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plea
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  抗辩
     The Contract Law, 1999 adopts the system of the unsafe right of plea against the advance performance and the system of anticipatory breach of contract.
     1999年《合同法》对不安抗辩权与预期违约制度都作了规定,这两种制度有重合之处又各有利弊,它们的结合是否适当?
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     The Improvements of the New Contract Law to the Right to the Unpeaceful Plea
     新合同法对不安抗辩权的完善
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     Right of claim,Right of formation and right of plea are hinge concepts in Civil law.
     请求权,形成权,抗辩权是民法的枢纽性概念。
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     It contains an in-depth analysis of the background of the case, the charge and plea of the plaintiff and defendant as well as the expert panel report.
     柯达富士胶卷案是WTO争端解决机制受理的第一个明显涉及国际竞争问题的案例,该部分重点分析了柯达富士胶卷案,对本案背景、当事双方的控诉及抗辩和专家组报告分析进行了深入探析。
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     An institution of anticipatory breach of contract is chosen in Anglo-American law system, while an institution of the right to plea of unease is adopted in Continental law system.
     英美法系国家采用预期违约制度,大陆法系国家采用不安抗辩权制度。
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  辩诉
     Now, about 80% to 90% of criminal case are done by Plea bargain.
     如今,在美国辩诉交易被85%至90%的刑事案件采用。
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     A Rational Analysis of Transplanting the Plea Bargaining System in China
     “辩诉交易”制度在中国移植的理性分析
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     On the Economic Analysis of Plea Bargaining System
     辩诉交易制度的经济分析
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     How to Treat Defendants' Plea of Guilt——an Apocalypse of Plea Bargaining
     如何看待被告人有罪答辩——辩诉交易的一点启示
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     Analysis of Conditions for Plea Bargain
     辩诉交易的条件分析
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  “plea”译为未确定词的双语例句
     On plea bargaining or judicial justice and efficiency
     诉辩交易与司法公正和效率
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     According to the pattern of adversary system, litigant is responsible for the plea and evidence, which is called the doctrine of debate.
     在当事人主义诉讼模式下,事实的主张与证据的提出是当事人的基本责任,这种理念就是民事诉讼中的辩论主义。
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     New development in an ancient science: a plea for search for technical cross-link point in the development of clinical anatomy
     一个古老学科的新发展——发展临床解剖学要找准新技术的结合点
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     (3) Based on the partial local equilibrium assumption (PLEA), establish a new model: geochemical simulator, which allows an arbitrary number of both kinetic and equilibrium reactions involving an arbitrary number of chemical species.
     (3)基于部分局部化学平衡理论(PLEA),建立了新的酸化模型即地球化学模型,该模型考虑包括所有化学物种在内的受动力学控制的反应和受平衡控制的反应。
短句来源
     In criminal proceedings, indictment and plea are the main legal documents for two parties.
     在刑事诉讼中,起诉书与辩护词是控辩双方主要的法律文书。
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  plea
Plea Bargaining and the Legitimacy of International Trial Justice: Some Observations on the Dragan Nikolic Sentencing Judgement
      
The article concludes with a plea for less decentralisation within the church and for making more space for the youth' inspiration and creativity.
      
The article closes with a plea to take aesthetic value seriously, as a requirement of ideological discussion.
      
The author then went on to draw what can be learned from Paul's plea to reconcile with God and with each other in 2 Corinthians 5:14-21.
      
Jeremiah's in/effective plea: another look in Jeremiah I 6
      
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A study has been made of Leptospermum scoparium in NewZealand.Sixleen communities dominated by L.scoparium in southernSouth lsland differed in floristics.The density,basal area,age classdistribution and height of the L.scoparium stems also vary and arecorrelated with environmental parameters.The climax or sub-climaxstands of more extreme interior locations are compared with the seralstands from moister coastal habitats.A plea is made for L.scoparium communities to be adequatelyrepresented in the New Zealand...

A study has been made of Leptospermum scoparium in NewZealand.Sixleen communities dominated by L.scoparium in southernSouth lsland differed in floristics.The density,basal area,age classdistribution and height of the L.scoparium stems also vary and arecorrelated with environmental parameters.The climax or sub-climaxstands of more extreme interior locations are compared with the seralstands from moister coastal habitats.A plea is made for L.scoparium communities to be adequatelyrepresented in the New Zealand reserves system rather than ignoredbecause of seral characteristics of its dominant species.

