The results showed that the 99% confidence interval of mean of MMSE in the investigated population was 24. 3849-25. 2487 and ability of calculate and memory was liable to be damaged in the cognitive structure.

2. According to the up-to-minute development of meta-cognitive theory, mathematical meta-cognitive structure should be the substructure of mathematical cognitive structure .

The significance and features of mathematical cognitive structure are discussed, and several proposals about how the teaching of mathematics can promote optimization and progress of students' mathematical cognitive structure are put forward.

Based on an experiment ,this paper puts forward some ways of overcoming cognitive obstacles,composing good cognitive structure to increase students' ability on problem -solving.

This paper discusses the cognitive structure and discourse formation of the attributive-head structure. The author researches some problems about its sense and form.

Results indicate that the individuals in each community share a common cognitive structure of community members that is based on the community's social structure.

Countries and their products: A cognitive structure perspective

This study examines the perception of the status of women in Israel as a social problem, its cognitive structure and its correlates.

These processes are demonstrated through the presentation of a study that explores the cognitive structure of perceptions of China both before and after the massacre.

Because the self-concept provides a highly effective cognitive structure for the integration of information, consideration of this difference should be beneficial in altering the effect of test anxiety on learning.

This report investigates the age at which the notion of probability begins to bud and develop,and the functions of three cognitive elements-perceptive action, image and concept-in the cognitive structure.Results show that the mastery of the notion of probability undergoes such processes as (1) an estimation of the possibility of events, (2) an analysis of the random distribution of possibilities, (3)an estimation of the magnitude of the randomly distributed possibilities,(4) a quantitative measurement...

This report investigates the age at which the notion of probability begins to bud and develop,and the functions of three cognitive elements-perceptive action, image and concept-in the cognitive structure.Results show that the mastery of the notion of probability undergoes such processes as (1) an estimation of the possibility of events, (2) an analysis of the random distribution of possibilities, (3)an estimation of the magnitude of the randomly distributed possibilities,(4) a quantitative measurement of the possibilities and (5) a generalization of the rate of possibilities. There appears a motivated change backed by one of the three elements-perceptive action, image and concept-in the cognitive structure.With children of 5-11,image plays a most important role.Notions of the simplest probability begin at 9 and are understood at 10 and 11. Notions of more complicated ones begin at 11.

This research is to investigate the characteristics of the budding, developing and forming of the cognitive structure of children of 5-11 for concepts of equally divided areas. Results show that this concept begins to bud of develop at 6-8.The turning-point comes at 9. It is nearly formed and becomes steady at 10-11.In the process of development, along with the growth of age, it advances separately with objectperception, cuttingmendrng action, contradiction of number and form comparative deduction and...

This research is to investigate the characteristics of the budding, developing and forming of the cognitive structure of children of 5-11 for concepts of equally divided areas. Results show that this concept begins to bud of develop at 6-8.The turning-point comes at 9. It is nearly formed and becomes steady at 10-11.In the process of development, along with the growth of age, it advances separately with objectperception, cuttingmendrng action, contradiction of number and form comparative deduction and uniformity of number and form and it therefore shows the continuous motivated changes of decreasing, increasing and reorganizing of the three elements of perceptive action, image and concept.

This study is based on an experiment conducted among a number of Zang (Tibetan) and Hun children of 5—11 years of age on the Qinghai Plateau. They were asked to compare the lengths of two or three objects to examine the stability of their concept of length. The results indicate:(1) The stability of their concept of length increased with age. There were no significant differences in the performances of Zang and Han children within the age groups of 10 and under; significant differences occurred only in the 11-year-old...

This study is based on an experiment conducted among a number of Zang (Tibetan) and Hun children of 5—11 years of age on the Qinghai Plateau. They were asked to compare the lengths of two or three objects to examine the stability of their concept of length. The results indicate:(1) The stability of their concept of length increased with age. There were no significant differences in the performances of Zang and Han children within the age groups of 10 and under; significant differences occurred only in the 11-year-old age group. The ages of 7,9 and 10 were turning points which deserved particular attention; (2) The development of the stability of the children's concept of length underwent four stages roughly corresponding to their ages, but there was no clear-cut transition from one stage to another. The development is the result of interdependence and interaction between various cognitive factors; (3) The "conservation" of concept is a complex and changeable process. The results of the study show that the relations between direct and indirect cognition were important factors in the formation and development of the children's cognitive structure; (4) Differences in cultural and educational backgrounds definitely influenced the development of the stability of their concept of length.