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land reform
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  土地改革
     On Philippine Land Reform under Marcos’s Autocracy(1972—1986)
     马科斯独裁下的菲律宾土地改革(1972-1986)
短句来源
     The Peasant Mentality during Land Reform: Centered on Rural North China, 1937-1949
     土地改革中的农民心态:以1937—1949年的华北乡村为中心
短句来源
     On the New Changes of the Class Relationship in the Countryside After the Land Reform
     论土地改革后农村阶级关系的新变化
短句来源
     A Study of the Size and Distribution of New Rich Peasants Coming into Being in the Wake of Land Reform in New China
     新中国土地改革后新富农产生的规模与分布研究
短句来源
     After the founding of New China, with the completion of land reform and the rise of agricultural mutual aid and cooperative movement Party members from the new rich peasants were once more called in question.
     新中国成立后,随着土地改革完成及农业互助合作运动兴起,新富农党员受到质疑。
短句来源
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  土改
     The present study mostly are based on the mode of magnificent narration. For the different areas there were different natural and human environment hence the many different specialities in land problems. Therefore there is dissimilarity in the view of land reform methods, working focuses, operating process and the effects.
     现有的研究多是基于宏大叙事式的研究方法,而各个地区由于自然、人文环境的差别,在土地问题上呈现出各自不同的特点,也由此决定了在土改的方式方法、工作重点、运作过程、产生效果等方面的迥然不同,因此对宏观层次上土地改革研究的前提,是对各个地区土改不同情况的深入研究。
短句来源
     Land Reform in New South Africa: A Ten Years' Road
     新南非十年土改
短句来源
     The land reform movement from 1950 to 1952 was quite different from that in the Democratic Revolution in guiding ideas and concrete policies and methods.
     1950~1952年期间的土地改革运动,在指导思想和具体政策步骤方面较之民主革命时期的土改运动有相当变化。
短句来源
     The policy changes in Land reform, purchase and sale together and collectivization directly influenced the life and spirit of the farmers.
     土改、集体化、统购统销三大政策变动,直接影响了农民的生活和精神状态。
短句来源
     The Rise of the New Middle Farmer:New Changes in Rural Social Structure after the Land Reform
     新中农的崛起:土改后农村社会结构的新变动
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  “land reform”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In order to perfect the urban land purchase and preserve system and promote urban land reform in the future.
     因此,本文选取城市土地收购价格确定这一焦点问题进行研究,以便完善土地收购储备制度和促进当前的城市土地管理改革。
短句来源
     The land reform greatly promotes the farmers’enthusiasm, protect their rights and boost agricultural development.
     土地制度的改革,对于调动广大农民的生产积极性、保护农民合法权益、促进农业生产发展具有重要作用。
短句来源
     Chinese ancient traditional thought on land reform is of great significance to the present environmental protection and degeneration.
     古代传统“地力常新”的土地改造思想,对当代生态保护、控制其环境蜕化上有很大借鉴意义。
短句来源
     It is necessary for the industrial land reform to substitute the unseen hand of the market for the seen hand of the local government.
     本文认为以市场这只看不见的手替代政府这只看得见的手为宗旨的制度创新是土地使用制度改革的必由之路。
短句来源
     On Land Reform Accommodated to the Agricultural Labour Transferring in China
     适应我国农业劳动力转移的土地制度改革
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  land reform
Scale inefficiency explains the poorer absolute performance of the private farms, indicating the need for land reform as well as technological change.
      
This paper explores the policy issues illuminated by a discourse analysis of the Land Reform Pilot Project in the KwaZulu Natal province of South Africa.
      
The value of discourse analysis as a methodological tool for understanding a land reform program
      
This paper assesses the impact of South Africa's land reform program on land use change in rural areas of Limpopo Province.
      
We look at an Amazonian caboclo settlement in the Lower Amazon that had experienced land reform by the end of the 1980s.
      
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By 1935 or so, "Rural Construction Experiments" were carried out in more than 100 districts in China. The representive ones were Liang Shuming′s "Rural Construction Movement", Yan Yangchu′s "Dingxian Experiment" , and the socalled cooperative movement. In addition, there was Yan Xishan′s "Scheme of Village Ownership of Land" . The author studied these samples and hled that in spite of the fact that there were lots of differences and contraditions among them and generally they embodied the spirit of patriotism,yet...

By 1935 or so, "Rural Construction Experiments" were carried out in more than 100 districts in China. The representive ones were Liang Shuming′s "Rural Construction Movement", Yan Yangchu′s "Dingxian Experiment" , and the socalled cooperative movement. In addition, there was Yan Xishan′s "Scheme of Village Ownership of Land" . The author studied these samples and hled that in spite of the fact that there were lots of differences and contraditions among them and generally they embodied the spirit of patriotism,yet the essence of them was peddling reformism, and opposing land revolution and the struggle against imperialism. They attempted to change the face of semicolonial and semi-feudal agricultural economy in China in a peaceful way. However, practice has proved that this way would get us absolutely nowhere. Only by arousing the masses, overthrowing the three big mountains (imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism), conducting land reform, and striving for the victory of new democracy revolution, was it on the track, In the struggle during 1927—1949, all these"Rural Cortstruction Experiments" were merely ornaments used by the KMT government at that time.

