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cruciferous vegetables
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  十字花科蔬菜
     TuMV-C_4occulied 42.4% and appeared to be the most wiedspread strain followed in decreasing prevolence by C_5, C_1, C_3 and C_2. The results obtained in this study would provide a basis for cruciferous vegetables breeding for resistance to TuMV,
     TuMV—C_4占分离物的42.4%,为主要株系,其余依次是C_5、C_1、C_3和C_2株系,这为十字花科蔬菜,特别是大白菜抗TuMV育种提供了依据。
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     there were moderate inverse or weak associations between lung cancer and the consumption of total vegetable, radish roots, alliums, celery, cruciferous vegetables, yams, melons (e.g bitter gourd), bean sprouts and β carotene, α carotene (RR=0.5~0.75,P<0.05) after multivariable adjusted Cox regression model.
     经调整年龄、工龄、吸烟后 ,根茎类、芹菜、十字花科蔬菜、薯芋类、β-胡萝卜素、α-胡萝卜素仍显示与矿工肺癌危险性呈负相关 ( RR=0 .5~ 0 .75 ,P<0 .0 5 )。
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     Study on Antitumor Effects of Extract from Cruciferous Vegetables
     十字花科蔬菜提取物抗肿瘤作用的研究
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     RAPD Molecular Marker Techniques and its Application to Cruciferous Vegetables Research
     RAPD分子标记技术及其在十字花科蔬菜研究中的应用
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     A Study of TuMV Strain Differentiation on Cruciferous Vegetables from Ten Regions of China Ⅰ. Identification Results with Green's Methods
     我国十省(市)十字花科蔬菜芜菁花叶病毒(TuMV)株系分化研究 Ⅰ.用Green氏方法划分株系
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  “cruciferous vegetables”译为未确定词的双语例句
     THE DETERMINATION OF THIOCYANATE IN CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLES
     蔬菜中硫氰酸化合物的测定
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     In this study, the effect of temperature and humidity on the virulence of a Beauveria bassiana isolate, SCAU-BB01D, to Phaedon brassicae, a serious insect pest of cruciferous vegetables in South China, was studied in the laboratory.
     本文在室内研究了分离自小猿叶甲的一株球孢白僵菌(SCAU-BB01D)在不同温度和湿度条件下对小猿叶甲成虫和2龄幼虫的致病力。 结果显示温度和相对湿度对白僵菌的致病力有显著影响。
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     AIM To study the hepato-protection of indole-3-carbinol (I3C), one of glucosinolate compounds in cruciferous vegetables, on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity.
     目的 采用精密肝切片技术 ,研究十字花科类蔬菜提取物吲哚 3 原醇 (I3C)对乙醇肝损伤的作用及机制。
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     Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), one of the glucosinolate compounds in cruciferous vegetables, can strengthen the capacity of antioxidative enzymes in various organs and cells.
     十字花科类蔬菜提取物吲哚-3-原醇(I3C)能增强多种组织细胞内抗氧化酶活力;
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     According to the field surveys made in July 1956 to June 1958(once in every10 days),the false brassica aphid was the most important vector in Canton,in-festing the cruciferous vegetables all the year round,while the peach aphidappeared only occasionally in March and April.
     根据1956年7月至1958年6月,每十日田间调查一次结果:萝卜蚜是广州地区最重要的传病媒介,桃蚜每年只在3—4月间略有发生,作用不大。
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  相似匹配句对
     THE DETERMINATION OF THIOCYANATE IN CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLES
     蔬菜中硫氰酸化合物的测定
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     ,is a major pest on cruciferous vegetables.
     是十字花科蔬菜的一种主要害虫。
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     vegetables, fruit &.
     (2)果蔬最少加工;
     Buying Vegetables
     买蔬菜
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  cruciferous vegetables
Organic isothiocyanates (ITCs), or mustard oils, are non-nutrient components present in the diet, especially in cruciferous vegetables.
      
