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moderate size
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  适度规模
     Three points are emphasized in the small town construction abroad: the moderate size, the rapid and convenient traffic network and the attractive environment.
     国外在小城镇建设中强调三点:一是小城镇要有适度规模,二是发展便捷、高速的交通网络,三是建设有吸引力的生态环境。
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     developing moderate size to increase the benefit of agricultural management;
     发展适度规模经营 ,提高农业经营效益 ;
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     The Research of Open-end Funds' Moderate Size in China
     我国开放式基金的适度规模研究
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     An Empirical Analysis on the Influencing Factors of Moderate Size of Government Bonds
     我国国债适度规模影响因素的实证分析
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     On the basis of comprehensive investigation of Yiwu markets and combination theory with practice,the author summarizes the main experiences of the government model of market construction,discusses the moderate size of industrial consumer goods wholesale markets and the symbiotic relation between markets and specialized downtown streets,and then points out that commercial development is the initial motive force of urbanization,but agricultural development is only an external condition of urbanization.
     通过对义乌市场的综合考察,本文从理论与实践相结合的角度,总结了政府行业部门办市场模式的主要经验; 讨论了一级工业消费品综合批发市场的适度规模问题,以及专业市场与专业街互动发展的共生关系;
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  “moderate size”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The moderate size of cubic γ ′ phase can be obtained by ageing at 1080℃ for 4 h and at 1150℃ for 4 h.
     1080℃,4h和1150℃,4h时效后空冷获得的γ′相具有尺寸适合、立方度高的特点。
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     The core browning index and core browning rate for the moderate size pears picked early would be reduced by 86.8% and 77.4%,respectively,than those of the pears picked late,which indicated that these fruit were more suitable for storage in low temperature.
     早采中果果心褐变指数和褐变率分别比晚采中果低86.8%和77.4%,更适合在低温下贮藏。
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     It was found that the conglomeration with the weight density of 45kN/m~3 and the conglomerate shape of height to diameter ratio, i. e, h/D= 1 possess of sufficient strength, good nodularising effect and easy shaping properties, the conglomeration should be in moderate size, which is related to the quantity and the temperature of treating molten iron.
     研究表明:团块的重度在45kN/m~3左右时,既具有足夠的强度和良好的球化效果,又便于成型; 团块形状以高度与直径之比即h/D=1的圆柱体为好;
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     With a table of moderate size, the implementation needs only working-precision(quad-precision) arithmetics and are provably accurate to within 2.0 ulp.
     用工作精度(四倍精度)算术运算及适中的表存储使三角函数精确 到 2.0ulp。
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     The result shows that, with traction of 60 horse power by Tieniu tractor, the whole system has stable performances. Hydraulic system works well, scraper has moderate size, standard deviation change from 4.3cm to 2.2cm after leveling.
     结果表明,在铁牛60马力拖拉机的牵引下,整个系统性能基本稳定,液压系统工作正常,平地铲大小适中,农田平整精度较好,标准偏差值由作业前的4.3cm下降至2.2cm。
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  相似匹配句对
     The Moderate Firm Size in Technological Innovation
     技术创新中的企业适度规模
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     Goat producing tend to moderate size and specialization.
     山羊生产趋向于适度规模和专业化。
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     parvulus was moderate and C.
     micholitzii是中等感病品种; 越南苏铁C.
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     (3) The size of C.
     川鄂连蕊茶种群的生殖分配是地径大小的函数,拟合回归方程为:
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     Moderate package
     浅析适度包装
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  moderate size
This zone is characterized by small-to-moderate size earthquakes that have caused extremely severe damage to recent and historical constructions.
      
It may attribute to the occurrence of frequent shocks of moderate size, as seventeen earthquakes of magnitude greater than 6.0, including four greater than 6.4, have been reported until 1994 from this region.
      
Under the peak-aged condition at 753 K, Ni3Ti precipitates of moderate size were uniformly distributed in the martensite matrix, leading to optimal combination of strength (2000 MPa of yield strength) and fracture toughness (70 MPa
      
It is shown that the throughput performance of the EY-NPMA protocol in networks of moderate size and with small proportion of hidden nodes is satisfactory.
      
