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upper extremities
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  上肢
     Results Scores of improvement of upper extremities' motor deficit,lower extremities' motor deficit,hypertonia and extremities' pain in cortical electrical stimulating group were 0.66±0.37,0.87±0.36,0.66±0.51 and 1.20±0.44.Compare to groups of peripheral nerval and muscular electrical stimulating and cerebral protect treating,P<0.01 and P<0.05 separately.
     结果皮层刺激组上肢运动障碍、下肢运动障碍、肌张力增强和肢体疼痛的改善得分分别为:0.66±0.37、0.87±0.36、0.66±0.51和1.20±0.44,与内科治疗组比较P<0.01,与周围刺激组比较P<0.05。
短句来源
     (2) All the patients had typical purpura. The distribution of rash in the lower extremities, buttock and upper extremities was 100%, 40. 42% and 17.78%, respectively.
     (2) 所有病人均有典型皮肤紫癜,分布于双下肢(100%),臀部(40.42%),上肢(17.78%)等。
短句来源
     Upper extremities protective sensory recovered in 85.4%(41/48) of patients.
     48例上肢感觉有恢复者 41例 ( 85 .4% )。
短句来源
     It was found that there was a positive correlation between the cases and the air temperature(p<0.01)Fracture was the best easily seen in the 11~20 years (21.90%), the sex ratio was 2.14:1, and fracture at the left side of the body were markedly much more than the right at the upper extremities(p<0.01).
     骨折以11~20岁最多(21.90%),男女之比为2.14:1,上肢骨折中左侧多于右侧(P<0.01);
短句来源
     Results:The percentage of victims with upper extremities and lower extremities in brunnstrom Ⅵ stage increased respectively from 16.7% to 70%, 20% to 73.34% in treament group, while in control group the percentage is 16.7% to 43.37%, 23.3% to 46.67% respectively in comparison, with a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05).
     结果:大接经法组瘫痪上肢功能达到Ⅵ阶段的由16.7%上升到70%,对照组由16.7%上升到43.37%; 大接经法组瘫痪下肢功能达到Ⅵ阶段的由20.0%上升到73.34%,对照组由23.3%上升到46.67%,二组之间有显著性差异(均P<0.05)。
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  “upper extremities”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results After 5-week treatment,the myodynamia of the upper extremities and lower extremities of the patients in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group,as well as compared with the baseline level when admission(P<0.05 or P<0.01).
     结果住院5周时,观察组上、下肢肌力与入院时及对照组比较,均有显著提高(P<0.05或P<0.01);
短句来源
     In comparison of the relative difference, the minimum difference was in the jump without waving the upper extremities of males [(22.50±8.66)%], while the maximum difference was in that of females [(29.08±9.75)%].
     在相对差值方面,男子的叉腰跳最小,为(22.50±8.66)%; 而女子叉腰跳为最大,达(29.08±9.75)%。
短句来源
     In comparison of the difference between them,the minimum difference was in the jump without waving the upper extremities of females [(4.30±2.73)cm],while the maximum difference was in the jump with waving the upper extremities of females [(7.44±4.58)cm].
     两者的差值相比,女子双手叉腰跳最小,为(4.30±2.73)cm; 而女子摆臂跳最大,达(7.44±4.58)cm。
短句来源
     Methods Recording electrode fabricated from external insulated wire 60 μm in diameter(95%Pt-5%Ir alloy)was inserted directly by microsurgery technique into the fascicle of the three major nerves of upper extremities in the remaining limb. All distal ends were coupled to an EMG instrument.
     方法 用显微外科技术将外部绝缘的直径 60 μm的 95 %铂 5 %铱合金丝直接插入残肢上臂三大神经一神经束中作为记录电极。
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     ResultsThere was a significant difference in the shoulder subluxation and movement function of the upper extremities between pre-therapy and after therapy ( P<0.05~0.01).
     结果20例患者经康复治疗后,肩关节半脱位恢复,患肢运动功能与治疗前比较有显著性差异(P<0.05~0.01)。
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  相似匹配句对
     Emergency treatment for avulsion of upper extremities
     上肢皮肤撕脱伤急诊处理的探讨
短句来源
     Functional Reconstruction of the Upper Extremities in Tetraplegia
     颈髓损伤四肢瘫的上肢功能重建
短句来源
     persculptus Zone in the upper.
     persculptus带。
短句来源
     The programs of upper computer.
     一、上位计算机程序。
短句来源
     O' Neill' s women: Survival in extremities
     极端状况下的女性——奥尼尔女主角的生存状态
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  upper extremities
Mirror movements were manifest only within the distal parts of the upper extremities and resembled congenital mirror movements described for isolated or familial cases or those occurring in combination with other genetic defects.
      
