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athletes
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  运动员
    Study of the content of zinc copper and iron in the hair of the young and juvenile athletes
    青少年运动员头发中锌铜铁含量研究
短句来源
    As the athletes were exposed to successive 2.59±0.43(2-4) days of partial fast along with fluids restriction, 3.17±0.73(2-5) kg or 51.6 ± 0.94% of the original body weight might be reduced.
    运动员采用控制饮食为主的措施,在赛前2.59±0,43(2—4)日减轻体重3.17±0.73kg(2—5kg),减体重的量为其原体重的5.16±0.94%。
短句来源
    3. The incidence of anemia in the athletes tested was 19%, however, the incidence in female athletes (36.8%) was significantly higher than that in males (9%, P<0.01).
    3.105名优秀运动员的贫血检出率为19.0%,其中女子运动员的贫血(36.8%)极显著地高于男子运动员的贫血(9.0%,P<0.01)。
短句来源
    BMC and BMC/BW are significantly higher in athletes than in other groups(P<0.01)
    运动员的BMC、BMC/BW显著高于其它各种职业组(P均<0.01)
短句来源
    Thirty athletes aged from 19 to 25 on Zhejiang Rowing Team volunteered this 5-day dietary survey.
    作者以30名年龄19~25岁的浙江省赛艇运动员为对象,进行为期5天的膳食调查。
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  “athletes”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Method: 599 elite athletes were investigated by means of dietary survey, physical measure and biochemical detection.
    方法:通过膳食调查、体格测试和生化检测,了解23个项目599名(男331,女268)优秀运动员的营养状况。
短句来源
    Results: (1) The daily average energy intake reached the adequate intake (AI) recommended for athletes, but the energy ratio both of protein and fat higher, carbohydrate lower, being 18.9%, 38.6% and 42.5% respectively.
    结果:(1)平均每人每日的能量摄入达到推荐的适宜摄入量(AI值),但蛋白质和脂肪供能比偏高,分别为总能量的18.9%和38.6%,碳水化物摄入不足,只有42.5%。
短句来源
    Changes of Serum Electrolyte Concentration after Suppling Inorganic Elements in Elite Athletes under Hot Environment
    炎热气候下优秀运动员无机盐补充后血清电解质变化
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    AN INVESTIGATION ON VIRUS HEPATITIS B AMONG NATIONAL ASSEMBLED TRAINING ATHLETES AND THE PROPHYLACTIC EFFECT OF HEPATITIS B VACCINATION
    国家体育集训队乙型肝炎病毒感染的调查及应用乙型肝炎疫苗预防效果的观察
短句来源
    EFFECTS OF THE BEVERAGE-LUCKY BOY FOR ATHLETES ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS
    高级运动饮料—祥云宝对人体某些生理功能的影响
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  athletes
Dynamics of cardiac performance in athletes during isometric exercise
      
The main structural-functional indices of cardiac performance during isometric exercise were recorded in athletes and non-athletes.
      
The physiological shifts in response to exercise were less obvious in the athletes than in the non-athletes.
      
The objective of this paper is to study the effect of different regimens of interval hypoxia on the cardiorespiratory and hematological functions of athletes in order to use the data obtained to optimize interval hypoxic training.
      
Specific features of the mechanisms and regularities of adaptation to exercise were studied in athletes over 15 years.
      
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As the athletes were exposed to successive 2.59±0.43(2-4) days of partial fast along with fluids restriction, 3.17±0.73(2-5) kg or 51.6 ± 0.94% of the original body weight might be reduced. Problems as dehydration, cardiovascular load, hypoglycemia, loss of body protein, minerals, and vitamins, ketonuria, decline of serum albumin component and albumin/globulin were considered not only to be detrimental to health but also influence physical work capacity.The purpose of giving intensified food desinged according...

