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outer walls
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  外墙
     They are high in quality and have low production cost, which can be used for decorating ceramic tiles of outer walls or floors.
     其生产成本低 ,产品档次高 ,可用作外墙或地面装饰瓷砖
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     Technical Measures Applied in the Outer Walls of Energy-Conservation Buildings
     节能建筑外墙体采用的技术措施
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     The Analysis on the Cause of Seepage on Building Outer Walls and its Prevention and Cure
     建筑外墙渗漏原因分析及防治
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     Study on the Leaking of the Outer Walls' Paint
     涂料外墙渗漏原因分析及预防治理
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     On the Application and Popularization of Heat Insulation System on Residential Outer Walls
     加快推广住宅外墙外保温隔热体系的应用
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  涂料外墙
     Study on the Leaking of the Outer Walls' Paint
     涂料外墙渗漏原因分析及预防治理
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  “outer walls”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The local film heat transfer coefficients and heat flux on both inner and outer walls obtained by the numerical simulations are also presented. The rangs of numerical calculation are 2.0×1 0 2≤Ra≤3.0×10 5, 1.3≤D 0/D i≤3.8,Pr= 0.706 ,|ε|=1.
     数值计算的范围是 :2 .0× 1 0 2 ≤ Ra≤ 3 .0× 1 0 5,1 .3≤ Do/Di≤ 3 .8,Pr=0 .70 6,|ε|=1 .
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     The results showed that for NDT of pipes,the optimal frequency-thickness products and testing locations of using each mode are L(0,1) mode under 0.15 MHz·mm for everywhere,and L(0,2) mode in 1.4~1.8 MHz·mm for the middle of wall,L(0,3) mode under 2.0 MHz·mm for inner and outer walls.
     结果表明 :对于自由管材 ,用超声纵向L(0 ,1)模式检测时 ,频厚积在 0 .15MHz·mm以下时较为灵敏 ; 用L(0 ,2 )模式检测时 ,在 1.4~ 1.8MHz·mm之间对检测管壁中央的缺陷较灵敏 ;
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     Control measures for the quality of roofs and outer walls in residence buildings
     住宅建筑屋面和外墙面防水质量控制措施
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     Then the inner walls and the outer walls of nozzle were polished separately by lower energy excimer laser, the smoother inner walls were gained and the outer diameter of the nozzle tip is from 1mm to 200um.
     随后采用低能量的激光对喷嘴内壁和尖端2mm的外径部分分别进行抛光,获得了光滑的内壁,并使喷嘴尖端外径尺寸从1mm降到200um。
     A energy saving design method for outer walls of norther rural dwellings
     北方村镇住宅外围护结构的节能设计
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  outer walls
The majority of reactive submucous neurons displayed features common to either Dogiel type I or type II neurons; some were closely adherent to the outer walls of lymphatic vessels.
      
Further, mass transfer and wall shear stress follow similar patterns both on the inner and outer walls in that StSc2/3 and Cf/2 demonstrate analogous behavior.
      
Significant differences in the local heat transfer rates on the inner and outer walls of the spherical annuli were observed from these solutions.
      
The pellicle develops during these divisions as a continuum over the outer walls of the daughter cells.
      
The Japanese leaves were somewhat more xeromorphic in that they had thicker outer walls in the upper and lower epidermis.
      
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A theoretical analysis of the laminar flow in the annular space bounded by two concentric tubes with small injection and suction through the porous walls is presented in this paper. By using a similarity transformation, the Navier-Stobes equations in the cylindrical co-ordinates for the steady incompressible flow are reduced to an ordinary non-linear differential equation of the third order. With appropriate boundary conditions, this equation is solved by the method of small perturbation. The results show...

A theoretical analysis of the laminar flow in the annular space bounded by two concentric tubes with small injection and suction through the porous walls is presented in this paper. By using a similarity transformation, the Navier-Stobes equations in the cylindrical co-ordinates for the steady incompressible flow are reduced to an ordinary non-linear differential equation of the third order. With appropriate boundary conditions, this equation is solved by the method of small perturbation. The results show that the velocity of injection or suction and the two radii of the annulus affect considerably the velocity profile, the pressure drop in the flow direction and the friction coefficients at the walls. When the suction is applied only at the inner tube the position of the maximum velocity moves inward. The friction at the inner wall consequently increases and that at the outer wall decreases. It is also found that in the case considered the suction reduces the pressure drop in the flow direction.

