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renal functions
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  肾功能
     different degrees of azotemia remained 3 months after operation in 12 cases,their renal functions were improved significantly,with the serum creatinine levels decreased from 712.4 μmol/L(326~2882.7 μmol/L) preoperatively to 294.6 μmol/L(173~532 μmol/L) postoperatively;
     术后3个月12例仍有氮质血症,但肾功能明显改善,血肌酐术前平均712.4μmol/L(326~2882.7μmol/L),术后降至294.6μmol/L(173~532μmol/L);
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     and liver and renal functions tests (ALT, Y-GT, BUN, Cr).
     肝肾功能(ALT,γ-GT,BUN,Cr)等指标。
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     The group A1 and B1 all occurred in the group 1,and the group A2 and B2 occurred in the group 2 or 3.Statistically,there were significant differences in renal functions and ureteral changes between the group 1 and the group 2 or 3(P<0 01 or <0 005),and no significant differences between the group 2 and the group 3(P>0 5).
     A1组和B1组均出现于1组中,A2组和B2组均出现于2组或3组中。 经统计学处理,病肾功能受损和同侧输尿管病变在1组和2组或3组间差异有显著性(P<0.01或<0.005),在2组和3组间差异无显著性(P>0.5)。
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     During a follow-up period for 2~18 months(mean,6 months) in 59 cases with B-ultrasonography,renal function tests,and intravenous urography,the hydronephrosis was relieved,patient's renal functions were improved(BUN 5.2~10.4 mmol/L;Cr 75~158(μmol/L),) and no ureteral stricture or recurrent polypus or calculus was detected.
     59例随访2~18个月,平均6个月,B超、肾功能及静脉尿路造影(intravenous urography,IVU)检查肾盂积水不同程度缩小及肾功能明显好转(血BUN 5.2~10.4 mmol/L;血Cr 75~158μmol/L);
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     10-15% patients' liver and renal functions were abnormal.
     10-15% SARS患者伴有肝功能及肾功能的异常;
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  “renal functions”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In treatment group the durations for restoration of renal functions to normal 〔(5 70±0 95)days〕 and for conversion of urinary proteins to negative 〔(5 08±1 79)days〕 were significantly shorter than those 〔(8 34±2 06)days and (7 43±2 54)days〕 respectively in control group (all P <0 01).
     治疗组尿素氮恢复正常时间和尿蛋白转阴时间〔(5.70±0.95)日和(5.08±1.79)日〕均较对照组〔分别为(8.34±2.06)日和(7.43±2.54)日〕显著缩短,P均< 0.01。
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     Conclusion When the blood lead levels were more than 0 965μmol/L,the renal functions of children exposed to environmental lead had been damaged in a certain degree,and when blood lead levels more than 2 172μmol/L,the damaging was more extensive;
     结论 环境铅暴露的儿童当血铅水平大于 0 96 5 μmol/L时 ,就已不同程度对肾脏造成损伤 ,当血铅水平大于2 172 μmol/L时 ,病变更为广泛 ;
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     Results There was a positive correlation between long-term renal functions and urine TGF-β_1 relative concentrations after 1 year of renal transplantation(r=0.447,P<0.01).
     结果患者尿TGFβ1浓度与3年后的Cr之间有明显的相关性(r=0.447,P<0.01);
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     Methods: Three healthy rhesus monkeys (Macao mulatta), designated as M1(F), M2(F) and M3(M), were inoculated intravenously with a relatively heavy dose of PVH-1, 1 x 10~9 pfu,and were monitored regularly by testing hepatic and renal functions.
     方法:采用3只健康猕猴(简称M1、M2、M3)经股静脉接种PVH-1 1×10~9pfu, M2在第一次给病毒14天后重复给一次,M1和M3只接种一次。
短句来源
     Results There were a positive correlation between long-term renal functions(creatinine clearance rates)and urine TGF-β 1 relative concentrations after 1 year of renal transplantation(r= 0.431,P<0.01).
     结果 患者尿TGF β1浓度与 3年后的肌酐清除率 (Ccr)之间有明显的相关性 (r =0 .43 1,P <0 0 1) ;
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     Hepatic and renal functions was analyzed.
     于不同时间点腹主动脉抽血 5 ml,检测肝、肾功能的变化。
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     The renal functions all returned to normal.
     伴肾功能不全者肾功能均恢复正常。
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     On Kalun and its Functions
     清代卡伦职能简论
短句来源
     Functions of Beer
     啤酒的功能性
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     Renal abscess
     肾皮质脓肿(附13例报告)
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  renal functions
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine concentrations and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in blood were measured for the evaluation of renal functions and tissue damage, respectively.
      
