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spinal nerve
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  脊神经
     The width of the internal opening of the spinal nerve sulcus were 5.8±1.0 mm for C 3,5.5±0.9 mm for C 4,5.6±1.0 mm for C 5,5.5±1.1 mm for C 6,6.2±1.0 mm for C 7 respectively.
     脊神经沟内口的宽度分别为 :C3 为 5 .8± 1.0mm ,C45 .5± 0 .9mm ,C55 .6± 1.0mm ,C65 .5± 1.1mm ,C76 .2± 1.0mm ;
短句来源
     The ratios of diameters of the spinal nerves to the width of the internal opening of the spinal nerve sulcus were 1∶2.15 for C 3, 1∶2.05 for C 4, 1∶1.98 for C 5, 1∶1.14 for C 6, 1∶1.18 for C 7 respectively.
     颈神经穿过脊神经沟内口时的横径与脊神经沟内口宽度的比值 :C3 为 1∶2 .15 ,C41∶2 .0 5 ,C51∶1.98,C61∶1.14 ,C71∶1.18。
短句来源
     Results From C3to C6, the width and the depth of the lateral opening of spinal nerve sulcus increased gradually and their average values were respectively 4.5±1.2mm and 4.3±1.2mm.
     结果 ①脊神经沟外口宽度、深度自颈 3至颈 6均逐渐增大 ,其平均值分别为 4 5± 1 2mm和4 3± 1 2mm ;
短句来源
     ②The total rate of occurrence was 6.3%for wedge pressure of anterior branch of cervical spinal nerve in sulcus in spinal nerve for both male and female, of which, that of male was remarkably superior to the female(8.9%, 3.9%, χ2=6.65,P< 0.01).
     ②颈神经前支在颈椎脊神经沟处可造成嵌压男女总出现率为6.3%,其中男性明显高于女性(8.9%,3.9%,χ2=6.65,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Conclusion The internal opening of the spinal nerve sulcus has intimate relations with the cervical spinal nerve lesions and the rate of the spinal nerve lesion is probably much higher at C 6 and C 7 segments than at C 3 and C 4 segments.
     结论 脊神经沟内口与穿过内口的颈神经受累关系密切 ,下颈段 (C6、C7)颈神经受累的机率大于上颈段 (C3 、C4)。
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  脊髓神经
     Among the 29 patients with the spinal nerve root injury, 14 were at Grade A preoperatively but 13 were improved at Grade B and 1 at Grade C postoperatively;
     29例脊髓神经根损伤者中,按Frankel分级,术前A级14例中,术后13例为B级,1例为C级;
短句来源
     ② The evaluation of spinal nerve function It was significantly decreased 3 hours after injury and recovered gradually.
     ②大鼠脊髓神经功能评分:于伤后3h显著下降,以后逐渐恢复。
短句来源
     The relationship between the surgical operation time after injury and the degree of spinal nerve function recovery was as follows: the spinal nerve function was significantly recovered after treatment in group A and group B (P<0.05), while that in group C was not significant (P>0.05).
     伴有脊髓神经损伤的胸腰椎爆裂性骨折伤后手术时间与术后患者神经恢复程度:A组术后神经功能较术前显著恢复,B组术后神经功能较术前显著恢复,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。 C组术后神经功能恢复较差,较术前差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     Result There were several kinds of nerve endings such as free nerve endings in the nerve sheath of the root, the dorsal root ganglion, and the spinal nerve.
     结果神经根、神经节及脊髓神经被膜内存在游离神经末梢等多种神经末梢;
短句来源
     Conclusion:The causes of iatrogenic spinal nerve injuries are mainly due to the doctor's responsibility,clinical experience,surgical operation energy concentration degree and the special,complexity of the disease condition also increases the nerve at the same time the occurrence rate of the harm.
     结论医源性脊髓神经损伤发生主要跟医生的责任心、临床经验、手术时精力集中程度有关,同时病情的特殊性、复杂性也增加了神经损伤的发生率。
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  “spinal nerve”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods: Immunohistochemical ABC method was used to show STAT3 and phosphotyrosine in adult rat sciatic nerve, L4~5 segments of the spinal cord and L5 spinal nerve ganglion.
     方法 :用免疫组化ABC法显示成年大鼠坐骨神经、L4~ 5段脊髓和 L5脊神经节中 STAT3和磷酸化酪氨酸。
短句来源
     Methods Disc excision and enlargement of the spinal nerve root canal were performed for 83 cases.
     方法对83例腰神经根管狭窄合并椎间盘突出症病例进行椎间盘切除并神经根管扩大术。
短句来源
      In the experimental group the rabbits right L 7 spinal nerve roots were clamped with a microclip after laminectomy.
     实验组行L7椎板切除术后以微血管夹钳夹右侧L7神经根制成神经根机械压迫动物模型 ,对照组仅行L7椎板切除术。
短句来源
     The angles, the depths, the distances of the puncturing needle from spinal nerve roots and common iliac blood vessels were investigated and measured in L4~L5, L5~S1 intervestebral disc.
     目的:对L4~L5,L5~S1椎间盘经皮穿刺髓核切除术有效无伤害进针的角度、深度、距腹腔血管距离、与神经根途径关系及距离进行了解剖学观察和测量。
短句来源
     Methods Following the method of Kawakami, 4/0 ribbon gut were applied around left L 4 6 spinal nerve roots in 50 SD rats. Just 3 mm cranial to the dorsal root ganglia, the nerve roots were secured by two ligation node.
     方法  SD大鼠 50只。 参照 Kawakami方法 ,显露左侧 L4~ 6神经根及背根神经节 ,用 4/0肠线于背根神经节头侧端结扎神经根两道打两个结 ,线与神经根相距 3 mm;
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  spinal nerve
Brain and spinal nerve tissue grafts of 5- to 10-week human embryos obtained during legal abortions were transplanted in the last 2.5 years to 15 patients with epilepsy and other paroxysmal disorders.
      
