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skull fractures    
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  颅骨骨折
    Results: The initial CT showed that local cerebral sulcus and fissures became shallow or disappeared in 27 cases, indistinct cisterna and ventricular compression in 17 cases, larger scalp hematoma in 38 cases, skull fractures in 5 cases, other intracranial concomitant lesions in 9 cases.
    结果 :首次CT扫描显示 :局限性脑沟、脑裂变浅及消失 2 7例 ,脑池模糊不清 ,脑室受压变小 17例 ,头皮较大血肿 38例 ,颅骨骨折 5例 ,颅内伴发病变 9例。
短句来源
    Methods To deduce the shape and size of the surface made by a hammer on a human body according to the injuries and features of the skull fractures in the case,and features and differences of the injuries on the skull caused by the different ends of a hammer could be confirmed by imitating experiment on the body sample.
    方法根据本例命案死者头部损伤及颅骨骨折形态特征,推断奶头锤与人体接触面的形状及大小,并通过奶头锤在尸体标本头部模拟打击实验,进一步确认奶头锤两端形成损伤的特征及区别。
短句来源
  颅底骨折
    HRCT is effecting on CT in diagnosis for skull fractures
    HRCT在颅底骨折CT诊断中的作用
短句来源
    Results For the 65 cases of cranial trauma,58 cases with 194 fracture lines were demonstrated by thin-section HRCT scanning of skull basal and MPR, which included linear fractures 76 and smashing fractures 118. while conventional CT scanning could only show 52 cases with 111 fracture lines including linear fracture 49,smashing fracture 62 and 6 cases of basal skull fractures were leak-diagnosed,83 fractures could not be demonstrated.
    结果65例脑外伤病人颅底高分辨CT扫描及MPR发现颅底骨折58例194处,其中线样骨折76处,粉碎骨折118处; 而常规CT扫描发现颅底骨折52例111处,其中线样骨折49处,粉碎骨折62处,6例颅底骨折被漏诊,83处骨折不能明确显示。
短句来源
  颅骨骨折
    Results: The initial CT showed that local cerebral sulcus and fissures became shallow or disappeared in 27 cases, indistinct cisterna and ventricular compression in 17 cases, larger scalp hematoma in 38 cases, skull fractures in 5 cases, other intracranial concomitant lesions in 9 cases.
    结果 :首次CT扫描显示 :局限性脑沟、脑裂变浅及消失 2 7例 ,脑池模糊不清 ,脑室受压变小 17例 ,头皮较大血肿 38例 ,颅骨骨折 5例 ,颅内伴发病变 9例。
短句来源
    Methods To deduce the shape and size of the surface made by a hammer on a human body according to the injuries and features of the skull fractures in the case,and features and differences of the injuries on the skull caused by the different ends of a hammer could be confirmed by imitating experiment on the body sample.
    方法根据本例命案死者头部损伤及颅骨骨折形态特征,推断奶头锤与人体接触面的形状及大小,并通过奶头锤在尸体标本头部模拟打击实验,进一步确认奶头锤两端形成损伤的特征及区别。
短句来源
  颅底骨折
    HRCT is effecting on CT in diagnosis for skull fractures
    HRCT在颅底骨折CT诊断中的作用
短句来源
    Results For the 65 cases of cranial trauma,58 cases with 194 fracture lines were demonstrated by thin-section HRCT scanning of skull basal and MPR, which included linear fractures 76 and smashing fractures 118. while conventional CT scanning could only show 52 cases with 111 fracture lines including linear fracture 49,smashing fracture 62 and 6 cases of basal skull fractures were leak-diagnosed,83 fractures could not be demonstrated.
    结果65例脑外伤病人颅底高分辨CT扫描及MPR发现颅底骨折58例194处,其中线样骨折76处,粉碎骨折118处; 而常规CT扫描发现颅底骨折52例111处,其中线样骨折49处,粉碎骨折62处,6例颅底骨折被漏诊,83处骨折不能明确显示。
短句来源

 

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  skull fractures
Raccoon eyes are easily recognized and generally believed to be a common symptom of basal skull fractures.
      
Vitamin A-deficiency and cartilage in healing skull fractures of rats
      
We report on two rare cases of intracranial cysts related to growing skull fractures which are secondary to trauma sustained during childhood, and have been discovered in adolescence.
      
Growing skull fractures (GSF) are rare complications of head trauma.
      
