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eggplant
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  茄子
    Artificial Immunization on Verticillium Wilt of Eggplant
    茄子黄萎病(Verticillium dahliae)人工免疫研究初报
短句来源
    2) of the four stocks,Tolubamu had the strongest resistance to Verticillium Wilt,followed by CRP,Red Eggplant and GS2.
    2)托鲁巴姆对茄子黄萎病的抗性最强,其次为CRP、赤茄和GS2.
短句来源
    The effect of 40 mg·L-1 Ce(SO4)2 on the germination of eggplant under chilling temperature stress was investigated.
    研究了40 mg·L-1 Ce(SO4)2对茄子种子低温萌发的影响。
    The Characterization of Antagonistic Bacterium B 1 to Verticillium Wilt of Eggplant
    茄子黄萎病拮抗细菌B_1的筛选
短句来源
    THE APPLICATION AND EFFECTS OF ZST-1 A NEW PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR ON EGGPLANT
    新型植物生长调节剂ZST-I在茄子上的应用效果
短句来源
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    2) of the four stocks,Tolubamu had the strongest resistance to Verticillium Wilt,followed by CRP,Red Eggplant and GS2.
    2)托鲁巴姆对子黄萎病的抗性最强,其次为CRP、赤和GS2.
短句来源
    Comparatively,eggplant varieties,Fengyan 1, Zhongduwandunzao,Zhongdu special culture,Chengdumo,Yuzhao 2,Xiangyan 2 and Yonguan,had the strong resistantance;
    相比较之下 ,丰研一号、种都万吨早、种都特别培育、成都墨、渝早 2号、湘研 2号和油罐7个品种为较强抗性品种 ;
短句来源
    The trial used five kinds of stock to investigate the effect of eggplant root rot controlling by graft and affinity,yeild,quality determining. The result showed that the eggplant root rot can be prevented and controlled effectively by graft.
    选用 5种砧木进行子嫁接 ,通过对子嫁接亲和性测定 ,嫁接子根腐病的防治效果调查 ,嫁接苗对子产量效益的测定及对子果实品质影响的分析 ,结果表明 ,子嫁接可有效地控制根腐病的发生与为害 ,而且 ,嫁接后的产值、产量以及子品质都较好。
短句来源
    STUDIES ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PEST INSECTS AND THEIR NATURAL ENEMIES IN THE EGGPLANT FIELDS IN GUIYANG
    贵阳地区地生境中害虫和益虫的关系
短句来源
    Studies on the Chemical Controlling Eggplant Verticillium Wilt
    黄萎病化学防治试验初报
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  “eggplant”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Study on the Relationship between the Baring egg Plant and the Eggs
    棉田棉铃虫着卵株率和百株卵量关系模型的建立与应用
短句来源
    Average ratio of distribution for thrips adult on leaves of upper,media and low parts of eggplant is 51 3%,32.4% and 16.6%,and that for nymph is 31.8%,44.7% and 23.5% respectively. Distribution ratio for adult thrips on upper side and backside of a leaf is 56.27% and 43.73%,and that for nymph is 26.59% and 73 41%,respectively.
    成虫与若虫种群数量,在植株上、中、下不同叶位上的平均分布比例分别为513%,321%,16.6%和31.8%,44.7%,23.5%,在同一张叶片的叶面、叶背上平均分布比例分别为56.27%,43.73%和26.59%,73.41%。
短句来源
    It was found that cells of strain 90B4-2-2 could control bacterial wilt of tomato, eggplant and tobacco.
    细菌 90B4 2 2对茄果类作物青枯病和烟草青枯病等有良好的防效。
短句来源
    It was showed that the most suitable temperature for mycelium growth is 25 ℃,and the favorable pH was 5~8. The production of sclerotia is the most when the temperature is from 20 ℃ to 25 ℃ and the relative pH is 5. By research, it was found that the main local eggplant cultivars were not resistant to Sclerotinia sclrotiorum.
    结果表明该菌最适生长温度为 2 5℃ ,以 2 0~ 2 5℃产菌核数最多 ,最适生长pH值为 5~ 8,当pH值为 5时 ,产菌核量最大。
短句来源
    Activities of CAT,POD,PPO in rootstock were the highest, followed by grafted eggplant and contrast.
    CAT、POD、PPO的活性依次为砧木>嫁接株>对照。
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  eggplant
The effects of salinity on the morphogenesis of various organs of kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) plants grown in nosterile culture and of explants from these organs grown in vitro were studied.
      
Tomato rootstock effects on gene expression patterns in eggplant scions
      
Here, using carefully produced "tomato + eggplant" grafts, we studied a possible effect of tomato rootstocks on gene expression of eggplant scions.
      
It was found that the tomato rootstock could up-or down-regulate gene expression of the eggplant scions.
      
A gas chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric (GC-MS-MS) method for analysis of 30 multi-class pesticide residues in four vegetables (cucumber, marrow, pepper, and eggplant) and two fruits (melon and watermelon) has been developed and validated.
      
