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historical functions
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  历史作用
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    国共精诚合作的典范——论黄埔建军及其历史作用
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    On the Historical Functions of the Three People's Principles of Sun Yatsen During the Anti-Japanese War
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  历史作用
    An Example of the Sincere Coperations between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party --On Huangpu Military Academy and its Historical Functions
    国共精诚合作的典范——论黄埔建军及其历史作用
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    On the Historical Functions of the Three People's Principles of Sun Yatsen During the Anti-Japanese War
    论三民主义在抗日战争中的历史作用
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    A Supenficial Discussion on the Historical Functions of the Chinese Expeditionary Arny's Operations in Burma
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On the road of “manage the country——foreign affairs”, Zhang Zhidong surpassed the others, and his “most favorable for Tao”, “taking Chinese Knowledge as the body, western knowledge for use”, as well as his advocacy of theory and action for “being understanding” and “being fundamental”, was unique in the officials in late Qing Dynasty. Zhang’s theory of “Chinese body and western use” was in a double nature in its cultural features and its historical function by a complex perspective of multi dimentional,...

On the road of “manage the country——foreign affairs”, Zhang Zhidong surpassed the others, and his “most favorable for Tao”, “taking Chinese Knowledge as the body, western knowledge for use”, as well as his advocacy of theory and action for “being understanding” and “being fundamental”, was unique in the officials in late Qing Dynasty. Zhang’s theory of “Chinese body and western use” was in a double nature in its cultural features and its historical function by a complex perspective of multi dimentional, dilectical analysis and synthesis, but its main political feature was a new “unchange” theory in corresponding a historical trend of “great change” and “overall change”. Such a teory was a “dark lane” and a “labyrinth” in the psychological process of China western cultural relationship and the synthesis of Chinese culture. The vigorous and on going innovative China western cultural relationship and Chinese cultural synthesis were neither suitable nor easy to be regulated by such a traditional paradigm with the single and one dimentional ideological pattern as its feature.

张之洞在“经世”—“洋务”的路上后来居上 ,“最乐道”“中体西用” ,为“务通”、“务本”力言、力行 ,在晚清大员中罕有比匹。用多维的辩证分析、综合的复合性思维透视 ,张之洞“中体西用”论的文化特色和历史作用是两重性的 ,但其主要政治品格是一种应对“大变”、“全变”历史趋势的新的“不变”论。“中体西用”论是中西文化关系和中国文化整合心路历程上的一座“幽巷”和“迷宫”。生动活泼和不断推陈出新的中西文化关系和中国文化整合 ,不宜也难用“体用”这类带有单一、单向思维定式特征的传统范式去规约。

As an administrative organization, “Zhi Bian Du Ban” is an indispensable component in the modern political system in Chinese history. Beside, it is also a topic we should not neglect when studying Yunnan Local History as well as Yunnan Ethno-Political system. This essay discusses this problem from the following aspects: the change of Yunnan local administrative system and the carry-out of the frontier administrative construction in the early years of the Minguo Period; the establishment of Zhi Bian Du Ban’s...

As an administrative organization, “Zhi Bian Du Ban” is an indispensable component in the modern political system in Chinese history. Beside, it is also a topic we should not neglect when studying Yunnan Local History as well as Yunnan Ethno-Political system. This essay discusses this problem from the following aspects: the change of Yunnan local administrative system and the carry-out of the frontier administrative construction in the early years of the Minguo Period; the establishment of Zhi Bian Du Ban’s office; its organization; its measures to administer the border area and its historical functions. After the discussion, the author draws a conclusion that this kind of political system has played an active role in upholding state sovereignty, defending territories, solid and developing the border area; laid the material and cultural foundation for the local chieftains from their posts and assigning new officials to take place “Gai Tu Gui Liu” and strengthened the political integration process between the border area and inland.

“殖边督办”作为一级行政机构,是中国近代政治制度史上一个不大却又不能缺少的组成部分,也是研究近代云南地方史、云南民族政治制度史不可忽视的一个问题。本文从民国初年云南地方行政制度的变化及边政建设的推行、殖边督办公署的建立、组织机构、治边措施及其历史作用等四个方面对这一问题进行了论述。认为该行政机构在捍卫国家主权、保卫国土、巩固和开发边疆等方面发挥了积极的作用。并为云南边疆“改土归流”的最终完成奠定了物质和文化基础,推动了边疆与内地政治体制一体化的进程。

The “Letter from the Central Committee in September” drafted by Zhou Enlai was an important document in the history of the Chinese Communist Party,to which little attention has been paid by scholars.This article reveals the divergence of views held by Mao Zedong and Zhu De,the two leader of the Red Army after the fights in the south of Jiangxi in 1929,the mistakes made in the 6th and 7th session of the Chinese Communist Part,the drafting of the letter and its positive historical functions.Firstly the letter...

The “Letter from the Central Committee in September” drafted by Zhou Enlai was an important document in the history of the Chinese Communist Party,to which little attention has been paid by scholars.This article reveals the divergence of views held by Mao Zedong and Zhu De,the two leader of the Red Army after the fights in the south of Jiangxi in 1929,the mistakes made in the 6th and 7th session of the Chinese Communist Part,the drafting of the letter and its positive historical functions.Firstly the letter made the 4th Group of the Red Army more united,which is necessary for the cooperation of the two leaders,Mao and Zhu,and for Mao's exercise of his political abilities.Secondly,the letter as a formal document of the Central Committee gave a theoretical guide to the practice of surrounding the cities from the countryside,which has significance in the development of Mao Zedong Thought.Thirdly,it provided rich theoretical subject matter for the forming of Mao's military thought,and accumulated a wealth of experience for the party's ideological and political work which is still useful today.

周恩来主持起草的“九月来信”是中共早期历史的一份重要文件,但长期对此的作用认识不足。文章披露了1929年红四军转战赣南前后毛泽东与朱德等的分歧及原因,论及红四军党的七大、八大对此处理的失当之处,说明了中央“九月来信”的产生经过、主要内容和落实过程,认为:1.来信成功解决了四军党内的团结问题,为朱毛红军的持续发展提供了可能,为毛泽东后来充分施展才华创造了必要条件;2.来信第一次用中央文件的方式对农村包围城市道路进行了深刻的理论概括,在毛泽东思想形成的进程中具有重要意义;3.来信为毛泽东建党建军思想提供了丰富的理论素材与纲领性、方向性的指导意见,为党的思想政治工作积累了丰富经验,至今仍具重要的启示作用。

 
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