The Natural History of Late Diagnosed or Untreated Growing Skull Fractures: Report on two Cases
      
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Having collected the skull of a fallen adult victim,and made artificial fractures on an autopsled adult skull as well as on two living dog skulls,we observed the edges of skull fractures under the scanning electron microscope in order to find out the submicroscopic morphologic features of skull fractures aiming at elucidating the mechanism of fracture,and differentiating ante-from post-mortem fractures.Many microfractures were found along the main fracture lines,they extended into...

Having collected the skull of a fallen adult victim,and made artificial fractures on an autopsled adult skull as well as on two living dog skulls,we observed the edges of skull fractures under the scanning electron microscope in order to find out the submicroscopic morphologic features of skull fractures aiming at elucidating the mechanism of fracture,and differentiating ante-from post-mortem fractures.Many microfractures were found along the main fracture lines,they extended into the interior of the skull. The width of the microfractures varied from 5 to 100μm.Some of them were located in the external compact bone and some between the outer compact bone and diploe. The rest were found in the diploe in the form of transverse,longitudinal or spiral fractures of bony trabeculae.Collagenous fibre bunches embeded in the bony matrix were broken and separated. The blood vessels inside the skull were crosscut or longitudinary torn by the fracture lines. Sometimes the torn blood vessels were pulled out of the Harversian canals.In antemortem fractures as a results of hemorrhage, there were not only blood clot on the edges of the broken skull, but also hemorrhage into the microfractures. The fibrin networks and red blood cells were easily found in the depths of these cracks.A deductive mechanism of formation of the microfractures and the possibility of differentiation between ante-and post-mortem fractures are discussed.

作者利用扫描电子显微镜,对颅骨骨折断面上微细结构的形态学特征进行了观察与研究,发现在颅骨骨折断面上有微细的骨折裂线,向断面深部的骨质中延伸,其宽度为5至100um不等,主要分布在颅骨外板内,或外板与板障的交界处.分布于板障内的微细裂线可造成骨小梁横行、纵行和螺旋形骨折.骨折时,骨基质中的胶原纤维束可被分离或断裂,各胶原纤维层可分开.骨内血管可被骨折裂线横断或纵形撕裂,损伤的血管可被从哈佛氏管中拉出.生前骨折时,在微细裂线的深方可清楚见到纤维蛋白网和红细胞相互粘集,死后骨折则未见到此现象.本文还探讨了颅骨骨折发生的机理和推断生前骨折的可能性.

The CT manifestations of sixty cases of acute craniocerebral trauma included 38 wounded within one hour and others one day only were teviewed. Intracranial hematomas 33,brain contusion-laceration 42 and skull fracture 23 are mainly CT findings in this series. It is easily to establish the CT diagnosis above mentioned in patients with typical CT images. Pay attention to shift the site,size, shape of injured lateral ventricle,to differ the width of bilateral brain sulci,it woula be helpful to diagnose atypical'isodense...

The CT manifestations of sixty cases of acute craniocerebral trauma included 38 wounded within one hour and others one day only were teviewed. Intracranial hematomas 33,brain contusion-laceration 42 and skull fracture 23 are mainly CT findings in this series. It is easily to establish the CT diagnosis above mentioned in patients with typical CT images. Pay attention to shift the site,size, shape of injured lateral ventricle,to differ the width of bilateral brain sulci,it woula be helpful to diagnose atypical'isodense hematoma. Differentiating the boundary between traumic brain contusion and brain laceration is very difficult because these both alterings might be simultaneously presented in one patient with skull wounded. CT scan is superior to convetiona X--ray examination for observing fracture located basicranial and mastoid and the degree of brain tissue to be directly or correspondingly in juted due to chip,crushed,deptessed skull fracture.

本文对90例急性颅脑外伤后15’─1天的CT表现,其中1小时之内38/60例作了回顾性分析.颅内血肿33例.脑挫伤及/或裂伤42例,骨折23例。提出了受伤侧侧脑室形态与位置的改变,及双侧脑为宽度的差异有助于对不典型等密度血肿的确定。CT表现难于严格区分脑挫伤及/或裂伤的病理界限,同一病人这两种病理改变可同时存在。颅底与乳突部位的骨折以及颅盖部粉碎性或凹陷性骨折所致直接或间接的脑损伤,CT检查优于常规X线检查,因骨折导致对冲性脑损伤应予重视。

The skull fracture in childhood easily become skull

儿童时期颅骨骨折,易发展成颅骨缺损──颅骨生长性骨折。本文报告颅骨生长性骨折9例,对其形成机理,X线表现及其诊断依据进行了重点讨论,并强调了对儿童颅骨骨折定期拍片复查、及早诊断本病的重要性。

 
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