旧中国的“乡村建设实验”到1935年左右达一百多处,其中比较有代表性的是梁漱溟的“乡村建设运动”,晏阳初的“定县实验”,和所谓合作运动;还有阎锡山的“土地村公有方案”。作者加以研究,认为这些“实验”尽管具有许多差异和矛盾,而一般带有爱国主义的精神;但其实质是推销改良主义,反对土地革命,反对对帝国主义进行斗争。他们企图在原有半殖民地、半封建的生产关系下,用“和平”的方式来改变中国农业经济的面貌。实践证明,旧中国的农村走这种道路是行不通的;只有发动群众,推翻三座大山,进行土地改革,夺取新民主主义革命的胜利,才是对头的。在1927—1949年的斗争中,这种“乡村建设实验”不过是当时政府统治的点缀品而已。

The typical soil erosion and degenerating type and its serious consequences in Huangpuchuan basin is expounded all-sidedly in this paper by statistic data. It says that the soil resources will be exhausted after 50 years because of heavy soil and water loss and wind erosion and desertification. So, it is of great urgency to rescue and protect soil resources. Meanwhile, it shows that the reason of soil degenerated by erosion is the unreasonable use of land by comparing present situation of land utilization and...

The typical soil erosion and degenerating type and its serious consequences in Huangpuchuan basin is expounded all-sidedly in this paper by statistic data. It says that the soil resources will be exhausted after 50 years because of heavy soil and water loss and wind erosion and desertification. So, it is of great urgency to rescue and protect soil resources. Meanwhile, it shows that the reason of soil degenerated by erosion is the unreasonable use of land by comparing present situation of land utilization and its adaptability. At last, it gives the effective measures to utilize, protect, and improve soil under the policy to develop self-sufficient orsemi-self-sufficient agriculture, protective forestry, and commodity stock raising according to ecology idea. It provides regalar scientific basis to work out the plan of land reform.

本文根据调查资料统计,对黄土高原东部有典型性、代表性的皇甫川流域的土壤侵蚀的严重退化,进行了全面论述。文中指出,由于严重的水土流失和风蚀沙化,350年后土壤资源将濒临枯竭。拯救和保护土壤资源刻不容缓。通过土壤资源的适宜性评价与土壤利用现状比较,指出土壤资源利用不合理是导致土壤侵蚀退化的根本原因。最后指出了以生态学观点为指导,防治土壤侵蚀退化为目的,建立自给和半自给型的农业,保护型的林业,商品性的牧业为总方针,进行高效生态农业的土壤改良、利用和保护的途径与措施,为黄土高原地区制定国土整治规划提供一定的科学依据。

Because of a lack of understanding of the scarcity of land resources and the drawbacks caused by free use of land, there is tremendous waste in the landuse. Since 1980's, landreform has been carried out by the government. First, several cities have started changing land use fees. Further the State Council announced the "Regulations on land use tax collection in the cities and towns" which enables cities and towns to collect land use taxes. The annual tax rate range from 0.5 to 10 Yuan/m~2. The clause "The right...

Because of a lack of understanding of the scarcity of land resources and the drawbacks caused by free use of land, there is tremendous waste in the landuse. Since 1980's, landreform has been carried out by the government. First, several cities have started changing land use fees. Further the State Council announced the "Regulations on land use tax collection in the cities and towns" which enables cities and towns to collect land use taxes. The annual tax rate range from 0.5 to 10 Yuan/m~2. The clause "The right to use of land may betransferred in accordance with law" was added to Article 10 section 4 of the constitution. This opens a new era of lawful transactions of urban land. After that, the land use right was sold by a lot of cities. These marks the end of free land use in China. With this situation in mind, to appraise the urban land economically will be an important scientific basis for the land reform. According to the experience in several experimental cities, the main way is to grade the land through causal analysis. First study the causal factors and elemnets system reflecting the characteristic and quality of urbanland, give each factor and element different weight according to its influence, and then calculate the comprehensive score of each piece of land, finally grade urban land. The auther find that location infrastructure investment and environment quality are the basic factors that influence the attributes of urban land. Among which location is the most important. The location of a piece of land can be shown in the aggregationextent of commercial and service facility and accessibility. The comprehensive appraisal of multiple factors has the advantage of reflecting the situation of urban land from many aspects, and is also easy to manipulate.

作者首先对中国城市土地使用的各个阶段作了历史回顾。50年代初,中国土地使用是有偿的;1954年开始则施行行政划拨、无偿使用;80年代,在改革开放的形势下,我国沿海的部份城市率先进行了土地有偿使用的改革和实践,建立各级土地管理机构,修改及制订有关法规。文章着重阐述了自80年代开始的部份城市土地有偿使用改革的内容、办法、难点和问题。同时,对我国土地有偿使用改革的发展趋势进行了评述,认为,土地使用的两种体制将继续并存。为提高土地有偿使用的科学性,作者还详细介绍了一种土地经济评价方法——多因素叠加法。

 
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