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the traditional
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  传统
     Mirror in the Traditional Culture of China
     镜与中国传统文化
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     How to Transform from the Traditional Road Goods Transport Enterprises to the Modern Logistics Enterprises
     传统的道路货运企业向现代物流企业转化研究
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     A Study of the Traditional Institution as Culture of Tujia Nationality
     土家族传统制度文化研究
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     A Study of the Traditional Society and Cultural Transition of Female Muslim in Gansu, Qinghai and Ningxia Hui Minority Region
     甘青宁回族女性传统社会与文化变迁研究
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     The Traditional Village Housing in Shanghai Suburbs
     上海农村传统住宅调查
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  对传统
     SOCIALIST MARKET ECONOMY SYSTEM SHOULD BE TO SUBLATE THE TRADITIONAL PLANNED ECONOMY SYSTEM
     社会主义市场经济体制应是对传统计划经济体制的扬弃
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     Reconsidering the Traditional Theories on the Nature of Art
     对传统的艺术本质特征论的重新审视
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     This paper introduces the influence of digital library on the traditional library,and from the present situation of library's professional ranks,expounds the quality that the librarians of the digital library should possess.
     介绍了数字图书馆对传统图书馆工作的影响,从图书馆专业队伍的现状出发,阐述了数字图书馆员应具备的素质。
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     The contemporary martial arts sport development should strengthen its education to spread to accept, promoting the localization of martial arts sport education, and isa corresponding a point of our race athletics the martial arts' internationalization, passing the culture of the traditional martial arts education can spread to form a passing bridge researching, technique and cultural study, in order to promote the traditional martial arts culture spread to accept extensively in the international society.
     当代武术运动发展应加强其教育传承,促进武术运动的本土化教育,并把武术作为我国民族体育国际化的一个切入点,通过对传统武术文化的教育传承研究,架起技术层面和文化层面相联系的中间桥梁,促进传统武术文化在国际社会的广泛传承。
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     According to the bad conditions such as oil field,coal mine in which the instrument was used and the characteristics of NIRS,improved the traditional lock-in amplifier and designed a new one which was fit for gas detection.
     由于仪器主要用于油田、煤矿等工作环境相对恶劣的地方,其工作电压不稳定,另外根据近红外光谱的特点,对传统的锁相放大器进行了改进,设计了一种适合瓦斯气体浓度检测中的锁相放大器。
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  “the traditional”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Research of the Quality Control Method of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Liuweidihuang Pills
     六味地黄丸的质量控制方法研究
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     Expression of Th1/Th2 Types Cytokines & Transcription Factor T-bet mRNA in PBMC of the Patients with Alopecia Areata and Its Regulation by the Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicines
     斑秃患者PBMC中Th1/Th2型细胞因子、转录因子T-bet mRNA表达状况及中药对其调节作用
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     Study on the Traditional Opera Shengqiang (Voice and Tune) of China Han Nationality
     中国汉民族戏曲声腔类属研究
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     Effects of the traditional chinese medicine antiinflammation No. 6 on the production of prostaglandin E and lysozyme and expression of membrane C_(3b) receptors by rat peritoneal macrophages
     中药抗炎6号对大鼠腹腔巨噬细胞产生PGE、溶菌酶及C_3b受体表达的影响
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     An Assessment on Applying the Computer Software of the Traditional Chinese Medicine experts to 4270 cases during clinical Practice
     中医专家电脑软件临床应用4270例次的评价
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  the traditional
(4) The original-location method, which corresponds with the traditional removal-location method, was founded and used to determine the SML thickness.
      
Accordingly, the traditional preparation method of magnetic fluid can be simplified greatly.
      
They are tested and compared with the traditional similarity-based verification approach on several databases with different features and classifiers.
      
However, a ripple current occurs in the inactive phase due to the diode freewheeling during the non-commutation period in the traditional pulse width modulation (PWM) methods, which aggravates the torque ripples.
      
The traditional snake initial contour should be close to the true boundary of an object of interest in an image; otherwise, an incorrect result will be obtained.
      
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We treat the problem of solar activity in the long run.The data used include the semi-empirical maxima and minima since 1610 A.D.The method differs from the traditional sun-spot statistics in the following respects: 1.A time-spot number curve using alternative positive and negative smoothed monthly mean number (R) in succesive 11-year cycles is used to take the magnetic property of each cycle into account.This curve is shown in Fig.1(B) as compared to the traditional curve 1(A). 2.A number termed...

We treat the problem of solar activity in the long run.The data used include the semi-empirical maxima and minima since 1610 A.D.The method differs from the traditional sun-spot statistics in the following respects: 1.A time-spot number curve using alternative positive and negative smoothed monthly mean number (R) in succesive 11-year cycles is used to take the magnetic property of each cycle into account.This curve is shown in Fig.1(B) as compared to the traditional curve 1(A). 2.A number termed the “Excitation” of the magnetic cycle E=|R_(max)|×T is introduced to describe the activity of each 22-year cycle.R_(max) is the maximum smoothed monthly mean number (R) of the two 11-year cycle belonging to this 22-year magnetic cycle;T is the corresponding period.A curve showing the fluctuations of E in the course of time is shown in Fig.2. Inspection of Figs 1(B) and 2 Suggests the following possible regularities:There exists similarity between groups of successive magnetic cycles both in the [R-t] and [E-t] curve. In fact,the following groups of magnetic cycles are similar:[1600]—1689.5,1689.5— 1755.2,1755.2—1823.3,1933.8—[2020] each group contains 3 or 4 magnetic cycles. The year in brackets are estimated ones.The group 1823—1933.8 is believed to be the end of a long term starting possibly from 1500.The present group which started from 1933.8 is believed to be the beginning of a new long term. With these similarity in mind,we predict the traditional 20~(th) cycle to be a major one.This agrees with the result of Minis but contradicts to those of Gleissberg and Herrinck.

