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community involvement
相关语句
  社区参与
     Research on the Rural Community Involvement in School Development Planning
     农村社区参与学校发展计划研究
短句来源
     Carrying Community Involvement and Developing the Ethnic Culture -The Protection and Development about Ethnic Culture in Ethnic Aeras Developing Tourism
     实施社区参与 弘扬民族文化——论民族地区旅游发展中民族文化的保护与发展
短句来源
     Through investigation and interview, the author comprehended the situation, problems and difficulties of rural community involvement in SDP.
     第三部分是本论文的重点,主要通过对东乡县农村社区参与SDP现状的调查分析,总结经验,说明问题及原因。
短句来源
     It promotes the youth’s civic abilities through active studying, which decides that community involvement is the major way of implementing the law-related education.
     这从根本上决定着社区参与(community involvement)是法治教育的主要实施途径。
短句来源
     Connected with the fact of tourism development and taking community involvement as a tactics, the article discusses the problems and ways in how to protect the ethnic culture.
     结合旅游发展的实际,探讨了社区参与作为一种策略在保护民族文化中的措施和遇到的问题及其解决途径。
短句来源
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  农村社区
     Research on the Rural Community Involvement in School Development Planning
     农村社区参与学校发展计划研究
短句来源
     Through investigation and interview, the author comprehended the situation, problems and difficulties of rural community involvement in SDP.
     第三部分是本论文的重点,主要通过对东乡县农村社区参与SDP现状的调查分析,总结经验,说明问题及原因。
短句来源
  “community involvement”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A review of progress of community involvement in nature reserve management in China
     我国自然保护区社区共管研究进展
短句来源
     2. General overview of MSW management abroad and China. Several issues are discussed such as waste reduction, maximization of recycling, revenues from taxes and service fees, research and technology progress, legislation, and community involvement.
     2、概括了国内外城市垃圾管理的模式、城市垃圾收运和治理的状况,总结了中国城市垃圾管理的特点,以及与工业化国家在这方面的差距。
短句来源
     The analysis lies in 5 aspects:l) Headmasters and community members' understanding of SDP and attitude toward community involvement in schools ;
     ⑥社区人士主动参与学校事务的意识不强,仍然显得消极被动。 在参与学校教学、评价教师、学校管理方面,社区人士参与有限:⑦社区教育资源没有充分地参与到SDP之中。
短句来源
     4) evaluation of the effect of community involvement in SDP;
     ④统筹社区教育资源,形成教育资源网络;
短句来源
     aiming at the problems and inhibiting factors, we brought forward reasonable community involvement ecotourism model.
     社区、景区开发商、旅游行政管理部门之间的矛盾,随着景区的快速发展有加大的趋势,这主要与社区和企业之间利益分配差距拉大有关、与旅游管理部门未能有效调解有关。
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  community involvement
Some of the newer roles to emerge in recent years are organizational and management consulting, counseling crime victims, and coordinating community involvement.
      
However, extensive community involvement occurred as the project took advantage of the existing community-based organizations, which played an active role in mobilizing community members and enhanced linkage systems critical to the project's success.
      
It is increasingly acknowledged that the process of community involvement is critical to the successful implementation of community-based health interventions.
      
Findings suggest that two motives of community involvement--collectivism, and principlism appear to be the main motivators for knowledge sharers to share knowledge, while lack of knowledge and competing priority appear to be the main barriers.
      
This paper presents a conceptual framework for using energy as a vehicle for holistic development to address: poverty, gender discrimination, community involvement in decision making on social, economic, and environmental issues.
      
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To actualize sustainable development strategy is the inevitable choice of tourism development in China. Apart from development of economy, protection of environment and progress of society, sustainable development requires a kind of development idea and judgement basis. Community\|involved tourism development is exactly the indispensible mechanism in the macro\|system of sustainable tourism development. The article tries to begin from this aspect to analyse the different...

To actualize sustainable development strategy is the inevitable choice of tourism development in China. Apart from development of economy, protection of environment and progress of society, sustainable development requires a kind of development idea and judgement basis. Community\|involved tourism development is exactly the indispensible mechanism in the macro\|system of sustainable tourism development. The article tries to begin from this aspect to analyse the different stratification and immanent mechanism based on the concept of community involvement. Then the methods and measures for the realization of the community\|involved tourism development are offered to provide the policy\|making basis for the formulating of policies in the development of tourism in accordance with the problems existing in the present\|day China.