Various options for a model of moderate size and where interference is calculated over the whole system are evaluated through experimentation and some limited mathematical analysis.
      
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The specimens of polybranchiaspids described in this paper were collected in 1976-1977 from Qujing~(**) District and Zhaotong District, Yunnan by Yunnan Geological Team and the authors. Their description covers 3 new species and 2 new genera. Besides, one new family of Huananaspiformes is proposed.The most controversial is the anterior central median dorsal opening, previously interpreted as a mouth in polybranchiaspids (Liu,1965, 1973, 1975; P'an Wang & Liu, 1975; P'an & Wang, 1978; Cao, 1979). Now we suggest...

The specimens of polybranchiaspids described in this paper were collected in 1976-1977 from Qujing~(**) District and Zhaotong District, Yunnan by Yunnan Geological Team and the authors. Their description covers 3 new species and 2 new genera. Besides, one new family of Huananaspiformes is proposed.The most controversial is the anterior central median dorsal opening, previously interpreted as a mouth in polybranchiaspids (Liu,1965, 1973, 1975; P'an Wang & Liu, 1975; P'an & Wang, 1978; Cao, 1979). Now we suggest that the anterior central median dorsal opening housed a sensory organ concerned with olfaction (Halstead, Liu & P'an, 1979), It is very possibly a naso-hypophyseal opening (Janvier, 1974, 1977).On the inner surface of the dorsal carapace there is a very small round depression behind the anterior central median dorsal opening, which does not penetrate the armour. There is no real pineal opening.The middle layer of the exoskeleton is very similar to the "honey-comb" structure in heterostraci.In view of the fact that the polybranchiaspids are neither typical Cephalaspidomorphi nor true Pteraspidomorphi, the name Eugaleaspidomorphi is given to these forms.All the specimens described are deposited in the Museum of Geology, Beijing.SYSTEMATIC STUDY Order Huananaspiformes Janvier 1975 Family Sanchaspidae Pan et Wang (fam. nov.)Medium sized polybanchiaspids with very well developed mushroom-shaped rostral process. Cornua and inner lateral cornua very much developed.Genus Sanchaspis Pan et Wang (gen. nov.) Type species: Sanchaspis magalarostrata Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.). Sanchaspis magalarostrata Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.) (Text-figs. 1-2; Pl. Ⅰ fig. 1; Pl. Ⅱ, fig. 3)Medium sized Hunanaspiformes, dorsal shield fundamentally triangular in shape, with a maximum breadth of about 102 mm, breadth shorter than length. anterior dorsal median opening oval, situated dorsally. Interzonal part of shield short. Rostral process well developed, mushroom-shape. Cornua and inner lateral cornua very developed. Ventral rim comparatively broad, triangular in shape at the middle part of rim. External branchial openings arranged along median sides of ventral rim, each side 12 in number. System of dorsal sensory canals only known in dorsal shield, running on the under surface of exoskeleton; transversal branches of main dorsal lateral canal subdivided at the end, each main dorsal lateral canal with 5 lateral transversal canals, among which the last one is very short.This species is of moderate size for this order and the type gives the following dimensions:Length from rostrum (excluding rostral process) to tip of coruna. 79.0mmMaximum width (at posterior part of coruna) 102.0 mmLength in midline (including rostral process) 76.0 mmLocality and Horizon: Early Devonian, Xujiachong Member of Cuifengshan Formation; Sancha, Cuifengshan, Qujing District, Yunnan Province. Order incertae sidis Genus Qingmenaspis Pan et Wang (gen. nov.) Qingmenaspis microculus Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.) (Text-fig. 3; Pl. Ⅰ, fig. 3)Type species: Qingmenaspis microculus Pan et Wang (gen. et sp. nov.).Dorsal shield similar to Huananaspis and Asiaspis, with very developed rostral process. Orbital and anterior median dorsal opening in dorsal center of shield, but the orbital opening very small and oval in shape, and nearest the latero-posterior margin of anterior median dorsal opening. Pineal area also very small, situated behind eyes. Prepineal length (excluding rostral process very long. Preserved length in midline about 29 mm. Maximum breadth (near middle of shield) about 42 mm.A pair peculiar unornamented area (or a pair opening) on the lateral side of dorsal shield look very much in our another fossil remains. by the position, like the "lateral fields" of Osteostraci or the "spiracle" of the Amphisapidiforms. But there were some large gill compartment lending to it. We would rather call it the "lateral dorsal opening", or it is provisionally interpreted as a "dorsal branchial opening", those openings are possible showing in present specimen too, but this material is a ventral side of dorsal shield and in that area filled sediments.Order Polybranchiaspiformes Liu 1965 Family Polybranchiaspidae Liu 1965 Genus Dongfangaspis Liu 1975 Dongfangaspis qujingensis Pan et Wang (sp. nov.) (Text-figs. 4-5; Pl. Ⅰ, fig. 2; Pl. Ⅱ, fig. Ⅰ)Midium sized Dongfangaspis, 120-130 mm in length, about 95-105 mm in breadth. Anterior median dorsal opening very large, Oval in shape, but the length shorter than the breadth. 4 transversal branches of main lateral canal. Supraorbital canal meeting the anterior marginal canal and infraorbital canal in front of orbital opening. Transversal branches of main lateral canal and anterior marginal canal subdivided at each end.Locality and Horizon: Early Devonian, Xishancun Member of Cuifengshan Pormation; Xishancun, Cuifengshan, Qujing District, Yunnan Province.