Leptospermum scoparium(Myrtaceae)是新西兰分布最广的重要木本植物,当地常称为manuka.本文对其占优势的群落进行了研究,包括群落的植物区系、本种在群落内的结构和动态变化等方面的观察分析.发现各群落的区系组成不同,manuka 在各群落中的密度、茎基部横切面积、年龄等级分布和树高也不一样,这些都与环境参数有关.16个样地的植物区系资料的Cluster 分析揭示了接近海岸的群落与内地群落有明显的分异,可分为较干燥的“内陆组”和接近海岸的“周围组”.而且,与较近海岸的群落相比,8个内地群落中,L.scoparium 茎基横切面积、茎干密度和树高的平均值及最高值均较低,而年龄等级范围较广.本文最后指示,从所研究的16个manuka 群落中得到的资料证明了Burrell 较早的论述(1965),在这一地区,L.scoparium(±L.ericoides)的顶极和亚顶极群落与湿度的变化有关.

A traditional fermented dairy product-yogurt with high nutrition value and pleas ant flavor has a great marketing. This paper was dealing with the selection of starter and identification of volatile flavor compounds of it. Both Streptococcus thermophilus 6038 and lactobacillus bulgaricus 6047 were selected as the best cultures among more than ten cultures which were collected from IFFI. The sterilized milk incubated with 1:1 of 6038 and 6047 mixed starter at 43℃ for 5 hrs.first until coagulation,then aged...

A traditional fermented dairy product-yogurt with high nutrition value and pleas ant flavor has a great marketing. This paper was dealing with the selection of starter and identification of volatile flavor compounds of it. Both Streptococcus thermophilus 6038 and lactobacillus bulgaricus 6047 were selected as the best cultures among more than ten cultures which were collected from IFFI. The sterilized milk incubated with 1:1 of 6038 and 6047 mixed starter at 43℃ for 5 hrs.first until coagulation,then aged it in refrigerator at 4-7℃ for one day. Finally, the yogurt came out very tasty and high aroma. The volatile compounds involved were isolated by a special method including vaccum disstillation, extraction with solvent, seperating into acidic fraction and non-acidic fraction, dehydration and concentration etc. The primary fractionation were perfermenced by GC and IC and the second fractionation were idenrified by GC-MS. Several flavor compounds were identified in the investigation. Diacetyl which was recognized the aromotic key compounds for yogurt was analysed qualitatively and quanti-tively during fermentation and cold storage interval. It is found that the highest level of the diacetyl can be up to 10. 34ppm after 24 hrs.cold storage and the product reached the best aroma and flavor at the sometime. It suggested that the storage in refrigerator played a very important role for this sort of fermented milk product.

酸奶是一种营养价值很高,又富有良好风味的广为消费者喜爱的传统发酵乳制品。本文对酸奶发酵菌的研究和酸奶中主要风味化合物的分析鉴定进行了初步探讨。在发酵菌方面,选择了本所保藏的6038号(str. thermophilus)和6047号(Lb. bulgaricus)两支较好的乳酸菌为本实验的出发菌株。按1∶1的配合比,保温在43℃下进行牛乳发酵,凝结后立即放在4~7℃下保持24小时左右,可以获得较为满意的发酵乳风味。在挥发性风味化合物的分析鉴定方面,采用了真空蒸馏、溶剂提取和调节pH分离的方法,将风味组分分为酸类和非酸类两部分,经浓缩后使用气相色谱(GC)分析技术、气相色谱—质谱(GC—MS)联用技术和离子色谱(IC)分析技术,分析鉴定了酸奶中主要风味化合物;并定性定量分析了不同发酵和低温保持阶段上重要香气成份——双乙酰的生物合成水平。由此得到结论。发酵培养完成后,于低温保持24小时,酸奶中双乙酰的生成量最高可达到10.34ppm。该水平双乙酰含量可以赋与酸奶特有的香气和良好的风味。进而推论,此含量范围的双乙酰应为酸奶中的较适水平;酸奶发酵进行后,低温保持阶段的初期对酸奶风味的形成有十分重要的意义。

The present study is based on the material collected from South and North of Tianshan Mountains of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region during July-August, 1986- For 6 new species, belonging to Orbopercularia of Operculariidae and Thuricola of Vaginicolidae, notes concerning their main characteristics are given.1. Orbopercularia xinjiangensis sp. r.ov. (fig. 1)Length of zooid: 48-52 μm, width of zooid: 15-18 μm, width of peristome: 8-10 μm, length of primary stalk: 6.8-8.0 μm. colony: 64-79 μm, zooid number of colony:...