Gene knockout and genetic segregation studies have provided strong evidence for the importance of GC-A in the regulation of blood pressure and heart and renal functions.
      
Whereas treatment with celecoxib improves lung and renal functions, the degree of pancreatic damage partially and the serum IL-6 level completely, it does not improve the cardiovascular and liver functions, the mortality rate and the calcium level.
      
The patients had to have ECOG performance status 0 or 1, no prior chemotherapy, and adequate hematological, hepatic and renal functions.
      
Eligibility criteria included adequate performance status, hemogram and renal functions.
      
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In our experiments Chinese Catharanthus roseus Linn. G. Don was extracted with alcohol and 30 fractions were obtained. It was found that most of them possessed thera- peutic effect against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice. AC-875 is a part of the total alkaloids; its antitumour action was proved to be higher than that of the other fractions. When AC-875 was administered intraperitoneally to mice and rats inoculated with ascites tumours such as Ehrlich ascites carcinoma, ascites hepatoma, and Yoshida ascites...

In our experiments Chinese Catharanthus roseus Linn. G. Don was extracted with alcohol and 30 fractions were obtained. It was found that most of them possessed thera- peutic effect against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice. AC-875 is a part of the total alkaloids; its antitumour action was proved to be higher than that of the other fractions. When AC-875 was administered intraperitoneally to mice and rats inoculated with ascites tumours such as Ehrlich ascites carcinoma, ascites hepatoma, and Yoshida ascites sarcoma, the survival times of the animals were prolonged significantly. AC-875 had no inhibitory action on other solid tumours. The acute LD_(50) of AC-875 after an intraperitoneal injection to mice and rats was found to be 170 and 122mg/kg respectively. When AC-875 was injected intravenously to dogs in a daily dose of 2.5mg/kg for 10 days, the white cells counts were decreased but RBC, HB, liver and renal functions, urinalysis, and body weight remained normal.

木文对长春花(Catharanthus roseus Linn.G.Don)中分离提出的生物碱AC-875进行了毒性及抗癌作用的实验研究.试验结果表明AC-875在20-42毫克/公斤时,对小鼠Ehrlich腹水癌及腹水型肝癌均有明显的抑制作用.当剂量为10毫克/公斤时,对大鼠腹水型吉田肉瘤也有较好的疗效.在实体瘤的治疗中,注射35毫克/公斤,对小鼠S-180仅有轻度抑制作用,且不太稳定.对小鼠网织细胞瘤、Ehrlich腹水癌实体瘤、大鼠Jensen肉瘤及Walker癌等则无抑制作用.给小鼠腹腔注射AC-875的急性LD_(50)为170毫克/公斤,亚急性LD_(50)为61毫克/公斤.给大白鼠腹腔注射AC-875的意性及亚急性LD_(50)分别为122毫克/公斤及18毫克/公斤.给家兔静脉注射8毫克/公斤AC-875时,心电图无明显变化.静脉注射AC-875 1毫克/公斤、2.5毫克/公斤或皮下注射5毫克/公斤,对狗的肝、肾功能、尿常规、红血细胞、血红蛋白及体重均无明显影响,但2.5和5毫克/公斤组,狗的白细胞有下降现象.

Out of 580 cases of nephrotic syndrome were treated in eleven pediatric services from 1965 to 1976, 113 cases belonged to the nephritic type. Patients with significant hematuria, hypertension or impaired renal function were classified as the nephritic type, while the rest were called the simple type. Of the 113 cases of nephritic type, 48 were treated with either cyclophosphamide alone or in combination with prednisone, while the others were treated with prednisone. Traditional Chinese medicine was used...

Out of 580 cases of nephrotic syndrome were treated in eleven pediatric services from 1965 to 1976, 113 cases belonged to the nephritic type. Patients with significant hematuria, hypertension or impaired renal function were classified as the nephritic type, while the rest were called the simple type. Of the 113 cases of nephritic type, 48 were treated with either cyclophosphamide alone or in combination with prednisone, while the others were treated with prednisone. Traditional Chinese medicine was used in most cases. Analysis of these cases in comparison with the simple type shows:(1) the subsidence of edema and disappearance of proteinuria were slower in the nephritic type, especially in the cyclophospyamide group: (2) at the completion of treatment, about 60% of the nephritic type and 90% of the simple type were in remission; (3) in the cyclophosphamide group, both the nephritic type and the simple type had a 3-year relapse rate of 25%, while in the prednisone group, the two types had a relapse rate of 75% and 50%.