实施可持续发展战略是中国旅游业发展的必然选择。除了包含经济的发展、环境的保护、社会的进步等内容外,可持续发展更需要一种发展理念和评判依据。社区参与旅游发展就是旅游可持续发展宏观系统中不可或缺的机制。本文试从这一角度出发,在提出社区参与的概念的基础上,探讨参与所涉及的不同层面及参与的内在机理,并针对目前中国实施社区参与旅游发展存在的问题提出实现社区参与旅游发展的方法和措施,旨在为旅游发展方针、政策的制定提供决策依据。

With the rapid development of tourism industry, people come across more problems, which lead to a reconsideration about the relationship between tourism and community. It is P. E. Murphy who applied firstly the concept of community involvement in tourism in 1985. From then on, many foreign researches put much attention on this issue to try to find out a new approach for the sustainable development of tourism industry. They did lots of valuable works. Researchers in China began to involve into this issue...

With the rapid development of tourism industry, people come across more problems, which lead to a reconsideration about the relationship between tourism and community. It is P. E. Murphy who applied firstly the concept of community involvement in tourism in 1985. From then on, many foreign researches put much attention on this issue to try to find out a new approach for the sustainable development of tourism industry. They did lots of valuable works. Researchers in China began to involve into this issue in 1990s. There is no correlative study analyzing the characteristics of community involvement during the course of development. Travelling is a kind of action between different communities. Since the first traveller came into a community, it means this community began to involve into tourism inevitably. In this paper, after recognizing the features of community involvement in different historical stage, the author partitioned it into four stages: individual involvement, organized involvement, mass involvement and comprehensive involvement. And then the development course was characterized as a curve similar with "S". It is necessary to point out that after the third phase, community involvement had two kinds of tendencies: One is coming down with tourism decline and attraction descending of tourism resources; The other tendency is that the destination community plays a positive role in tourism development with involving into all sectors of tourism industry and tourism decision. So based on this viewpoint, the author made and explained the suggestion that, the destination community should participate in tourism comprehensively in order to preventing the decline of tourism destination and the community disaggregation. Particularly, targeted on sustainable development of tourism industry, the destination community should do more in three aspects as following besides the economic actions: (1)Tourism decision. Especially considering more community demand in tourism planning could make it more acceptable and applicable; (2)Environment protection. After realizing that keeping a natural environment is beneficial, the residents would be more active in environment protection. (3)Culture maintenance. The destination community must do more to keep the core of local culture identified by the young generation.

在旅游业迅猛发展的同时 ,旅游地问题日益突出 ,促使人们重视旅游与社区关系问题的研究 ,从社区的角度思考和寻求实现旅游业可持续发展的可行途径。目前 ,我国旅游学界对社区参与的研究方兴未艾 ,但仍然缺乏社区参与的历史演化进程的纵向分析和归纳研究。本文通过分析社区参与旅游发展的阶段性特征 ,将其划分为四个阶段 :个别参与、组织参与、大众参与和全面参与 ,并描述了“近S形”的总体发展曲线 ;在此基础上 ,文章提出 :为实现旅游业可持续发展 ,防止旅游地衰落和旅游地社区解体 ,社区应该全面参与到旅游业发展过程 ;当前 ,社区参与需要在旅游规划、旅游地环境保护、旅游地社区文化维护等三个方面得到加强

With an area of 1 920 km 2 and an altitude of 4 718 m, Namucuo (30°30′N~30°56′N,90°16′E~91°03′E) is the highest large lake in the world. It supports rich biodiversity resources. Two fish species i.e. Gymnocypris namensis and Triplophysa stewartii have been found in the lake, but the estimated sustainable fishery output can reach 2 000 t annually. The lacustrine wetlands provide important staging and breeding habitats for migratory waterfowls. Among them, Black necked Cranes Grus nigricollus are National...

