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locational choice
相关语句
  区位选择
    The locational choice for China’s enterprises to make direct investment in foreign countries
    中国企业对外直接投资的区位选择
短句来源
    Second, from the point of locational choice of firms, the article discusses the form mechanism of industrial clusters.
    然后,本章从企业区位选择的角度出发,探讨产业集群的形成机理。
短句来源
    In the process of making direct investment in foreign countries,the right locational choice is a matter of great importance for the enterprises to get productivity effect and benefits.
    在对外直接投资过程中 ,正确的区位选择 ,对企业获取生产要素 ,从而获取最佳投资收益至关重要。
短句来源
    This paper analyses the decisive factors that have a bearing on the locational choice of China’s enterpries,offering some suggestions to China’s enterprises for the right locational choices.
    本文从理论和实践两方面 ,对影响中国企业对外直接投资区位选择的决定因素进行了分析 ,并对 2 1世纪中国企业对外直接投资区位选择提出了一点建议
短句来源
  “locational choice”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Analysis of Industrial Cluster and the Model of Locational Choice of Firms
    产业集聚与公司选址模型分析
短句来源
    Based on the research on the location of firms in asymmetric regions by Pones,We consider a two-location model of locational choice of firms in view of transport costs.
    首先以 Pontes(2003)非对称区域中公司选址研究为基础,建立了一个考虑运输成本因素的两区位公司选址模型。
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  locational choice
Research findings indicate that there is substantial variation across African-American and white households in the determinants of locational choice among South Central LA, other parts of Los Angeles, and Inland Empire (San Bernardino County) areas.
      
A sample survey of 26,903 Pennsylvania public and nonpublic high school seniors illustrated the role that specific background variables play in determining locational choice.
      
Their locational choice depends on income and housing budget, proximity to good schools and shopping centers, and information from friends or earlier migrants.
      
Public policy, locational choice and the innovation capability of high-tech firms: A comparison between Israel and Ireland
      
The cost of commuting is assumed to be a major determinant of locational choice.
      
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Locational researchers are interested in not only the principles of location choice for an individual firm, but also the spatial allocation of an industry. This paper attends to study the production allocation in space for such industries as iron and steel, nonferrous metal, and organic synthesis etc, in each of which firms are quite big in scale, but the total number of them is small, thereby locational choice for each of them has a quite great effect on the others. Otherwise, the demands of these industries...

Locational researchers are interested in not only the principles of location choice for an individual firm, but also the spatial allocation of an industry. This paper attends to study the production allocation in space for such industries as iron and steel, nonferrous metal, and organic synthesis etc, in each of which firms are quite big in scale, but the total number of them is small, thereby locational choice for each of them has a quite great effect on the others. Otherwise, the demands of these industries distribute unequally in space. For this kind of industries the analytical methods used by Weber and Losch appear to be invalid because their presumptions do not exist here. Weber's theory needs to be given the material and product sale sites for each one, therefore it does not consider the spatial competition in the same industry. Losch's theory ignores the unequality of resource and product demand distribution in space. The author of this paper proposed a linear model with its dual for explaining the spatial allocation of this kind of industries.First, the author assumes that there are many production sites available for an industry which has given materials supply and markets. Also he makes capacity bih and unit cost fih of material h in its site i as well as demand amount qj; of the product in its sale place j presumptively. Simultaneously there are some exogenous variables such as unit product processing cost ci; of production site i, transport cost rate t; of material h from its site i to production site j,transport cost rate tij of the product from production site i to its sale place j. Then the spatial allocation of the industry can be reduced to a linear programming problem as follow:Where rh =technique coefficient related to material h;xij=transport amounts of material h from its site i;to production site j;yi =output of the product in production site i;zij=transport amounts of the product from production site i to sale place j.The model is to minimize the total cost including the production and transport both for material and product under the capacity of every material site and the demand quantites of every market. Its solution is composed of the output from every material and product site, as well as transport amounts from material sites to product processing sites, and then to the markets. Based upon spatial price equilibrium the author sets up the dual model of the linear programming. Its objective function is to maximize the industrial economic income obtained from the production and transport of materials and products: Its constraints are as follows:<1> The difference between the product shadow prices in a market and production site is not in excess of the transport cost rate conneected the two places:pj-ωi≤tij <2> The difference between the product shadow prices and its material cost is not in excess of its production cost per unit at every producing site: <3> The difference between shadow price of a material at production site and the economic rent at its site is not in excess of the sum of its unit cost added transport cost rate connected the two places: where pj= shadow price of the product at sale place j wi=shadow price of the product at production place i vjh=shadow price of material h at product processing site j uih=shadow price or economic rent of material h at its site i From solving the dual model, what can be got are the shadow prices of the materials and product at respective places. Thus, the solutions of the primary and its dual model give out the industrial distribution in space with the minimum-total-cost and shadow prices of the materials and product at respective locations.Afterwards, the author seeks the relationships between solutions of the two models from spatial price equilibrium, and gets following results: <1> The product is transported to a sale place from a production site only when the difference of the shadow prices offsets the transport cost rate between the two places:(pj-ωi-tij)zij = 0<2> The product is produced only when the shadow price blances its per unit cos

本文研究诸如钢铁、有色金属、基本化工等一类行业的空间配置。由于韦勃、廖施的理论的一些前提条件在这里不存在,使得他们的研究方法显得十分不足。本文作者建立了具有对偶的线性规划模式来解决这类行业的空间配置。这一对模式的解给出了具有最小行业总成本的配置方案和与之相应的产品和原料在各个区位的影子价格。尤其是作者依据空间价格均衡找出了原模式与对偶模式的解之间的关系,这些关系是行业空间配置优化的效率条件。

There are locational differences in the development of world economy.In the process of making direct investment in foreign countries,the right locational choice is a matter of great importance for the enterprises to get productivity effect and benefits.This paper analyses the decisive factors that have a bearing on the locational choice of China’s enterpries,offering some suggestions to China’s enterprises for the right locational choices.

世界经济发展格局中存在着区位条件的差异。在对外直接投资过程中 ,正确的区位选择 ,对企业获取生产要素 ,从而获取最佳投资收益至关重要。本文从理论和实践两方面 ,对影响中国企业对外直接投资区位选择的决定因素进行了分析 ,并对 2 1世纪中国企业对外直接投资区位选择提出了一点建议

This paper address the issue of the Iocational choice of clusters of firms.Based on the research on the location of firms in asymmetric regions by Pones,We consider a two-location model of locational choice of firms in view of transport costs. Considering transport costs of product,two downstream firms will simultaneously locate in the large region.Considering transport costs of intermediate goods,the upstream firm chooses to locate the same region with two downstream firms.In the end,we indicate regional...

This paper address the issue of the Iocational choice of clusters of firms.Based on the research on the location of firms in asymmetric regions by Pones,We consider a two-location model of locational choice of firms in view of transport costs. Considering transport costs of product,two downstream firms will simultaneously locate in the large region.Considering transport costs of intermediate goods,the upstream firm chooses to locate the same region with two downstream firms.In the end,we indicate regional policy meanings of the model.

本文主要讨论产业集聚中公司选址问题。首先以 Pontes(2003)非对称区域中公司选址研究为基础,建立了一个考虑运输成本因素的两区位公司选址模型。在考虑产品运输成本的情况下,生产最终消费品的下游公司将在具有较大消费者市场的地点集聚,在考虑原材料运输成本的情况下,生产原材料的上游公司将会选择与下游公司集聚。文章最后阐述模型的实践意义和政策含义。

 
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