本文对具有微量吸吮或吹注的二同轴心圆管间的层流流动问题进行了理论分析。利用相似转换,将不可压缩流体,定常运动,柱坐标形式的纳非尔-斯托克司方程组简化为一三次非线性常微分方程,运用小参数法及适当边界条件求出此方程的解,结果表明,吸吮或吹注对流动的速度分布,沿流程压力下降和摩擦系数均有显著影响,其影响的大小,依赖于吸吮或吹注的性质,程度及二圆管的相对尺度。当内管壁具有吸吮而外管壁的吸吮为零时,最大速度的位置将向内移,随之,内管壁的摩擦系数值增加,而外管壁的摩擦系数值减小,同时,产生较小的沿流程压力下降。

1. Hsia-ku-tsao (夏枯草) is the dried fruiting spikes of Prunella vulgaris L. It is the common "heal-all" of Europe and America, and was formerly used in hemorrhages, diarrhea and as a gargle in sore throat. It is used in fevers and also as an anti-rheumatic, alterative or tonic remedy. Research work in recent years showed that Hsia-ku-tsao has diuretic, antibiotic and hypotensive activity. 2. The morphology, histology and diagnostic characters of the powdered Hsia-ku-tsao are examined and described in detail...

1. Hsia-ku-tsao (夏枯草) is the dried fruiting spikes of Prunella vulgaris L. It is the common "heal-all" of Europe and America, and was formerly used in hemorrhages, diarrhea and as a gargle in sore throat. It is used in fevers and also as an anti-rheumatic, alterative or tonic remedy. Research work in recent years showed that Hsia-ku-tsao has diuretic, antibiotic and hypotensive activity. 2. The morphology, histology and diagnostic characters of the powdered Hsia-ku-tsao are examined and described in detail with 17 plates of illustration. 3. The important diagnostic features of Hsia-ku-tsao are as follows: Bract: (1) Both epidermises observed vertically are composed of wavy-walled epidermal cells with striated cuticle. Over the veins, however, the epidermal cells have rectilinear walls; (2) Outer epidermis is densely covered with non-glandular and glandular hairs and possesses numerous elliptical, caryophyllaceous type of stomata; inner epidermis is devoid of stomata and hairs; (3) Glandular hairs possess a single celled stalk and two celled head. Non-glandular hairs are of two kinds: one is unicellular, conical or somewhat curved hairs with hick warty walls, 20-60μ in length ; the other is uniseriate, 2-12-celled, varies in length, from 30 to 2700μ, usually 150-400-1000μ, the basal cell up to 80 μ in diameter at the base, one or some of the cells more or less collapsed, the outer walls with striated cuticle or many small warts; (4) Mesophyll is composed of 5-7 layers of irregularly arranged spongy arenchyma cells rich in chloroplastids. No differentiation was observed. Calyx: (1) Epidermal cells of both surfaces have striated cuticle and wavy vertical walls. But numerous caryophyllaceous type of stomata and glandular, nonglandular hairs are present on the outer epidermis only; (2) Hairs are similar to that of bract, but non-glandular hairs 2-11-celled, up to 3000 μ in length, usually 500-1500 μ, the basal cells usually 70 μ wide at the middle; (3) Mesophyll, of several layers of irregular-shaped cells. Stem: (1) Epidermis consists of a layer epidermal cells bearing cuticle; nonglandular, 2-12- celled hairs with warty walls, up to 2600μ in length, 85μ wide at the middle; (2) A zone from 1 to 7 layers of collenchyma beneath the epidermis, well developed in the angles of he stem; (3) A narrow zone of cortical parenchyma, about 9-11 rows of thin-walled cells; (4)A narrow phloem, and a broad xylem of numerous wood wedges separated by medullary rays 1-cell in width; (5) Pith, a broad central zone of large parenchyma cells; up to 100μ in diameter. (6) Stone cells, crystals of calcium oxalate and starch grains are absent. Leaf: (1) Upper epidermis cells with thick cuticle and wavy anticlinal walls and numerous elliptical caryophyllaceous type (rarely ranunculaceous type) of stomata and hairs. (2) Hairs of several types: unicellular, non-glandular hairs with warty walls, up to 30 μ in length; uniseriate non-glandular hairs, up to 9-celled, but mostly 2-7-celled, with warty walls, and up to 840μ in length; deep-seated glandular hairs with a 1-celled stalk and a 2-celled head; (3) Mesophyll, dorsiventral, a palisade layer consisting 3 rows of columnar cells; a spongy parenchyma region made up of about 5-8 rows of chlorenchyma cells and numerous fibrovascular bundles. (4) Lower epidermis is similar in aspect to upper epidermis except that stomata are more numerous. (5) Palisade ratio 6-7-8. Nutlet: (1) Epicarp, consisting of a single layer of polygonal cells with a mucilaginous outer wall covered by a very thin sheath of cutin, the wall showing swell upon coming in contact with water; (2) Mesocarp, consisting of 1-4 layers of stone cells, and there is a layer of thin-walled cells containing microcrystals directly beneath it. (3) Endocarp, consisting of a single layer of strongly lignified stone cells. 4.Six samples of Hsia-ku-tsao have been analysed by the method described in Chinese Pharmacopoeia 1953. The results obtained are as follows: moisture 13.68 per cent; ash, 7.18 per cent; acid-insoluble ash, 1.35 per cent; water extract, 6.36 per cent; foreign organic matter, 0.45 per cent. 5. The results of "fluorescence test" obtained are as follows: Spike: dark brown to violet. Water extract: greenish blue, with brownish violet edge. Ether extract: bright blue. Chloroform extract: light violet to violet.

