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buddhist temples    
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  佛寺
    A Preliminary Investigation on Poems Singing about Buddhist Temples in the Northern and Southern Dynasties
    南北朝佛寺题咏诗初探
短句来源
    The Artistic Functions and the Cultural Implications of The Buddhist Temples in the Novels of the Tang Dynasty
    唐人小说中佛寺的艺术功能与文化蕴涵
短句来源
    On one hand,it investigates the relationship between these religious places and story source of Tang novels,concluding that in Tang novels,especially those which have Buddhist shade,a lot of source materials are related to Buddhist temples or monks.
    一方面,考察了佛寺这一宗教活动场所与唐人小说故事来源的关联,认为在唐人小说创作尤其是一些带有佛教辅教色彩的小说中,不少故事的素材来源都与佛寺或寺僧有关;
短句来源
    On the other hand,it analyses the functions of Buddhist temples in Tang novels with such respective functions as scenes for plot background,scenes where stories happen and develop and scenery construction.
    另一方面,则从叙事文学的艺术建构的角度,分析了佛寺这一独特场景在小说情节结构中的功能,认为唐人小说中所出现的佛寺,分别具有故事情节的背景场景、故事发生与展开的场景及故事情节的场景部件之作用;
短句来源
  佛寺
    A Preliminary Investigation on Poems Singing about Buddhist Temples in the Northern and Southern Dynasties
    南北朝佛寺题咏诗初探
短句来源
    The Artistic Functions and the Cultural Implications of The Buddhist Temples in the Novels of the Tang Dynasty
    唐人小说中佛寺的艺术功能与文化蕴涵
短句来源
    On one hand,it investigates the relationship between these religious places and story source of Tang novels,concluding that in Tang novels,especially those which have Buddhist shade,a lot of source materials are related to Buddhist temples or monks.
    一方面,考察了佛寺这一宗教活动场所与唐人小说故事来源的关联,认为在唐人小说创作尤其是一些带有佛教辅教色彩的小说中,不少故事的素材来源都与佛寺或寺僧有关;
短句来源
    On the other hand,it analyses the functions of Buddhist temples in Tang novels with such respective functions as scenes for plot background,scenes where stories happen and develop and scenery construction.
    另一方面,则从叙事文学的艺术建构的角度,分析了佛寺这一独特场景在小说情节结构中的功能,认为唐人小说中所出现的佛寺,分别具有故事情节的背景场景、故事发生与展开的场景及故事情节的场景部件之作用;
短句来源
  佛寺
    A Preliminary Investigation on Poems Singing about Buddhist Temples in the Northern and Southern Dynasties
    南北朝佛寺题咏诗初探
短句来源
    The Artistic Functions and the Cultural Implications of The Buddhist Temples in the Novels of the Tang Dynasty
    唐人小说中佛寺的艺术功能与文化蕴涵
短句来源
    On one hand,it investigates the relationship between these religious places and story source of Tang novels,concluding that in Tang novels,especially those which have Buddhist shade,a lot of source materials are related to Buddhist temples or monks.
    一方面,考察了佛寺这一宗教活动场所与唐人小说故事来源的关联,认为在唐人小说创作尤其是一些带有佛教辅教色彩的小说中,不少故事的素材来源都与佛寺或寺僧有关;
短句来源
    On the other hand,it analyses the functions of Buddhist temples in Tang novels with such respective functions as scenes for plot background,scenes where stories happen and develop and scenery construction.
    另一方面,则从叙事文学的艺术建构的角度,分析了佛寺这一独特场景在小说情节结构中的功能,认为唐人小说中所出现的佛寺,分别具有故事情节的背景场景、故事发生与展开的场景及故事情节的场景部件之作用;
短句来源
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  buddhist temples
The outstanding cultural assets remaining across the city such as Buddhist temples, gold crowns and sculptures still mesmerize visitors.
      