These results were unchanged, when additionally adjusted for recent intake of alcohol or cruciferous vegetables.
      
Seed-borne fungi of five cruciferous vegetables and relative efficacy of aqueous seed extracts against some associated fungi
      
However,current interest is concerned with the anticarcinogenic activity ofisothiocyanates derived from cruciferous vegetables and salad crops.
      
Objective: To evaluate possible interactions between dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables and the glutathione s-transferase mu and theta (GSTM1 and GSTT1) genotypes in lung cancer risk.
      
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It was reported earlier by the authors that the mosaic disease of the crucifer-ous vegetables was mostly caused by two strains of turnip mosaic virus(TrMV),i.e.“turnip strain”(commonly called turnip mosaic virus)and“rape strain“(commonly called rape mosaic virus).Field surveys made in the past 11 years(especially those made in 1956-1958)revealed that the virus oversummered main-ly in the summer grown cruciferous vegetables,including Pak-Tsai(Brassicachinensis Linn.),Tsai-Shen(B.spp.)and water-cress(Nasturtium...

It was reported earlier by the authors that the mosaic disease of the crucifer-ous vegetables was mostly caused by two strains of turnip mosaic virus(TrMV),i.e.“turnip strain”(commonly called turnip mosaic virus)and“rape strain“(commonly called rape mosaic virus).Field surveys made in the past 11 years(especially those made in 1956-1958)revealed that the virus oversummered main-ly in the summer grown cruciferous vegetables,including Pak-Tsai(Brassicachinensis Linn.),Tsai-Shen(B.spp.)and water-cress(Nasturtium officinariumWall.).The cruciferous weeds including Nasturtium montanum Wall.(only 2plants found naturally infected in 11 years)and Capsella bursa-pastoris Medic.(only 1 plant found naturally infected in 11 years)were not important as over-summering hosts.The results of the transmission tests showed that the two strains of TrMVwere readily transmitted by false cabbage aphid(Rhopalosiphum pseudobrassicaeDay.)and peach aphid(Myzus persicae Sulz.),less so by red mite(Tetranychustelaxius Linn.),and not transmitted by the adults of striped flea-beetle(Phyllotrata vittata Fab.)and the larvae of army-worm(Prodenia litura Fab.)and white-fly(Pierie rapae Linn.). They were not transmitted by seeds of thehost and by the dodder plant(Cuscutus chinensis Linn.).Soil mixed with freshresidue of diseased plant might cause occasional infection of replanted plants,but did not cause any infection of plants that were grown up from seeds sown inthe infested soil.According to the field surveys made in July 1956 to June 1958(once in every10 days),the false brassica aphid was the most important vector in Canton,in-festing the cruciferous vegetables all the year round,while the peach aphidappeared only occasionally in March and April.On ground of the field infectionpercentages,the aphid's populations,and the climatic conditions in every 10 days'period in these 24 months,it was found that the epiphytotic of the disease inCanton was closely related to the aphid population that occurred about 10-20days earlier,and the aphid population was again closely related to the amount ofrainfall and the number of rainy days in the past 10-20 days.It was thereforeconsidered possible that on ground of the prevailing condition of rainfall,onewas able to forecast the epiphytotic of the disease about 30 days ahead.

广州地区十字花科蔬菜花叶病(主要病毒是芜菁花叶病毒的油菜毒系和芜菁毒系)的越夏寄主,根据11年来的观察特别是1956—1958年间的实地调查结果,主要是小白菜、菜心和西洋菜。在野生植物中曾发现过2株蔊菜和1株荠菜自然感病,说明野生植物不是本病的重要毒源。室内试验结果证明,此病的自然传染媒介为萝卜蚜、桃蚜和普通红蜘蛛。黄条跳(虫甲)、斜纹夜盗蛾和菜粉蝶都不是本病的虫媒,病株的种子不会传病,中国菟丝子也不会传递本病。在带有未腐熟的病菜残体的土里进行直播,长出来的菜苗没有发病的;但是把菜苗移植在这样的土里,会有极小量的植株感病。根据1956年7月至1958年6月,每十日田间调查一次结果:萝卜蚜是广州地区最重要的传病媒介,桃蚜每年只在3—4月间略有发生,作用不大。根据这24个月的田间发病率,萝卜蚜(有翅蚜及无翅蚜)的虫口密度和气候情况,我们认为本地区本病的发生及流行程度主要受降水量和降水天数所影响,并认为可以从降水情况来预测约30日后的病害流行程度。

