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tropical ocean    
相关语句
  热带海洋
    ANALYSIS OF THE NORTHWEST PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES CLIMATIC CHARACTERISTICS AND THE TROPICAL OCEAN AND ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION DURING 1994/1995
    1994/1995年西北太平洋热带气旋气候特征与热带海洋和大气环流分析
短句来源
    A Study on the Relationships between the Onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon and the Anomalies of Tropical Ocean and Atmospheric Circulations
    南海夏季风爆发与热带海洋海温和大气环流异常变化关系的研究
短句来源
    With the consideration of the stochastic effect of ocean surface temperature fluctuation (OSTF) during non - adiabatic heating of the atmosphere by the tropical ocean, an evolution epuation of Langevin type is established for the va -riation atmospheric heat. The steady - state solution of the random differential equation yields a heating potential function and probability density function.
    本文考虑了热带海洋对大气进行非绝热加热过程中海温起伏的随机效应,建立了朗之万方程形式的描写大气热量变化的发展方程。 由该随机微分方程的定态解,给出了加热势函数和概率密度函数。
短句来源
    In this paper,the interaction of tropical ocean and atmosphere is introduced,the rela-tion and the connection of their physical processing with the interannual rate of earth rotationas well as the method and attempt of predicting ENSO event from the astronomical observa-tions of the length of day are described in detail.
    本文介绍了热带海洋、大气的相互作用,着重描述了它们与地球自转年际速率变化的关系和物理过程的联系,以及用天文观测的日长变化资料预测ENSO事件的方法和尝试.
短句来源
    Abnormal drought and flood disasters in the area between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River in the summer in 1991 and 1994 were observed respectively. They are caused by anomalous changes of the main general circulation systems in the Northern Hemisphere,such as the intensity and position of the polar vortex,long wave trough and ridge in the westerlies,the west Pacific subtropical high at 500hPa,and South Asia high at 100hPa,as well as that of SST in the tropical ocean.
    1991年和1994年的夏季,江淮地区分别出现了罕见的洪涝灾害和少雨干旱,究其成因是夏季北半球大气环流的异常即500hPa极涡、西风带系统和西太平洋副热带高压的强弱、配置不同以及100hPa南亚高压的强弱、位置和热带海洋温度的异常所致
短句来源
更多       
  热带海洋
    ANALYSIS OF THE NORTHWEST PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES CLIMATIC CHARACTERISTICS AND THE TROPICAL OCEAN AND ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION DURING 1994/1995
    1994/1995年西北太平洋热带气旋气候特征与热带海洋和大气环流分析
短句来源
    A Study on the Relationships between the Onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon and the Anomalies of Tropical Ocean and Atmospheric Circulations
    南海夏季风爆发与热带海洋海温和大气环流异常变化关系的研究
短句来源
    With the consideration of the stochastic effect of ocean surface temperature fluctuation (OSTF) during non - adiabatic heating of the atmosphere by the tropical ocean, an evolution epuation of Langevin type is established for the va -riation atmospheric heat. The steady - state solution of the random differential equation yields a heating potential function and probability density function.
    本文考虑了热带海洋对大气进行非绝热加热过程中海温起伏的随机效应,建立了朗之万方程形式的描写大气热量变化的发展方程。 由该随机微分方程的定态解,给出了加热势函数和概率密度函数。
短句来源
    In this paper,the interaction of tropical ocean and atmosphere is introduced,the rela-tion and the connection of their physical processing with the interannual rate of earth rotationas well as the method and attempt of predicting ENSO event from the astronomical observa-tions of the length of day are described in detail.
    本文介绍了热带海洋、大气的相互作用,着重描述了它们与地球自转年际速率变化的关系和物理过程的联系,以及用天文观测的日长变化资料预测ENSO事件的方法和尝试.
短句来源
    Abnormal drought and flood disasters in the area between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River in the summer in 1991 and 1994 were observed respectively. They are caused by anomalous changes of the main general circulation systems in the Northern Hemisphere,such as the intensity and position of the polar vortex,long wave trough and ridge in the westerlies,the west Pacific subtropical high at 500hPa,and South Asia high at 100hPa,as well as that of SST in the tropical ocean.
    1991年和1994年的夏季,江淮地区分别出现了罕见的洪涝灾害和少雨干旱,究其成因是夏季北半球大气环流的异常即500hPa极涡、西风带系统和西太平洋副热带高压的强弱、配置不同以及100hPa南亚高压的强弱、位置和热带海洋温度的异常所致
短句来源
更多       
  热带海洋
    ANALYSIS OF THE NORTHWEST PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES CLIMATIC CHARACTERISTICS AND THE TROPICAL OCEAN AND ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION DURING 1994/1995
    1994/1995年西北太平洋热带气旋气候特征与热带海洋和大气环流分析
短句来源
    A Study on the Relationships between the Onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon and the Anomalies of Tropical Ocean and Atmospheric Circulations
    南海夏季风爆发与热带海洋海温和大气环流异常变化关系的研究
短句来源
    With the consideration of the stochastic effect of ocean surface temperature fluctuation (OSTF) during non - adiabatic heating of the atmosphere by the tropical ocean, an evolution epuation of Langevin type is established for the va -riation atmospheric heat. The steady - state solution of the random differential equation yields a heating potential function and probability density function.
    本文考虑了热带海洋对大气进行非绝热加热过程中海温起伏的随机效应,建立了朗之万方程形式的描写大气热量变化的发展方程。 由该随机微分方程的定态解,给出了加热势函数和概率密度函数。
短句来源
    In this paper,the interaction of tropical ocean and atmosphere is introduced,the rela-tion and the connection of their physical processing with the interannual rate of earth rotationas well as the method and attempt of predicting ENSO event from the astronomical observa-tions of the length of day are described in detail.
    本文介绍了热带海洋、大气的相互作用,着重描述了它们与地球自转年际速率变化的关系和物理过程的联系,以及用天文观测的日长变化资料预测ENSO事件的方法和尝试.
短句来源
    Abnormal drought and flood disasters in the area between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River in the summer in 1991 and 1994 were observed respectively. They are caused by anomalous changes of the main general circulation systems in the Northern Hemisphere,such as the intensity and position of the polar vortex,long wave trough and ridge in the westerlies,the west Pacific subtropical high at 500hPa,and South Asia high at 100hPa,as well as that of SST in the tropical ocean.
    1991年和1994年的夏季,江淮地区分别出现了罕见的洪涝灾害和少雨干旱,究其成因是夏季北半球大气环流的异常即500hPa极涡、西风带系统和西太平洋副热带高压的强弱、配置不同以及100hPa南亚高压的强弱、位置和热带海洋温度的异常所致
短句来源
更多       
  热带海
    Effect of Persistent Anomaly of Sea Surface Temperature in Tropical Ocean on Atmospheric Circulation in Early Summer in East Asia
    热带海表温度持续异常对东亚初夏大气环流的影响
短句来源
    A theoretical study is made of the response of the vertical circulations in the atmosphere to the sea surface temperature in tropical oceans, with a linear steady two-dimensional model. In this model the boundary layer over the well-mixing layer of the tropical ocean and the equatorial lateral boundary layer are considered.
    本文提出了一个β平面定常的线性二维模式,并考虑了海面边界层和赤道侧向边界层,讨论了热带海表温度异常对大气所产生的垂直环流——经向环流和纬向环流。
短句来源
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  tropical ocean
Tropical ocean thermocline variability is studied using gridded data assimilated by an ocean model in the period 1950-2000.
      
