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degenerative change
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  退行性改变
     Conclusion:bFGF/HA injection into knee joint cavity can alleviate the ischemic-reperfusion injury and the degenerative change of articular cartilage and synovium after thc rabbit's knee joint ischemia-reperfusion.
     结论: 联合应用bFGF和HA能明显减轻兔膝关节缺血再灌注损伤和退行性改变, 其作用要明显优于单用HA。
短句来源
     Methods Thirty-two cases(1993-2003) with giant cell tumor of tendon sheath in hand were retrospectively analysed for gender,age,lesion location,bony erosion and degenerative change.
     方法回顾分析1993~2003年间32例手部腱鞘巨细胞瘤入院患者的病史、体格检查、影像学检查,所有病例均行手术治疗,并就其性别、年龄、肿瘤生长部位及出现骨皮质侵蚀,受累关节退行性改变进行分析。
短句来源
     X-ray examination revealed that there were 69 cases whose cervical vertebral physiological curvature became straight or reverse,or with certain degree of degenerative change.
     其中有69例患者经过X射线检查显示颈椎生理曲度变直或反向,或有不同程度的退行性改变
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     In OVX group, ultrastructure of detrusor muscle showed degenerative change, while it was not found in the other groups.
     (3)电镜观察OVX组逼尿肌超微结构出现退行性改变,其他两组无类似变化。
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     BACKGROUND:Senility is the degenerative change of every tissue and organ in b iological body,which is the result due to comprehensive actions of various patho logical and physiological processes.
     背景:衰老是生物体内各组织、器官的退行性改变,是诸多病理、生理过程综合作用的结果。
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  “degenerative change”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:Among the 5 cases ,there were 1 case of degenerative change , 1 case of osteoid osteoma , 1 case of eosinophilic granuloma of bone and 1 misdiagnostic case and 1 diagnosed case.
     结果 :5例中误诊为退行性变 1例 ,骨样骨瘤 1例 ,嗜酸性肉芽肿 1例 ,漏诊 1例 ,正确诊断 1例。
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     only 3 cases had +++ carcinoma residual with mild degenerative change.
     仅3例为(+++)肿瘤残存,伴轻度退变。
短句来源
     No poor result was found complications included wound dehiscence in 4 cases,infection in 2 cases,delayed union of fracture 1 case and late degenerative change of the ankle joint in 7 cases.
     术后并发症包括创面不愈合 4例 ,感染 2例 ,延迟愈合 1例和关节退行性变 7例。
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     6 cases had ++ carcinoma residual with moderate degenerative change;
     6例为(++)肿瘤残存,伴中度退变;
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     Conclusion For degenerative chondrocytes, the estradiol concentration lower than its physiological(1×10 -12 mol/L)level is favorable in maintaining the phenotype of articular cartilage and delaying the cartilagenous degenerative change.
     A组的正常对照亚组和 B组的单用 IL 1β亚组均不表达 IGF ⅠmRNA,A组的1×10-6~1×10-12 mol/L 17β 雌二醇亚组及 B组的 IL 1β+1×10-7、1×
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  相似匹配句对
     Change
     变化
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     Exploration for the Arthroscopic Treatment of Degenerative Change of Patellofemoral Joint
     膝关节镜下治疗髌股关节退行性变的方法探讨
短句来源
     The reasons of change.
     第二部分 后期转变的原因。
短句来源
     The change of shape and curvature in degenerative lumbar disc and its clinical significance
     腰椎间盘退变时椎间隙形态与腰椎曲度变化及其临床意义
短句来源
     Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis
     腰椎退变性滑脱症(附24例手术报告)
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  degenerative change
There is evidence that the degenerative change in the main part of the optic nerve progresses from the lesion towards the chiasm, and that for the crossed fibres it may progress slightly faster for the thicker than for the thinner fibres.
      
The significance of the two phases of degenerative change is discussed in connection with the acute and possible chronic effects of the toxic lectin.
      
Postoperative injections started 4 weeks after ACLT to allow the ACL deficiency to create a degenerative change in the meniscus.
      
In a study human cadavers, degenerative change (DC) was observed more frequently on articular surfaces of the talocrural joint (55.8%) than on the articular surfaces of the talocalcaneal joint (29.5%).
      
At the bifurcation of the artery, a cystic degenerative change was detected and was judeged to be the cause of the arterial occlusion.
      
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(1)In two groups of guinea pigs receiving 200 mg/kg of neomycin daily for 9 days,and 50 mg/kg daily for 40—44 days respectively,the development of deafness as judged by the shift in the threshold of Preyer’s reflex manifested itself in two distinct forms,acute and chronic.In the acute form,the animals became deaf within a few days after the first signs of the elevation of the threshold of Preyer’s reflex.In the chronic form,the hearing loss showed a gradual onset and progressed to total deafness following a...