1965~1976年北京市11个儿科单位收治了肾病综合征580例,其中113例为肾炎型。具有显著血尿、高血压或肾功能不全者称肾炎型,其它称单纯型。113例肾炎型中,48例单用环磷酰胺或与强的松联合治疗,其余病例用强的松治疗。多数病例都合用了中医治疗。肾炎型分析并与单纯型比较如下:(1) 肾炎型浮肿及蛋白尿消失都比单纯型晚,在环磷酰胺组更明显;(2) 在疗程完成时,肾炎型完全缓解率约60%,单纯型约90%,(3) 在环磷酰胺组肾炎型与单纯型三年复发率约25%,在激素组则达75%及50%。

Gossypol was shown to be a male antifertility agent with a fairly good prospect. Clinical trials indicated that the antifertility effect of gossypol was excellent, but occasional cases of hypokalemic paralysis might occur in the course of its administration. As to the part played by gossypoi in the development of such hypokalemia there are contradictory opinions. In isolated heart it has been noticed that gossypol Could deplete myocardial K, but in intact animals most authors believe that gossypol may have no...

Gossypol was shown to be a male antifertility agent with a fairly good prospect. Clinical trials indicated that the antifertility effect of gossypol was excellent, but occasional cases of hypokalemic paralysis might occur in the course of its administration. As to the part played by gossypoi in the development of such hypokalemia there are contradictory opinions. In isolated heart it has been noticed that gossypol Could deplete myocardial K, but in intact animals most authors believe that gossypol may have no effect on K metabolism.In the present work the effect of gossypol on the concentrations of some of the extracellular and intracellular ions, the level of exchangeable potassium, certain renal functions, and some other aspects of the K metabolism are observed in rats fed regular diet, low-K diet, and low-Mg diet. Results indicate:1. In low-K fed animals large dose of gossypol decreases the intracellular K and Mg ion concentrations in all the four skeletal muscles in consideration, while in regularly fed animals it only decreases the intracellular K ion concentration of a single muscle. It may thus be concluded that in rats gossypol may affect K metabolism, and that low-K intake may be a contributing factor in the gossypol-induced disturbance of K metabolism.2. In low-K fed animals small dose of gossypol decreases the intracellular Mg ion concentration in two of the skeletal muscles; although large dose of gossypol decreases the intracellular K and Mg ion concentrations in all the muscles, it does not alter the serum K ion concentration, and at the same time the renal concentrating, ability remains unimpaired. These facts suggest that the gossypol-indueed disturbance of K metabolism might be the result of a perturbed Mg metabolism.3. Large dose of gossypol may bring about atrophic changes of the skeletal muscles, as evidenced by a decrease of the body weight and the weight of the muscles, a lowering of the urinary creatinine coefficient, and a decrease of the level of exchangeable potassium per unit length of the. body.

棉酚是一种颇有希望的男子节育药。临床试用表明,其效果良好,然而可偶致低血钾性肌无力症,后者是否与棉酚有关,尚无定论。虽离体实验表明,棉酚可使心肌失钾;但在整体动物,一般均认为,棉酚不影响钾代谢。 我们在常规、低钾及低镁饲养大鼠,观察了不同剂量棉酚对细胞内、外离子(主要是钾、镁)、可交换钾、某些肾功能及其它一些方面的影响,结果表明: 在低钾饲养大鼠,大剂量棉酚可引起骨骼肌胞内钾、镁离子浓度普遍下降;在常规饲养动物,同量棉酚只引起个别肌肉胞内钾离子浓度下降。据此,可以认为,棉酚可影响钾代谢,而低钾摄入可能为棉酚所致钾代谢障碍的一个协同因子。 在低钾饲养大鼠,小剂量棉酚可使半数肌肉的胞内镁离子浓度下降;大剂量则使所有受测肌肉的胞内钾、镁离子浓度下降,但此时血清钾不降,尿浓缩功能保持良好。凡此均提示,棉酚所致钾代谢障碍可能与镁代谢紊乱有关。 大剂量棉酚可引起骨骼肌的萎缩性改变,表现在体重和肌重下降,尿中肌酐系数下降以及以身长为尺度的可交换钾量减少。

 
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