助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   immune systems 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.137秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
自动化技术
电力工业
口腔科学
互联网技术
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

immune systems
相关语句
  免疫系统
     An immune algorithm (IA) simulating the biological immune systems and its basic approach are introduced.
     介绍了一种模拟生物免疫系统自我调节功能的免疫算法(IA)和这种算法的基本步骤.
短句来源
     However, melanin deposition in feather melanocytes has strong links with the capacity of the antioxidant and immune systems, two crucial fitness-enhancing organismic functions.
     然而,羽毛色素细胞的黑色素沉积与抗氧化能力和免疫系统有很强的联系,而抗氧化能力和免疫系统在提高有机体适合度方面具有重要的功能。
短句来源
     Neuroleukin (NLK )is a protein (Mr 56 000) which acts on both the nervous and the immune systems and whose expression is regulated at mRNA levels .
     神经白细胞素(NLK)是既作用于神经系统又作用于免疫系统的蛋白质(Mr 56 000),其表达调控于mRNA水平.
短句来源
     The results of comparative sequence analysis indicated that putative amino acid sequence of the cloned IL-18 gene shared 96.5%~100% homology with IL-18 of chicken and turkey, and shared 20.1%~26.6% homology with mammalian IL-18. Phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that the chicken IL-18 have evolutionary relationship with mammalian IL-18, however they showed species difference in function because of selective pressure of immune systems.
     把该基因编码的鸡成熟IL-18蛋白氨基酸序列与已公布的禽及哺乳动物IL-8成熟蛋白基因氨基酸序列进行比较,其同源性分别在96.5%~100%和20.1%~26.6%之间。 分子系统进化树分析表明鸡IL-18与哺乳动物IL-18有共同的祖先,亲源关系较近,但在免疫系统选择性压力下,形成独特的种族特异性。
短句来源
     With the progression of illness, the amount of CD4+ T cells decrease gradually and immune systems trends to exhaustion. When the number of CD4+ T cells is to 200/ml , infected persons often died of opportunistic infections and tumors.
     随着病程延长,CD_4~+细胞数目逐渐减少,免疫系统趋向崩溃,当CD_4~+细胞数目低至200个/ml时,感染者往往死于多种严重的机会性感染和肿瘤。
短句来源
更多       
  “immune systems”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Application and Development of Artificial Immune Systems
     人工免疫系统的应用与发展
短句来源
     Study on Theory and Applications of Intelligent Optimization and Immune Network Algorithms in Artificial Immune Systems
     人工免疫系统中智能优化及免疫网络算法理论与应用研究
短句来源
     3. We study the basic ideas of artificial immune systems models based on Multi-agent technology, the application of artificial immune systems based on Multi-agent technology is discussed.
     3.介绍了基于Multi-agent人工免疫模型的基本思想,以及基于Multi-agent人工免疫系统的实现机理。
短句来源
     Artificial Immune Systems and Their Applications in Spacial Information Systems
     人工免疫系统及其在空间信息系统中的应用
短句来源
     By introducing the information processing mechanism of artificial immune systems and neural network system into evolutionary programming (EP) algorithm, an immune evolutionary programming(IEP)is proposed.
     把人工免疫系统和神经网络系统的信息处理机制引入到进化规划算法(EP),提出了免疫进化规划算法.
短句来源
更多       
  相似匹配句对
     The Application and Development of Artificial Immune Systems
     人工免疫系统的应用与发展
短句来源
     STUDY OF LOCALIZED MEMORY STATE OF IMMUNE SYSTEMS
     免疫系统局域记忆态的研究
短句来源
     On the Complexity of Systems
     再论系统的复杂性
短句来源
     Monorail Systems
     单轨车
短句来源
     Immune Algorithms
     免疫算法
短句来源
查询“immune systems”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  immune systems
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) have been found on all cells of the body-cells of the innate and adaptive immune systems, epithelial and endothelial cells, keratinocytes, etc.
      
The decreased functional activity of the endocrine and immune systems suggests that AO considerably decelerates the systemic body response (general adaptation syndrome) to acute wound.
      
The question of the interaction between the nervous and immune systems is discussed in the article.
      
We analyzed the mechanisms of interaction between nervous and immune systems characterized by common principles of organization, common messenger molecules, and regulatory functions significant for the whole organism.
      
We have shown the fetal liver cell engraftments into multiple tissues of adult healthy mice, achieved without suppressing the animals' immune systems.
      
更多          


In this report inulin was adapted to absorb C3 complement fromnormal human sera. Since then C3-inulin complex has been used for thepreparation of anti-C3 serum. The immunization procedure was based uponthe fact that living BCG was first inoculated for the purpose of activa-ting the immune system. After the initial activation, 2 injections of C3-inulin complex with complete Freund adjuvant were made subcutaneously,intramuscularly and intra-glandularly on multiple sites of the rabbit.By means of this method,...