The patient developed erythema chronicum migrans before radicular pain occurred in the upper extremities.
      
Magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex caused large amplitudes in the ipsilateral hand muscles, indicating the possibility of functional disorder in the motor pathways from the motor cortex to muscles in the upper extremities.
      
Electromyography (EMG) of the lower cervical paraspinal muscles was performed in 15 young Chinese males with distal spinal muscular atrophy of the upper extremities.
      
We report the case of a 60-year-old female with ophthalmoplegia and frontal-type dementia which appeared at an early stage of her illness that presented with dysarthria and weakness in the upper extremities.
      
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This paper is a description based on the Sinanthropus materials including5 teeth and two fragments of humerus and tibia recovered since the restorationof the Choukoutien excavation in 1949.The teeth of Sinanthropus are much bigger than those of modern man.Theleft medial upper incisor bears well-developed basal tubercle on the lingualsurface.The upper first and second premolars are robust in size and theirchewing surfaces are covered with wrinkles of special patterns.The crowns ofthe first and second...

This paper is a description based on the Sinanthropus materials including5 teeth and two fragments of humerus and tibia recovered since the restorationof the Choukoutien excavation in 1949.The teeth of Sinanthropus are much bigger than those of modern man.Theleft medial upper incisor bears well-developed basal tubercle on the lingualsurface.The upper first and second premolars are robust in size and theirchewing surfaces are covered with wrinkles of special patterns.The crowns ofthe first and second lower molars are characterized by their lowness in relationto their lengths and breadths.Pronounced cingulum is present on the buccalsurface of the crown.The humeral shaft is almost identical with that of modern man.Thetibial shaft is slender and its anterior border is blunt.The walls of the tibiaare extraordinarily thick and its medullary cavity is very narrow.The results of the study of Sinanthropus pekinensis by the present authorsand others clearly show that the upper extremity bones of Sinanthropus arealmost identical with those of modern man;the lower extremity bones are definitely human in form and appearance,but possess also some primitive cha-racters.The teeth and skulls possess many primitive features.The cranialcapacity is considerably smaller than that of recent man.It is due to labour,and the operations of the hands that the upper extremity is differentated fromthe lower one.The differentiation of the extremities is followed by the deve-lopment of the brain and the brain case.These results further enrich Engels'theory of the transition from ape to man and testify to the truth that“labour(?)eated man himself”.

1.本文系根据1949年北京解放后迄今在周口店中国猿人化石产地发掘而得的及由过去发现的碎骨中清理而得的中国猿人化石,加以研究,计有单独的牙齿5枚(左上内侧用齿,右上第一及第二前臼齿,左下第一和第二臼哲各1枚),肱骨及胫骨干各一小段,而胫骨化石是在周口店首次发现的新材料。2.中国猿人的牙齿有大小两种头型,大型为男性,小型为女性,本标本中的上门齿,下第一及第二臼齿属大型,所以是男性的,上第一及第二前臼齿属小型,所以是女性的。3.中国猿人的牙齿,无论其齿冠或齿根,都远较现代人或尼安德特人为硕大和粗壮。4.上内侧门齿齿冠舌面的基部有很发达的底结节及由其延伸而来的指状突, 舌面两侧增厚且向内捲而使舌面成为铲形?莞氤莨诘某ぶ嵩谝恢毕呱隙蝗缦执说某莞氤莨诘某ぶ岢梢欢劢恰?.上第一前臼齿的齿冠和齿根都大而粗壮。齿冠的唇面有三角形隆起,但其尖端偏向前方。唇结节较舌结节为大和高,嚼面的唇半大于舌半,具有特殊型式的纹理。齿根极宽,部分分为唇舌两枝。6.上第二前臼齿稍较上第一前臼齿为小,舌结节不如第一前臼齿的倾向前方。唇舌两正中(?)互相连续而将嚼面分为前后两半。唇舌两结节的大小和高度约等。齿冠唇面三角形隆起的尖端并不偏向前...

