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Dense population worsened the peasants' living conditions in northern China, which taking agriculture as the foundation means of living. Under these circumstances, the population changes either flowing from agriculture to urban industry and commerce, or naturally transferring from high-density regions to low-density regions, were the main contents of population modernization. Many peasants left their own villages due to the synthetically affection of positive and negative factors. A great number of cheap...

Dense population worsened the peasants' living conditions in northern China, which taking agriculture as the foundation means of living. Under these circumstances, the population changes either flowing from agriculture to urban industry and commerce, or naturally transferring from high-density regions to low-density regions, were the main contents of population modernization. Many peasants left their own villages due to the synthetically affection of positive and negative factors. A great number of cheap labors surged to cities spontaneously, which expedited proceedings of urbanization.

华北农村,地狭人稠,生存环境恶化。在这种情况下,人口无论是由高密度向低密度地区流动,还是由农业向城市工商业转移,都是人口近代化的重要内容。冀鲁豫农民的离村,恰好属于这种运动。民国时期的冀鲁豫农民,在农村困敝的推力与城市工商业发展的拉力的综合作用下,纷纷离开家乡,或者奔赴地广人稀的东北,或者涌入充满诱惑的城市,从而对人口的地域分布与职业结构产生了重要影响。从农村游离出来的大批离村农民,自发地涌入城市,直接推动了近代工商业的发展与城市近代化的进程。

 
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