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operative position
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  手术体位
     Conclusions:The vertebral lamina overlapped less and increased the back space of vertebral canal at the 30° flexion position,so sitting operative position is recommended.
     结论:颈椎屈曲30°时椎板重叠少,椎骨间后侧间隙增大,手术操作简便,采用坐位行颈椎后路手术是一种较好的手术体位
短句来源
     Objective The report aimed to investigate the effect of the different operative position on laparoscopic splenectomy(LS).
     目的 探讨不同的手术体位在腹腔镜脾切除术时对操作的影响。
短句来源
     Methods The serum cortisol were detected on 18 Graves’ disease patients by IMMULITE method one day before subtotal thyroidectomy (A stage), operative morning(B stage),after entering operative room(C stage),after putting operative position(D stage)and after cutting off upper and lower part of thyroid (E stage). At the same time, the pulse(P) and blood pressure(BP) were examined and analyzed.
     方法用IMMULITE法测定18例Graves’病患者次全切除术前1日(A时段)、术晨(B时段)、进入手术室(C时段)、安置甲状腺手术体位后(D时段)、处理甲状腺上下极后(E时段)五个时间段的血清COR,记录并分析同期脉搏、血压的变化。
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  “operative position”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Improrement on the operative position of thoracoscopic surgery for the resection of sympathetic chain
     胸腔镜下行交感神经链切断术体位的改进
短句来源
     The authors think that the key issue is a guidance mechanism of management policy based on analyzing policies and experience of establishing medical institutions ran by the local people in China. It should formulate new policies to create good environments for development of medical institutions ran by the local people. The purpose is to establish the operative position of medical institutions ran by the local people.
     作者回顾了我国开办民营医疗机构的政策经验 ,认为政策的导向机制是核心问题 ,并提出应该用新的政策为民营医疗机构发展创造条件 ,其目的是真正确立民营医疗机构经营的地位。
短句来源
     ② anechoic area with thin wall or mixed mass in operative position;
     ②手术局部形成薄壁囊样局限性无回声区或混合性肿块;
短句来源
     Objective:To explore the causes of misdiagnosis,operative approaches and skills of the high cervical segment tumors in and out spinal canal and the choice of operative position.
     目的:探讨高颈段椎管内外肿瘤误诊原因、手术入路选择及手术操作技巧。
短句来源
     Fifteen indirect hernia patients displayed recurrent direct hernia postoperatively. Eighty-seven cases recurred in primary operative position,including 49 cases of justomajor hernia ring (>4?cm),24 cases of displaced patch or plug and 14 cases of justominor or distorted mesh.
     复发者Miss疝8例,原修补部位复发87例,其中有疝环缺损过大(>4cm)49例,网塞或补片移位24例,平片过小、变形、卷曲等14例。
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     The Position
     立场
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     [Conclusion]The operative approach of esophageal carcinoma was depended on the position of the lesion.
     [结论]食管癌的手术入路应取决于病灶的所在部位;
短句来源
     OPERATIVE HYSTEROSCOPY
     手术性宫腔镜
短句来源
     Operative therapy of
     高颈段椎管内外哑铃形肿瘤的手术治疗
     How to position it?
     如何定位?
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  operative position
We also investigated the influence of the animal's operative position on the epidural venous pressure.
      
Post auricular incisions play a very important role in the final post operative position of pinna and hence keeps a cosmetic bearing.
      
However, the literature provides little information concerning the effect of operative position on the scoliotic trunk geometry.
      
The prone operative position affects the geometry of the scoliotic spine.
      
Particular attention should be given to the required operative position and to the intensive postoperative care in terms of the stability or instability of spinal injuries.
      
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It is reported in this paper that 87 cases of cervical spinal cord damage causedby various pathogenic facters were treated with unilateral open- door method of modifiedlaminoplasty.Follow-up for 10~37 months has suggested satisfactory results.The emphasisin the paper has been put on the modification of the operative position and manipulation.

