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partial obstruction    
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  部分梗阻
    Nineteen cats were randomly divided into two groups,7 cats (group A)recieved about 200 times spotty injections of total of 2 ml of 94% alcohol in pancreatic parenchyma and 12 cats(group B) underwent intraductal alcohol,partial obstruction of the main pancreatic duct(MPD) and intraparenchymal alcohol.
    19只猫随机分成A组和B组。 A组7只接受全胰腺点状注射酒精,B组12只经主胰管插管注射酒精,并将导管留在主胰管内造成主胰管部分梗阻,再全胰腺点状注射酒精。
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  完全梗阻
    B-ultrasonography demonstrated complete obstructed pylorus in l case and partial obstruction in 3.No pyloric mass was found.
    B超检查示幽门完全梗阻1例,不完全梗阻3例,均未见幽门肿块。
短句来源
    Results Among the 108 patients , chronic partial obstruction occurred in 80(74.1%),acute complete obstruction in 28(25 9%).
    结果 此组病例中,慢性不全梗阻80 例(74-1% ) ,急性完全梗阻28 例(25-9% );
短句来源
    We had performed myelographies in 78 cases. It showed partial obstruction in 69 cases, complete obstruction in 7 cases.
    78例行脊髓碘油造影:不全梗阻67例,完全梗阻7例。
短句来源
    A thin mixture of barium meal in empty stomach revealed complete obstruction(1), partial obstruction(1) and no obstruction(2).
    GI检查常先行胃肠减压等治疗后继用少量造影剂检查,完全和不完全梗阻各1例,无征象2例。 瓣膜位于胃窦部1例行单纯瓣膜切除术;
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  不全梗阻
    Four cases of whom were partial obstruction the bile duct pressure was 14.4±3.0 cmH_2O.
    34例中4例为不全梗阻,胆管压14.4±3.0 cmH_2O。
短句来源
    Results Among the 108 patients , chronic partial obstruction occurred in 80(74.1%),acute complete obstruction in 28(25 9%).
    结果 此组病例中,慢性不全梗阻80 例(74-1% ) ,急性完全梗阻28 例(25-9% );
短句来源
    Influence of Reversible Common Bile Duct Partial Obstruction on the Function of Sphincter of Oddi in Dogs
    犬可复性胆总管不全梗阻对Oddi括约肌功能影响的实验研究
短句来源
    We had performed myelographies in 78 cases. It showed partial obstruction in 69 cases, complete obstruction in 7 cases.
    78例行脊髓碘油造影:不全梗阻67例,完全梗阻7例。
短句来源
    98 8 percent of chronic partial obstruction and 46 4 percent of acute complete obstruction were caused by colon cancer, the other causes of acute complete obstruction included volvulus (7 cases ) and intussusception (7 cases ), 93.5 percent of colonic obstruction were resolved by surgical resection and the mortality rate was 7.4 percent.
    慢性不全梗阻中有79 例(98-8% )为结肠癌引起,急性完全性肠梗阻中结肠癌13 例,占46- 4% ,肠扭转和肠套叠占50 % 。 手术切除率93-5 % ,死亡率7.4 % 。
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  partial obstruction
Electron microscopy of cells infected with a gE mutant revealed accumulations of particles within cytoplasmic vesicles, consistent with a partial obstruction of maturation.
      
Partial obstruction of the rabbit bladder outlet induces a rapid hypertrophy characterized by increased bladder mass, increased smooth muscle content, and increased collagen deposition.
      
Partial obstruction of the small intestine results in dysmotility and morphometric changes proximal to the site of obstruction.
      
Partial obstruction was created surgically in 2 groups of animals living for 2 and 4 weeks.
      
We sought to determine the effect of partial obstruction on mechanical and morphologic properties of the guinea pig small intestine.
      
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26 patients with intestinal obstruction were treated with 20% mannitol orally in 1979 - 1980. They were given a dose of 100 - 150 ml for adult. The dosage was repeated after 1 ?3 hrs. if clinical symptoms were not improved.Side effects did not appear even after repeating thrice. Of these cases, 14 responded satisfactorily, with an average of 4 days of hospitalization; the remaining 12 failed to respond to rnannitol and were found to have meachanical obstruction at laparatomy. Mannitol is a hexahydroxy alcohol....

26 patients with intestinal obstruction were treated with 20% mannitol orally in 1979 - 1980. They were given a dose of 100 - 150 ml for adult. The dosage was repeated after 1 ?3 hrs. if clinical symptoms were not improved.Side effects did not appear even after repeating thrice. Of these cases, 14 responded satisfactorily, with an average of 4 days of hospitalization; the remaining 12 failed to respond to rnannitol and were found to have meachanical obstruction at laparatomy. Mannitol is a hexahydroxy alcohol. When taken orally.it is poorly absorbed by digestive tract, so it may serve as a mild laxative. Due to its hypertonicity, it may be used to reduce the edema of intestinal mucosa,and to increase motor activity of guts. Consequently,it facilitates the transit of bowel content and relieves obstruction. Clinically, this therapy appears to be simple, safe, economical and effective in the management of paralytic and partial obstruction.

