnected and redisconnected, which makes the biota of the island and its ecologic environment have some correlations and some differences with those of the South China mainland.
     海南岛与大陆有过连、断、再连、再断的地史变化,使本岛的生物群及其生态环境与华南大陆既有一定的关联性,又有一定的差异性。
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      mainland
    The genetic differences between the fish from Nandujiang River and those from the mainland indicated that they were separated early.
          
    From September 2001 to 2003, a total of 1077 cases of SPH distributed in 135 hospitals all over the mainland of China were included for analysis.
          
    The prevailing wind in winter was from Mainland China to the north, and the polluted air mass led to poor air quality.
          
    The reconstruction and interpretations of lake status at 6 ka and 18 ka B.P.in inland mainland Asia
          
    By means of survey of literature through compilations of sedimentological, biogeological and geomorphologic data, the inland lake level changes in arid or semi-arid mainland Asia at 6 and 18 ka B.
          
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    Ⅰ. General SKETCH The Cenozoic basalt lavas are widely distributed along the coastal regionand its adjacent districts in eastern China. They form either widespread plateausor scattered mesa-like hills; and, in some places, the volcanic craters are stilladmirably preserved to-day. These basalt sheets were erupted extensively in lateTertiary and early Quaternary times. They belong to the multiple-vent basalts,but not the plateau basalt in the type of eruption. In this paper are given the results of a petrochemical...