Relationship between the blood flow in a spinal nerve root and its functional state in patients with lumbar disk hernia
      
It was shown that the level of intact reserves of the spinal nerve root microcirculation influenced the degree of functional restoration after the discectomy.
      
The spinal nerve roots as well as proximal branches of the spinal nerves were hypertrophic and there was seen a marked fibrosis with some onion-bulb formations of Schwann cells.
      
The regeneration of nerve fibres in pigs was studied three months after transsection and end-to-end suture of the dorsal and ventral spinal nerve roots L 5 and S 1.
      
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Eighty-two dissections of the lumbar sympathetic chain on 41 cadavers of Chineseadults were studied. It was found that the number of ganglia varies from 2--6. Themost common number is three ganglia, which was found in 38 dissections (46. 3%), thenext common number is four ganglia, present in 22 dissections (26. 8%). The symmetrical arrangement of the ganglia on both sides is uncommon. The loca-tion of the lumbar sympathetic ganglia with their associated vertebral bodies is also ofimportance. They usually overlie...

Eighty-two dissections of the lumbar sympathetic chain on 41 cadavers of Chineseadults were studied. It was found that the number of ganglia varies from 2--6. Themost common number is three ganglia, which was found in 38 dissections (46. 3%), thenext common number is four ganglia, present in 22 dissections (26. 8%). The symmetrical arrangement of the ganglia on both sides is uncommon. The loca-tion of the lumbar sympathetic ganglia with their associated vertebral bodies is also ofimportance. They usually overlie the vertebral bodies of the same number. A ganglionis present more frequently at the level of the body of the fifth lumbar vertebra than atany other vertebra. This was found in 69 out of 82 dissections. Variations in the number of ganglia may be accounted for by the fusion of two ormore ganglia into one large ganglion and the latter is connected with multiple spinalnerves. The fused ganglia found on both sides were 28 (10.2%), among which the fusionof GL_2 and GL_3 is most common. The direction of the communicating rami of individual ganglion varies greatly; theymay run either cranially, caudally or transversely. Therefore, the identification of anindividual ganglion by the direction of its rami is unreliable. The number of rami ofeach ganglion varies from zero to six, most of them having two rami. This was foundin 82 out of 248 ganglia (33%). Each lumbar spinal nerve receives 1--5 commnunicatingbranches, the upper two nerves mostly have two rami and the lower three nerves haveone only.

1.我们在41具成人尸体计82例的腰部交感干解剖中,发现腰交感节的数目变化在2—6个之间;其中拥有三个节者最多,共38例,占46.3%。其次为四个节,计22例,占26.8%。在各个节中,以第五腰节最恒定,其次为第二腰节。两干形态对称的在腰部很少见到。 2.腰部交感干节一般均位于同数椎骨与下位椎骨之间。 3.相邻的两个或三个节可相互合并成一个体积较大的节。左右两干合并节共有28 个,占总节数10.2%,其中以GL_(2-3)合并次数最多。 4.有时除交感于节以外,尚可见到在交通支或交感根上存有小的副节,共发现27个副节,其中有21个存在于下腰部。 5.腰交感干在不同腰椎平面可发生干分裂现象,在82例中有20干分裂为两条或两条以上。 6.自每个节发出的交通支可朝向上、下及水平方向。GL_1及GL_2的支以上下为多,GL_3的支以向下及横行为多,GL_4及GL_5的支多向下,每个节连接支的数目为0—6条。 7.每个腰神经接受的交通支为1—5条,其中以接受两支者为多见。 8.文中讨论了有关腰交感神经截除的解剖学问题。

Forty cases of osteohypertrophic cervical spondylo-osteophytes were extensively decompressed through anterior approach in the period from December 1976 to June 1978, among which were 25 cases of central type, 2 of posterolateral type, 4 of uncusforamen type and 9 of diffuse type. All cases were followed for 6-24 months. The symptoms were relieved completely in 23 cases (57.5%) and ameliorated in 12 (30.0%). The authors hold that for osteohypertrophic type of cervical spondylo-osteophytes cases, removal of the...

