助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   contradictions 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.183秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
中国政治与国际政治
哲学
马克思主义
行政学及国家行政管理
世界文学
中国共产党
政党及群众组织
中国近现代史
世界历史
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

contradictions
相关语句
  矛盾
     The Analyses on the Contradictions between Masses and Cadres in Rural China During the Social Transformation
     转型期中国农村干群矛盾分析
短句来源
     Movement of Money and Supply-Demand Contradictions
     货币运动与供求矛盾
短句来源
     Contradictions and Their Countermeasures for Rapid Population Growth and Land Reduction in Yunyang County of Sichuan Province.
     试论云阳县人口激增与土地锐减的矛盾及对策
短句来源
     Investment Start-up:Current Market Trends and Deep Contradictions
     投资启动:当前市场态势与深层矛盾
短句来源
     Contradictions of English Language,
     论英语语言矛盾
短句来源
更多       
  “contradictions”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Study of Basic Contradictions and Countermeasures in the Scientific and Technological Enterprise of Universities
     高校科技企业的基本矛盾与对策研究
短句来源
     The Inherent Contradictions Within the J D Bekenstein's Thermodynamics Theory of Black Hole
     J D Bekenstein黑洞热力学理论的内在桎梏
短句来源
     Study on the Basic Contradictions and Mechanisms of Environment Pollution in the Valley-cities in West China
     中国西部河谷型城市环境污染的基本矛盾与机制
短句来源
     Second, the folklore contradictions are caused by similar folklore information.
     第二种是由相同的民俗信息导致的民俗纠葛构建情结冲突。
短句来源
     Analysis of Major contradictions in Regional Insurance Development in China
     中国区域保险发展面临的主要矛盾分析
短句来源
更多       
  相似匹配句对
     On the Contradictions of Human
     关于人的矛盾的思考
短句来源
     Contradictions of English Language,
     论英语语言矛盾
短句来源
查询“contradictions”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  contradictions
Contradictions in Modern Data on the Structure and Function of Dog Hepatoid Circumanal Glands1
      
The data obtained in the proposed experiment will make resolving the current contradictions in the ultrahigh-energy cosmic ray spectra measured with the major ground-based instruments possible.
      
[1] showed (Zalogin [2]) that their study contains contradictions which cannot be eliminated in the framework of their assumptions.
      
They give a deeper insight into the role of thermovibrational effects under real weightlessness and resolve the contradictions that appeared in the analysis of the onboard experimental data.
      
The analysis demonstrates the inconsequence of the concept of the uncertainty of measurement and contradictions between some of its postulates and the basic postulates of metrology.
      
更多          


It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter...

It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter of principle, the point of application should never be slighted while the obliquity of the earth pressure could only have a value that is compatible with the conditions for equilibrium. (2) If the point of application of the soil reaction is taken into account in the problem, the sliding wedge would only tend to slide either on the plane of sliding or on the surface of wall but not on both at the same time, thus frustrating the very conceptidn of sliding wedge upon which Coulomb's Theory is founded. (3) The above discrepancies arise from the fact that the shape of the surface of sliding should be curvilinear in order to make the wedge tend to slide as desired, while Coulomb, however, adopted a plane surface instead. (4) Coulomb, in finding the plane of sliding, made use of the maximum earth pressure on the wall (for active pressure), which refers to the different magnitudes of pressure corresponding to different assumed inclinations of the plane of sliding. But from the relation between the yield of wall and amount of pressure, this maximum value is really the minimum pressure on the wall, which it is the purpose of the theory to find. In engineering books, however, this terminology of maximum pressure has caused considerable confusion, with the result that what is really the minimum pressure is carelessly taken as the maximum design load for the wall. How can a minimum load be used in a design?This paper also attempts to clarify some contended points in Rankine's Theory: (1) It is claimed by Prof. Terzaghi that Rankine's Theory is only a fallacy because of the yield of wall and that of the soil mass on its bed. This charge is unjust as it can be compared with Coulomb's Theory in the same respect. (2) Some books declare that Rankine's Theory is good only for walls with vertical back, but it is proved in this paper that this is not so. (3) It is also generally believed that Rankine's Theory is applicable only to wall surfaces with no friction. This is likewise taken by this paper as unfounded and illustration is given whereby, in this regard, Rankine's Theory is even better than Coulomb's, because it contains no contradiction, as does Coulomb's.

本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。...

本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。(2)有些工程書中認為朗金理論是專為垂直的墙?

The investigation of the properties of loess constitutes a highly specialized branch of soil engineering. The design and construction of foundations and earthwork in this soil involve many uncertainties that have not been solved. Among all uncertainties the following are considered the most important items:(1) the changes of bearing capacities caused by variations in the strength of the cohesive bond due to changes in its moisture content, and(2) the methods of ascertaining the amount of its settlement under...

