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interventions
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  干预
     Mechanisms of Extracellular Matrix Remodeling Mediated by TNF-α and Matrix Metalloproteinases and Pharmacological Interventions
     TNF-α和基质金属蛋白酶介导心肌间质重塑的作用机制及其药物干预研究
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     The Experimental Study of AngⅡ-p22phox-ROS Pathway Regulating Vascular Aging and siRNA Targeted Interventions
     AngⅡ-p22phox-活性氧通路介导血管衰老及siRNA靶向干预的实验研究
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     L.Walras's Adjustment Principle and Interventions by Goverment
     关于经济系统的L·Walras调节原理与政府干预
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     As for the investigated interventions,25 studies assessed TCM and 12 assessed acupuncture.
     干预措施为中医药者25篇,针灸者12篇。
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     the cost-benefit ratio after practiced the interventions was calculated.
     新发现的乙肝患者作为效益研究的对象,计算实施干预措施后的成本效益比(BCR)。
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  “interventions”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The results showed that the mean amplitude(μv) of SSR was attenuated and the mean latency(ms) was prolonged following the above three interventions : from 1319± 398 to 980± 371 μv(P<0.002)and from 1317μ 103 to 1517μ 124ms(P<0.001)after isometric contraction;
     受试者进行等长收缩后,SSR平均波幅由1319±398减少到980±371μv(P<0.002),平均潜伏期由1371±103延长至1517±124ms(P<0.001);
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     The steinstrasses required special interventions in M group were lower than in S group(20.9% vs 41.9%,P<0.05).
     需特殊处理的石街,M组(20.9%)低于S组(41.9%)(P<0.05);
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     Analysis of 2D/3D Image Data for 3D Visualization During Image-Guided Interventions
     图像导引介入治疗中可视化3D的2D/3D图像数据分析
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     Curative Effect Observation of ATP-MgCl_2 Combined with Interventions Chemotherapy for Advanced Cancer
     ATP-MgCl_2联合介入化疗晚期癌疗效观察
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     Results The largest diameter of ASD was 18 7±7 4 mm (ranged from 4 to 36 5 mm) measured by TTE before interventions in 84 cases.
     结果  84例ASD术前TTE测量缺损最大径为4 0~ 36 5mm[(18 7± 7 4 )mm]。
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  相似匹配句对
     Interventions and Responses
     介入与回应
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     Interventions: None.
     干预:无。
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  interventions
Biochemical interventions (e.g., with inhibitors of poly-(ADP-riboso)-polymerase) into the signal and executive mechanisms of PCD can change the choice of the cell death form.
      
Thus, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a major role in the development of both hypertension and heart failure and is, therefore, a key target for therapeutic interventions.
      
The increased extent of geological hazards, such as landslides, rock fall and soil erosion, have mainly due to alike developmental interventions in the natural ecosystem.
      
Due to the strict parental decision on pregnancy continuation and prohibition of any obstetric interventions during delivery, unborn child and parturient, as well as the obstetric team, were put into high professional, forensic and ethical risk.
      
Subsequent coronary interventions required modification of the Amplatz left guiding catheter, which enabled a sufficient support even for coronary artery stenting.
      
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As reported by Borst and Slater, dinitrophenol (DNP), the uncoupling agent, can under certain conditions cause an inhibition of the oxidation of succinate by intact mitochondria. We have studied this effect of DNP on succinate oxidation by respirationcontrolled rat-liver mitochondria with a vibrating platinum microelectrode and found that, in absence of added inorganic orthophosphate and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), the action of DNP is closely related to its concentrations. When DNP is added in low concentration...

