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spine tumors
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  脊柱肿瘤
     Radionuclide planar bone imaging features of pathologically confirmed spine tumors:an analysis of90cas es
     病理证实的90例脊柱肿瘤核素骨显像特点
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     Methods 44 children(27 male and 17 female) below the age of 16 years with spine tumors admitted from January 1991 to October 2003 were analyzed.
     方法回顾性分析我院1991年1月~2003年10月治疗的16岁以下脊柱肿瘤及瘤样病变44例,男27例,女17例;
短句来源
     Objective:To investigate the means of different anterior surgical approaches of cervicothoracic spine,tumors excision procedure and reconstruction.
     目的 :探讨颈胸段脊柱肿瘤前路不同手术入路、肿瘤切除和重建术式。
短句来源
     Objective To improve the management and to evaluate the outcome of primary spine tumors.
     目的 探讨原发脊柱肿瘤外科分区 ,提高手术疗效。
短句来源
     Objective:To analyze the radionuclide bone imaging features of spine tumors and its clinical value.
     目的探讨脊柱肿瘤全身骨平面显像特点及其临床价值。
短句来源
  脊柱肿瘤的
     Anterior Approach Operative Treatment for Cervicothoracic Spine Tumors
     颈胸段脊柱肿瘤的前路手术治疗
短句来源
     Surgical Staging and Management of Primary Spine Tumors
     原发脊柱肿瘤的外科分区与手术治疗
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     Objective To study the clinical features,diagnosis,management and prognosis of spine tumors in children.
     目的探讨儿童脊柱肿瘤的临床特点、诊断、治疗方法及预后。
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  “spine tumors”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Materials and Methods: The MRI manifestations of 56 cases with metastatic spine tumors proved by clinic or pathology were analyzed retrospectively.
     材料和方法 :回顾性分析 5 6例经临床或病理证实的脊柱转移瘤MRI表现。
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     This is one of the main causes for the postoperative recurrence of many spine tumors.
     这是导致术后很多肿瘤复发的主要原因之一。
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     Surgical treatment of thoracic and lumbar spine tumors with artificial vertebral body replacement
     胸腰椎肿瘤切除人工椎体置换术
短句来源
     Objective To observe the clinical results of surgical treatment of thoracic and lumbar spine tumors with artificial vertebral body replacement.
     目的 观察人工椎体置换术治疗胸腰椎肿瘤的疗效。
短句来源
     The effect of early diagnosis of recurrence and revision after resection of primary spine tumors
     脊柱原发肿瘤术后复发的早期诊断及再手术的意义
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  spine tumors
The Evolving Role of Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Stereotactic Radiation Therapy for Patients with Spine Tumors
      
A clearer application of the fundamentals of surgical oncology applied to spine tumors should result in a greater proportion of patients undergoing surgically appropriate en bloc resections for spine tumors.
      
Recent advances in molecular biology with the development of novel therapeutic agents, as well as fundamental understanding of the mechanisms of bone metastases have greatly altered the therapeutic options in patients with spine tumors.
      
Preoperative Embolization of Cervical Spine Tumors
      
MIOM become an integrated procedure during surgical approach to intramedullar and extramedullar spine tumors.
      
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Objective: The location, nature and the differential diagnosis of intraspinal tumors were explored according to the results of MRI and pathological basis.Materials and Methods:Eighty-four cases of surgically and patholigically proven tumors of spine were selected for comparison. The MRI features of the tumor appearance, boundary, characteristics of MRI signal, and the relationships with spine, dura and vertebral body were observed.Results:Spinal cord tumor mainly increased the diameter of spinal cord. Ependymoma...

Objective: The location, nature and the differential diagnosis of intraspinal tumors were explored according to the results of MRI and pathological basis.Materials and Methods:Eighty-four cases of surgically and patholigically proven tumors of spine were selected for comparison. The MRI features of the tumor appearance, boundary, characteristics of MRI signal, and the relationships with spine, dura and vertebral body were observed.Results:Spinal cord tumor mainly increased the diameter of spinal cord. Ependymoma was characterized by the exist of low signal intensity caused by cavitation and hemosiderin. There were subdural signal alterations in extramedullary subdural tumor, and neurinoma was easy to form cyst and invasion of exterior structures of spine. Meningioma could be distinguished by the sign of spinal meninges. Epidural sign existed in most of epidural tumor, and their metastatic carcinoma might damage the vertebra and appendix, but not intervertebral disc.Conclusion: There were certain characteristic MRI features in all the spine tumors, which could be dentified by pathology. In spinal tumors, MRI examination plays an important role in the diagnosis of spinal tumor localization and characterization.

目的:根据椎管内肿瘤的MRI表现和病理基础,对肿瘤定位、定性和鉴别诊断进行探讨。材料与方法:选择84例经手术病理证实的椎管内肿瘤,观察肿瘤形态、边界、MRI信号特征、强化程度及与周围脊髓、硬膜囊、椎体附件的关系。结果:髓内肿瘤以脊髓径线增大为主,其中室管膜瘤以瘤体内空洞和周边含铁血黄素沉着所致低信号线为其特征,髓外硬膜下肿瘤有硬膜下征改变,神经鞘瘤较易形成囊变和椎管外侵犯。硬膜外肿瘤多有硬膜外征表现,转移瘤破坏椎体和附件,但不累及椎间盘。结论:椎管内肿瘤均有自己一定的特征性MRI表现,并可在病理学上找到依据,MRI检查具有重要的定位和定性诊断价值。

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in thoracic spine anterior surgery.Methods:Retrospectively analyze twenty-nine patients with thoracic spine treated with VATS from April 1999 to September,2000,there were seventeen males and twelve females,with an average age of 27.1 years (7~48),including eight patients with thoracic spine fracture and dislocation,two with T hemi vertebra deformity,seventeen with tuberculous spondy litis,two with thoracic spine tumors.Operative...