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During 1959-1960 tests were made of the suscept range of the sweet potato wilt organ-ism,ps.batatae Cheng and Faan.Twenty-seven species of plants belonging to 12 familieswere artificially inoculated.The results show that potato (Solanum tuberosum L.),tomato(Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.),pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.),eggplant (Solanummelongena L.) and wild tobacco (Nicotiana glutinosa L.) are susceptible.This is in agreementwith the opinion of sweet potato growers in various localities and the experimental...

During 1959-1960 tests were made of the suscept range of the sweet potato wilt organ-ism,ps.batatae Cheng and Faan.Twenty-seven species of plants belonging to 12 familieswere artificially inoculated.The results show that potato (Solanum tuberosum L.),tomato(Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.),pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.),eggplant (Solanummelongena L.) and wild tobacco (Nicotiana glutinosa L.) are susceptible.This is in agreementwith the opinion of sweet potato growers in various localities and the experimental result ob-tained by Hwang and his coworkers in Kwangsi.They claimed that,with the exception ofwild tobacco which is not a crop plant,all the other 4 plant species are natural suscepts ofthe disease.The authors of the present paper suggest that these plants should not be used asrotation crops.The other 21 species of plants belonging to 12 families including Chinese radish (Raphanussativus L.),pumpkins (Cucurbita moschata Duch.),tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and Moon-flower (Calonyction aculeatum House) which are considered by the Kwangsi workers and bysome farmers to be natural suscepts of the disease were found to be immune to the disease.These plants are as follows:—Araceae:Colocacia antiquorum Schott;Amaryllidaceae:Alliumfistulosum L.and A.sativum L.;Compositae:Helianthus annuus L.and Zinnia elegans Jacq.;Cruciferae:Raphanus sativus L.,Brassica juncea (L.) Cossm.and B.alboglabra Bailey;Con-volvulaceae:Calonyction aculeatum (L.) House and Ipomoea hederacea (L.) Jacq.;Cucurbita-ceae:Cucumis sativus L.and Cucurbita moschata Duch.;Euphorbiaceae:Ricinnus communisL.;Gramineae:Zea mays L.;Malvaceae:Gossypium indicum L.;Papilionaceae:Arachis hypo-goea L.,Vicia fabae L.,Glycine soja (L.) S.and Z.and Vigna sesquipedalis Fruwirth;Pedaliaceae:Sesamum orientale L.;Solanaceae:Nicotiana tabacum L.var.Havana 38 andDatura metel L.

1959—1960年,对甘薯细菌性枯萎病菌(Pseudomonas batatae Cheng andFaan)的侵染专化性进行了试验。供试的植物共12科27种。人工接种试验结果:除甘薯外本菌还能侵染马铃薯、番茄、辣椒、茄子和心叶菸等5种植物,和雨广很多病区农民所反映的情况以及黄亮等在广西的试验结果相符合。其他12科21种植物包括黄亮等所认为是本病的寄主的萝卜、芥菜、菸草、月光花和南瓜等,经二次重复试验结果都不感病,初步说明它们不是本菌的寄主。

Results of comparative studies of 22 isolates of Pseudomonas solanac-earum Smith from nine host plants, including tomato, eggplant, potato,peanut, sweet potato, ginger,mulberry,common olive and horsetail beef-wood, proved that they are similar in their main morphological,cult-ural physiological and biochemical properties.The causal organism ofthe blast disease of the sweet potato, formerly identified as a new spec-ies Pseudomonas batatas Tseng and Fan,should be renamed as Pseudomonassolanacearum Smith....

Results of comparative studies of 22 isolates of Pseudomonas solanac-earum Smith from nine host plants, including tomato, eggplant, potato,peanut, sweet potato, ginger,mulberry,common olive and horsetail beef-wood, proved that they are similar in their main morphological,cult-ural physiological and biochemical properties.The causal organism ofthe blast disease of the sweet potato, formerly identified as a new spec-ies Pseudomonas batatas Tseng and Fan,should be renamed as Pseudomonassolanacearum Smith. Besides differences in pathogenicity, isolates fromdifferent hosts plants also show some minor differences in physiologicaland biochemical properties. Based upon their pathogen icity, isolates fromthe tomato,egg plant,ginger,peanut,sweet potato,common oliveand horsetail beefwood can be grouped in the race I described by Bud-denhagen,isolates from the potato belong to the race 3.Based upon theirability to utilize different sugars and alcohols, isolates from the tomato,egg plant, peanut and common olive belong to the biotype Ⅱ,isolatesfrom the sweet potato, ginger and horsetail beefwood belong to the bio-type IV,isolates from potato belong to the biotype Ⅱ.According to theirability to ferment the carbohydrates used to diffrentiate the biotypes,isolates from the mulberry tree can be put in the biotype I,but theyare quite differrent from the race I in their pathogenicity and hypersen-sive reactions. The optimun temperature of growth of the isolates fromthe potato, sweet potato and mulberry is around 28℃.They belong tothe low temperature type.Those isolates of the low temperature typewere found to be less tolerant to the higher concentrations of salt solut-ions.