Thisthermal energy replenished each day by thesun in the tropical ocean represents atremendous pollution-free energy resourcefor human civilization.
      
Response of the tropical ocean to a uniform zonal wind is studied numerically and analytically.
      
Effect of vertical viscosity and diffusivity on tropical ocean circulation
      
The accuracy of these formulae are validated with respect to air-sea fluxes estimated using the standard algorithm adopted by the Tropical Ocean-Global AtmosphereCoupled-Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE).
      
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A theoretical study is made of the response of the vertical circulations in the atmosphere to the sea surface temperature in tropical oceans, with a linear steady two-dimensional model. In this model the boundary layer over the well-mixing layer of the tropical ocean and the equatorial lateral boundary layer are considered.The results show that when the anomaly of SST in the eastern part of the ocean is warmer than that of in the western, the meridional circulation in the atmosphere (Hadley cell)...

A theoretical study is made of the response of the vertical circulations in the atmosphere to the sea surface temperature in tropical oceans, with a linear steady two-dimensional model. In this model the boundary layer over the well-mixing layer of the tropical ocean and the equatorial lateral boundary layer are considered.The results show that when the anomaly of SST in the eastern part of the ocean is warmer than that of in the western, the meridional circulation in the atmosphere (Hadley cell) would be strengthened and zonal circulation (Walker cell, in Pacific) would be weakened; when the anomaly of SST in the western is warmer than that in the eastern, the zonal circulation would be strengthened and the meridional circulation would be weakened. These agree with the observational data.

