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buddhist temples    
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  佛教寺院
    An Exploration into the Reasons for the Buddhist Temples Built Everywhere in Guizhou in the Ming Dynasty
    明季佛教寺院遍布黔中原因探赜
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  佛教寺院
    An Exploration into the Reasons for the Buddhist Temples Built Everywhere in Guizhou in the Ming Dynasty
    明季佛教寺院遍布黔中原因探赜
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  buddhist temples
The outstanding cultural assets remaining across the city such as Buddhist temples, gold crowns and sculptures still mesmerize visitors.
      
This mingling of traditions was symbolised by the building of Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines dedicated to local spirits, sometimes ancestors.
      
Shinto shrines are very often located right next to Buddhist temples and are sometimes even in the same compound.
      
Religious freedom has increased, as illustrated by the rapid increase in attendance in Christian churches and worship in Buddhist temples.
      
Now we witness the active process of Buddhist restoration and revival, Buddhist temples are being built practically anew.
      
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This article explores the thirteenth-and fourteenth-century ruins of Tibetan Buddhism in the Zhangye River Valley. They are: 1) The ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city of Yijinai (the present Ejina Banner of Inner Mongolia) in the lower reaches of the Zhangye River Valley and the surrounding ruins; 2) The ruins of Ma Ti Si Temple in southern Gansu which is in the upper reaches of the Zhangye River. With reference to the ruins of Ming Dynasty Tibetan Buddhism, the author puts forward a hypothesis about the origins...

This article explores the thirteenth-and fourteenth-century ruins of Tibetan Buddhism in the Zhangye River Valley. They are: 1) The ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city of Yijinai (the present Ejina Banner of Inner Mongolia) in the lower reaches of the Zhangye River Valley and the surrounding ruins; 2) The ruins of Ma Ti Si Temple in southern Gansu which is in the upper reaches of the Zhangye River. With reference to the ruins of Ming Dynasty Tibetan Buddhism, the author puts forward a hypothesis about the origins of certain Tibetan Buddhist temples in the regions of Gansu and Qinghai before the spreading of the 'dge-lugs-pa' order.

本文分两部分考述张掖河流域13~14世纪的藏传佛教遗迹:1)、处于张掖河下游的内蒙古额济纳旗元代亦集乃故城及其附近的遗迹;2)、处于张掖河上游的甘肃肃南马蹄寺的遗迹。然后结合青海明代藏传佛教遗迹,对甘青地区格鲁教派流行以前的藏传佛教寺院的某些建置的来源,进行了初步的,推测性的讨论。

In 1980-81 the Chinese Academy of Architecture and the Tibet Institute of Industrial Designing organized a joint team for reconnaissance of ancient buildings in Tibet. The work at Ali region was focused on ruins of the Guge Kingdom and the Tuolin Temple. Built in the early 11th century, the temple was the biggest and most famous Buddhist monastery in the area. While most of the original compound of ten halls and numerous pagodas have rotted away, several still stand. Of them the main hall is...

In 1980-81 the Chinese Academy of Architecture and the Tibet Institute of Industrial Designing organized a joint team for reconnaissance of ancient buildings in Tibet. The work at Ali region was focused on ruins of the Guge Kingdom and the Tuolin Temple. Built in the early 11th century, the temple was the biggest and most famous Buddhist monastery in the area. While most of the original compound of ten halls and numerous pagodas have rotted away, several still stand. Of them the main hall is impressive for its magnificence and peculiarity. Symbolic of a grand mandala, it was recorded to be built after another Tibetan Buddhist temple Sangyesi. A lot of mural paintings are in it.

西藏文物古迹众多,西藏阿里地区的托林寺,始建于公元11世纪初,是当时阿里地区规模最大、知名度最高的佛教寺院。原有近10座殿堂和多座佛塔,现仅主殿及另两处殿堂残存。主殿结构雄伟奇特,造型象征一座大的曼陀罗坛城。殿内尚存大量精美的壁画。本期刊发了陈耀东撰写的调查研究文章。

In the post Ming Dynasty period,the Buddhism in Guizhou reached its height of splendor,owing to three reasons,namely:1)The“emperors”and their officials had a special enthusiasm in building and protecting Buddhist temples;2)The Buddhist monks,in a transcendentally religious spirit,made great efforts in constructing temples everywhere in Guizhou,including the poverty stricken regions and untraversed mountains;3)The adherents of the overthrown Ming Dynasty,showing their political loyalty,became...

In the post Ming Dynasty period,the Buddhism in Guizhou reached its height of splendor,owing to three reasons,namely:1)The“emperors”and their officials had a special enthusiasm in building and protecting Buddhist temples;2)The Buddhist monks,in a transcendentally religious spirit,made great efforts in constructing temples everywhere in Guizhou,including the poverty stricken regions and untraversed mountains;3)The adherents of the overthrown Ming Dynasty,showing their political loyalty,became monks and devoted their lives to the Buddhism.

明季贵州佛教鼎盛 ,佛教寺院遍布黔中 ,其之众多、之宏盛、之布广 ,元明以来 ,未之有也。考其原因 ,主要有三 :一、南明君臣承明朝遗规 ,对滇黔之地的佛教寺院更是注意保护和修建。二、佛门僧徒以超尘出世的宗教精神 ,刻苦习劳冒险的习惯 ,广事拓殖 ,建寺造庵。三、明朝遗民逃禅辟建 ,黔中明朝遗民为全其志节 ,多逃禅出家 ,其中很多人把精力倾注于佛教兴盛的事业上 ,他们或创佛寺 ,或建梵林 ,或兴名山 ,遂使黔中寺院更增其盛

 
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