As the athletes were exposed to successive 2.59±0.43(2-4) days of partial fast along with fluids restriction, 3.17±0.73(2-5) kg or 51.6 ± 0.94% of the original body weight might be reduced. Problems as dehydration, cardiovascular load, hypoglycemia, loss of body protein, minerals, and vitamins, ketonuria, decline of serum albumin component and albumin/globulin were considered not only to be detrimental to health but also influence physical work capacity.The purpose of giving intensified food desinged according to the experimental data is to prevent the detrimental factors caused by weight reduction. This intensified food provides 444 kcal/100g with high protein, multi-minerals and vitamins. Giving the intensified food to weight-lifting competitors (in three national competition and an international invi- tational tournament from 1980 to 1981), the following effects were demonstrated:1.Comparing with the control, the speed of the weight reduction of athletes was not influenced by supplementation of the intensified food.2.Hypoglycemia and ketonuria were prevented. Dehydration was less.3.The load of cardiovascular system attributed to over-dehydration was ameliorated.4.The negative nitrogen balance, the loss of body protein as well as the decline of serum albumin component and albumin/globulin caused by rapid weight reduction were corrected.5.The intensified food also provides multi-minerals and vitamins. Besides, the athletes felt that their physical strength was improved, the incidence of muscle cramps was reduced, and they are free from psychological effect of food restriction.

运动员采用控制饮食为主的措施,在赛前2.59±0,43(2—4)日减轻体重3.17±0.73kg(2—5kg),减体重的量为其原体重的5.16±0.94%。这种快速的减体重措施可引起机体脱水、心血管负担加重、低血糖、尿酮体阳性、体蛋白耗损、无机盐和维生素丢失、血清白蛋白及白蛋白/球蛋白比例下降等不利于健康的因素,在一定程度上影响运动员的运动能力。 根据对运动员比赛期减体重的现场调研数据,参考国内外有关资料,设计了强化剂的配方,制成了一种提供热能444kcal、蛋白质23g、适量糖、多种无机盐和维生素的强化冲剂和一种肠溶复合无机盐片。在1980年4月-1981年5月的三次全国比赛及一次国际邀请赛中进行了试用。通过各项生理和代谢指标的观察和分析,效果如下: 1.减体重期内运动员服用强化剂基本上不影响减体重的效果和速度。 2.强化剂可予防减体重引起的过度脱水、尿酮症和低血糖。 3.强化剂具有减轻过度脱水引起心血管负担的作用。 4.强化剂补充了优质蛋白质,减少了体蛋白损耗,纠正了估测的负氮平衡和血清白蛋白及白蛋白/球蛋白比例的下降。 5.强化剂补充了多种无机盐和维生素。 减体重期运动员补充强化剂后,在一定程度上改善了...

运动员采用控制饮食为主的措施,在赛前2.59±0,43(2—4)日减轻体重3.17±0.73kg(2—5kg),减体重的量为其原体重的5.16±0.94%。这种快速的减体重措施可引起机体脱水、心血管负担加重、低血糖、尿酮体阳性、体蛋白耗损、无机盐和维生素丢失、血清白蛋白及白蛋白/球蛋白比例下降等不利于健康的因素,在一定程度上影响运动员的运动能力。 根据对运动员比赛期减体重的现场调研数据,参考国内外有关资料,设计了强化剂的配方,制成了一种提供热能444kcal、蛋白质23g、适量糖、多种无机盐和维生素的强化冲剂和一种肠溶复合无机盐片。在1980年4月-1981年5月的三次全国比赛及一次国际邀请赛中进行了试用。通过各项生理和代谢指标的观察和分析,效果如下: 1.减体重期内运动员服用强化剂基本上不影响减体重的效果和速度。 2.强化剂可予防减体重引起的过度脱水、尿酮症和低血糖。 3.强化剂具有减轻过度脱水引起心血管负担的作用。 4.强化剂补充了优质蛋白质,减少了体蛋白损耗,纠正了估测的负氮平衡和血清白蛋白及白蛋白/球蛋白比例的下降。 5.强化剂补充了多种无机盐和维生素。 减体重期运动员补充强化剂后,在一定程度上改善了体力,减少了比赛中肌肉抽搐和无力的发生,促进了运动成绩的提高。运动员反映快速减体重期服用