    Ⅰ. General SKETCH The Cenozoic basalt lavas are widely distributed along the coastal regionand its adjacent districts in eastern China. They form either widespread plateausor scattered mesa-like hills; and, in some places, the volcanic craters are stilladmirably preserved to-day. These basalt sheets were erupted extensively in lateTertiary and early Quaternary times. They belong to the multiple-vent basalts,but not the plateau basalt in the type of eruption. In this paper are given the results of a petrochemical study of the Ceno-zoic basalt in eastern China. Geological and petrographical studies of the basaltsare not described in detail. Judging from the chemical compositions, the mostoutstanding characteristic feature of the most basaltic rocks is the richness inalkalis, especially in K_2O, also the undersaturation in silica, and, therfore,the most of the basalts distinctly belong to the alkaline rock suite. Such chemicalcharacters are closely related to modal compositions. The general petrogra-phical characters of the basalt may be now as well described. In North Chinaand South Manchuria most basalts are trachy basalt and its allied types, andoccasional nepheline basalt. The constituent minerals of these basalt are cha-racterized by the presence of anorthoclase, potash-adesine, plagioclase, titanaugite,as well as by the abundance of olivine. In South China the main basalt is olivinebasalt, consisting of olivine, augite, and plagioclase as usual. At some placesthe basalt may be slightly silica saturated that the occasional presence of hyper-thene and quartz (xenocryst) is noteworthy. In North Manchuria the dominant basalt is leucite basalt, containing leucite and olivine as phenocryst and groundmass constituent. Xenocryst of quartz and feldspar grains are sometimes present.In Taiwan Province, basalt of Kuanyinshan volcano is of the tholeiite type,but, in some other districts, the alkaline basalt with feldspathoidal constituentalso occurs. In view of the above-mentioned facts, the petrographical difference seemsto be matched by the differences of the major tectonic forms of China. Thesefacts may be tabulated below: Geographical region Tectonic forms Basalt type 1. North Manchuria Granitized region in Varisclde Leucite basalt 2. North China & South Precambrian Sino-Korean Trachybasalt Manchuria massive 3. South China Huanan platform in Yenshanide Olivine basalt 4. Taiwan Himalayide Tholeiite basalt Ⅱ. Regional INVESTIGATION In Table 1 the chemical analyses of the Cenozoic volcanic rocks in easternChina published up to 1951 were collected, of which 74 analyses are basalticrocks. The available analyses of every basalt sheet are taken an average to re-present the regional composition of the basaltic rocks. The localities of the basaltsheets where the analyzed chemical data are referable are shown in Figure 1.In all, 21 localities of basalt are investigated. The average chemical compositionsof each basalt locality, together with the normative minerals, Niggli's valuesand Zavarickij's numbers are given in Tables 2 A and 2 B respectively (localnos. in Table 2 correspond to the numerous in circle in Figure 1). For theconvenience of comparison, the average chemical composition of some standardbasalts (after S. R. Nockolds, 1954), some alkaline basalt in New Zealand (afterW. N. Benson, 1944) and Uganda (after A. Holmes, 1937), and the world's ba-salts, together with the normative minerals, Niggli's values and Zavarickij'snumbers of our calculation, are selected and given in Tables 3A, 3B, 7A, 7Brespectively. As mentioned above, the chemical composition of eastern China basalt ischaracterized by the high content of alkalies, and especially the K_2O. This cha-racter is definitely revealed by the normative feldspar, which is given in Table2 A and graphically shown in Figure 2. From this graphical representation,it is recognized that the normative feldspar becomes increasingly enriched ormolecular from South China to North Manchuria. Although the projected points appear to be scattered, a trend of clustering of the normative feldspars in accor-dance with its geographical distribution is apparent upon close inspection. Inthe normative pyroxene diagram, Figure 3, it is shown that most basalts of easternChina are rich in Wo molecular, falling near the Di-Hd line; On the otherhand, those of Kuanyinshan basalts of Taiwan Province are poor in Wo andcluster in the central part of the Di-Hd-Fs-En field. Therefore, that the easternChina basalt, excluding that of Kuanyinshan, belong to the alkaline rock suiteis justified. The comparison diagrams of qz, al-alk, C-(al-alk) and K-mg ofNiggli's values, based on the data given in Tables 2 B, 3 B, and 7 B, are gra-phically shown in Figs. 4, 5, 6 and 7 respectively. As will be seen from thesefigures, in general, the qz and al-alk of Niggli's value are lower, but C-(al-alk) and K-mg are higher than those of some common basalts. Fig. 8 isZavorickij's petrochemical vector diagram, from which the petrochemical cha-racters of high alkaline property in eastern China basalts are clearly justified. Ⅲ. Serial COMPARISON For ascertaining and understanding the general chemical characters, theCenozoic eastern China basalt and its differentiated associations are divided,based on the SiO_2 content, into 5 chemical types, the average composition ofwhich is given in Table 5A. As the chemical composition of Kuanyinshanvolcanic rocks in Taiwan Province shows a distinct calc-alkaline affinity, it is,therefore, dealt with the same procedure as well. The average chemical compo-sition of the volcanic rocks is given in Table 5 B. Since the Cenozoic basalt ineastern China covers the region adjacent to the Circum-Japan Sea and the Ja-panese Archipelagoes which are well known by the occurrence of alkaline andcalc-alkaline rock suite respectively. The serial variation in the chemical com-position of eastern China volcanic rocks is examinated in comparing them withthose of the Circum-Japan Sea and the Japanese volcanic rocks. The data usedfor the Circum-Japan Sea and Japanese rocks, which are given in Tables 6 A and6 B, are based on Tomita's and Yamada's calculated results respectively. Zavaric-kij's number of the same rocks, based on Zavarickij's data, is given in Table6 C. Following various petrochemical methods, some graphic diagrams are cons-tructed in order to express the chemical characters of the rock series of easternChina more definitely. The difference in chemical composition as comparedwith the Circum-Japan Sea alkaline rock suite is shown in the normal varia-tion diagram Figure 9. Other petrochemical indices (proposed by Peacock, Hol- mes and Tomita respectively) obtained are summarized below: Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ alkali-lime index (Fig. 10) 65.5 59.0 63.0 52.0 alkali-alumina index (Fig. 11) -- -- 67.8 63.3 Ol-Q index (Fig. 12) 20.0 43.0 72.5 76.5 Ne-Hy index (Fig. 13) -- -- 55.0 59.9 Di-C index (Fig. 14) 46.5 46.5 -- -- Ⅰ. Japanese volcanic rocks; Ⅱ. Taiwan volcanic rocks; Ⅲ. Circum-Japan Sea alkaline suite; Ⅳ. eastern China volcanic rocks.From these graphical solutions in Figs. 10-14, it may be justified that thevolcanic rocks in eastern Asia have increasingly enriched the alkali contentfrom the Japanese Archipelagoes to the mainland of China. Figure 15 is avariation diagram of the normative feldspar of the eastern China series, incomparison with that of the Circum-Japan Sea region, the Japanese Archipela-goes and New Zealand. As will be seen from the diagram, the variation of thenormative feldspar of eastern China rock series is quite discriminative. Notonly is it richer in or molecular, but the positions of point N and O (corres-pond to the respective Ol-Q and Ne-Hy indices as shown in Figs. 12 and 13)of the eastern China series are also in a later course than the others. Figure 16is a paragenetic diagram of the normative plagioclase and pyroxlene of theeastern China series. In the variation diagram of the normative pyroxene, Fig.17, the distinct difference in the course of variation between the alkaline andcalc-alkaline series is clearly revealed. In this connection, the directon of varia-tion in the normative pyroxene of the alkaline series differs from that of thecalc-alkaline series. It is also notable that the range of variation in the easternChina series is smaller, due to the presence of higher Wo molecular in bothbasic and acidic types, as compared with that of the Circum-Japan Sea series.Figure 18 is Zavarickij's petrochemical vector diagram of the eastern Chinaseries compared with that of Circum-Japan Sea and Japanese series. It may be acomplemental diagram of the serial comparison diagram of eastern Asia volcanicrock series, prepared by Zavarickij (cf. A. N. Zavarickij's Introduction to Petro-chemistry of Igneous Rocks, 1950, Fig. 61, p. 205, in Russian). The distinctdifference of these rock series may be clearly observed in the graphical solution.In Table 7 A is given the average chemical composition of eastern China basalt,together with the composition of basaltic rocks of the world (including olvinebasalt and Toleiite, Ocean basalt and Continent basalt) for comparison. Theeastern China average is very similar to the average composition of the olivine- basalt of the Circum-Japan Sea region (based on Tomita, 1935, and recalculatedby the writer), while it differed more or less from that of any of the world'sbasalts by the high content of alkali and especially K_20. This character isdefinitely revealed by the normative feldspar and pyroxene, which are graphi-cally shown in Figs. 19 and 21 respectively. Figure 20 is Zavarickij's petroche-mical diagram of the world's basalt. As shown in these diagrams, it suggests atransitional relation rather than a sharp cleft in the petrochemical charactersof the world's basalts. There are no distinct types of basalt magma but rathera continuous series from silica saturated (tholeiitic) to silica-undersaturated(olivine-basalt) rock, although the chemical distinction may be too subtle to beread directly from chemical analyses. Ⅳ. ORIGINAL Basalt Magma The original magma of eastern China basalt belongs to the olivine basaltmagma type. In this discussion it is assumed that the primary olivine basaltmagma is melted from a crust of peridotitic crystalline rock in the upper partof the sima layer. Olivine basalt magma may be modified by the gain of alimited amount of silica and some alkalies to produce a derived melt, whichappears to coincide with the tholeiitic