本文提出了一个β平面定常的线性二维模式,并考虑了海面边界层和赤道侧向边界层,讨论了热带海表温度异常对大气所产生的垂直环流——经向环流和纬向环流。结果表明:热带大洋东部(例如太平洋)海表温度比平均状态暖而西部较冷时,其上空经向环流(Hadley环流)比平均状态强,而纬向环流(如在太平洋上,称Walker环流)弱。相反,当热带大洋西部暖而东部冷时,经向环流减弱,纬向环流加强。这些是与观测事实比较一致的。

With the consideration of the stochastic effect of ocean surface temperature fluctuation (OSTF) during non - adiabatic heating of the atmosphere by the tropical ocean, an evolution epuation of Langevin type is established for the va -riation atmospheric heat. The steady - state solution of the random differential equation yields a heating potential function and probability density function. With a definite thermodynamical parameter, curves of the heating potential function and probability density distribution...

With the consideration of the stochastic effect of ocean surface temperature fluctuation (OSTF) during non - adiabatic heating of the atmosphere by the tropical ocean, an evolution epuation of Langevin type is established for the va -riation atmospheric heat. The steady - state solution of the random differential equation yields a heating potential function and probability density function. With a definite thermodynamical parameter, curves of the heating potential function and probability density distribution are obtained through the calculation of observed OSTF variances. Moreover, probability density stream is computed and relaxation time is derived for penetrating the potential castle between two steady states. Calculations indicate that the measured drag coefficient CD and the OSTF variance q2 can be used to predict the stochastic effect of anomalous ocean surface temperature, which has & duration of the order of 140 days.

本文考虑了热带海洋对大气进行非绝热加热过程中海温起伏的随机效应,建立了朗之万方程形式的描写大气热量变化的发展方程。由该随机微分方程的定态解,给出了加热势函数和概率密度函数。在确定的热力学参数下,利用实际海温起伏方差值,计算求得了加热势函数的分布及概率密度分布曲线。文中还进一步计算了概率密度流,得到了在两种稳定状态之间穿透势垒的弛豫时间。计算结果表明,海温异常的随机效应是一个长周期过程,时间尺度约为140天,可以用实际测得的拖曳系数C_D和海温起伏方差q~2值对它进行预测。

In this paper, results of the fluxes of momentum, sensible heat and latent heat for the West Pacific Tropical Ocean Area (from 127°E to 150°E, 5°N to 3° S) are described. The data were collected by the small tethered balloon sounding system over this ocean area including 6 continues stations from 11th of Octorber 1986 to the 15th of December 1986. These fluxes were calculated by the semiempirical flux-profile relationships of Monin-Obukhov similarity theory using these observed data. The results show that for...

In this paper, results of the fluxes of momentum, sensible heat and latent heat for the West Pacific Tropical Ocean Area (from 127°E to 150°E, 5°N to 3° S) are described. The data were collected by the small tethered balloon sounding system over this ocean area including 6 continues stations from 11th of Octorber 1986 to the 15th of December 1986. These fluxes were calculated by the semiempirical flux-profile relationships of Monin-Obukhov similarity theory using these observed data. The results show that for this tropical ocean area the drag coefficient CD is equal to (1.53±0.25) × 10-3, and the daily mean latent flux HL is greater than its daily mean sensible flux Hs, by factor of about 9.

本文根据中国科学院“实验3号”科学考察船1986年10月至12月在菲律宾以东60多万平方公里辽阔的西太平洋热带海域6个连续测站上(146°E,0°;145°E,0°;150°E,0°;140°E,5°N;145°E,5°N;150°E,5°N),使用我国自行研制的小型系留气艇探测系统观测到的大气温度、湿度、气压和风等廓线资料,利用相似理论的通量-廓线关系,给出这一海域的动量通量(特别是曳力系数C_D)、感热通量和潜热通量。结果表明,这一海域上的曳力系数值C_D=(1.53±0.25)×10~(-3);该海域总是将其贮存的热量以感热形式特别是以潜热形式输送到大气中(其中感热输送仅占10%,其余主要为水汽潜热输送),使该海域成为地球上不可多见的热源。

 
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