1979年3月—80年3月用口服20%甘露醇(100-150毫升一次)溶液治疗肠梗阻26例,收到满意的效果.26例中14例(54%)梗阻解除,痊愈出院,平均住院4天.无效之12例手术探查均发现有机械性梗阻.甘露醇为多醇糖,口服后很少被肠道吸收,且具有缓泻作用.其高渗作用可减轻肠壁水肿,改善肠道功能,有利于疏通肠道和解除梗阻.通过临床观察发现口服甘露醇对某些麻痹性和部份性肠梗阻具有简便,无害、价廉、收效快等优点,可在临床推广使用.

The prospective study was performed in 34 cases with malignant biliary tract obstruction.The purpose of this research was to study the pressure, the hepatic lesion and the correlation between them.Four cases of whom were partial obstruction the bile duct pressure was 14.4±3.0 cmH_2O. Twentyone cases obstructed in the middle and lower part of the CBD,the bile duct pressure was 37.9±1.5 cmH_2O. Nine cases were port hepatic bile duct obstruction, the pressure of the first branched hepatic duct was 29.7±2.6...

The prospective study was performed in 34 cases with malignant biliary tract obstruction.The purpose of this research was to study the pressure, the hepatic lesion and the correlation between them.Four cases of whom were partial obstruction the bile duct pressure was 14.4±3.0 cmH_2O. Twentyone cases obstructed in the middle and lower part of the CBD,the bile duct pressure was 37.9±1.5 cmH_2O. Nine cases were port hepatic bile duct obstruction, the pressure of the first branched hepatic duct was 29.7±2.6 cmH_2O, the second one was 21.0±0.4 cmH_2O. The alteration of liver at the microscopy and the electric microscopy was described in detail, the cause of hepatic damage and the source of bilirubinemia were discussed in the article.

本文对34例恶性胆道梗阻病人进行前瞻性研究,旨在探讨梗阻后胆道压力,肝脏病理损害程度及其相互关系。34例中4例为不全梗阻,胆管压14.4±3.0 cmH_2O。21例为胆总管中下段完全梗阻,胆管压37.9±1.5 cmH_2O。9例为肝门胆管完全梗阻,Ⅰ级胆管压29.7±2.6 cmH_2O,Ⅱ级胆管压21.0±0.4 cmH_2O。并描述了肝脏损伤的光镜及电镜下改变,对肝脏损伤的原因及高胆红素血症胆红素的来源进行讨论。

85 cases of cervical spondylosis with myeldopathy were reported. The average age of the patients were 51.2 years. 64 cases were from 38 years to 55 years(74. 29%). 21 cases were above 55 years(24. 71%). Lateral X-ray films taken with hyperfiexed necks showed narrowing of intervieral discs. 77 cases(90.59%) were disc instability. 76 cases (89.41%) were disc narrow. 49 cases (57.65%) were posterior angulation. 73 cases(85. 88%) were posterior osteophytes. We had performed myelographies in 78 cases. It showed partial...

85 cases of cervical spondylosis with myeldopathy were reported. The average age of the patients were 51.2 years. 64 cases were from 38 years to 55 years(74. 29%). 21 cases were above 55 years(24. 71%). Lateral X-ray films taken with hyperfiexed necks showed narrowing of intervieral discs. 77 cases(90.59%) were disc instability. 76 cases (89.41%) were disc narrow. 49 cases (57.65%) were posterior angulation. 73 cases(85. 88%) were posterior osteophytes. We had performed myelographies in 78 cases. It showed partial obstruction in 69 cases, complete obstruction in 7 cases. The associated manifestations indicated that 43 cases(50. 59%)associated narrowing of vertebral canals and the patients associating ossification of posteuor longitudinal ligament (OPPL) were 17 cases (20%). About the treatment, we had operated at C_4-C_7 through the anterior approach in 60 cases and at C_3-C_6 through the posterior approach in 455 cases.

85例的平均年龄51.2岁,其中38~55岁占74.29%.55岁以上占24.7%。颈椎过屈过伸位X线片示多节段的颈椎不稳.椎间隙变窄.向后成角畸形和椎体后骨刺。78例行脊髓碘油造影:不全梗阻67例,完全梗阻7例。合并椎管狭窄者43例占50.59%,后纵韧带骨化者(OPLL)17例占20%。手术方式前路60例在C_4—C_7间,后路25例在C_3—C_5间进行。因此前路多节段减压及植骨融合是提高疗效的一项重要措施。

 
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