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opportunist behavior
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  机会主义行为
     Even if macro social capital is enough to produce general trust, relational contracting is indispensable to both parties because the lure from asset specificity is so big that general trust cannot prohibit the “hold-up” opportunist behavior.
     当宏观社会资本足以使人们产生普遍信任时,资产专用性也要求契约双方采用关系缔约,因为资产专用性的诱惑是如此之大,以至于普遍信任也不足以阻止“敲竹杠”(hold-up)的机会主义行为
短句来源
     While, in essence, the process of game playing between the government and the tax payers is the fighting between the tax payers opportunist behavior and the governments opposing the tax payers opportunist behavior.
     而政府与纳税人的博弈过程的实质就是纳税人的机会主义行为与政府反纳税人机会主义行为的博弈。
短句来源
     This paper gives a in-depth analysis on the concepts,causes and consequences of the opportunism in the two aspects,and puts forward some countermeasures for restraining the opportunist behavior or relieving the bad influences of the opportunist behavior from the angle of improving the firm governance institution.
     对这两方面机会主义的内涵、原因及后果进行了深入的分析,并从完善企业治理机制角度提出了抑制机会主义行为或者缓解机会主义行为后果的对策。
短句来源
     It concludes as follows: if the product specificity is strong, the commodity contract can effectively curb farmer's opportunist behavior and it is sta-ble.
     产品专用性强的商品契约自身能有效地抑制农户将产品转售市场的机会主义行为,因而契约是稳定的;
短句来源
     The national opportunist behavior production also has its intrinsic root,so how to reduce the opportunistic occurrence in the international regimes establishments process,and maintain the stable international cooperation is particularly important.
     国家机会主义行为的产生也有其内在根源,因此在国际机制创设过程中如何减少机会主义的发生,维持稳定的国际合作显得尤为重要。
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     The behavior of the pile?
     简述了桩 网复合地基的组成和工作原理 ;
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     Suspicious Behavior
     可疑的行为
短句来源
     There are so much opportunist behavior which deviate from the target of public interests for lack of a pressure of competitive market and stimulation of interests.
     由于缺乏竞争性市场的压力和收益激励,公共管理中存在诸多偏离公共利益目标的机会主义行为。
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  opportunist behavior
Rather, like any individual with bounded rationality and opportunist behavior, they are likely to engage in subgoal pursuit if given the opportunity.
      


In the process of making the venture capital, there are two kinds of principal agent relations because of two layers of contract arrangements. Compared to the fact that investors make direct investment in venture enterprises, the principal agent chain of the venture capital process is longer. And due to asymmetric information, the tendency of agent's opportunist behavior faced by the investor is increased. To tackle the problem, it is necessary to design a set of scientific compensation mechanisms and...

In the process of making the venture capital, there are two kinds of principal agent relations because of two layers of contract arrangements. Compared to the fact that investors make direct investment in venture enterprises, the principal agent chain of the venture capital process is longer. And due to asymmetric information, the tendency of agent's opportunist behavior faced by the investor is increased. To tackle the problem, it is necessary to design a set of scientific compensation mechanisms and bind the behavior of the venture capitalist in order to reduce the deviation of the objectives between the investor and venture capitalist.

在风险投资中 ,由于存在两级契约安排 ,就产生了两个层次的委托代理关系。这样 ,相对于投资者直接向风险企业投资的委托代理链增加了 ,并且由于信息不对称 ,投资者面临的代理人的机会主义行为倾向增加了。解决这些问题 ,就必须设计一套科学的报酬机制 ,并对风险投资家的行为进行约束 ,从而缩小投资者和风险投资家两者的目标距离 ,削弱代理人对委托人利益的侵害。

The subject behaviors and the expectations that the society puts on disagree with each other, so a number of problems occur: managers' opportunist behavior is in disorder; managers and the first creditors are in the same boat; the second creditors have strong gambling tendency; there is unfair dealing between target company and shell company; the government is at a loss about the MBO process. This paper attempts to put forward some measures to change the situation.

MBO过程中的各类主体行为与社会对他们(它们)的角色期待大相径庭:管理者的机会主义行为泛滥,管理者与第一债权人方双方串谋,第二债权人方赌博心理强化,目标公司和壳公司的非公平交易成为管理者掏空目标公司的工具,一些中介机构成为管理者掏空目标公司的帮办,政府处于一种对MBO过程不置可否的尴尬角色;实施MBO必须具备相应的法律基础、市场基础和社会信用基础;由于现实的种种约束,人们试图通过普遍实施MBO来改善我国国有企业的所有权结构、控制权结构和资产效率状态,是难以奏效的,当前人们必须摆脱对MBO的迷信。

The strategie superiorities and inferiorities of Chinese business consortium in Southeast Asia are analysed respectively. Their superiorities manifest themselves by adaptation to the change of environment, spirit of starting an undertaking and blazing new trails of Chinses enterpreneurs, commercial networks of wide range which tally with social and cultural characteristics of their own, and flexibls capabilities of fund raising and financial management and capital operation. Their inferiorities lie in an institi-tional...

The strategie superiorities and inferiorities of Chinese business consortium in Southeast Asia are analysed respectively. Their superiorities manifest themselves by adaptation to the change of environment, spirit of starting an undertaking and blazing new trails of Chinses enterpreneurs, commercial networks of wide range which tally with social and cultural characteristics of their own, and flexibls capabilities of fund raising and financial management and capital operation. Their inferiorities lie in an institi-tional arrangement based on the needs of familial control , dispersed and multiple operational choice in short of synergy, and opportunist behavior starting from the consideration of risk avoiding and lowering. Development and integration of regional economies bring about many strategic opportunities for their operation and development. However , their further development confronts with enormous strategic challenge today when economic globalization and knowledge economy develop in depth; and there from, drastic change in regulation of commercial competition and in environment of operation and competition and development occur. A new adjustment in strategy and tactic and in institution of enterprises is required so as to form a core competitive edge.

东南亚华人企业集团的战略优势主要表现在对环境变化的适应能力,华人企业家的创业创新精神,范围广泛的符合自身社会文化特性的商业网络,灵活应变的资金筹措、财富管理和资本运营能力。战略劣势主要表现在基于家族控制需要的制度安排,缺乏协同作用的分散化和多元化的业务选择,出于回避和降低风险考虑的机会主义行为。区域经济的发展和一体化为其经营发展带来了许多战略机会,但在经济全求化和知识经济深入发展以及由此而来的商业竞争规则和经营、竞争与发展环境已经发生急剧变化的今天,其进一步发展面临着巨大的战略挑战,新的核心竞争优势的形成需要对其战略、策略和企业制度进行新的调整。

 
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