In 1962-1963,35 samples of Downy mildews collected from Brassica Pekinensis andother Cruciferous vegetables (including B.Chinensis,B.juncea,B.rapa,B.oleracea,Raphanussativus,and Capsella Bursa-Pastoris etc.) were identified with 32 differential hosts.Threevarieties of Peronospora parasitica were differentiated:P.p.brassicae on Brassica,P.p.raphani on Raphanus and P.p.capsellae on Capsella.In P.p.brassicae at least three differentforms existed (i.e.f.Pekenensis,f.olerasea,f.juncea).1.Collections from Brassica...

In 1962-1963,35 samples of Downy mildews collected from Brassica Pekinensis andother Cruciferous vegetables (including B.Chinensis,B.juncea,B.rapa,B.oleracea,Raphanussativus,and Capsella Bursa-Pastoris etc.) were identified with 32 differential hosts.Threevarieties of Peronospora parasitica were differentiated:P.p.brassicae on Brassica,P.p.raphani on Raphanus and P.p.capsellae on Capsella.In P.p.brassicae at least three differentforms existed (i.e.f.Pekenensis,f.olerasea,f.juncea).1.Collections from Brassica Pekinensis,B.Chinensis and B.rapa were found to belong tothe same group,since they infected all or a part of these hosts on which they all producedconidia.B.juncea var.megarrhisa showed varying reactions to these collections.No infec-tion took place on Capsella Bursa-Pastoris,Raphanus sativus,B.oleracea,B.juncea and B.juncea var.multiceps.Collections from different varieties of B.Pekinensis in different local-ities and seasons showed a remarkable difference in pathogenicity.2.The host ranges of the collections from B.juncea and B.juncea var.megarrhisa andvar.multiceps were limited to these plants,however,the collections from B.juncea did infectsome varieties of B.Pekinensis B.Chinensis and B.rapa.3.Collections from B.oleracea (including var.capitata,var.caularapa,var.alboglabra,var.botrytis) infected this species only and never infected other crucifers.4.Collections from Raphanus sativus were differentiated into two types,one infectedR.sativa only and the other infected some varieties of B.Pekinnensis,B.oleracea and B.rapaas well.5.Collections from Capsella Bursa-Pastoris only infected the original host but not others.

应用十字花科蔬菜三属七种32个品种作为鉴定寄主,对京津地区12种十字花科蔬菜(大白菜、油青菜、芜菁、芥菜、大头青、雪里蕻、甘兰、苤兰、花椰菜、芥兰、萝卜和荠菜)上采集的34个霜霉病菌(Pronospora parasitica(Pers.)Fr.)标样进行了生理分化的研究。得到以下结果:1.大白菜,油青菜,芜菁上的病菌为一类,它们可以侵染全部或部分的这类寄主,呈感病反应,产生孢子囊;芥菜对不同病菌标样呈抗病或感病反应;不侵染荠菜、萝卜、甘兰类和雪里蕻,大头青。不同时间、地点和不同大白莱品种上采集的菌种有较大的致病性差异。2.芥菜、雪里蕻、大头青上的菌种,除芥菜上的可以侵染大白菜、油青菜和芜菁的若干品种外,它们只侵染芥菜属寄主。3.甘兰类(包括甘兰,苤兰,芥兰和花椰菜)上的菌种只侵染本类寄主,呈感病反应,产生孢子囊;不能侵染其他种属寄主。4.萝卜上有两类菌种:一类仅侵染萝卜一属的品种,不能侵染其他属的寄主,但也发现有一个标样除本寄主外,尚可接种在芸苔属的大白菜、甘兰和芥菜的一部分品种上。5.荠菜上的菌种只能侵染荠菜,呈感病反应,而不能侵染其他寄主。