我院自1989年5月开始应用单开门颈椎板成形椎管扩大术治疗不同原因所致颈脊髓损害病例。开始手术体位采用俯卧位,后改用了坐位,让病人额部俯靠在坐椅头架上,采用局麻,使手术操作简便,减少了术中损伤脊髓的可能性。以往尽管应用了棘突悬吊的方法,但仍有少数病人掀开之椎板有塌陷的趋势,因此我们将手术进行了改进:①.手术体位采用坐位手术,避免了胸廓受压引起的呼吸困难,手术视野浅而清晰,椎板重叠少,缩短了手术时间;②。利用剪下的棘突行活页侧上下端及相邻的椎板的植骨融合,使扩大的椎管达牢固的骨性愈合,防止了椎板塌陷。

Objective:In order to find the best position for posterior approach cervical spinal surgery.Methods:Morphology and position of intervertebral disc,posterior longitudinal ligament,dura,spinal cord,yellow ligament and vertebral lamina were observed under flexion position on 7 human cervical specimens.The sagittal diameter and the cross section area were measured at the neutral and the 30° flexion position by perfusion wax into the vertebral canals.Results:There were no significant differences(P<0.05) between...

Objective:In order to find the best position for posterior approach cervical spinal surgery.Methods:Morphology and position of intervertebral disc,posterior longitudinal ligament,dura,spinal cord,yellow ligament and vertebral lamina were observed under flexion position on 7 human cervical specimens.The sagittal diameter and the cross section area were measured at the neutral and the 30° flexion position by perfusion wax into the vertebral canals.Results:There were no significant differences(P<0.05) between the sagittal diameter and the cross section area of the vertebral canal at the neutral and the 30° flexion position.Conclusions:The vertebral lamina overlapped less and increased the back space of vertebral canal at the 30° flexion position,so sitting operative position is recommended.

目的:为了选择颈椎后路手术的最佳体位,观察颈椎不同位置时椎管内结构的变化。方法:解剖颈椎标本7具,屈曲时观察椎间盘、后纵韧带、硬膜、脊髓、黄韧带、椎板的变化,并在中立位和屈曲30°时将石蜡灌入椎管内,测量颈椎矢状径及截面积的大小。结果:颈椎中立位和屈曲30°时椎管矢状径和截面积无明显差异(P>0.05)。结论:颈椎屈曲30°时椎板重叠少,椎骨间后侧间隙增大,手术操作简便,采用坐位行颈椎后路手术是一种较好的手术体位

Objective The report aimed to investigate the effect of the different operative position on laparoscopic splenectomy(LS).Methods Under general anesthesia and carbon dioxide(CO 2) pneumoperitoneum,43 cases of LS were performed with lithotomic position,right oblique and right side clinostatism position respectively.The relationship between different position in operative and the size,the anatomic structure of spleen,the events during the operation and the difficulty of performance...

Objective The report aimed to investigate the effect of the different operative position on laparoscopic splenectomy(LS).Methods Under general anesthesia and carbon dioxide(CO 2) pneumoperitoneum,43 cases of LS were performed with lithotomic position,right oblique and right side clinostatism position respectively.The relationship between different position in operative and the size,the anatomic structure of spleen,the events during the operation and the difficulty of performance were studied.Results All the cases were undertaken uneventfully.In regardless of the position,the difficulty of the operation would be increased and the operation would be prolonged if the diameter of the spleens exceeded 15cm measured by B ultrasound in vitro.Conclusion Conclusions LS in most of the cases could be accomplished at right side oblique position.For the giant spleens,over 15cm in axial diameter,right side clinostatism position would be favorable to performance.In general laparoscopic splenectomy might be one of the most reliable approaches if the surgeon was familiar with the surgical indications,laparoscopic technique and the alternatives of favorable position.

目的 探讨不同的手术体位在腹腔镜脾切除术时对操作的影响。方法 利用腹腔镜对 4 3例病人进行脾切除术 ,并对术中出现的情况、手术体位与脾脏的大小、解剖关系及手术难易程度等进行总结性分析。结果  4 3例病人无术中及术后并发症出现。不论何种体位 ,体外B超脾脏长径 >15cm者手术难度明显增加 ,手术时间延长。结论 大多数腹腔镜脾切除术可以采用右斜卧位完成 ,对于长径 >15cm的脾脏 ,采用右侧卧位可能更为有利。腹腔镜脾切除术是脾脏手术的最佳方法之一。

 
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