    ~~

    A study on the distribution of the green algal order Siphonocladales (except the genus Cladophoropsis) of China has been made. It is found that in China, most species of this order are confined to Hainan, the Paracels Islands and the southeastern coast of Taiwan; only a few species are occurred on the coasts of mainland and the northwestern part of Taiwan. On the continental coast, the northernmost limit of the members of this order under study lies roughly around Tungshan and Amoy (Fukien Province). This...

    A study on the distribution of the green algal order Siphonocladales (except the genus Cladophoropsis) of China has been made. It is found that in China, most species of this order are confined to Hainan, the Paracels Islands and the southeastern coast of Taiwan; only a few species are occurred on the coasts of mainland and the northwestern part of Taiwan. On the continental coast, the northernmost limit of the members of this order under study lies roughly around Tungshan and Amoy (Fukien Province). This is in general true also for many other tropical genera. The warm currents and China Coastal Current are two contributory causes of floristic changes. An analysis of the components of the Siphonocladales indicates that the marine flora of the South China Sea is characteristic of the Indo-West-Pacific.Both the palaeontological evidence of the fossil genus Pycnoporidium and the pattern of the discontinuous distribution of the modern species (see table 1) suggest that the members of this order had been widely distributed in the Tethys Sea before and in the Tertiary Period.

    管枝藻目(siphonocladales)可称为热带亚热带的代表性海藻。其分布范围对暖海海藻区系的划分及进一步的资源开发是有参考价值的。我国的管枝藻目,除Cladophoropsis属尚未调查外,共有25种(见附表1)。大多数的种类产于西沙群岛、海南岛(尤其是南部)及台湾的东南部(包括兰屿及琉球屿等)。至于台湾的西北部及大陆沿岸,则仅有少数种类出产。其他海藻之对温度要求较高者亦有类似的现象。其原因是西沙群岛及海南岛所处的纬度较低;台湾东南岸受到黑潮(高温、高盐度)的影响较大;而大陆沿岸及台湾海峡方面,尤其在冬季时,则受到大陆沿岸流(低温、低盐度)的影响较大之故。 在大陆沿岸,管枝藻目的最北生长区域为东山及厦门一带。此外,其他暖水性海藻的种类自海南岛至广东、福建沿岸而逐渐减少,有若干种类也是停业于东山、厦门一带,这是值得注意的。 由我国管枝藻目的组成成分来看,南中国海的海藻区系是印度西太平洋(Indo-West-

    The processes of the retreat of the West Pacific subtropical high from the mainland of China during Aug. 4-12, 1958 have been analysed. It is shown that the retreat first occurs in the layer of 200-400 mb and then propogates upwards and downwards, whereas, maximum changes occur at the 200 mb level. However, the contour fields below 500 mb suffer small change. This situation is related to the dynamical factors near the tropopause. It is also pointed out that the retreat of the subtropical high may be largely...

    The processes of the retreat of the West Pacific subtropical high from the mainland of China during Aug. 4-12, 1958 have been analysed. It is shown that the retreat first occurs in the layer of 200-400 mb and then propogates upwards and downwards, whereas, maximum changes occur at the 200 mb level. However, the contour fields below 500 mb suffer small change. This situation is related to the dynamical factors near the tropopause. It is also pointed out that the retreat of the subtropical high may be largely caused by the marked changes of the meridional circulation and the easterly jet-stream which are produced by the development of the large circulation pattern. Further analysis is made on the physical mechanism of the retreat of the easterly jet-stream, the characteristic of the evolution in the structure of the high and the effect of the evolution on the retreat of the high.

    本文对1958年8月4—12日中国大陆上西太平洋副热带高压减退过程作了分析。结果指出:它的减退是从200—400毫巴层次中开始,然后向上向下传递,最大变化发生在200毫巴层上,500毫巴以下高度场的变化是很小的,这是由于对流层顶附近的动力因子所决定的。文中还指出,大型环流发展所引起的经圈环流和东风急流显著的变动,是造成高压减退很主要的因素。本文还进一步分析了东风急流减退的物理机制和高压本身结构的演变特点,以及这种变化对高压减退所起的作用。

     
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