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operative risk
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  手术风险
     Methods Clinical records of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery at this department between June 2002 to December 2005 were reviewed. There were 113 patients(OPCAB Group) with a higher(>5) EuroSCORE(European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation) risk of death. Another group of 76 high-risk patients(EuroSCORE > 5) receiving cardiopulmonary coronary artery bypass grafting(CCAB) during the same period was reviewed as control group(CCAB Group).
     方法回顾分析2002年6月~2005年12月OPCAB术的临床资料,根据欧洲心脏手术风险评分模型(European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation,EuroSCORE)计算每一病例的风险分数,>5分者作为高风险病例进入本研究,共113例,以同期行体外循环冠状动脉旁路移植(cardiopulmonary bypass coronary artery bypass grafting,CCAB)的76例高风险患者作为对照。
短句来源
     The Development and Application of Operative Risk Assessment Software 1 (Orthopaedics Section ORAS1)
     手术风险评估软件(骨科部分ORAS1)的研发与应用
短句来源
     Objective To analyze the early clinical outcome of high-operative-risk coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) classified according European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation(EuroSCORE).
     目的采用心脏手术风险评估欧洲系统(European System for C ard iac O perative R isk Eva luation,EuroSCORE)评估高手术风险冠状动脉旁路移植术(CABG)患者的早期临床结果。
短句来源
     Conclusion The experience suggests the stapling technique could reduce the incidence of postoperative complications and operative risk
     结论 单吻合器技术在Hartmann术后二期吻合中的应用能免除复杂的盆腔解剖 ,降低手术风险 ,减少术后并发症的发生率
短句来源
     Preliminary experience in application of European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation (EuroSCORE)
     心脏手术风险评估欧洲系统(EuroSCORE)的初步临床应用
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  手术危险
     I treatment for nontoxic multinodular goiter (NTMNG) is effective therapy to reduce the thyroid volume and to improve the local compressive symptoms, especially for the patients who are at high operative risk, have had previous thyroidectomy with goiter recurrence or refuse surgery.
     ~(131)I可以有效地减小非毒性多发结节性甲状腺肿 (NTMNG)病人的甲状腺体积 ,减轻局部压迫症状 ,尤其适用于有高手术危险、术后复发及拒绝手术的患者。
短句来源
     Objective To observe whether preoperative intravenous(IV)and intraoperative intraperitoneal(IP)chemotherapy delays operative timing, increases operative risk and postoperative complications and interferes with postoperative recovery.
     目的 观察术前静脉化疗和术中腹腔化疗是否会延误手术时机 ,增加手术危险和术后并发症以及对术后恢复的影响。
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  “operative risk”译为未确定词的双语例句
     IntroductionAstrocytic tumor is common neuroepithelium tumor that incidence rate is 13.0% ~26.0% of intracranial tumor and 21. 2% ~51.6% of glioma. Due to the character of infiltrative growth, operative risk of astrocytic tumor is bigger;
     星形细胞肿瘤是最常见的神经上皮性肿瘤,其发病率占颅内肿瘤的13.0%~26.0%,占胶质瘤的21.2%~51.6%。
短句来源
     Compared the ROC curves of APACHE II, POSSUM and operative risk score.
     比较POSSUM、APACHE Ⅱ和ORSGS评分预测手术后并发症和死亡率的ROC曲线。
短句来源
     Among 13 possible operative risk factors were the size and location of the tumor, concomitant liver cirrhosis, tumor invasion of adjacent organs, anaesthesia used, incision, the amount of liver parenchyma removed, hepatic blood flow blockade, operative blood loss, and operating time.
     结果表明在调查的13个因素中(包括肿瘤位置、直径、有无肝硬变、肿瘤与周围器官有无粘连、麻醉方法、手术切口类型、肝切除量、切线距瘤体距离、肝血流阻断方式、出血量、补血量、手术时间及术中低血压时间),术中出血量及手术时间与术后恢复的关系最大。
短句来源
     Conclusions:The radiotherapy had better therapeutic,effect for stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ endometrial carcinoma patients with high operative risk.
     结论 :放疗对有高危因素的Ⅰ、Ⅱ期子宫内膜癌手术患者有较好的治疗作用。
短句来源
     Objective To discuss the predictive efficiency of European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE).
     目的探讨欧洲评分系统(EuroSCORE)对体外循环心脏手术的风险预测效果。
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  operative risk
Various risk scores have been developed for the assessment of operative risk in cardiac surgery.
      
With the aid of risk scores, operative risk can be sufficiently predicted for patient populations or subpopulations.
      
Because the operative risk of repeat bypass surgery is substantially increased, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty has been accepted as a less invasive treatment in symptomatic patients with significant stenoses of vein grafts.
      
However, even now, TASH represents an important therapeutic alternative in patients with relevant co-morbidities and a high operative risk.
      
This is particularly true when ventricular function is maintained, as the operative risk is low and the long-term outcome is excellent.
      
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The results of operation on 1,101 consecutive cases with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) over a period of 9 years since 1970 were presented. Among them, there were 780 females and 321 males, and their ages ranged from 16 months to 43 years. In 1,034 cases (93.9%), PDA closure was accomplished with the use of a locally made stapling apparatus and the remainder either by division and suture or by ligation. There were neither operative nor hospital death in spite of the fact that the operations were performed by...