The mosaic disease of the Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis Rupr.) has broken out in the vicinity of Urumchi. North Sinkiang, since 1955. In ordinary years it reduced more than 30 percent of the yield, while in an epiphytotic year such as 1961, the death rates of infected plants raised to 90-100% in the northern part of Sinkiang, and in other districts an average loss of 50 percent of the crop was not uncommon. The cabbage aphid [Brevicoryne brassicae (L.)], peach aphid [Myzus persicae (Sulz.)] and cotton...

The mosaic disease of the Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis Rupr.) has broken out in the vicinity of Urumchi. North Sinkiang, since 1955. In ordinary years it reduced more than 30 percent of the yield, while in an epiphytotic year such as 1961, the death rates of infected plants raised to 90-100% in the northern part of Sinkiang, and in other districts an average loss of 50 percent of the crop was not uncommon. The cabbage aphid [Brevicoryne brassicae (L.)], peach aphid [Myzus persicae (Sulz.)] and cotton aphid [Aphis gossypii (Glover)] are capable of transmitting the virus. The cabbage aphid is dominant in the cruciferous vegetable fields during the growing season and is regarded as the main insect vector of which the winged and wingless aphids have the same capability of transmission. One viruliferous cabbage aphid for each 2-leaved Chinese cabbage seedling results 80 percent of infection. One non-virulified aphid with a 1-minute-feeding on diseased plant is sufficient to acquire 35 percent of infection. On the other hand, one virulified aphid feeding on a 2-leaved healthy seedling for 1 minute results only 10 percent of infection. This virus belongs to the non-persistent group since 1 non-virulified aphid with a single feeding maintains its transmissibility only about 25 minutes. According to the field surveys made in 1960 to 1962 from June to October in Urumchi, the prevalence and severence of the disease depended, in a large extent, on the dispersion and population of the winged form of the principal aphid vector during the early seedling stage of the Chinese cabbage. In the past 3 years, the peak of flight of the winged form occurred about in the last part of July, and symptoms of the infected plants usually appeared in the middle part of August. It was therefore concluded that a great mass migration of the winged aphids is responsible for the epiphytotics of the disease. Field observation in the past years pointed out that the virus oversummered mainly in the cruciferous vegetables, including Gan-lan (Brassica olercea var. capitata L.) and Pie-lan (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes L.). The naturally infected cruciferous and chenopodious weeds including Thlaspi arvense L., Cardaria pubesens Jarm., C. repens Jarm., Sisymbrium altissmum L., Chenopodium ficifolium Smith, and Chenopodium albaum L. seemed not to play as the oversummering hosts of the virus.

甘藍蚜、桃蚜和棉蚜的有翅型与无翅型,均能传播大白菜病毒病,其中以甘藍蚜为最主要的传毒介体。一头带毒蚜可使80%的健苗发病;一头无毒蚜經吸毒一分钟的传病率为35%;健苗經一头有毒蚜传毒一分钟,就有10%发病。病毒系非持久性的,蚜虫一次吸毒后的传毒期限为25分钟左右。在烏魯木齐地区,有翅甘藍蚜全年中的迁飞高峯期,都是在7月下旬。証实了这时期与大白菜病毒病的流行,有极密切的关系。当年春、夏季播种的甘蓝和苤藍,尤其是晚甘蓝和晚苤蓝,是大白菜(包括冬蘿卜)苗期的初次毒源和蚜源。初步認为,能感染病毒的几种十字花科及藜科杂草,不是本病病毒和甘藍蚜的重要越夏寄主。

 
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