(1)In two groups of guinea pigs receiving 200 mg/kg of neomycin daily for 9 days,and 50 mg/kg daily for 40—44 days respectively,the development of deafness as judged by the shift in the threshold of Preyer’s reflex manifested itself in two distinct forms,acute and chronic.In the acute form,the animals became deaf within a few days after the first signs of the elevation of the threshold of Preyer’s reflex.In the chronic form,the hearing loss showed a gradual onset and progressed to total deafness following a much longer course.It was noted that once an elevation of the auditory threshold became evident,total deafness would be the end result,sooner or later. (2)During the course of neomycin intoxication,a reduction in the maximum value of the cochlear microphonic potential in response to a click was the first sign noted in guinea pigs showing slight impairment of auditory function,whereas the threshold values of the microphonic potential and the action potential of the auditory nerve and the maximum value of the latter remained unchanged.On histological examination,degenerative changes were first found in the external hair cells at the basal turn of the organ of Corti,while the other structures were essentially normal. The electrical changes in the inner ear as indicated by a reduction in the maximum response of the microphonic potential usually preceded the degenerative changes of the external hair cells as revealed by ordinary histological techniques.In guinea pigs suffering from moderate impairment of auditory function,the reduction in the max- imum value of the microphonic potential was more marked than that in the action potential.The threshold values of both the microphonic and action potential were raised 5—20 decibels.The degeneration of the external hair cells became more mark- ed,and the internal hair cells also showed some degenerative changes of lesser degree.The nuclei of spiral ganglionic cells were pyknotic and the cell bodies were shrunken with a reduction of Nissl’s bodies in the cytoplasm.During the transition from moderate impairment of auditory function to complete deafness,both the external and internal hair cells finally disappeared,and a retrograde degeneration was demonstrated in some of the spiral ganglionic cells,though most of them still appeared normal.After the loss of the action potential,a residual microphonic potential of low level could still be observed.This was not derived from the hair cells and its actual source and significance remained unknown.In guinea pigs with deafness of longer duration,the organ of Corti disappeared completely.The nerve fibers inner- vating the external and interal hair cells and the cell bodies in the modiolus were almost absent.The hair cells of the organ of Corti proved to be the primary site of action of neomycin,consequently leading to a profound depression of microphonic potential.Degeneration of the auditory nerve with a reduction in the amplitude of the action potential appeared to be secondary to the changes in hair cells. (3)In the determination of the evoked potential from auditory cortex in guinea pigs with varying degrees of hearing loss,the threshold value for a click in eliciting a just discriminable cortical response was found to be similar to that in the auditory nerve response.The changes in the threshold value for the cortical evoked response were the results of the toxic effect of neomycin on the peripheral organs of the auditory system. (4)It was found that neomycin specifically affected hearing,while leaving the vestibular function intact.

(一)以耳廓反射阈值的改变为指标,我们观察了新霉素中毒时豚鼠耳聋形成过程。在14只豚鼠按每天200毫克/公斤体重剂量,分两次腹腔内注射共9天,耳聋形成最早发生在给药后的第9天,最迟发生在第96天。15天内有9只动物耳聋。在7只豚鼠按每天50毫克/公斤体重剂量注射40—44天,耳聋形成最早发生在第38天,最迟在第114天。两组豚鼠耳聋的发生均包括两种类型:第一种类型为急性耳聋,从耳廓反射阈值开始提高发展到耳聋的过程短。第二种类型为慢性耳聋,从耳廓反射阈值开始提高到耳聋经过的时同长。中毒豚鼠一旦听阈提高则迟早将不可避免地发展到耳聋。(二)新霉素中毒过程中豚鼠内耳生物电与组织学的变化:(1)听觉功能轻度损伤时,微音器电位最大值最先下降,其“阈值”与听神经电位阈值和最大值均无改变。形态上耳蜗第一圈外毛细胞最先发生变性。而且在形态没有检查到变化时,生物电已有改变。(2)听觉功能中等程度损伤时,微音器电位最大值的下降比听神经电位的下降更为显著。微音器电位与听神经电位阈值均提高5—20分贝。外毛细胞变性加重,内毛细胞出现轻度变性。部分豚鼠螺旋神经节细胞中尼氏小体减少,核染色加深。(3)当听觉功能从中等程度损伤发展到耳聋的过...

