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external costs
相关语句
  外部成本
     Research on Several Problems about Transport External Costs
     交通运输外部成本问题研究
短句来源
     Evaluation and Internalization of the External Costs on Traffic and Transport
     交通运输外部成本评估及内部化
短句来源
     Analysis on External Costs of Hazardous Materials Transportation by Truck
     公路运输有害物品的外部成本分析
短句来源
     The effect and some evaluating results of external costs of transports were analyzed integrally. The effect of internalization of external costs on transport was analyzed economically. And the strategies of internalization were given.
     综合分析了交通运输外部成本的影响和评价结果,指出外部成本评价在对运输外部影响进行货币化估值方面所作出的贡献,并对外部成本内部化效果进行了经济分析,给出了实施外部成本内部化的策略.
短句来源
     Based on the discussed concept of external cost and compared safety/environment characteristics for nuclear and other electric generation systems, the paper has described the international research progress and main results on external costs of electric generation systems, and analyzed the estimation of external costs for SO2 and CO2 emissions from coal-fired plants in China, and relevant countermeasures have proposed.
     以对外部成本概念的讨论和对核电与其他发电系统的安全、环境特性的比较为基础,叙述了国际上对各种电力系统外部成本研究进展和主要结果,对在中国的燃煤电厂排放SO2和CO2的外部成本作了分析估算,并提出了对策建议。
短句来源
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  外部费用
     The External Costs of 4MW Biomass Integrated Gasification Combined with Cyclic Power Generating System in China
     中国4MW生物质气化联合循环发电系统的外部费用
短句来源
     The external costs of 4MW Biomass Integrated Gasification Power Generating System(BIGPGS),which is under construction in China,are evaluated using ExternE Methodology.
     描述一种外部费用估算方法———ExternE方法,并应用ExternE项目研究结果,估算4MW生物质气化联合循环发电系统的外部费用.
短句来源
  “external costs”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Through the empirical study, we found that China's banking is in severe fragility and the external costs resulted from the fragility is high.
     通过实证研究发现目前我国银行业处于高脆弱性状态,并且我们估计这种脆弱性的外部性成本是十分高昂的;
短句来源
     The Local-protective Act refers to a kind of acts that have external costs, and are done by the local government.
     地方保护行为指的是地方政府所实施的具有负的外部性的行为。
短句来源
     Immoralities in a market economy are due to the fact that the costs of them are much lower than the benefits they bring and in turn their internal benefits and external costs stimulate their growth.
     市场运作中的败德行为 ,是由于当今市场运作中的败德成本远远低于败德效益 ,其内化的收益和外溢的成本 ,刺激了败德行为的产生。
短句来源
     This paper aims to analyze the correlation between the land expropriation agents mostly from the behavior of governments, enterprises, rural collective and farmers, especially, appraises the costs and benefits for the operation of land expropriation system and systematically evaluates its external costs.
     研究目的:从政府、企业、农村集体及农户等征地主体行为角度,分析中国征地制度运行中各征地主体之间的相互关系,评价政府行使土地征用权的成本和收益以及由此而带来的农户及企业响应的成本和外在成本等。
短句来源
     The results indicate that the local governments misuse the land eminent domain to seek for their own interests. The farmers' behavior under the lower compensation criteria brings about the higher external costs for governments, enterprises and society and results in the inefficient land expropriation system.
     研究结果:地方政府滥用征地权是追求自身利益最大化的结果,低标准补偿下农户行为给政府、企业、社会带来了较高的外在成本,导致征地效率损失。
短句来源
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  external costs
This paper examines the optimal output taxes for polluting oligopolists under endogenous market structure, in the presence of external costs that vary exogenously with aggregate output.
      
A linear ad valorem tax can induce homogeneous oligopolists to produce at socially optimal levels, achieving the first-best allocation, in the presence of external costs that vary exogenously with aggregate output.
      
In contrast, defensive actions deflect attacks to softer targets, thereby giving rise to external benefits to protected foreign residents and external costs to venues abroad.
      
It argues that Mueller's analysis is biased towardsthe reduction of decision-making costs of European governance, andthus undervalues the external costs that may be imposed throughexcessive central government.
      
And, where the external costs exceed the undissipated portion of the Tullock cost, the social cost of rent-seeking is greater than the sum of Tullock and Harberger costs.
      
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In this paper, a multiterminal network model is presented. The model is adequate for partitioning real circuits. Under this model, a pair interchanging gain formula for the cost between two subsets is presented, and a single-side shift gain forymula and a pair interchanging gain formula for the external cost of a subset are given. An algorithm in which the single-side shift method is combined with the pair interchanging method is suggested for two-way improved iterative partitioning. Finally, some...

In this paper, a multiterminal network model is presented. The model is adequate for partitioning real circuits. Under this model, a pair interchanging gain formula for the cost between two subsets is presented, and a single-side shift gain forymula and a pair interchanging gain formula for the external cost of a subset are given. An algorithm in which the single-side shift method is combined with the pair interchanging method is suggested for two-way improved iterative partitioning. Finally, some experiment results are given.

一个适当的模式对于划分逻辑电路来说是很必要的。本文提出了一个直接反映实际电路连接关系的多端网模式。在这个模式下,推导出了划分中关于两子集间代价的对交换增益公式及关于子集外部代价的单边移动增益公式和对交换增益公式。本文提出了一个将对交换法和单边移动法相结合的用于二路迭代改进划分的算法。最后,给出一些实验结果。

In the author's view, the basic aim of product liability legislation is to lead producers and sellers internalize the external costs that exerted on users and consumers. By applying an economical analysis, the author finds that the law of liability of product quality in China has established the principle of strict liablity to producers, the principle of contract and the principle of fault libility to sellers. Providing easy-exchange and freedom for users and consumers in their selection.

作者认为,产品责任立法的基本宗旨是促使生产者和销售者将其强加于用户和消费者的外部成本内在化。从经济学角度分析,我国产品质量责任法同时规定了对生产者的严格责任原则和对销售者的契约原则及过失原则,从而为用户和消费者的选择适用提供了交易便利和自由。

The price of natural resources should be equal to their marginal opportunity cost(MOC).Theoretically,MOC is the whole cost of employing an unit of certain natural resource.MOC is made up of three parts:marginal production cost(MPC), marginal user cost(MUC) and marginal external cost(MEC).When we use an unit of certain scarce natural resource by some way,the maximal abandoned net benefit which may be gained from using the same natural resource by other ways is MUC. When we use an...

The price of natural resources should be equal to their marginal opportunity cost(MOC).Theoretically,MOC is the whole cost of employing an unit of certain natural resource.MOC is made up of three parts:marginal production cost(MPC), marginal user cost(MUC) and marginal external cost(MEC).When we use an unit of certain scarce natural resource by some way,the maximal abandoned net benefit which may be gained from using the same natural resource by other ways is MUC. When we use an unit of certain natural resource,the Coverspending uncompensated loss that other people suffer is MEC.As an environmental resource,the self-puriflcation capacity of environment also has MUC.

自然资源的价格应该相当于其边际机会成本。理论上,边际机会成本应该相当于利用一单位某种自然资源的全部成本。边际机会成本由三部分组成:边际生产成本、边际使用者成本和边际外部成本。边际使用者成本是指用某种方式利用一单位某一稀缺自然资源时所放弃的以其它方式利用同一个自然资源可能获取的最大纯收益。边际外部成本是利用一单位某一自然资源时给他人造成的没有得到相应补偿的损失。作为一种环境资源,环境自净能力也具有边际使用者成本。

 
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