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   hyperopia 在 眼科与耳鼻咽喉科 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.01秒
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hyperopia
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  hyperopia
For example, hyperopia was found more commonly among female Caucasian children than among female Hispanic children (p>amp;lt;0.01).
      
Other abnormalities included medial lower epicanthal folds, abduction deficit bilaterally, large esotropia, significant hyperopia, right corneal opacity, iris and chorioretinal coloboma.
      
Because of high hyperopia (right +7.50/left +7.75) she weared soft contact lenses for years.
      
Trend analysis showed a gradually increasing likelihood of PLS with increasing magnitude of hyperopia in both eyes (Mantel-Haenszel chi-square, p = 0.001).
      
We performed a prospective study in order to elucidate thepredisposing role of axial length and hyperopia in retinal veinocclusions.
      
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Two hundred fifty-eight pairs (516 cases) of twins in children and young people with hyperopia were investigated. Diopter, corneal curvature, depth of anterior chamber and the axial length of the eyes were measured. We calculated the concordance of hyperopia, intrapair correlation coefficient and heritability index of monozygous and dizygous twins. It is confirmed that hyperopia is a multifactorial hereditary disease. The occurence of hyperopia depends on many hereditary traits, including...

Two hundred fifty-eight pairs (516 cases) of twins in children and young people with hyperopia were investigated. Diopter, corneal curvature, depth of anterior chamber and the axial length of the eyes were measured. We calculated the concordance of hyperopia, intrapair correlation coefficient and heritability index of monozygous and dizygous twins. It is confirmed that hyperopia is a multifactorial hereditary disease. The occurence of hyperopia depends on many hereditary traits, including corneal curvature, the depth of anterior chamber, the axial length of the eyes and enviromental factors. The incidence of hyperopia is not related to zygosity and sex (p>0.05). But the incidence and degree of hyperopia are related to the age before 20 (p<0.01).

本文对258对(516例)青少年双生子远视情况进行了研究。调查了同卵和异卵双生子的屈光度、角膜曲率半径、前房深度、眼轴长度,计算了远视的一致率,同卵和异卵双生子的组内相关系数及遗传指数等项目,证实远视眼是一种多因子遗传病,它的发生除了与多个遗传性状如角膜曲率半径、前房深度、眼轴长度等有关外,还与环境因素有关。远视的发生与卵别、性别无关(P>0.05)。它的发生及远视的程度在20岁以前与年龄有关(P<0.01)。

The cycloplegic refractive states of 446 children with concomitant strabismus,including 383 cases of esotropia and 63 exotropia are presented.Over 98% esotropia were hyperopia or compound hyperopic astigmatism.About half of the cases were mild hyperopia in congenital esotropia and nonaccommodative esotropia,averaging +3.18 D and +3.35 D respectively,but 93% accommodative esotropia were hyperopia over +3.00 D with an average of +5.99 D.The hyperopia of accommodative esotropia is much higher...

The cycloplegic refractive states of 446 children with concomitant strabismus,including 383 cases of esotropia and 63 exotropia are presented.Over 98% esotropia were hyperopia or compound hyperopic astigmatism.About half of the cases were mild hyperopia in congenital esotropia and nonaccommodative esotropia,averaging +3.18 D and +3.35 D respectively,but 93% accommodative esotropia were hyperopia over +3.00 D with an average of +5.99 D.The hyperopia of accommodative esotropia is much higher than that of other types of

本文介绍446例共同性斜视儿童用睫状肌麻痹剂后的屈光状态。446例中,383例为内斜视,63例为外斜视。98%以上的内斜视者为远视或远视散光。先天性和非调节性内斜视中,约一半病例为轻度远视,平均屈光度分别为+3.18和+3.35度。调节性内斜视中,93%的患者有3度以上远视,平均屈光度+5.99度。调节性内斜视的远视度比其他斜视的高(P<0.01)。本组病例中,约40%有屈光参差,最高者两眼相差7度,但80%相差不超过2度。连续2~9年观察136例屈光度的变化,其中55.51%无变化,但12.87%屈光度递增。85例调节性内斜视分为7岁以上和7岁以下两组,7岁以下组有15.85%的屈光度递减,而17.08%递增;7岁以上组则为51.14%递减,而5.68%递增。两组问的差异显著(P<0.001)。我们认为屈光度的变化和眼球的发育有关。有些先天性内斜视伴有较高远视,戴镜后可矫正至正位。作者提出可能是先天性和调节性的混合性内斜视,值得进一步观察。从本组内斜视病例的远视或远视散光占绝大多数,且远视度亦比普通儿童高。因此,远视和斜视发生的关系不容忽视。外斜视的屈光状态很分散,尚未能总结出其规律。

The state of refraction of 730 eyes with normal vision of 365 healthy boy students of senior middle school aged 16 to 19 is analysed and counted up. The results indicate as follows:1.The rate of errors of refraction is 83.49%, hyperopia is greatest in number (71.10%), myopia is less (14.25%), and mixed astigmatism is least (3.15%). The rate of emmetropia is only 11.51%.2.The distribution of diopters in the group is basiclly normal. The height is between+0.25~+0.50D. The Limit of diopters is+0.509±0.47D...

The state of refraction of 730 eyes with normal vision of 365 healthy boy students of senior middle school aged 16 to 19 is analysed and counted up. The results indicate as follows:1.The rate of errors of refraction is 83.49%, hyperopia is greatest in number (71.10%), myopia is less (14.25%), and mixed astigmatism is least (3.15%). The rate of emmetropia is only 11.51%.2.The distribution of diopters in the group is basiclly normal. The height is between+0.25~+0.50D. The Limit of diopters is+0.509±0.47D (S_X=0.018D).3.Improving with vision, the incidence of myopia and mixed astigmatism is dropped. Both of them are in negative correlation with vision (P<0.05). Among the youths with normal vision, the incidence of hyperopia and emmetropia probably makes little difference to high or low of vision.

本文对16~19岁高中健康男青年365人、730只眼正常视力的屈光状况进行统计分析,结果表明:1、各类屈光不正占88.49%,远视类型最多(71.10%),近视次之(14.25%),混合散光最少(3.15%);正视仅占11.51%.2、本组屈光度分布基本呈常态分布,高峰在+0.25~0.50D,屈光度所在范围为:+0.509±0.47D(S?=0.018D).3、近视与混合散光的发生率随视力递增而下降,二者与视力呈负相关(P<0.05),远视与正视的发生率在正常视力青年中与视力高低关系可能不大.

 
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