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skull fractures
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  颅骨骨折
     There were 159 fractures of shaft of tibia and fibula, 96 fractures of femoral shaft, 87 fractures of shaft of ulna and radius, 58 fractures of ankle and foot, 57 chest injuries, 50 knee injuries, 50 hip injuries, 49 injuries at the pelvis region, 46 wrist and hand injuries, 36 injuries of shoulder, 36 skull fractures, 33 fractures of humeral shaft, 23 spinal fractures, and 17 elbow injuries.
     胫、腓骨干骨折159处,股骨干骨折96处,尺、桡骨干骨折87处,踝足骨折58处,胸部伤57处,髋和膝部伤分别为50处,骨盆区损伤49例,腕手部伤46处,肩部伤36处,颅骨骨折36处,肱骨干骨折33处,脊柱骨折23处,肘部伤17处。
短句来源
     Reposition and anaplasty of comminuted depressed skull fractures by conglutinating bone fragments with medical Earbrain cements: report of 23 cases
     粉碎凹陷性颅骨骨折医用耳脑胶碎骨片粘合复位整形术23例报告
短句来源
     About 65.8% children were complicated by skull fractures, with average Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13.6. Except for acute hematoma treated with emergency surgical operation, the other hematoma was rechecked with CT scan at days 1 and 3 or so after it was found for the first time.
     6 5 .8% (79/ 12 0 )的患儿合并有颅骨骨折 ,格拉斯哥昏迷评分 (GCS)平均 13.6分。 急性血肿除立即手术者外 ,其他于首次发现血肿 1d后及3d左右再复查CT。
短句来源
     Results: The initial CT showed that local cerebral sulcus and fissures became shallow or disappeared in 27 cases, indistinct cisterna and ventricular compression in 17 cases, larger scalp hematoma in 38 cases, skull fractures in 5 cases, other intracranial concomitant lesions in 9 cases.
     结果 :首次CT扫描显示 :局限性脑沟、脑裂变浅及消失 2 7例 ,脑池模糊不清 ,脑室受压变小 17例 ,头皮较大血肿 38例 ,颅骨骨折 5例 ,颅内伴发病变 9例。
短句来源
     Methods To deduce the shape and size of the surface made by a hammer on a human body according to the injuries and features of the skull fractures in the case,and features and differences of the injuries on the skull caused by the different ends of a hammer could be confirmed by imitating experiment on the body sample.
     方法根据本例命案死者头部损伤及颅骨骨折形态特征,推断奶头锤与人体接触面的形状及大小,并通过奶头锤在尸体标本头部模拟打击实验,进一步确认奶头锤两端形成损伤的特征及区别。
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  颅底骨折
     Application of Three-dimensional Reconstruction with Helical CT in Diagnosing Basilar Skull Fractures
     螺旋CT三维重建在颅底骨折诊断中的应用
短句来源
     HRCT is effecting on CT in diagnosis for skull fractures
     HRCT在颅底骨折CT诊断中的作用
短句来源
     Methods:Using 3D SSD and MPR techniques with helical CT, the basilar skull fractures in 32 patients were demonstrated streocopically and in multiplane.
     方法:选择32例颅底骨折病人,采用螺旋CT的SSD和MPR重建方法,立体和多方位显示颅底骨折,并且选择外科手术修补治疗颅底骨折所致脑脊液漏。
短句来源
     Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Preventing Meningitis in Patients With Basilar Skull Fractures:A Systematic Review
     颅底骨折患者预防性使用抗生素预防脑膜炎的系统评价(英文)
短句来源
     Results For the 65 cases of cranial trauma,58 cases with 194 fracture lines were demonstrated by thin-section HRCT scanning of skull basal and MPR, which included linear fractures 76 and smashing fractures 118. while conventional CT scanning could only show 52 cases with 111 fracture lines including linear fracture 49,smashing fracture 62 and 6 cases of basal skull fractures were leak-diagnosed,83 fractures could not be demonstrated.
     结果65例脑外伤病人颅底高分辨CT扫描及MPR发现颅底骨折58例194处,其中线样骨折76处,粉碎骨折118处; 而常规CT扫描发现颅底骨折52例111处,其中线样骨折49处,粉碎骨折62处,6例颅底骨折被漏诊,83处骨折不能明确显示。
短句来源
  “skull fractures”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Objective To evaluate the diagnosis value of thin-section helical HRCT scanning and multiple planar reconstruction( MPR) technique in the detection of basal skull fractures compared with conventional CT scanning.
     目的通过螺旋CT高分辨扫描及多平面重建(mutipleplanarreconstruction,MPR)技术与常规扫描诊断颅底骨折的对照比较,进一步探讨螺旋CT高分辨扫描及MPR技术对颅底骨折的诊断价值。
短句来源
     [Results]Skull fractures occurred at anterior cranial fossa in 112 cases,at middle fossa in 46 cases,at both fossae in 18 cases.
     发生于前颅窝者112例,中颅窝者46例,前中颅窝者18例。
短句来源
     Thin-section HRCT image and MPR could clearly show fracture lines and there were several images of the same case supporting the diagnosis. This technique compared with conventional CT scanning contained very obvious difference in the detection of basal skull fractures(χ2=40.82,p<0.005).
     薄层高分辨及MPR图像能清晰显示骨折线,并且每个病例有多幅图像支持诊断,与颅底常规CT扫描比较差异有非常显著性意义(χ2=40.82,p<0.005)。
短句来源
     From Feb 1992 to Dec 1996,12 cases of obsolote depressed skull fractures had been treated by operation of trans-position of lamina interna and externa.
     报告自1992年2月—1996年12月间对12例陈旧性颅骨凹陷骨折行颅骨内外板反转术,取得满意效果。
短句来源
     Skull fractures were found in 9 cases of epidural hematomas, and brain contusions were found in 7 of 9 intracerebral hematomas.
     9例术后脑内血肿中有7例可见脑挫裂伤。
短句来源
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  skull fractures
Raccoon eyes are easily recognized and generally believed to be a common symptom of basal skull fractures.
      