The investigation of the properties of loess constitutes a highly specialized branch of soil engineering. The design and construction of foundations and earthwork in this soil involve many uncertainties that have not been solved. Among all uncertainties the following are considered the most important items:(1) the changes of bearing capacities caused by variations in the strength of the cohesive bond due to changes in its moisture content, and(2) the methods of ascertaining the amount of its settlement under the combined action of foundation loads and of percolating water.In order to prevent foundations against settlement the "Provisional Code for the Design of Natural Foundations" gives a set of rules of precautions for designers to observe, which include the prevention of water from getting into the foundations, artificial strengthening of the soil and the designing of superstructures in such a way that they will adjust themselves to settlement. Before the adoption of any of such precautions could be decided, the accuracy in evaluating the amount of possible settlement of the soil is a problem of prime importance, which unfortunately cannot be satisfactorily obtained.This paper attempts to give some predominent characteristics of loess, the points of contradiction between the assumptions made in the old designing code and the results derived from actual work, a comparison of the salient features of the old code with the new code of ordinance of the U. S. S. R., 1955, and some suggestions regarding further developments of this branch of soil engineering. Several cases of actual construction work in loess in recent years are also cited which, owing to our incomplete knowledge of the soils, nature, have inevitably either caused unnecessary expenses to the works, or brought about results detrimental to the stability of structures.In this branch of soil engineering have, therefore, many difficulties yet to be contended with. It is hoped that this paper could be of some reference value to research engineers in this line and the knowledge of loess be further developed in view of the increasing pressure of necessity in our present construction work.

黄土工程特性的研究,是目前土壤力学一个重要部門。有关黄土区的地基与土工工作、我們經常根据“天然地基設計暫行規范”上条文来設計,但对於基土沉陷量的估計,往往不易准确,而造成工程上的困难与事故。这是現时没有得到解决的問題。本文闡述黄土的若干特性,旧規范条文上的缺点,苏联1955年批准的“建筑法規”内改善黄土部分条文的意义,以及目前国内研究与發展的方向。其中主要說明黄土由於荷載及含水量兩項的綜合影响对其沉陷性能上所發生的变化,以及估計这項变化较合理的方法,以期在研究工作上作进一步的認識。

In the previous paper,activities in liquid Fe-C alloys have been evaluatedfrom low carbon concentrations up to saturation with reference to pure liquidiron and solid graphite respectively as the standard states using Richardson andDennis' data on dilute solutions of carbon in liquid iron as the chief basis of cal-culation.Moreover,Smith's data on equilibrium between austenite and gaseousmixtures(CO_2/CO,CH_4/H_2)have been retreated to yield activities in austenitewith reference to pure γ iron and graphite respectively...

In the previous paper,activities in liquid Fe-C alloys have been evaluatedfrom low carbon concentrations up to saturation with reference to pure liquidiron and solid graphite respectively as the standard states using Richardson andDennis' data on dilute solutions of carbon in liquid iron as the chief basis of cal-culation.Moreover,Smith's data on equilibrium between austenite and gaseousmixtures(CO_2/CO,CH_4/H_2)have been retreated to yield activities in austenitewith reference to pure γ iron and graphite respectively as the standard states.The purpose of the present paper is to make a thermodynamic analysis of theiron-graphite equilibrium diagram on the basis of these activity data and certainother data including the free energy of cementite,the derivation of which will bediscussed in another paper of this series.Direct experimental data on the solubility of graphite in ferrite are not avai-lable.Darken and Gurry as well as Hillert calculated the solubility of graphitein ferrite from that of cementite in ferrite determined by a number of investi-gators and the free energy of cementite calculated by Darken and Smith.In the present paper,the solubility of graphite in ferrite has been recalculatedusing the free energy of cementite calculated by the author and the results arecompared with the values reported in the literature.Wells' data on iron-graphite eutectoid equilibrium have been found to beessentially compatible with thermodynamic requirements.The agreement betweenthe experimental and the calculated values can,however,be still improved if 735°instead of 738° is chosen as the eutectoid temperature.Regarding the iron-graphite eutectic,the condition for equilibrium demandsthat the activities of iron in austenite and an iron-carbon melt both saturatedwith graphite at the eutectic temperature should be equal if the same standard state is used.It has been found in the present paper that this condition can bebetter fulfilled if 10.83 cal./g.atom/deg.is chosen as the heat capacity of liquidiron and 3650 cal./g.atom as the heat of fusion of iron.From an analysis of the δ iron-austenite-liquid peritectic equilibrium,it hasbeen found that a peritectic temperature of 1495° and a liquid phase of 0.58%Care better than 1493° and 0.52%C reported by Adcock as well as 1499° and0.53%C calculated by Darken and Gurry.Finally,the liquidus and solidus curves of the austenite-liquid field have beencalculated,the latter being found to concave up slightly in contradiction withthe conventional Fe-C equilibrium diagram.

根据Smith测定及经作者修正的奥氏体内的活度及作者计算的液态铁碳合金内的活度与碳化铁的热力学函数以及其他必需的关于铁碳稳定平衡的实验及计算数据,作者对铁碳相图的稳定平衡部分作了较全面的分析。作者的计算包括:(i)石墨在铁素体內的溶解度;(ii)铁素体、奥氏体、石墨共析平衡;(iii)奥氏体、铁液、石墨共晶平衡;(iv)δ铁、奥氏体、铁液包晶平衡;(v)奥氏体、铁液二相区域的液相线及固相接。计算结果示于图3,此图与现行铁碳相图颇有不同之处。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关contradictions的内容
在知识搜索中查有关contradictions的内容
在数字搜索中查有关contradictions的内容
在概念知识元中查有关contradictions的内容
在学术趋势中查有关contradictions的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社