根据番茄、茄、马铃薯、花生、甘薯、姜、桑、油橄榄、木麻黄九种植物上22个青枯菌的菌株,进行形态、染色、生理生化反应、致病性等方面的比较研究的结果,证明它们都是属于青枯假单胞菌(Pseudomonas solanacearumSmith)。因此,以前报道的甘薯瘟的病原细菌Pseudomonas batatas Tsengand Fan,应改为Pseudomonas solanacearum Sncith,不同寄主青枯菌菌株,它们的有些生理生化反应有明显的差异,但更为明显的是它们的致病性不同。测定的7种寄主上的青枯菌菌株,根据它们对茄的致病力很强,番茄、茄、姜、花生、甘薯、油橄榄和木麻黄菌株可归入小种1;马铃薯菌株对马铃薯的致病力很强,而对茄、番茄和辣椒的致病力中等,归入小种3。属于小种1的7种植物的菌株,致病性也有所不同,它们可作为不同的菌系。桑菌株的致病性较为特殊,很难归入已报道的小种。根据对6种糖和醇的利用以及脱氮作用的能力,番茄、茄、花生、油橄榄菌株属生物型Ⅱ;姜、木麻黄、甘薯菌株属生物型Ⅳ;马铃薯菌株属生物型Ⅱ,桑菌株属生物型Ⅰ。但桑菌株人工接种不侵染茄和马铃薯。烟叶过敏反应的测定表现黄斑而从未表现过敏...

根据番茄、茄、马铃薯、花生、甘薯、姜、桑、油橄榄、木麻黄九种植物上22个青枯菌的菌株,进行形态、染色、生理生化反应、致病性等方面的比较研究的结果,证明它们都是属于青枯假单胞菌(Pseudomonas solanacearumSmith)。因此,以前报道的甘薯瘟的病原细菌Pseudomonas batatas Tsengand Fan,应改为Pseudomonas solanacearum Sncith,不同寄主青枯菌菌株,它们的有些生理生化反应有明显的差异,但更为明显的是它们的致病性不同。测定的7种寄主上的青枯菌菌株,根据它们对茄的致病力很强,番茄、茄、姜、花生、甘薯、油橄榄和木麻黄菌株可归入小种1;马铃薯菌株对马铃薯的致病力很强,而对茄、番茄和辣椒的致病力中等,归入小种3。属于小种1的7种植物的菌株,致病性也有所不同,它们可作为不同的菌系。桑菌株的致病性较为特殊,很难归入已报道的小种。根据对6种糖和醇的利用以及脱氮作用的能力,番茄、茄、花生、油橄榄菌株属生物型Ⅱ;姜、木麻黄、甘薯菌株属生物型Ⅳ;马铃薯菌株属生物型Ⅱ,桑菌株属生物型Ⅰ。但桑菌株人工接种不侵染茄和马铃薯。烟叶过敏反应的测定表现黄斑而从未表现过敏反应,它的归属尚待进一步研究。青枯假单胞菌划分为小种和生物型,目前意见还不一致,加上我们测定的菌株有限,有关这方面的工作,也待进一步研究。此外,马铃薯、甘薯和桑菌株的生长适温是28℃,它们属于低温型菌株。这些低温型菌株的耐盐性较差。

22 isolates of VerticiUium dahliae from Jiangsu Province were studied inthe seedlings of cotton with root-dip method in greenhouse.Accordimg to thereaction types on six cotton varieties of different resistance,isolates were dif-ferentiated into three reaction type groups.Type I was characterized hy severedefoliating virulence.Type Ⅲ showed a mild wilt with yellow spots.Type Ⅱwas an intermediate type with indefoliated dead leaves.Beside cotton,more host plants including pepper,eggplant,cowpea,soybean,tomoto...

22 isolates of VerticiUium dahliae from Jiangsu Province were studied inthe seedlings of cotton with root-dip method in greenhouse.Accordimg to thereaction types on six cotton varieties of different resistance,isolates were dif-ferentiated into three reaction type groups.Type I was characterized hy severedefoliating virulence.Type Ⅲ showed a mild wilt with yellow spots.Type Ⅱwas an intermediate type with indefoliated dead leaves.Beside cotton,more host plants including pepper,eggplant,cowpea,soybean,tomoto and the others were tested for the pathogenicity of these three reactiontype groups of Verticillium dahliae.Different symtoms were observed on indivi-dual host plant.

自江苏省主要产棉区分离到棉花黄萎病菌(V.dahliae)17个菌株,在棉花苗期,用一定浓度的孢子悬浮液蘸根接种,接种后在23—25℃的温室内培养,观察发病的反应型.根据各菌株在海岛棉米努菲416、中棉江阴白籽、陆地棉陕西721、鲁棉1号及徐州142等不同抗性的棉花品种上的反应型,测定菌株致病力的强弱显然不同,可分为致病力强的Ⅰ型、致病力弱的Ⅲ型和致病力中等的Ⅱ型.致病力强的Ⅰ型引起落叶,亦称作落叶型菌株,目前只在我国局部地区发现。除棉花外,致病力强弱不同的菌株接种在大豆、豇豆等11种植物上的症状反应也有明显的盖异.

 
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