1.本文概括地叙述了夏枯草的用途和产地,詳細地描述了夏枯草Prunella vulgarisL.的原植物形态。 2.夏枯草的药用部位是Prunella vulgaris L.的干燥、成熟的果穗,花冠已落下,仅有苞、萼以及附着的莖、叶和存在萼内的小坚果等几个部位。 3.根据形态組织学的研究結果,对夏枯草的苞、萼、莖、叶和小坚果的外部形态、內部構造与粉末特征都作了詳細的描述。附有插圖17幅。 4.本文还报告了夏枯草的水分、灰分、酸不溶性灰分、水浸出物和異性有机物的测定結果;螢光試驗的結果。

In the present paper, the thermal death points of the oocysts, the effect of sunlight on sporulation and the effeciency of Bunsen burner for sterilization were studied. "Xanthium-Areca Complex" (Chinese drug) and ginger appeared to have a good effect on the inhibition of both the exogenous and the endogenous development of the parasite. Dilute NaOH (5.%) dissolved off the outer wall of the oocyst within which the spore might still develop. Eimeria stiedae had higher resistance against NaOH than the other...

In the present paper, the thermal death points of the oocysts, the effect of sunlight on sporulation and the effeciency of Bunsen burner for sterilization were studied. "Xanthium-Areca Complex" (Chinese drug) and ginger appeared to have a good effect on the inhibition of both the exogenous and the endogenous development of the parasite. Dilute NaOH (5.%) dissolved off the outer wall of the oocyst within which the spore might still develop. Eimeria stiedae had higher resistance against NaOH than the other species of the domestic rabbit.

用热水处理兔球虫卵囊,其至死温度为:70℃,10秒钟;60℃,30分钟;55℃,60分钟。经55℃处理30分钟者,至少有90%以上的卵囊不会发育。对温度的耐受能力,四种兔球虫(E.perforans,E.irresidua,E.coecicola,E.stiedae)无甚差别。干烘加热对卵囊的作用,和热水的作用一致。用日光照射,经2时半,约有半数的卵囊仍会发育。酒精喷灯喷烧杀灭卵囊的效果不佳。来回喷射涂兔粪液的木板,经5次之后,对卵囊杀灭的效果仍不显著。但直接在火焰上烧烤,半分钟内即可杀灭涂在木板上兔粪液中的全部卵囊。苍槟合剂和羌对抑制兔球虫卵免的发育效果甚佳。此二药用作兔球虫病的治疗亦初步证实其效果颇好。大蒜无抑制兔球虫卵囊发育的作用,同时在治疗兔球虫病上亦完全无效。由上三种药物对比看来,它们对兔球虫内生性发育和外生性发育的抑制作用是一致的。羌(30/130),苍槟合剂,鱼藤精(10%,5%),可湿性含6%丙体666(1%,5%,15%),D.D.T.(5%),来素(5%,10%、15%),盐(30%、饱和),酒精(50%,70%),氢氧化钠(10%),氯化汞(0.000027%),都能抑制40%以上的卵囊...

用热水处理兔球虫卵囊,其至死温度为:70℃,10秒钟;60℃,30分钟;55℃,60分钟。经55℃处理30分钟者,至少有90%以上的卵囊不会发育。对温度的耐受能力,四种兔球虫(E.perforans,E.irresidua,E.coecicola,E.stiedae)无甚差别。干烘加热对卵囊的作用,和热水的作用一致。用日光照射,经2时半,约有半数的卵囊仍会发育。酒精喷灯喷烧杀灭卵囊的效果不佳。来回喷射涂兔粪液的木板,经5次之后,对卵囊杀灭的效果仍不显著。但直接在火焰上烧烤,半分钟内即可杀灭涂在木板上兔粪液中的全部卵囊。苍槟合剂和羌对抑制兔球虫卵免的发育效果甚佳。此二药用作兔球虫病的治疗亦初步证实其效果颇好。大蒜无抑制兔球虫卵囊发育的作用,同时在治疗兔球虫病上亦完全无效。由上三种药物对比看来,它们对兔球虫内生性发育和外生性发育的抑制作用是一致的。羌(30/130),苍槟合剂,鱼藤精(10%,5%),可湿性含6%丙体666(1%,5%,15%),D.D.T.(5%),来素(5%,10%、15%),盐(30%、饱和),酒精(50%,70%),氢氧化钠(10%),氯化汞(0.000027%),都能抑制40%以上的卵囊的发育。用氢氧化钠处理,使其外层卵囊壁消失。兔肝球虫对氢氧化钠的抵抗力显然较其他卵囊为强。兔肝球虫卵囊是在硷性较强的肝脏中形成的,这可能是它较其他卵囊对硷性有较大忍受力的主要原因。与北京师大生物系兔球虫研究小组不同,我们观察到饱和盐水对兔球虫卵囊有100%的抑制作用。与Senger研究的结果不同,我们发现0.025%的碘液完全无抑制卵囊发育的作用。

 
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