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in thoracic spine anterior surgery.Methods:Retrospectively analyze twenty-nine patients with thoracic spine treated with VATS from April 1999 to September,2000,there were seventeen males and twelve females,with an average age of 27.1 years (7~48),including eight patients with thoracic spine fracture and dislocation,two with T hemi vertebra deformity,seventeen with tuberculous spondy litis,two with thoracic spine tumors.Operative methods:①Part-verterbrae excision,decompression autograft cancellous bone 8,fixation 10(TSRH4,Z-PLATE3,CD3);②hemi vertebra excision 2;③drain absesses,debride sequestered bone and disc excision 6;④tumor excision 2,fourteen patients underwent operation through trocar and enlarged manipulative incisions were performed in fifteen patients.Results:All operation were successful,with an average bleeding of 350ml(200~610),average operative duration 120 minutes (Range,115~230),mean drainage volume 320ml(210~420),one patient was complicated with thoracic hydrops,all patients were followed-up from three month to two years(mean 1.2 year).Conclusions:Video-assisted thoracoscopic (enlarged manipulative incision),for thoracic spine with anterior approach has the advantages of less incision and trauma,less complication and bleeding and more rapidly recovery.It is a safe,efficient and simple technique as combined with tranditional and thoracoscopic spinal instruments.

目的 :评价胸腔镜技术在脊柱前路手术中的应用效果。方法 :回顾性分析应用胸腔镜技术治疗的 2 9例患者 ,其中胸椎骨折脱位 8例 ,胸椎半椎体畸形 2例 ,胸椎结核并椎旁脓肿 17例 ,胸椎肿瘤 2例。胸腔镜闭合操作 14例 ,小切口胸腔镜辅助手术 15例。结果 ;平均手术时间 12 0min(115~ 2 30min) ,平均出血量 35 0ml(2 0 0~6 10ml) ,平均胸腔引流 32 0ml(2 10~ 42 0ml) ;术后除 3例完全性瘫痪无恢复 ,其余病例临床症状及神经功能明显改善 ,1例并发症包括包裹性胸腔积液 ,1例出现短暂性下肢瘫痪 ,无其它术中、术后并发症 ,所有病人随访 2~ 2 2个月。结论 :胸腔镜 (或扩大切口辅助 )下脊柱前路手术切口 ,创伤小 ,并发症及出血量少 ,术后恢复快 ,结合传统与镜下操作器械 ,为胸椎前路手术提供了一种简单、安全、有效的手术操作技术。

Objective To improve the management and to evaluate the outcome of primary spine tumors. Methods Totally, there were 15 cases in this series, 8 males and 7 females. Ages were from 9 to 59 years, the means was 37 years. 7 cases were benign tumors and the remaining 8 cases were malignant tumors. A new spine tumor classification system (Weinstein Boriani Biagini, WBB) was applied in this study based on pre CT and MRI images. Four surgical procedures were applied to en bloc excision...

Objective To improve the management and to evaluate the outcome of primary spine tumors. Methods Totally, there were 15 cases in this series, 8 males and 7 females. Ages were from 9 to 59 years, the means was 37 years. 7 cases were benign tumors and the remaining 8 cases were malignant tumors. A new spine tumor classification system (Weinstein Boriani Biagini, WBB) was applied in this study based on pre CT and MRI images. Four surgical procedures were applied to en bloc excision of spine tumors. They were (1) vertebrectomy in 4 cases, (2) corporectomy in 7 cases, (3) sagittal resection in 2 cases and (4) posterior arch resection in 1 case. Stabilization was achieved by bone graft and anterior or posterior instrumentation in all cases. Results All patients had a pain relieve, motor function was improved in 12 patient. Average length of follow up period was 4.5 years in benign tumor group, no recurrence was observed in all patients. The mean follow up time was 3.4 years in malignant group, 5 patients were absence of local recurrence and metastasis, one patient died of complication one year later, the remaining one had recurrence of lumbar vertebrae myoloma with deterioration of neurologic function, he underwent a second curettage with posterior stabilization. Conclusion The WBB classification system prove helpful in developing surgical treatment protocal for these primary spine tumors. "Radical resection" of primary spine tumor and reconstruction with anterior or posterior stabilization were acceptable and efficacious in management of primary spine tumors.\;

目的 探讨原发脊柱肿瘤外科分区 ,提高手术疗效。方法 本组共 15例 ,男 8例 ,女 7例。年龄 9~ 5 9岁 ,病程平均 5 5个月。其中良性肿瘤 7例 ,恶性肿瘤 8例。手术方法有 :(1)全脊椎切除 5例 ,(2 )椎体切除 7例 ,(3)矢状扇形半脊椎切除 2例 ,(4)椎体附件扇形切除 1例。 8例患者使用脊柱前路或后路内固定重建脊柱稳定性。结果 全部患者术后局部疼痛和放射痛缓解 ,肌力改善 ,有坚强内固定者术后 2周在支具 (石膏 )保护下离床活动。 7例良性肿瘤平均随访 4 5年 ,均无局部复发、恶变与转移现象 ,8例恶性肿瘤平均随访3 4年 ,1例于术后 1年死亡 ,1例骨髓瘤患者术后半年局部复发 ,截瘫症状加重 ,行二次减压手术。结论 根据WBB脊柱肿瘤外科分区而提出的手术计划是一个积极的探索 ,本组结果表明脊柱肿瘤切除较彻底 ,复发率低 ,近中期疗效良好。

 
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