1.本文系根据1949年北京解放后迄今在周口店中国猿人化石产地发掘而得的及由过去发现的碎骨中清理而得的中国猿人化石,加以研究,计有单独的牙齿5枚(左上内侧用齿,右上第一及第二前臼齿,左下第一和第二臼哲各1枚),肱骨及胫骨干各一小段,而胫骨化石是在周口店首次发现的新材料。2.中国猿人的牙齿有大小两种头型,大型为男性,小型为女性,本标本中的上门齿,下第一及第二臼齿属大型,所以是男性的,上第一及第二前臼齿属小型,所以是女性的。3.中国猿人的牙齿,无论其齿冠或齿根,都远较现代人或尼安德特人为硕大和粗壮。4.上内侧门齿齿冠舌面的基部有很发达的底结节及由其延伸而来的指状突, 舌面两侧增厚且向内捲而使舌面成为铲形?莞氤莨诘某ぶ嵩谝恢毕呱隙蝗缦执说某莞氤莨诘某ぶ岢梢欢劢恰?.上第一前臼齿的齿冠和齿根都大而粗壮。齿冠的唇面有三角形隆起,但其尖端偏向前方。唇结节较舌结节为大和高,嚼面的唇半大于舌半,具有特殊型式的纹理。齿根极宽,部分分为唇舌两枝。6.上第二前臼齿稍较上第一前臼齿为小,舌结节不如第一前臼齿的倾向前方。唇舌两正中(?)互相连续而将嚼面分为前后两半。唇舌两结节的大小和高度约等。齿冠唇面三角形隆起的尖端并不偏向前方而在正中位置。齿根仅在尖端分为唇舌两枝。7.下第一及第二两臼齿大小相似。齿冠硕大,但其高度若与其长度和宽度相比,则相对极为低矮。齿冠唇面有明显的扣带,两臼齿全属五结节齿型,以前内结节为最高和最大。齿根极为粗壮,分为前后两枝,前枝较短而直,后枝则较长而明显向后倾斜。前枝末端分叉,后枝末端则为单独一尖端。8.肱骨干完全具有现代人的形式,唯一真正与现代人的不同之点在共髓腔较小和骨壁较厚,此外其三角肌粗隆特别发达。9.胫骨细长,前缘较为圆钝,中段的横切面呈圆钝的三稜形。胫骨干中央大部为海棉骨质所填充,髓腔极小。中国猿人的胫骨较苏鲁人稍细,但两者颇为相似。10.过去及本文对于中国猿人化石研究的结果,明显指出中国猿人的上肢骨与现代人极为相似;下肢骨虽已具有现代人的形式,但又有若干明显的原始性质;而牙齿及过去发现的头骨,则远较现代人为原始,脑量也远在现代人之下,说明了最初是由于劳动,由于手的使用而使手足发生了分化,脑子随着发展了起来,头骨和牙齿的形态发生了改变,这种结果进一步充实了恩格斯从猿到人的理论,阐明了“劳动创造人类”的真谛。

1.The number of origin,points of entrance,and relationship with other structures of the renal arteries were studied in 111 adult male and 9 female cadavers. It was found that 84.2±2.35% belonged to 1 branch-type,of which 73.4±4.03% occurred bilaterally;the two-branch type consisted only 15.4±2.33%;the three branch type being only 0.4±0.41%. 2.The average height of origin of the renal arteries from the aorta was at the level of intervertebral disc between the 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae,of which 50.0±5.23% were...

1.The number of origin,points of entrance,and relationship with other structures of the renal arteries were studied in 111 adult male and 9 female cadavers. It was found that 84.2±2.35% belonged to 1 branch-type,of which 73.4±4.03% occurred bilaterally;the two-branch type consisted only 15.4±2.33%;the three branch type being only 0.4±0.41%. 2.The average height of origin of the renal arteries from the aorta was at the level of intervertebral disc between the 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae,of which 50.0±5.23% were equal in height on both sides;in 34.1±5.05% the right side was higher than the left and in 15.9±3.90% was the reverse. 3.When two renal arteries were present,the accessory one arose at a lower level than the main artery,ranging from the level of lower border of the 1st lumbar vertebra to that of the upper border of the 5th lumbar vertebra. 4.In 78.2±2.90% of the cases,the renal arteries entered the kidney through the hilum,the rest of them entered dinectly into the kidney substance,most of which through the upper extremity of the kidney. 5.When two renal arteries were present,both entered the hilum in 75.0±7.21% of the cases. 6.In most of the cases (83.7±2.60%),the renal artery divided outside of the hilum.Its primary branches could be divided into 5 types,most of which were of the anterior-posterior or superior-inferior types.They were 59.1±3.88 and 34.3±3.65% respectively. 7.The relationship of the accessory renal artery with the ureter and the inferior venal cava was discussed.