With an area of 1 920 km 2 and an altitude of 4 718 m, Namucuo (30°30′N~30°56′N,90°16′E~91°03′E) is the highest large lake in the world. It supports rich biodiversity resources. Two fish species i.e. Gymnocypris namensis and Triplophysa stewartii have been found in the lake, but the estimated sustainable fishery output can reach 2 000 t annually. The lacustrine wetlands provide important staging and breeding habitats for migratory waterfowls. Among them, Black necked Cranes Grus nigricollus are National Grade A Protected Animals and Ruddy Shelducks Tadorna ferruginea and Bar headed Goose Anser indicus are Grade B Protected Animals of Tibet Autonomous Region. Among the total eight criteria of two groups for the identification of wetlands of international importance adopted by the Ramsar Convention Bureau, Namucuo meets at least five criteria of the two groups and thus has confirmed its status of international importance. Namucuo has high levels of its naturalness, rareness, vulnerability and typicality. With the rapid socioeconomic development and continuous population growth, the natural wetland ecosystems in the lake basin have being or will be faced with four major threats i.e. over grazing, tourism, fishing and climate change. Conservation of wetland habitats should focus on estuary marshes of Niyaqu, Zhuodiqu and Ri'aqu Rivers in the eastern bank, lagoon area to the east of Zhaxiduo Peninsula, Bird Islands in the central lake and estuary marshes of rivers in the west banks. Grassland conservation should be based on such approaches as public awareness, perfection of contracting system on grassland and livestock, and development of high efficient and low cost animal husbandry models. In addition, conserving wetlands at the lake basin level and encouraging community involvement are also critical measures of wetland conservation in Namucuo.

纳木错地理坐标 3 0°3 0′N~ 3 0°5 6′N ,90°1 6′E~ 91°0 3′E ,面积 1 92 0km2 ,湖面海拔 471 8m ,是世界上海拔最高的大型湖泊。湖中生物多样性资源丰富。鱼类资源仅纳木错裸鲤 (Gymnocyprisnamensis)和异尾高原鳅 (Triplophysastewartii)两种 ,但每年的可持续鱼产量可达 2 0 0 0t左右。湖滨湿地是迁徙水禽的重要停歇地和繁殖地 ,其中黑颈鹤 (Grusnigricollus)为国家一级重点保护动物 ,赤麻鸭 (Tadornaferruginea)和斑头雁(Anserindicus)为自治区二级重点保护动物。在《湿地公约》执行局提出的确定国际重要湿地的 2组 8条标准中 ,纳木错至少符合其中 5个标准 ,从而确立了其作为国际重要湿地的地位。纳木错具有高度的自然性、稀有性、脆弱性和代表性。随着社会经济迅速发展和人口不断增长 ,湖区自然湿地生态系统已经或可能面临的的主要威胁有过牧、旅游、捕鱼和气候变化等 4个方面。纳木错湿地生境保护重点应放在东岸你亚曲 -卓的曲 -日阿曲河口沼泽湿地、扎西多半岛东侧泻湖区、湖心鸟岛和湖西入...

纳木错地理坐标 3 0°3 0′N~ 3 0°5 6′N ,90°1 6′E~ 91°0 3′E ,面积 1 92 0km2 ,湖面海拔 471 8m ,是世界上海拔最高的大型湖泊。湖中生物多样性资源丰富。鱼类资源仅纳木错裸鲤 (Gymnocyprisnamensis)和异尾高原鳅 (Triplophysastewartii)两种 ,但每年的可持续鱼产量可达 2 0 0 0t左右。湖滨湿地是迁徙水禽的重要停歇地和繁殖地 ,其中黑颈鹤 (Grusnigricollus)为国家一级重点保护动物 ,赤麻鸭 (Tadornaferruginea)和斑头雁(Anserindicus)为自治区二级重点保护动物。在《湿地公约》执行局提出的确定国际重要湿地的 2组 8条标准中 ,纳木错至少符合其中 5个标准 ,从而确立了其作为国际重要湿地的地位。纳木错具有高度的自然性、稀有性、脆弱性和代表性。随着社会经济迅速发展和人口不断增长 ,湖区自然湿地生态系统已经或可能面临的的主要威胁有过牧、旅游、捕鱼和气候变化等 4个方面。纳木错湿地生境保护重点应放在东岸你亚曲 -卓的曲 -日阿曲河口沼泽湿地、扎西多半岛东侧泻湖区、湖心鸟岛和湖西入湖诸河河口沼泽 ;草地保护主要手段有开展宣教活动、完善草、畜承包责任制和建立高效低耗畜牧业生产模式等 ;此外在流域水平上保护湿地和鼓励社区参与也是纳木错湿地保护的重要对策

 
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