Vitamin A-deficiency and cartilage in healing skull fractures of rats
      
We report on two rare cases of intracranial cysts related to growing skull fractures which are secondary to trauma sustained during childhood, and have been discovered in adolescence.
      
Growing skull fractures (GSF) are rare complications of head trauma.
      
The Natural History of Late Diagnosed or Untreated Growing Skull Fractures: Report on two Cases
      
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Clinical symptoms and signs ofseven cases of subacute epidural hema-toma are analysed. On reviewing theliterature, it is assumed that a few daysafter head injury in the young, the per-sistence of somnolence, headache, definiteneurological signs, or appearance ofnew signs, particularly those associatedwith a skull fracture, is suggestive ofthe presence of subacute epidural hema-toma, and warrants further investigation.Evacuation of the hematoma by cranio-tomy results in better outcome. Thepossible factors...

Clinical symptoms and signs ofseven cases of subacute epidural hema-toma are analysed. On reviewing theliterature, it is assumed that a few daysafter head injury in the young, the per-sistence of somnolence, headache, definiteneurological signs, or appearance ofnew signs, particularly those associatedwith a skull fracture, is suggestive ofthe presence of subacute epidural hema-toma, and warrants further investigation.Evacuation of the hematoma by cranio-tomy results in better outcome. Thepossible factors of subacute course ofepidural hematoma are discussed.