Forty cases of osteohypertrophic cervical spondylo-osteophytes were extensively decompressed through anterior approach in the period from December 1976 to June 1978, among which were 25 cases of central type, 2 of posterolateral type, 4 of uncusforamen type and 9 of diffuse type. All cases were followed for 6-24 months. The symptoms were relieved completely in 23 cases (57.5%) and ameliorated in 12 (30.0%). The authors hold that for osteohypertrophic type of cervical spondylo-osteophytes cases, removal of the osteophytes extensively through anterior approach will directly release the pressure on the spinal cord, spinal nerve roots and vertebral arteries, so it is an芖 operation of choice.

本文对40例骨源性颈椎病患者进行了初步临床分析.根据本病的增生部位和受压组织不同而分为中央型、钩椎关节型、侧后型、弥漫型四种类型。对本病采取以切除骨赘为目的的颈前路扩大性减压术,可取得较为满意的效果,并提出手术适应证和注意点。

With the aim of further understanding of the nerve supply of the Iumbodorsal region,and its relation to the pathogenesis of lumbago and lumbocrural pain,the superior chnial nerves of lilty adult Chinese cadavers were dissected. In the present study,it was shown that the superior clunial nerve consists of lateral branches of the posterior rami of spinal nerves rarying from T_(12)L_(1~5)and S_1 segments. The contribution of these branches to this nerve is as follows,T_(12):40 cases,L_1...

With the aim of further understanding of the nerve supply of the Iumbodorsal region,and its relation to the pathogenesis of lumbago and lumbocrural pain,the superior chnial nerves of lilty adult Chinese cadavers were dissected. In the present study,it was shown that the superior clunial nerve consists of lateral branches of the posterior rami of spinal nerves rarying from T_(12)L_(1~5)and S_1 segments. The contribution of these branches to this nerve is as follows,T_(12):40 cases,L_1 and L_2: 100 cases each,L_3:96 cases,L_4:48 cases,L_5:11 cases,and S_1:4 cases.Our observation revealed the fact that the posterior rami of L_(4,s)spinal nerves consist of a lot of lateral cutaneous branches,which is not in accordance with embroyological descriptions cited in literature which deny their existence. Basing on our data,we classify the superior clunial nerve into 4 types,Viz:one- branched:1 case;two-branched:15 cases;three-branched:66 cases;and four-branched:18 cases. More than one half of the medial and the most medial branches of the superior clunial nerves perforate through the deep surface of the attachment of the posterior layer of the lumbodorsal fascia on to the iliac crest,and enter the superficial fascia of the buttock.During acute wriggle of the loin,the firm fixation and tight stretching of the perforating branches by this attachment may cause partly the injury of the branches. The crossing point of the lateral margin of the sacrospinalis muscle and iliac crest or the area slightly medial to this point is the site where the perforating superior clun- ial nerve could be localized supeficialiy.

为了进一步了解腰背区的神经供给及配合腰腿痛病因研究的目的,我们解剖了100侧中国成人尸体的臀上皮神经。据本组观察,臀上皮神经可由胸_(12)、腰_(1~5)和骶_1脊神经后外侧支的皮支成分组成。参与此神经的组成情况如下:胸_(12)40例,腰_1及腰_2各100例,腰_3 96例,腰_4 48例,腰_5 11例,骶_1 4例。我们的观察表明腰_(4,5)脊神经后支有大量的外侧皮支,这与以往文献引用的胚胎学的说法不一致——后者否认腰_(4,5)脊神经后支有外侧皮支。根据我们的资料,我们把臀上皮神经分成四型:单支型1例;二支型15例;三支型66例;四支型18例。臀上皮神经的内侧支和最内侧支之半数以上,穿过附于髂嵴的腰背筋膜后层附着部的深面,进入臀部浅筋膜中。当腰部急剧扭转时,此附着部对神经的牢固固定及紧张的牵拉可能部分地有助于这些穿支的损伤。骶棘肌外侧缘与髂嵴之交点或该点稍内侧处,为臀上皮神经穿出的体表定位点。

 
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