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epidural anesthesia
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  硬膜外麻醉
     The application of monitoring P_(ET) CO_2 to the patients during thoracic epidural anesthesia
     P_(ET)CO_2监测在胸段硬膜外麻醉病人中的应用
短句来源
     The incidence of urinary retention for use of local infiltration anesthesia,epidural anesthesia and general anesthesia was 0.6% (2/340),18.2% (76/417) and 28.6% (6/21) respectively.
     术后尿潴留发生率,局麻为0.6%(2/340),持续硬膜外麻醉为18.2%(76/417),全麻为28.6%(6/21)。
短句来源
     In group EPI,epidural anesthesia was performed at L 2-3 or L 3-4 interspace with 0.75% ropivacaine 15-20ml.
     EPI组则选择L2~ 3 或L3~ 4间隙行硬膜外麻醉 ,予 0 75 %罗比卡因 15~ 2 0ml。
短句来源
     METHODS: Sixty cases subjected to selective operations under upper thoracic epidural anesthesia were randomly divided into 2 groups: group A (20 g/L chloroprocaine, n=30) and group B (15 g/L lidocaine, n=30). The changes of HR, SBP, DBP, SaO2, HRV, Vc, FVc, FVc1 and MMV before anesthesia and 5, 10, 15, 20, 30 min after anesthesia were recorded and analyzed respectively.
     方法上胸段硬膜外麻醉下行手术患者60例随机分为A组(20g/L氯普鲁卡因组,n=30),B组(15g/L利多卡因,n=30),观察其阻滞前、阻滞后5,10,15,20,30min时HR,SBP,DBP,SpO2及HRV和Vc,FVc,FVc1,MMV的变化.
短句来源
     Conclusion 0.5% Levobupivacaine was more suitable for epidural anesthesia than 0.5% Bupivacaine.
     结论0.5%左旋布比卡因比0.5%布比卡因更适用于硬膜外麻醉
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  硬膜外阻滞
     While in the epidural anesthesia group they were 13.4±0.8, 7.3±0.5,7.3±0.8, 5.6±0.6, and 5.9±0.3 respectively.
     硬膜外阻滞组分别为(13·4±0·8)、(7·3±0·5)、(7·3±0·8)、(5·6±0·6)、(5·9±0·3)分。
短句来源
     ③ Analgesia time: It was obviously longer inthe peripheral nerve block group than in the epidural anesthesia group[(10.3±3.4), (6.8±2.7) hours].
     ③镇痛时间:外周神经阻滞组明显长于硬膜外阻滞组[(10.3±3.4),(6.8±2.7)h]。
短句来源
     [Methods] 0.03~0.05 mg/kg Midazolam and 0.05~0.10 μg/kg Sufentanil and 2.50 mg Droperidol intravenous injection was applied to epidural anesthesia on cesarean section with 0.50~1.00 μg/kg Fentanyl and 2.50 mg Droperidol intravenous injection as contrast to compare its anesthetic effect and side effects.
     方法以力月西0.03 ̄0.05mg/kg和舒芬太尼0.05 ̄0.10μg/kg,氟哌利多2.50mg静注辅助硬膜外阻滞用于剖宫产,与注入芬太尼0.50 ̄1.00μg/kg,氟哌利多2.5mg比较其麻醉效果及副作用。
短句来源
     THE INFLUENCE OF EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA AND DIFFERENT GENERAL ANESTHETIC AGENT ON THROMBOXANE B_2 AND 6-keto-PROSTAGLANDIN F_(1α)
     硬膜外阻滞及不同全麻诱导药物对血浆血栓素B_2和6-酮-前列腺素F_(1α)的影响
短句来源
     ① Sensory block: The onset time,sufficient time in the peripheral nerve block group were obviously shorterthan those in the epidural anesthesia group (5.4, 12.4 minutesg 10.1, 16.2minutes), and the duration was longer than that in the epidural anesthesiagroup (426.1 vs 312.7 minutes).
     ①感觉阻滞:外周神经阻滞组起效时间为5.4min,完善时间为12.4min,均明显短于硬膜外阻滞组(分别为10.1,16.2min),维持时间长于硬膜外阻滞组(426.1比312.7min)。
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  “epidural anesthesia”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Amount of bupivacaine consumptions were (8.0±1.8)mg, (13.7±9.7)mg, (39.4±16.6)mg in groups of continuous spinal anesthesia, combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, and continuous epidural anesthesia respectively (P<0.01~0.05).
     布比卡因用量以连续脊麻组〔(8.0±1.8)mg〕最小,腰硬联合麻醉组的〔(13.7±9.7)mg〕稍大,硬膜外腔阻滞组〔(39.4±16.6)mg〕最大,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01或P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Group Ⅱ~Ⅳ receiving combined general and epidural anesthesia plus 2μg·kg -1 ·min -1 ,1μg·kg -1 ·min -1 ,0.8μg·kg -1 ·min -1 vecuronium infusion respectively.
     Ⅱ~Ⅳ组为全麻联合硬外麻醉 :分别以维库溴铵 2 μg·kg-1·min-1、1μg·kg-1·min·-1、0 8μg·kg-1·min-1维持肌松。
短句来源
     The duratlons of epidural anesthesia were 65.7±30.3min in group A,51. 2±32. 7min in groupB and 31.7±16.7min in group C(A vs,C,P<0.05).
     结果:各组麻醉起效时间无显著差异; 各组麻醉持续时间为,A组65.7±30.3min,B组51.2±32.7min,C组31.7±16.7min(与A组比,P<0.05)。
短句来源
     All patients were administered continuous epidural anesthesia with 1% chloroprocaine(A1) or 1.2% chloroprocaine(A2) or 1.2% chloroprocaine +2μg/ml fentanyl(A3).
     A1组为1%氯普鲁卡因,A2组为1.2%氯普鲁卡因,A3组为1.2%氯普鲁卡因+2μg/ml芬太尼。
短句来源
     group B:16g/L lidocaine 10~15 mL for epidural anesthesia.
     硬膜外组给予16g/L利多卡因10~15mL。
短句来源
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  epidural anesthesia
Methods: Sixty parturients undergoing elective cesarean section delivery with use of combined spinal-epidural anesthesia were enrolled in this study.
      