本文记述1976年在云南东部新发现的多鳃鱼类化石,计一新科、二新属、三新种。并进一步探讨了前中背孔、松果区、骨甲等的功能和特征。

The materials dealt with in this paper, named as two new forms of coelacanth: Changxingia and Youngichthys, were collected from the lower part of the Meishan Member, Changxing Formation (Upper Permian), Changxing district. The Changxing limestone is well exposed in the southern slopes of Tameishan, it measures. 32.5 metres in thickness, it is underlain by the Longtan Formation and is overlain by the Lower Triassie thin-bedded limestone (Chinglong Formation). It contains various invertebrate fossils, and have...

The materials dealt with in this paper, named as two new forms of coelacanth: Changxingia and Youngichthys, were collected from the lower part of the Meishan Member, Changxing Formation (Upper Permian), Changxing district. The Changxing limestone is well exposed in the southern slopes of Tameishan, it measures. 32.5 metres in thickness, it is underlain by the Longtan Formation and is overlain by the Lower Triassie thin-bedded limestone (Chinglong Formation). It contains various invertebrate fossils, and have been studied by some authors formerly but the fossil coelacanths have not yet. been described. In our country only a Triassic specimen (Sinococlacanthus) has been described by Liu (1964). The Changxing specimens represent the first discovery of Permian marine coelaeanths in Asia. Therefore, they are of unusual interest in geological and geographical distributions. The following is brief version of the new genera.Changxingia gen. nov.Type species: Changxingia aspratilis, gen. et sp. nov.Diagnosis: Fish of moderate size. Body short fusiform. Head fairly robust, dermal bones of skull ornamented with tubercles. Extrascapulars small, four in number each side. Pterygoid large, triangular, with a short low anterior shank, its posterior brink strong, arched in shape. Entopterygoid and dermopalatine both with unequal sized teeth. Qudrate small. Opercular triangular, large. Extracleithrum separate. Typical coelacanthid axial skeleton, with 64 neural arches. Ribs present. Pelvic girdle simple, pelvic plate roughly nail-shaped. Anterior dorsal plate triangular. Posterior dorsal and anal fin plates both with two anterior apophyses. Spines on one or more lepidotrichia of anterior dorsal and both lobes of caudal fin. The number of lepidotrichia in upper and lower lobes, unequal. Supplementary caudal fin short. Scales oval, with variable number of elongated ridges running rostro-caudally.The genus name Changxingia is after the name of Changxing Formation.Youngichthys gen. nov. Type species: Youngichthys xinhuainsis gen. et sp. nov.Diagnosis: Fish of small size. Body fusiform. Head small, nearly triangular in lateral view. "Pa" Dpt large, dermopterotic rather small. Supraorbital 4—5 in number. Parasphenoid with feeble teeth. Pterygoid thin, large, triangular. Qudrate very small Splenio-surangular with a low anterior shank and high posterior portion, nearly semicircular in shape. Coronoid somewhat triangular. Gular long. Opercular fairly small, triangular. Subopercular very small. Typical coelacanthid axial skeleton, with 52 neural arches. Ossified ribs absent. Pelvic plate similar to that of Diplurus. Anterior dorsal plate triangular. Caudal fin with equal number of lepidotrichia in upper and lower lobes. Supplementary caudal fin less developed. Scales elliptical with ridges running rostro-caudally.This genus is named in honour of late Prof. C. C. Young, famous Vertebrate Paleontologist in the world.