As reported by Borst and Slater, dinitrophenol (DNP), the uncoupling agent, can under certain conditions cause an inhibition of the oxidation of succinate by intact mitochondria. We have studied this effect of DNP on succinate oxidation by respirationcontrolled rat-liver mitochondria with a vibrating platinum microelectrode and found that, in absence of added inorganic orthophosphate and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), the action of DNP is closely related to its concentrations. When DNP is added in low concentration (5-10μM), succinate oxidation is stimulated, the rate of respiration being increased to greater degrees with increasing concentrations of DNP up to 10μM, with no indication of any inhibition. When the DNP concentration is increased to above 30μM, however, stimulation lasts for only a short time, followed by a decrease in the rate of oxidation. The use of still higher concentrations of DNP results in increasingly lower degrees, and shorter periods, of stimulation, followed sooner by inhibition.In agreement with findings reported by other workers, a preincubation with 2mM amytal has been shown to prevent completely the inhibition of succinate oxidation by high concentrations of DNP. In addition, it has been discovered that even after the appearance of the inhibition, amytal is still effective in alleviating the DNP effect, causing a partial restoration of the respiratory rate.The addition of another uncoupling agent, arsenate, in concentrations of 2-10mM also stimulates succinate oxidation and 4mM arsenate is able to elicit a maximal rate of respiration. In contrast with DNP, no inhibition of respiration can.be observed even with the higher concentrations of arsenate used. Nevertheless, after preincubation with 2 mM amytal, the stimulation of respiration caused by arsenate is found to last for only two minutes, thereafter the rate of oxidation begins to decline and respiration gradually becomes inhibited. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is able to prevent the appearance of the inhibited phase of succinate oxidation in both cases, i.e. in either DNP or amytal-arsenate treatment, with however, slightly different efficiency. The addition of ATP enables the respiration in presence of high concentrations of DNP to proceed at a good steady rate, not more, however, than 2/3 of the maximal rate obtainable under optimal conditions, while the same amount of ADP is able to abolish completely the inhibiting effect caused by the amytal-arsenate treatment with the ensuing rate of respiration even higher than that elicited by arsenate alone.The characteristics of the inhibiting actions of these two agents on succinate oxidation and the effect of ATP on them have been discussed. The experimental evidence presented is believed to support the postulation that the oxidation of succinate in liver mitochondria requires an intervention of energy. The possibility that under certain experimental conditions, accumulation of oxaloacetate may play a part in affecting the rate of succinate oxidation is considered likely but of only minor importance.

(1)DNP对于琥珀酸氧化的影响随浓度不同而异,低浓度时,呼吸受激活,其程度随浓度升高而增強,不出現抑制現象。高浓度(30μM以上)DNP只引起短时間氧化激活,随即引起抑制,随浓度升高,抑制出現愈早,氧化激活愈小,預先加入Amytal足以防止上述抑制現象,在抑制出現后加入Amytal亦能使琥珀酸氧化部分恢复。(2)砷酸盐激活的琥珀酸氧化仅在有Amytal的条件下,才出現抑制現象。(3)ATP对上述两种情况引起的琥珀酸氧化抑制都具有一定的解除作用。(4)就实驗結果所做分析支持琥珀酸氧化需要能量激活的看法。

The central core of an earth dam is being placed by flood deposit red clay of weathered limestone. The original design specifies that the core material should be placed at a moisture content of 21-24%, to a dry density of 1.55g/cm~3 with 90% of good qualification, by employing 15-ton sheepsfoot rollers with 24 roller passes in 8—10 cm compacted layers. The natural water content of soils in the borrow areas is about 30%, and the borrow materials are excavated horizontally in layers by agricultural plowing method....