1.在120具成尸观察了肾脏动脉的数目、起始高度、入肾状态、经肾门入肾的肾动脉初级分支类型以及肾副动脉与输尿管和下腔静脉的位置关系。2.肾脏动脉为一支型者占84.2±2.35%;二支型者占15.4±2.33%;三支型者占0.4±0.41%。两侧均为一支型者占73.4±4.03%,为常见型。动脉支数的多少无显著的侧别差异。3.两侧肾动脉起点的平均高度为第1、2腰椎间的椎间盘。两侧起点同高者占50.0±5.23%,右高者占34.1±5.05%,左高者占15.9±3.90%。4.在二支型中,被列为正常肾动脉的平均起点高度为第2,腰椎上1/3平面;肾副动脉多由肾动脉起点下方发起,起点范围在第1腰椎上缘与第5腰椎上缘之间,其中以起自第1腰椎平面以下者多见。5.肾动脉分支全部经肾朗入肾者占78.2±2.90%,发穿支入肾者占21.8±2.90%。根据入肾部位,穿支可分为五类,其中以穿入肾上端者最多见,占穿支总数的70.5±6.87%。6.在二支型中,肾动脉经肾门入肾者占75.0±7.21%,发穿支入肾者占25.0±7.21%;肾副动脉经肾门入肾者占66.7±7.85%,在其余例内,则主要以独立穿动脉形式穿入肾的上端或下端...

1.在120具成尸观察了肾脏动脉的数目、起始高度、入肾状态、经肾门入肾的肾动脉初级分支类型以及肾副动脉与输尿管和下腔静脉的位置关系。2.肾脏动脉为一支型者占84.2±2.35%;二支型者占15.4±2.33%;三支型者占0.4±0.41%。两侧均为一支型者占73.4±4.03%,为常见型。动脉支数的多少无显著的侧别差异。3.两侧肾动脉起点的平均高度为第1、2腰椎间的椎间盘。两侧起点同高者占50.0±5.23%,右高者占34.1±5.05%,左高者占15.9±3.90%。4.在二支型中,被列为正常肾动脉的平均起点高度为第2,腰椎上1/3平面;肾副动脉多由肾动脉起点下方发起,起点范围在第1腰椎上缘与第5腰椎上缘之间,其中以起自第1腰椎平面以下者多见。5.肾动脉分支全部经肾朗入肾者占78.2±2.90%,发穿支入肾者占21.8±2.90%。根据入肾部位,穿支可分为五类,其中以穿入肾上端者最多见,占穿支总数的70.5±6.87%。6.在二支型中,肾动脉经肾门入肾者占75.0±7.21%,发穿支入肾者占25.0±7.21%;肾副动脉经肾门入肾者占66.7±7.85%,在其余例内,则主要以独立穿动脉形式穿入肾的上端或下端。7.绝大多数(占83.7±2.60%)肾动脉在肾门外分支,其初级支可分五型,其中以前后股型和上下股型最多见。8.援引本文材料对肾副动脉与输尿管及下腔静脉的位置关系的临床意义作了初步探讨。

The bilateral symmetry in the length of six long bones of the limb from 100 Chinese skeletons was studied. The bones were humerus, radi- us, ulna, femur, tibia, and fibula, each was 200 pieces in number, total- ling 1, 200 pieces. All of the average length of the three long bones of the right upper limb (humerus, radius, ulna) are greater than those of the left. The ave- rage length of the upper limb (humerus plus radius) is also greater on the right side. The average length of the left femur is...

The bilateral symmetry in the length of six long bones of the limb from 100 Chinese skeletons was studied. The bones were humerus, radi- us, ulna, femur, tibia, and fibula, each was 200 pieces in number, total- ling 1, 200 pieces. All of the average length of the three long bones of the right upper limb (humerus, radius, ulna) are greater than those of the left. The ave- rage length of the upper limb (humerus plus radius) is also greater on the right side. The average length of the left femur is greater than that of the right; while, on the contrary, the average length of the tibia is greater on the right side. There is no significant difference between the right and left fibula in average length (t=0. 876). When the average length of the low- er extremities of both sides (femur plus tibia) is compared with each other (i. e. the left against the right), no significant difference is found (t=0. 395). In conclusion, the upper extremity and its individual bones manifest more asymmetry than the lower.

本文调查了100套国人骨骼肢体六根长骨的长度对称性。结果是:上肢三根长骨(肱、桡、尺骨)的平均长度,右侧均比左侧长。股骨左侧比右侧长,胫骨与此相反,腓骨长度两侧无明显差异。总之,上肢各骨的不对称性较下肢的为甚。

 
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