This mingling of traditions was symbolised by the building of Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines dedicated to local spirits, sometimes ancestors.
      
Shinto shrines are very often located right next to Buddhist temples and are sometimes even in the same compound.
      
Religious freedom has increased, as illustrated by the rapid increase in attendance in Christian churches and worship in Buddhist temples.
      
Now we witness the active process of Buddhist restoration and revival, Buddhist temples are being built practically anew.
      
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Travelling and lodging temporarily in the Buddhist temples was a conventional habi-tude of the poets in the Tang Dynasty. The text analyses the cause of this habitude from four as-pects. It points out that following four factual accounts are essential reasons for this habitude: 1.The living interests of mountains and waters around the Buddhist temples; 2. Monks' willing towelcome and accept laymen to the temgles; 3. The transcendent expectations of getting rid ofworldly troubles by means of the friendship...

Travelling and lodging temporarily in the Buddhist temples was a conventional habi-tude of the poets in the Tang Dynasty. The text analyses the cause of this habitude from four as-pects. It points out that following four factual accounts are essential reasons for this habitude: 1.The living interests of mountains and waters around the Buddhist temples; 2. Monks' willing towelcome and accept laymen to the temgles; 3. The transcendent expectations of getting rid ofworldly troubles by means of the friendship between the poets and the monks; 4. The versatility ofthe monks in the Tang Dynasty.

游居寺院是唐代诗人一种带有普遍性的习尚。本文从四个方面对这一习尚的成因进行了探析,认为寺院的山水之趣与园林化倾向,寺院对世俗世界的开放与容留,诗人与佛教徒交结以消解失意的苦闷并追求超脱尘累的愿望,以及唐代寺僧的多才多艺,是唐代诗人游居寺院习尚形成的重要原因。

The poem singing about Buddhist temples appeared to begin with the Southern Dynasties and prevailed in the later years of the Dynasties. The poetry of this kind fall into two sorts: The one was singing about the Buddhist reason and justice only, the other the description of the Buddhist temples and the landscapes attributed to them. The spreading of Buddhism in the Southern and Northern Dynasties was at its top: a great number of Buddhist temples were built; the Buddhist sense of...

The poem singing about Buddhist temples appeared to begin with the Southern Dynasties and prevailed in the later years of the Dynasties. The poetry of this kind fall into two sorts: The one was singing about the Buddhist reason and justice only, the other the description of the Buddhist temples and the landscapes attributed to them. The spreading of Buddhism in the Southern and Northern Dynasties was at its top: a great number of Buddhist temples were built; the Buddhist sense of aesthetic command the landscape of Buddhist temple became intuitional. This is the essential element for the growth and development of the poems singing about the Buddhist temples. The appearance of this sort of poetry marked an exotic taking its seat in the thriving garden full of flowers of Chinese classical poetry.

佛寺题咏诗产生于刘宋南齐之际 ,而盛行于南朝梁陈两代 ,就其内容构成而言 ,可分为两类 :一类是既言佛理 ,又写景物 ,一类是不涉佛理 ,只写景物 ;佛教的盛极一时 ,佛寺的大量兴建以及佛寺景观审美意识的自觉 ,是南北朝佛寺题咏诗产生与发展的重要条件 ;佛寺题咏诗的出现 ,标志着佛寺从此作为审美观照对象进入了古典诗歌的表现领域

After the Song court fled south following the Jin invasion, a positive reception of Chan Buddhist thought became even more pronounced among official elite than it had been in the Northern Song Dynasty. High officials at court, such as Li Gang (1083-1140), Zhang Jun (1096-1164), Qin Hui (1090-1155) and Lu Yihao (1060-1139), as well as other members of the official elite, such as Lu Benzhong (1084-1145), Zhang Jiucheng (1092-1146), Zhu Dunru (1081-1159), and Ye Mengde (1077-1148), all demonstrated an attitude...

