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  innovating
As more and more innovating P2P applications appear, the need to support intuitive communication and synchronization among the peers in the P2P system becomes imperative.
      
Miller's volume is a useful, thorough, and innovating overview of the subject of social justice.
      
Additionally, the results show that old firms grow less than young ones, and innovating activity - both process and product - is a strong positive factor in the firm's survival and its employment growth.
      
This article analyses whether small, young, and innovating firms have experienced a greater employment growth than other Spanish firms over the period 1990-2000.
      
Testing Gibrat's Law for Small, Young and Innovating Firms
      
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Abstract The paper holds the idea that technical innovation is the core of technical progress and innovation machenism is the key to innovate, which is the weakest link in our country. Technical innovation is a kind of enterprises'behaviour and is also a way to realize enterprises'goals.Enterprises'innovation depends on the combination of three elements which are enterprises'objective,the poWer to innovate and the efficiency of technical innovation.

技术创新是技术进步的核心,创新动力机制是创新的关键,也是我国技术进步实践中的最薄弱环节。本文把现代经济理论与行为科学理论相结合,建立了企业技术创新动力与环境的理论框架。作者认为,技术创新是一种企业行为,是实现企业目标的手段。企业技术创新的内在驱动力是创新动机和创新需要,它取决于企业目标、企业技术创新能力和技术创新效用三者的耦合程度。追求发展和中长期利润的最大化是形成创新动机的最佳企业目标,而决定企业目标的基本因素是企业的经济利益。本文认为,企业创新动机又要在外界环境刺激下才能激发为创新行为。创新的环境因素主要有三个:技术推力、市场刺激与政府干预。

This paper first points out that technological innovation is the decisive factor of the non-price competition of export goods, and technological innovation contains product innovation and process innovation. It takes America and Japan as examples to illustrate the relationship between products life-span, export goods competition and technological innovation. In the second part, this paper puts forward the strategy for our country to develop technological innovation and to raise the competition of export goods,...

This paper first points out that technological innovation is the decisive factor of the non-price competition of export goods, and technological innovation contains product innovation and process innovation. It takes America and Japan as examples to illustrate the relationship between products life-span, export goods competition and technological innovation. In the second part, this paper puts forward the strategy for our country to develop technological innovation and to raise the competition of export goods, that is, to increase investment in Research and Develepment (R&D) to enhence the absorption, digestion and innovation of imported technology, to speed up the commercialization of innovated technology, and to attach importance to the innovation of productive technology and the innovation of organizational management.\;

本文首先指出出口商品非价格竞争力的决定因素是技术创新 ,技术创新又包含产品创新和工艺创新 ,本文以美国和日本为例 ,说明了产品生命周期和出口商品竞争力与技术创新的关系。本文第二部分提出了我国发展技术创新 ,提高出口商品竞争力的对策 :应增加科研开发的投资 ;要加强引进技术的吸收、消化和创新 ;要加速创新技术的商品化 ;要重视生产技术创新和组织管理创新

Based on the demamds of the Outline for China National Economy amd Social Development in the Nineth Five-year plan and Prosperous Aim in 2010 , this article theoretically discusses the contents , the models and the standards of innovating property rights system of state-owned enterprise. It starts with the establishment of modern enterprise system with the reform of state-owned enterprise as the main thread. In conjunction with the practice of innovating the state-owned enterprise , this article...

Based on the demamds of the Outline for China National Economy amd Social Development in the Nineth Five-year plan and Prosperous Aim in 2010 , this article theoretically discusses the contents , the models and the standards of innovating property rights system of state-owned enterprise. It starts with the establishment of modern enterprise system with the reform of state-owned enterprise as the main thread. In conjunction with the practice of innovating the state-owned enterprise , this article also describes the micro-aim and macro-demands of innovating property rights system of state-owned enterprise on the aspect of the feasibility.

依据《中国国民经济和社会发展“九五”计划和2010年远景目标纲要》的要求,以国有企业改革为主线,从建立现代企业制度入手,在理论上探讨了国有企业产权制度创新的内容、规范和准则;并结合国有企业改革实践,从可操作性方面构画了国有企业产权制度创新的微观目标和宏观要求。

 
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