The present study is based on the material collected from South and North of Tianshan Mountains of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region during July-August, 1986- For 6 new species, belonging to Orbopercularia of Operculariidae and Thuricola of Vaginicolidae, notes concerning their main characteristics are given.1. Orbopercularia xinjiangensis sp. r.ov. (fig. 1)Length of zooid: 48-52 μm, width of zooid: 15-18 μm, width of peristome: 8-10 μm, length of primary stalk: 6.8-8.0 μm. colony: 64-79 μm, zooid number of colony: 2-4 μm.Zooid nearly ellipsoid(?) The widest of the body at the 1/4 of posterior. Ciliated disc arch-shaped and raised obliquely. Pellicle surface finely striated transversely. Contractile va-cuole single, located below vestibule. Macronucleus ovaliform, situated in the centre of the zooid. Stalk rather short, branched dichotomously.The new species can be differentiated from Orbopercularia dreyeri Matthes et Guhl, 1974, by the size of zooid and thick transverse striations on cuticular surface of body: Locality: Bositenghu Lake (41°98'N, 86°79'E). Attachment: On antenna and appendages of Hydaticus. sp.2. Orbopercularia cylindrica sp, nov.(fig. 2)Length of zooid: 48-68μm, width of zooid: 20-24 μm, width of peristome: 10 μm, length of primary stalk: 17 urn. colony: 68-82 μm.Zooid thick and short, nearly cylindrical, usually curved to a side. Ciliated disc plain and conspicuously elevated above the undulating peristome rim. Pellicle bears very distinct transverse striations. Base of zooid shows a dark area owing to gathered granulations. Contractile vacuole single. Macronucleus oval, situated at the centre of zooid. Branch of dicho-tomous regular.The new species resembles Orbopercularia dytiscidarum (Faure-Fremiet, 1905), but the latter differs from the former by body elliptical and full of dark granulations.Locality: Bohuxian County (41°89'N, 86°79'E), Xinjiang.Attachment: On the appendages of Plea sp.3. Orbopercularia avails sp. nov. (figs. 3-6)Length of zooid: 69-81.5 μm. width of zooid: 35-41 μm, width of peristome: 14-16 μm, length of stalk: 69-96μm, width of lorica: 80-96 μm.Zooid thick, somewhat ovoid. Ratio of length to width of zooid 2.5. Width of peristome equal to width of gased of body. Ciliated disc plain and raided slightly above the undulating peristome. Vestibulum wide, cytopharynx narrow and extending backwards to middle portion of body. Contractile vacuole single. Macronudeus ovoid and located at the middle part of body. Pellicular striae is narrowstriated. The number of silverlines from the oral apparatus to the aboral ciliary wreath to the scopula, 19-25 and from the aboral ciliary wreath to sco-pula 7-10. The buccal infraciliature related to Opercularia arboricolum (Biegel), i. e. the haplokinety (H) and polykinety (P) after plunging into the infundibulum, the P divided in three peniculus, of which first and second longer than third. The dark granulations gathered at base of body. Stalk, lorica bowl-shaped.This species appears similar to Orbopercularia enochri Matthes & Guhl, 1975, but the latter pellicle smooth and lorica fan-shaped.Locality: Bositenghu Lake, Xinjiang.Attachment: On the appengages of Hydaticus sp..4. Orbopercularia assimilis sp. nov.(figs. 4)Length of zooid: 50-60 μm, width of zonid; 30-35 μm. width of peristome: 9-13 μm, length of stalk: 16-20 μm, width of lorica: 60-80 μm.Elongate ovoid of zooid. Ratio of length to width of zooid 2.6. Peristome rim scalloped, ciliated disc oblique. Volume of the vestibulum large. Cytopharynx narrow. Pelliclar annula-tions distinct. Contractile vacuole single. Macronudeus always rounded and located at mid position in body. Lorica fan-shaped.The new species appears similar to Orbopercularia scyphostyla (Nenninger, 1948) and 0. triangulata Lust, 1950, but stalk of 0. scyphostyla is divided into two knotes, and 0. triangulata without lorica. Locality: Sailimuhu Lake (44°64'N, 81°17'E), Xinjiang.Attachment: On the appendages of Eydaticus sp. and Helochares sp..5. Orbopercularia fusiformis sp. nov. (figs. 5)Length of zooid

本文报道了新疆赛里木湖和博斯腾湖及其附近水体中的缘毛目纤毛虫6个新种,其中盖虫科Operculariidae有圆盖虫属 Orbopercularia 5种;鞘居科 Vaginicolidae 有扉门虫属 Thuricola 1种。每一新种皆有详图和形态描述,对卵形圆盖虫用蛋白银染色,研究了皮膜的特征。

 
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