分析7例亚急性硬脑膜外血肿的临床表现,归纳为头部外伤后无局部神经损害体征及有轻微的局部神经损害体征二种临床类型。开颅手术才能彻底清除血肿。并讨论了硬脑膜外血肿临床表现缓慢发展的可能因素。

16 cases of acute traumatic posterior fossa hematomas are reported.The diagnosis was confirmed by operation.Occipital skull fractures were present in almost all cases.The bilateral pyramidal tract sign,respiratory changes,occipital pain and neck rigidity aid in the diagnosis of posterior fossa hematomas.The relation of the site of the dilated pupil to occipital skull fracture tends to assist in localization of hematomas.Whenever multiple hematomas,i.e,both supra and intra- tentorial hematomas,are...

16 cases of acute traumatic posterior fossa hematomas are reported.The diagnosis was confirmed by operation.Occipital skull fractures were present in almost all cases.The bilateral pyramidal tract sign,respiratory changes,occipital pain and neck rigidity aid in the diagnosis of posterior fossa hematomas.The relation of the site of the dilated pupil to occipital skull fracture tends to assist in localization of hematomas.Whenever multiple hematomas,i.e,both supra and intra- tentorial hematomas,are suspected or confirmed with or without the facility of CT scanning,the posterior fossa hematomas should be first explored and evacuated before the supratentorial hematomas are operated.

报告经手术证实急性外伤性后颅窝血肿16例,认为枕区头皮血肿伴枕骨骨折是急性型后颅窝血肿的重要特征,双侧锥体束征、呼吸改变、后枕剧痛伴强迫头位有助于后颅窝血肿的诊断,搞清一例瞳孔散大与枕骨骨折的位置关系有助于确定血肿的部位。无论有无 CT 设备的条件下,怀疑或已明确幕上、下多发血肿时,应首先探查和/或清除后颅窝血肿,然后探查和/或清除幕上血肿。

Having collected the skull of a fallen adult victim,and made artificial fractures on an autopsled adult skull as well as on two living dog skulls,we observed the edges of skull fractures under the scanning electron microscope in order to find out the submicroscopic morphologic features of skull fractures aiming at elucidating the mechanism of fracture,and differentiating ante-from post-mortem fractures.Many microfractures were found along the main fracture lines,they extended into...

Having collected the skull of a fallen adult victim,and made artificial fractures on an autopsled adult skull as well as on two living dog skulls,we observed the edges of skull fractures under the scanning electron microscope in order to find out the submicroscopic morphologic features of skull fractures aiming at elucidating the mechanism of fracture,and differentiating ante-from post-mortem fractures.Many microfractures were found along the main fracture lines,they extended into the interior of the skull. The width of the microfractures varied from 5 to 100μm.Some of them were located in the external compact bone and some between the outer compact bone and diploe. The rest were found in the diploe in the form of transverse,longitudinal or spiral fractures of bony trabeculae.Collagenous fibre bunches embeded in the bony matrix were broken and separated. The blood vessels inside the skull were crosscut or longitudinary torn by the fracture lines. Sometimes the torn blood vessels were pulled out of the Harversian canals.In antemortem fractures as a results of hemorrhage, there were not only blood clot on the edges of the broken skull, but also hemorrhage into the microfractures. The fibrin networks and red blood cells were easily found in the depths of these cracks.A deductive mechanism of formation of the microfractures and the possibility of differentiation between ante-and post-mortem fractures are discussed.

作者利用扫描电子显微镜,对颅骨骨折断面上微细结构的形态学特征进行了观察与研究,发现在颅骨骨折断面上有微细的骨折裂线,向断面深部的骨质中延伸,其宽度为5至100um不等,主要分布在颅骨外板内,或外板与板障的交界处.分布于板障内的微细裂线可造成骨小梁横行、纵行和螺旋形骨折.骨折时,骨基质中的胶原纤维束可被分离或断裂,各胶原纤维层可分开.骨内血管可被骨折裂线横断或纵形撕裂,损伤的血管可被从哈佛氏管中拉出.生前骨折时,在微细裂线的深方可清楚见到纤维蛋白网和红细胞相互粘集,死后骨折则未见到此现象.本文还探讨了颅骨骨折发生的机理和推断生前骨折的可能性.

 
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