Objective: To investigate the dynamics of vascular volume and the plasma dilution of lactated Ringer's solution in patients during the induction of general and epidural anesthesia.
      
At the end of infusion, patients undergoing general anesthesia retained 47% (SD 19%) of the infused fluid in the circulation, while epidural anesthesia retained 29% (SD 13%) (P>amp;lt;0.001).
      
Conclusion: We concluded that the induction of general anesthesia caused more hemodilution, volume expansion and volume expansion efficiency than epidural anesthesia, which was triggered only by the lower MAP.
      
Comparison of 1.5% lidocaine and 0.5% ropivacaine epidural anesthesia combined with propofol general anesthesia guided by bispec
      
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In view of the close relation-ship between large fibers and transmission of impulses from acupuneture point and the inhibitory action exerted by large fibers on small fibers, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of strong stimulation of the meridian point which is infiltrated with dilute local anesthetic on acupuncture analgesia and needling feeling.The results are as follows(1) The rate of "excellent" and "good" effect of acupuncture analgesia for the lower abdomenal operation, such as...

In view of the close relation-ship between large fibers and transmission of impulses from acupuneture point and the inhibitory action exerted by large fibers on small fibers, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of strong stimulation of the meridian point which is infiltrated with dilute local anesthetic on acupuncture analgesia and needling feeling.The results are as follows(1) The rate of "excellent" and "good" effect of acupuncture analgesia for the lower abdomenal operation, such as tubai ligation, gasterohysterectomy and so on, in the test group with dilute novocain block in point "Sanyinjiao" (Sp. 6) was raised by 30.9% as compared with that of the control group (Pepidural anesthesia, the intensity of stimulation which could be tolerated was 0.5~1.0 times greater than that before injection or anesthesia; and the prick pain of the skin over the area of point "Sanyinjiao" disappeared while the needling feeling induced by needling of the point still remained and its property became more adequate,In accordence with the results mentioned above, we tend to believe thal the development and improvemenl of the analgesic efficacy and the needling sensation may correlate closely with the large afferenl fibers and bear lille relation to the small one.

鉴于粗纤维与针剌信号传递有密切关系,粗纤维活动对细纤维活动具有抑制作用,本工作研究了穴位阻滞对针麻效应和针感的影响。(1) 稀浓度奴夫卡因阻滞“三阴交”的实验组的针麻优良率较对照组提高了30.9%(P <0.01)。(2) 稀浓度奴夫卡因穴位阻滞或硬膜外麻醉后,可耐受的刺激强度比注射或麻醉前增大0.5~1.0倍;皮肤刺痛消失,但仍有针感且性质较为温和。据此,倾向于认为针效和针感的产生和改善主要与粗纤维有关,而与细纤维关系不大。

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous...

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous epidural anesthesia. The advantages of the latter are good relaxation, less disturbance in postoperative metabolism and renal function, as well as maintenance of consciousness safeguarding against aspiration of gastric contents. A two catheter method of continuous epidural anesthesia was found to be better, since it required less supplemental medication. 3. In poor risk cases, electrocardiogram, central venous pressure; mean arterial pressure and urine flow rate should be continuously monitored to obtain information regarding function of cardiovascular and renal systems. 4. Blood transfusion should be given sparingly to minimize antibody formation. Washed red cells may be used if necessary. 5. Other measures such as diuretics, corticosteroids and immunosuppresive agents should be used intraoperatively.

上海地区于1969~1979年间施行同种异体肾移植70例,本文就其中有关麻醉的一些问题进行了讨论。认为麻醉前应采用血液透析,以减轻尿毒症并纠正水、电解质及酸碱平衡;连续硬膜外麻醉时肌松良好,对肾功能影响少,病人清醒,不致发生胃内容物误吸;双导管连续硬膜外麻醉较单导管为佳;重危病人应连续监测心血管和肾脏功能;应尽量避免输血,必要时可输洗涤红细胞;术中还应给以利尿药、皮质激素及免疫抑制剂等。

The influence of epidural anesthesia on blood pressure were analysed. When other factors were under control, it was observed that the higher the level and the wider the extent of anesthesia the more would be the lower- ing of blood pressure. This was especially true in the upper abdominal surgery. It was also observed that the elder the patient the more would be the lowering ;of blood pressure. Therefore, epidural anesthesia should be used carefully in pperations on the aged, especially in...

The influence of epidural anesthesia on blood pressure were analysed. When other factors were under control, it was observed that the higher the level and the wider the extent of anesthesia the more would be the lower- ing of blood pressure. This was especially true in the upper abdominal surgery. It was also observed that the elder the patient the more would be the lowering ;of blood pressure. Therefore, epidural anesthesia should be used carefully in pperations on the aged, especially in upper abdominal surgery.Authers suggested that the extent of anesthesia and the age of patient were main factors causing lowering of blood pressure.

本文分析了硬膜外麻醉对血压的影响。在其他因素基本控制的条件下,麻醉平面愈高、范围愈广,血压下降幅度愈大,尤以上腹部手术麻醉时血压下降最多;年龄越大,血压下降越明显,老年人尤甚。因此,老年病人手术特别是上腹部手术时,用硬膜外麻醉应慎重。作者认为硬膜外麻醉的范围及病人年龄是影响血压下降的主要因素。

 
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