The central core of an earth dam is being placed by flood deposit red clay of weathered limestone. The original design specifies that the core material should be placed at a moisture content of 21-24%, to a dry density of 1.55g/cm~3 with 90% of good qualification, by employing 15-ton sheepsfoot rollers with 24 roller passes in 8—10 cm compacted layers. The natural water content of soils in the borrow areas is about 30%, and the borrow materials are excavated horizontally in layers by agricultural plowing method. The wet soils are dried by plowing and aerating and then hauled to the dam. In 1964, prior to the flood season, the rate of construction was rather slow, and dry loose layer, smooth surface, shear failure and poor bond between layers were often found, and there also occurred the splitting of soil layers after wetting by rain. As a result, the quality and speed of construction were greatly affected In order to cope with these problems, laboratory and field compaction tests have been carried out which show that by reducing the placement dry density to 1.50 or 1.51 g/cm~3, and increasing the moisture content to 24—28%, the requirement of stability and seepage can still be satisfied, but with a remarkable improvement of the plasticity and uniformity of the darn core, thereby those defects in quality control during construction can be basically prevented. Through the field compaction tests corresponding method of construction and compaction parameters are determined, and then actually applied in construction. The field compaction tests have also shown that the rubber-tired roller is superior to sheepsfoot roller, because the former permits higher construction moisture content, and excavation on vertical surface in the borrow area is also possible. The intervention between hauling the soil by trucks onto the dam and compacting the soil by sheepsfoot rollers is avoided. It has the advantage of simultaneously raising the dam core and the outer shells. A better uniformity of compaction is obtained and the bond between layers is also good enough though not so excellent as that produced by sheepsfoot-roller.

我国南方一座较高土坝的心墙采用了石灰岩风化洪积红粘土填筑,原设计填筑标准为干容重1.55克/厘米~3,合格率90%,含水量21~24%,用15吨羊足碾,压24遍,每层压实土厚度8~10厘米.料場天然含水量30%左右,用农业机耕方法逐层水平开采,翻晒碎土后上坝.1964年汛前施工中发现生产效率低,经常发生干松土层、光面、剪力破坏、结合不良等质量事故,还有雨后浸水分层现象,经常返工,对施工进度与质量都有很大影响.为了解决这些问题,曾进行了试验室及现場碾压试验,证明将填筑干容重降低互1.50或1.51克/厘米~3,含水量提高到24~28%,仍能满足稳定及防渗要求,而填土塑性、均勻性及耐水性有显著改善,基本上可解决施工中发生的一些质量事故,并通过现場碾压试验确定了相应的施工方法及压实参数,在工程上已实际采用.现場碾压实验中也表明气胎碾比羊足碾压实有显著的优点,可进一步提高施工含水量,有可能在料場使用立采工艺,解决汽车运土上坝与羊足碾碾压之间的矛盾,工效高,有利于坝壳与心墙平起,压实质量较均匀等,结合面质量也能满足要求,建议推广使用.

Secondary hypertension is not common, yet whether it is worthwhile to do further examinations as a routine for each hypertensive patient in order to discover it is still controversial. A total of 1,076 hypertensive patients found during blood pressure surveys in a steel plant were subjected to further examinations including history inquiry, physical examination and the minimum necessary laboratory tests suggested by WHO Expert Committee. Only 12 patients ( 1. 12% ) were thus found to have secondary hypertension,...

Secondary hypertension is not common, yet whether it is worthwhile to do further examinations as a routine for each hypertensive patient in order to discover it is still controversial. A total of 1,076 hypertensive patients found during blood pressure surveys in a steel plant were subjected to further examinations including history inquiry, physical examination and the minimum necessary laboratory tests suggested by WHO Expert Committee. Only 12 patients ( 1. 12% ) were thus found to have secondary hypertension, and none had indication for surgical intervention.This figure is much lower than the percentage ( 30.7% ) of cases that proved to be of secondary type among 1,021 hospitalized patients with hypertension. 100 Out of 314 such cases of secondary hypertension, had been operated upon.It is considered therefore that for an ordinary patient with hypertension only history inquiry and physical examination are necessary and further laboratory studies should be done only when secondary hypertension is suspected because of relatively young age, high levels of blood pressure or in the presence of symptoms and signs suggestive of an underlying primary disease.

按照世界卫生组织的建议,作者对首都钢铁公司1,076名高血压病人进行了继发性高血压的筛选,共发现继发性高血压12例,均无手术指征。另外,对阜外医院1,021名高血压住院病人作了病历分析,发现继发性高血压314例,其中100例接受了手术。两组比例悬殊。故作者认为在基层可根据病史、体检选择可疑对象而不必普遍进行各项检查去筛选继发性高血压。

 
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