(一)以耳廓反射阈值的改变为指标,我们观察了新霉素中毒时豚鼠耳聋形成过程。在14只豚鼠按每天200毫克/公斤体重剂量,分两次腹腔内注射共9天,耳聋形成最早发生在给药后的第9天,最迟发生在第96天。15天内有9只动物耳聋。在7只豚鼠按每天50毫克/公斤体重剂量注射40—44天,耳聋形成最早发生在第38天,最迟在第114天。两组豚鼠耳聋的发生均包括两种类型:第一种类型为急性耳聋,从耳廓反射阈值开始提高发展到耳聋的过程短。第二种类型为慢性耳聋,从耳廓反射阈值开始提高到耳聋经过的时同长。中毒豚鼠一旦听阈提高则迟早将不可避免地发展到耳聋。(二)新霉素中毒过程中豚鼠内耳生物电与组织学的变化:(1)听觉功能轻度损伤时,微音器电位最大值最先下降,其“阈值”与听神经电位阈值和最大值均无改变。形态上耳蜗第一圈外毛细胞最先发生变性。而且在形态没有检查到变化时,生物电已有改变。(2)听觉功能中等程度损伤时,微音器电位最大值的下降比听神经电位的下降更为显著。微音器电位与听神经电位阈值均提高5—20分贝。外毛细胞变性加重,内毛细胞出现轻度变性。部分豚鼠螺旋神经节细胞中尼氏小体减少,核染色加深。(3)当听觉功能从中等程度损伤发展到耳聋的过程中,听神经电位逐渐下降到零,但仍可记录到低波幅微音器电位,该电位不是由毛细胞所产生,起源不明。外毛细胞轮廓和境界逐渐模糊,内毛细胞变性加剧,最后两者均消失。耳聋形成后历时较长的豚鼠,柯蒂氏器完全消失,支配内、外毛细胞的神经纤稚与蜗轴中的神经纤维全部退化。(三)皮层听区声诱发电位测定表明,在新霉素中毒豚鼠中未出现皮层诱发电位阈值提高的分贝数超过听神经电位阈值所提高的分贝值,或诱发电位消失而仍保留听神经电位的现象。可以认为皮层声诱发电位的改变是由于新霉素对听觉外周器官功能影响的结果。(四)旋转后眼球震颤实验表明,新霉素对豚鼠前庭功能影响很小。

An autopsy case of acute fluoroacetamide poisoning was presented.The patient was a 28-year-old farmer admitted in a state of coma withepisodes of convulsion. He was poisoned by ingestion of contaminatedfood, and had abdominal pain、nausea and vomiting. Autopsy examinationrevealed severe circulatory disturbances and degenerative changes ofparenchymatous organs including systemic congestion、diapedesis andedema in association with necrobiotic changes seen in the kidney、liver、heart、adrenal cortex and...

An autopsy case of acute fluoroacetamide poisoning was presented.The patient was a 28-year-old farmer admitted in a state of coma withepisodes of convulsion. He was poisoned by ingestion of contaminatedfood, and had abdominal pain、nausea and vomiting. Autopsy examinationrevealed severe circulatory disturbances and degenerative changes ofparenchymatous organs including systemic congestion、diapedesis andedema in association with necrobiotic changes seen in the kidney、liver、heart、adrenal cortex and brain. Postmortem analysis by fluorous ionsensitive electrode showed that the values of fluorous ion concentrationin the body fluids and in a number of organs were elevated to a levelabout 2 to 15 times those of the normal. An acute poisoning experimenton rats revealed features similar to those observed in the man. It is suggested that death occurred on account of the blocking of thekrebs citric acid cycle, resulting in disruption of energy-producing reac-tions, the so-called "Lethal synthesis".

本文首次报导一例经体液和脏器含氟量分析证实的氟乙酰胺中毒死亡病例的临床和病理观察,并用大白鼠进行了氟乙酰胺中毒实验,发现其改变与人体所见相似。

Based on the concept that cancer is possibly a disease related to immunological disorder, corynebacterium anaerobic vaccine was used in combination with cryosurgery in 10 cases of disseminated cancer in the period between April and October 1978. The vaccine was injected into the tumor (intratumoral, I.T.) and started before, during or after cryosurgery, with a dosage of 4 mg I.T. once every week for 3 months, followed by 4 mg I.T. biweekly for a period of 1-2 years. All the patients were followed for 7-14 months...

Based on the concept that cancer is possibly a disease related to immunological disorder, corynebacterium anaerobic vaccine was used in combination with cryosurgery in 10 cases of disseminated cancer in the period between April and October 1978. The vaccine was injected into the tumor (intratumoral, I.T.) and started before, during or after cryosurgery, with a dosage of 4 mg I.T. once every week for 3 months, followed by 4 mg I.T. biweekly for a period of 1-2 years. All the patients were followed for 7-14 months and were alive, with 7 of them free of cancer clinically. In 2 cases, surgical operation was done during vaccine therapy. Pathological features in the resected specimens after intratumoral injection of vaccine were as follows: (1) marked necrosis of tumor tissue especially in the area where vaccine was injected. (2) remarkable white cell infiltration (including plasma cells and macrophages) at the site of necrosis. (3) residual tumor cells at the area of vaccine injection undergoing degenerative changes. It is postulated that combined cryosurgery and vaccine treatment may enhance both specific and non-specific immunity against cancer.

本文报道应用国产厌气棒状杆菌菌苗局部注射和冷冻手术综合治疗晚期肿瘤10例,经过7~10个月随访,疗效显著。从切除标本的病理组织学检查,可见到癌肿坏死,癌巢周围有大量白细胞浸润,显示局部用药后明显地消除肿瘤的迹象。提示了这种方法能增强免疫作用,有效地控制肿瘤。

 
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