本文论述了三百多年来的太阳活动的粗略规律,提出了处理本问题的另一方式,并对今后二、三十年太阳活动趋势提出了自己的看法.

The development of silicate crystals after their "birth", is a very complicated process; in this connexion the traditional ideas have to be reconsidered. During the development, simple microlites are turning to complicated ones, and they serve as the starthing point from which various forms of skeletal crystals grow. The origins of dendrites, spherulites palmites, lobe-ites, and particularly of the hour-structure of crystals are discussed.

硅酸盐晶体自其“诞生”之后,在成长发育中,经历了复杂的过程。传统的关于硅酸盐晶体发育概念须要加以丰富和改正。通过大量工艺岩石学和实验岩石学工作,作者认为在发育过程中先是由简单的微晶成长为复杂的微晶,然后更长成为多种多样的骸晶,最后长成为完整晶体。文中对于树枝体、球粒体、掌状体、叶状体,特别对于晶体砂钟构造进行了讨论。

In the present paper, the following five systematic steps for microidentification of organic compounds have been studied: 1. Detection of elements: A rapid and simple micro-method was developed for the detection of fourteen important hetero-elements(N, F, Cl, Br, I, S, P, As, Sb, Hg, Si, Sn, B, Fe)in organic compounds. The sample having been broken down by Schoniger oxygen-flask combustion, the resulting ions were separated and detected by using Weisz ring oven technique. Several color reactions for the detection...

In the present paper, the following five systematic steps for microidentification of organic compounds have been studied: 1. Detection of elements: A rapid and simple micro-method was developed for the detection of fourteen important hetero-elements(N, F, Cl, Br, I, S, P, As, Sb, Hg, Si, Sn, B, Fe)in organic compounds. The sample having been broken down by Schoniger oxygen-flask combustion, the resulting ions were separated and detected by using Weisz ring oven technique. Several color reactions for the detection of nitrate, sulfate and halogen ions on ring oven have been modified to improve the selectivities as well as sensitivities. The detection limits for elements were 0.01 to 1μg in sample weighing 50—500 wg(cf Table 1, 3, 4, 5 in the Chinese text). 2. Determination of physical constants: Triphenyl silanol(m. p. 155.5℃, K=15)and triphenyl phosphine(m. p.79.5℃, K=12)have been proved to be suitable solvents in micro Rast cryscopic molecular weight determination for elemento-organic compounds. 3. Classification tests: The traditional classification by solubility has been modified for micro-analysis in two respects:(i)two new in. dicators were employed to classify the acids and bases instead of testing the solubilities in reaction solvents. Our indicators seemed to be more sensitive than those suggested by Davidson(cf. Table 8—10);(ii)Oxygen-containing compounds were detected by Ferrox test instead of testing solubility in conc. sulfuric acid. In order to increase the sensitivity of detection, the micro-technique of using ion-exchanger or silica gel grains as reaction media was employed. 4. Detection of functional groups: Based on the principle of ring-oven technique, a more simply constructed“Pinch-Clamp Line Oven”was designed. Some common organic functional groups(acid anhydrides, acid halides, alcohols, aldehydes, amines, amino acids, carbohydrates, carboxylic acids, esters, glycols, ketones, phenols)have been detected with this specific tool.(see Table 11). 5. Preparation of derivatives: The specific reagents for identifying aldehydes, 1,2-bis anilino ethane(DAE)and 1,2-bis(p-bromo benzyl amino)ethane(DBE)heve been studied. Owing to its higher molecular weight and the lower solubilities of its aldehyde derivatives, DBE seemed to be more suitable than DAE for the micro-iden-ti fication of water-insoluble aldehydes in organic mediums. Aldehyde derivatives prepared from the two reagents could be charact-erized not only by their sharp melting points(see Table 12)but also by their well-defined crystalline forms. Thirty-two photomic-rographs of these crystalline derivatives have been taken for this purpose(see fig 2—33). The neutral equivalent weights of DAE and DBE derivatives determined by non-aqueous titration will be added as further aid in identi-fication. A micro-manipulation for titration was developed.

1.用氧瓶燃烧法与环炉技术相结合检定了有机化合物中14种重要杂元素,检出限度为0.01—1微克,样品取量50微克至500微克。 2.提出了用三苯基硅甲醇(K=15)及三苯基膦(K=12)作为Rast法测定分子量的溶剂,适合于测定某些元素有机化合物的分子量。 3.用两种灵敏度较高的指示剂于分组试验,并放进了硫氰酸铁试氧法,使分组系统与习用已久的溶解度分组系统相同,而试验方法适合于微量分析。 4.用线炉技术检定了12种重要有机功能团。 5.合成了1,2-二(对溴苄氨基)乙烷作为鉴定醛类的专属性试剂,用它制备了二十余科醛类衍生物,熔点一般分布在75—210℃之间。并摄制了这些衍生物与用1,2-二苯氨基乙烷制得的醛类衍生物共三十余种结晶的显微照片,进行化学显微鉴定。提出了微量非水滴定测定这些衍生物中和当量的方法。

 
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