In this report inulin was adapted to absorb C3 complement fromnormal human sera. Since then C3-inulin complex has been used for thepreparation of anti-C3 serum. The immunization procedure was based uponthe fact that living BCG was first inoculated for the purpose of activa-ting the immune system. After the initial activation, 2 injections of C3-inulin complex with complete Freund adjuvant were made subcutaneously,intramuscularly and intra-glandularly on multiple sites of the rabbit.By means of this method, we found that serum titer was much higher,time interval much shortened, and testing material much saved.

本文报告利用菊糖从正常人血清中吸附补体C_3,再将菊糖C_3复合物免疫家兔,制备免抗人C_3血清。免疫方法是用活卡介苗代替死卡介苗接种家兔,作为基础免疫,活化免疫系统,然后用微量菊糖C_3复合物加弗氏完全佐剂进行皮下、肌肉与淋巴结内多点直接注射。只免疫两次,即获得较高效价的抗C_3血清。既缩短了免疫过程,也节约抗原用量。

This article reports the electron microscopic observations on the skin biopsies of 11 patients with progressive systemic scleroderma (PSS) and 3 patients with localized scleroderma (LS). The result demonstrates that the capillaries and fibrils in dermis of PSS have marked changes, but less marked in that of LS. The capillaries of PSS show: (1) Thickening and multi-layer changing of capillary base membrane; (2) swelling of endothelial cells, increase in number of microfilament bundles and vacuolization in cytoplasm,...

This article reports the electron microscopic observations on the skin biopsies of 11 patients with progressive systemic scleroderma (PSS) and 3 patients with localized scleroderma (LS). The result demonstrates that the capillaries and fibrils in dermis of PSS have marked changes, but less marked in that of LS. The capillaries of PSS show: (1) Thickening and multi-layer changing of capillary base membrane; (2) swelling of endothelial cells, increase in number of microfilament bundles and vacuolization in cytoplasm, myelin-like changes of mitochondria, and solidification of nuclears; (3) stricture or blockage of capillary lumens. The collagenous fibrils show marked hyperplasia of various diameters and in disordered arrangment. There are dense deposits in ground substance between them and their normal periodicity disappeared. Surrounding the capillaries, an aggregation of fibroblasts, monocytes, lymphocytes and mast cells is observed. Combining immunological tests with the above observations, it is thought that pathogenesis of PSS is possibly associated with the abnormality of connective tissue and functional disorder of immune system, especially the latter which initiates the hypersynthesis of connective tissue and leads to scleroderma.

本文对系统性硬皮病的皮肤进行了电镜规察。结果表明,真皮层毛细血管的内皮细胞、基底膜和胶原原纤维及其周围的基质均发生明显的变化。结合病人的免疫学测定结果和电镜下淋巴细胞的集聚认为,系统性硬皮病的上述组织和细胞的超微结构改变与患者的免疫系统异常有密切关系。

A dynamical model for clonal selection for antibody formation is presented inthis paper.The antigen concentration x,the concentrations of various groups ofantibodies y_i's,and those of antibody-producing cell populations z_i's(i=1,2,…,n)are assumed to obey equations(7).Although one kind of antigen can combine witha great diversity of antibodies,and can stimulate their cloning by means of bindingto cell surface receptors,i.e.,antibodies assembled on the cell membrane,becauseof the selection effect only one kind...

A dynamical model for clonal selection for antibody formation is presented inthis paper.The antigen concentration x,the concentrations of various groups ofantibodies y_i's,and those of antibody-producing cell populations z_i's(i=1,2,…,n)are assumed to obey equations(7).Although one kind of antigen can combine witha great diversity of antibodies,and can stimulate their cloning by means of bindingto cell surface receptors,i.e.,antibodies assembled on the cell membrane,becauseof the selection effect only one kind of antibody and its producing cells may approacha stable steady state or a stable periodic state.Which kind of antibodies can be selecteddepends on tho antigen-antibody association constant K_i,the coefficiont γ_i of cellularproliferation stimulated by the combination of antigens and receptors,and the lifetime c_i of the cell.Our model shows that the specificity of one kind of antibody inrespect to a certain kind of antigen is determined in a special immune system.Inother immune systems distinct antibodies with different specificities may be selected,and this conclusion agrees with the facts of antibody evolution.

本文建立了抗原对于抗体生成的克隆选择的一个动力学模型。一种抗原虽然可能同多种抗体结合,并通过同装配在淋巴细胞膜上的抗体(即细胞表面受体)的结合促进它们的克隆,但是由于选择作用,只有一种抗体以及产生它的细胞可以同这种抗原的特定的抗原决定簇达到稳定的定态或稳定的周期状态。在我们的模型中,究竟选出哪一种抗体取决于抗体同抗原的结合常数,抗原同受体结合后促进细胞增殖的能力,以及细胞的寿命。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关immune systems的内容
在知识搜索中查有关immune systems的内容
在数字搜索中查有关immune systems的内容
在概念知识元中查有关immune systems的内容
在学术趋势中查有关immune systems的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社