The zinc,copper and iron content in the of the young and juvenile Sport athletes(aged from 13-17. female 28. male 16. )of Henan Physicao School were examined drom 15th, march to 25th, april,1985.The results howed that the content of zinc in male was higher than that in feman,and the content of iron and copper in female was higher than that in male.The content of copper in male and female was lower than that reported by others. The content of zinc had nothing to do with the height and weiglit of the bodies...

The zinc,copper and iron content in the of the young and juvenile Sport athletes(aged from 13-17. female 28. male 16. )of Henan Physicao School were examined drom 15th, march to 25th, april,1985.The results howed that the content of zinc in male was higher than that in feman,and the content of iron and copper in female was higher than that in male.The content of copper in male and female was lower than that reported by others. The content of zinc had nothing to do with the height and weiglit of the bodies of the atheletes.

1985年3月15日~4月25日,对省体校蓝排球男女运动员共44名,男16人,女28人,年龄13~17岁。进行了头发中锌、铜、铁三种微量元素含量的测定。结果显示,锌含量男高于女,铁、铜女高于男。铜含量低于有关报道。锌含量与身高、体重无相关。

In order to survey dietary, and Particularly Protein, intake of water polo players and weight-Iifters during their training Periods, athletes were examined including nitrogen balance, urine Ioad, serum Protein and hemoglobin determinations Diet was also analysed The res- ults indicated that daily dietary energy intake was 59. 22±6.61 Kcal/ kg weight for water Polo Players and 46.35±7.05 Kcal/kg weight for weight-lifters, Body weight of both groups in the first week remain unchange Protein, fat, calcium,...

In order to survey dietary, and Particularly Protein, intake of water polo players and weight-Iifters during their training Periods, athletes were examined including nitrogen balance, urine Ioad, serum Protein and hemoglobin determinations Diet was also analysed The res- ults indicated that daily dietary energy intake was 59. 22±6.61 Kcal/ kg weight for water Polo Players and 46.35±7.05 Kcal/kg weight for weight-lifters, Body weight of both groups in the first week remain unchange Protein, fat, calcium, Phosphorus, ferrum, and Vitamin C were all abundant in the diet, while scarbohydrates, Vitamin A, Vitamin B_1, Vitamin B_2 and Vitamin PP were inadequated All except two of the athletes were nitrogen balanced or SIightpositive nitrogen balanced. Hemoglobin and serum Protein levels were higher than normal. The ratio of calcium to Phosphorus was Proper. The Primary cause of fat excess and insufficient carbohydrate was the intake of too much meat and cooking oils and too Iittle cereals. It can be concluded from this survey that scientific management is necessary for a reasonable athletic diet

本文对水球、举重运动员集训期膳食及蛋白质供给情况进行调查,对受试运动员进行了膳食调查,氮平衡试验,尿负荷试验、检测血红蛋白、血清总蛋白。结果发现每天热能摄入:水球队为59.22±6.61千卡/公斤体重,举重队为46.35±7.05千卡/公斤体重,两队运动员一周内体重基本保持不变,蛋白质、脂肪摄入偏高、糖摄入不足,氮平衡试验除二名水球运动员出现负氮平衡原因待查外,其余运动员均示平衡或轻度正氮平衡,钙、磷、铁摄入充足,且钙、磷比例合适,血红蛋白和血清总蛋白含量均高于正常值,膳食调查和尿负荷试验示两队运动员维生素C(下简称Vc)摄入量基本满足机体需要,V_A、V_B_1、V_B_2、V_(PP)均示不足。运动员脂肪摄入过多和糖不足。作者认为对运动员提供合理膳食和科学安排食谱是很重要的。

 
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