The results of operation on 1,101 consecutive cases with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) over a period of 9 years since 1970 were presented. Among them, there were 780 females and 321 males, and their ages ranged from 16 months to 43 years. In 1,034 cases (93.9%), PDA closure was accomplished with the use of a locally made stapling apparatus and the remainder either by division and suture or by ligation. There were neither operative nor hospital death in spite of the fact that the operations were performed by 165 surgeons. Massive hemorrhage occurred in 14 instances during operation, which were controlled by temporary thumb pressing, mobilizing and cross-clamping of the proximal and distal aorta, and suturing. Experience obtained from the series would suggest that standardization of the operative techniques, use of the stapling apparatus and the thumb pressure control of hemorrhage were the most contributing factors in lowering the operative risk.

本文报告了上海市胸科医院1970~1978年间连续1101例动脉导管未闭的手术结果,全组无手术死亡或医院死亡。手术时并发大出血者14例,均经抢救止血成功;术后导管再通9例,7例已经再次手术治愈。本文介绍了避免手术死亡的经验,着重讨论了手术技术,报道了国产动脉导管缝合器及其使用方法,提出了抢救和控制大出血的方法。

Transthoracic aspiration needlebiopsy is a highly accurate techniquefor the diagnosis of bronchiogenic car-cinoma and other localized lesionswhich are far beyond the reach of thefiberoptic bronchoscope. The techniquehas not been widely accepted and used,and most surgeons hesitate to use it be-cause of the possible complications ofpneumothorax, hemothorax and im-plantation of tumor cells by the needletrack in theory. Under the TV-monitored intensi-fication fluroscopic control, a 17 or 18gauge modified aspiration...

Transthoracic aspiration needlebiopsy is a highly accurate techniquefor the diagnosis of bronchiogenic car-cinoma and other localized lesionswhich are far beyond the reach of thefiberoptic bronchoscope. The techniquehas not been widely accepted and used,and most surgeons hesitate to use it be-cause of the possible complications ofpneumothorax, hemothorax and im-plantation of tumor cells by the needletrack in theory. Under the TV-monitored intensi-fication fluroscopic control, a 17 or 18gauge modified aspiration needle wasused for biopsy and four smears fromthe aspirate were made for cytology.Aspiration needle biopsy was perform-ed in 45 cases in which the localizedintrathoracic lesions had not been diag-nosed by conventional modalities suchas sputum exams and bronchoscopy.50 needle biopsies were done in the 45patients with excellent results. Malig-nant cells were obtained in 90% ofthe patients (27 out of 30) with intra-thoracic malignant lesions by one sin-gle aspiration and the percentage roseto 93.3% in the patients by two aspi-rations (28 out of 30). 15 cases inthis series were finally diagnosed asbenign lesions (inflammation, benigntumor), i. e., needle biopsy gives posi-tive results in 93.3% of the patients.Just one case presented false negative.All the 45 cases were confirmed eitherby surgery or by close observation forat least six months. As to complica-tions, only one case had a slightpneumothorax, and two cases withtransient bloody sputum. The indications for aspirationneedle biopsy are: 1) In case of an inoperable lungcancer, whose definite cytologic diag-nosis is required before the institutionof radiotherapy or chemotherapy; 2) In an unresectable benigntumor because of the operative risk orother severe medical disorders; a needlebiopsy would give a definite diagnosisand malignant could be ruled outhence; 3) In an undiagnosed solitary pulmonary lesion with no contraindi-cation to thoracotomy. We believe that the definite cyto-logic diagnosis is helpful in preopera-tive evaluation and planning of the o-perative procedure; and in some cases,the surgeon might even cancel theplanned operation after the diagnosis.

本文报告45例肺局限性病变,经常规检查方法未能确诊的病人,采用经胸针吸活检术进行诊断的方法及结果。病变结节最小3厘米。用改制的穿刺针在X射线透视或电视增强透视引导下,50次针吸的细胞学结果为;一次针吸恶性细胞阳性率为90%,二次累计阳性率为93.3%。良性病变符合率为93.3%。假阴性1例。并对本法的适应症及禁忌症作了讨论。

Thirteen cases of chromaffinoma surgery were reviewed to evaluate the timing of functional resection of the tumor with antihypertensive phentolamine.The patients were on continuous wide epidural spinal block and were given phentolamine with ample infusion fluid in either of the 2 ways < preventive medication administered after the spinal block was stablized and prior to skin incision, and palliative medication administered in the course of exploration when the blood pressure was over 24 kPa. It was found that...

Thirteen cases of chromaffinoma surgery were reviewed to evaluate the timing of functional resection of the tumor with antihypertensive phentolamine.The patients were on continuous wide epidural spinal block and were given phentolamine with ample infusion fluid in either of the 2 ways < preventive medication administered after the spinal block was stablized and prior to skin incision, and palliative medication administered in the course of exploration when the blood pressure was over 24 kPa. It was found that the preventive medication was much superior to the other one, for less intra-operative risks were encountered, less supplementary fluid was required and the postoperative course was smoother.

本文对13例嗜铬细胞瘤切除术的麻醉管理进行了总结和分析。全部采用连续硬膜外麻醉,应用利其丁控制血压,根据用药时间不同分为预防用药组和即时用药组(治疗组),预防用药组在麻醉平面固定后、于切皮前作嗜铬细胞瘤“功能性切除”。治疗组在探查肿瘤收缩压升至24kPa以上再开始降压。比较结果“功能性切除”有显著优点,即时用药既被动又收不到好的效果。

 
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