After the Song court fled south following the Jin invasion, a positive reception of Chan Buddhist thought became even more pronounced among official elite than it had been in the Northern Song Dynasty. High officials at court, such as Li Gang (1083-1140), Zhang Jun (1096-1164), Qin Hui (1090-1155) and Lu Yihao (1060-1139), as well as other members of the official elite, such as Lu Benzhong (1084-1145), Zhang Jiucheng (1092-1146), Zhu Dunru (1081-1159), and Ye Mengde (1077-1148), all demonstrated an attitude of support for and faith in Buddhism. When compared with the elite of the Northern Song, the Buddhist worship and Chan practice of the early Southern Song elite especially among those who had relocated from the occupied North of China experienced an evolution, both in terms of its form and content. First, while Northern Song elite brought aspects of Buddhism into their study of Confucianism by both absorbing the essence of Buddhism and openly rejecting Buddhism and Daoism (Taoism), the early Southern Song elite not only brought Buddhist elements into their study of Confucianism, but also used Buddhism as their reference point from which to understand Confucianism. An atmosphere receptive to Chan Buddhist thought pervaded the ranks of the early Southern Song official elite. This, in part, influenced the policies of the Southern Song government toward Buddhism. Prior to the Shaoxing reign period of Emperor Gaozong (1131-1163), court policies helped to revive Buddhism. After this period, court policies continued to foster Buddhism's development. In another respect, this climate of interest in Chan thought and practice also influenced the literature and literary criticism of the early Southern Song elite. “Likening Chan to poetry” was a new way of explaining and annotating literature, as “bringing Chan into poetry” or “bringing Chan into lyrics” emerged as a defining characteristic of their own works. Beginning with the Northern Song, writers such as Su Shi (1037-1101), Huang Tingjian (1045-1105), and Chen Shidao (1053-1101) all betrayed the influence of Buddhism on their literary criticism, but truly combining the study of Chan and the composition of poetry and putting this forward as an important poetic concept and category really began with early Southern Song writers and thinkers. The pronounced interest in Chan Buddhism in the early Southern Song had historical, political, and economic causes. The most important factor in the faith of the elite of this period in Buddhism, with the exception of academic and personal circumstances, was the policy of the early Southern Song court to resettle the displaced elite who had fled South after the fall of the Northern Song in Buddhist temples, allowing increased opportunities for contact with Buddhist thought and ideas and further stimulating the understanding of Buddhism in these elite circles.

宋室南渡以后 ,禅悦之风较北宋更为盛行。从达官宰执到一般朝野士人 ,皆对佛教持支持信仰之态度。与北宋士人相比 ,南渡士人的礼佛参禅在内容与形式上有所变化。如同是援佛入儒 ,北宋士人是“尽用其学而不自知” ,一方面吸收佛学的精华 ,一方面又公开攘斥佛老 ;而南渡士人不仅援佛入儒 ,以佛学作为儒学的参照系 ,而且还身体力行 ,佛教对其浸染甚深。禅悦之风在士林的盛行 ,不仅对南宋政府的佛教政策有所影响 ,而且也因此影响了士林的文学批评与文学创作。“以禅喻诗”是南渡士人对文学作出的新诠释 ,而“援禅入诗”、“援禅入词” ,则是他们在创作上呈现出的一大特色。就佛教对文学批评的影响来说 ,尽管参诗之说始自北宋 ,但真正将参禅与作诗结合起来并提出重要的诗学概念与范畴的 ,则是南渡诗人。并且就时间来说 ,禅诗相通 ,至南渡以后 ,方为诗人所共识 ,这是最值得注意的现象。禅悦之风在南宋初期的盛行 ,有历史、政治及经济等方面的原因 ,就士人来说 ,他们信奉佛教 ,除去学术与个人遭际等因素以外 ,最重要的原因是南渡政府安置南渡士人的特殊政策增加了士人与佛教接触的机会 ,从而进一步刺激了士人对佛教的了解。

 
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