本文记述了浙江长兴县长兴组煤山段[上二迭统上部]的总鳍鱼亚纲、空棘鱼目的两个新属种,新槐杨公鱼(Youngichthys xinhuainsis gen.et sp.nov.)和粗纹长兴鱼(Changxingiaaspratilis gen.et sp.nov.)。长兴的标本使我们得知二迭纪空棘鱼的分布范围扩展到亚洲,生活环境由陆地扩展到海洋。到目前为止,煤山段的鱼化石被认为是二迭纪最高层位的鱼群。

A new palaeoniscid genus and species,Triassodus yanchangensis,from the Ton-chuan Formation(Upper Triassic)of Yao Xian,North Shaanxi,is described.It at-tains a total length of 14—23cm,having elegantly fusiform body and large orbit an-teriorly placed.The greatest depth of the body,which is about 1/4.4 in the total length,is larger than the length of the head including opercular apparatus.The measurementsof the holotype are given in the text.The characters of the skull-bones and all the fins resemble those of Turseolus...

A new palaeoniscid genus and species,Triassodus yanchangensis,from the Ton-chuan Formation(Upper Triassic)of Yao Xian,North Shaanxi,is described.It at-tains a total length of 14—23cm,having elegantly fusiform body and large orbit an-teriorly placed.The greatest depth of the body,which is about 1/4.4 in the total length,is larger than the length of the head including opercular apparatus.The measurementsof the holotype are given in the text.The characters of the skull-bones and all the fins resemble those of Turseolus andShuniscus.Suspensorium oblique and mouth gape deep.Snout obtuse and single largepostrostral separating nasals.Circumorbital series consisting of supraorbital,three or fourinfraorbitals,anterorbital,and nasal.About two suborbitals present in front of thepreopercular.Single dermohyal present.Maxillary of Palaeoniscoid shape.Mandiblerobust,with broad symphysis,its outside ornamented with fine diagonal ridges.Maxil-lary and dentary with small pointed teeth.Operculum considerably larger than suboper-culum,much deeper than wide.Cleithrum and supracleithrum well developed,the latterwith diagonal ridges.Pectoral fin large,horizontal,consisting of about 20 lepidotrichiawhich not segmented proximally and bifurcated distally.Pelvic fin nearer pectoral thananal fin,cnsisting of about 2 unbranched and 20 branched lepidotrichia which segmentedcompletely.Dorsal fin remote,its origin slightly before that of anal fin,triangular,including about 2 unbranched and branched 20 lepidotrichia,wrich are segmentedthroughout.Anal fin long-based,with concave ventral margin,consisting of about 2unbranched and 53 branched lepidotrichia,which are segmented completely.Caudalfin heterocercal,deep cleft,nearly equilobate,cnsisting of about 60 lepidotrichia.Fulcraof moderate size and present on all the fins.Seales small,rhombic,and ornamentedwith diagonal ridges. The general characters of Triassodus resemble Turseodus Leidy and Shuniscus Su,but Triassodus differs from Turseodus in the following combination of characters:pos-trostral comparatively large,saddle-shaped.Cheek region(the distance between theorbit and the opercular)rather broad.Preopercular-maxillary angle much larger(ca-45°).The postorbital part of the maxillary relatively long and anterior part of thebone meeting the fellow below the rostrum.Branchiostegal rays few in number.Dermalbones ornamented with prominent tubercles or ridges of enamel.Anal fin long-based,butless than skull length.Scales more or less pectinated at the hind border,appear to bedestitute of dorsal articular process.Shuniscus differs from Triassodus in the followingcharacters:Body small.Preopercular-maxillary angle much smaller(ca.35°).Maxillaryexcluded from snout,not meeting the fellow below the rostrum.Ornamention on der-mal bones very weak.Supracleithrum short,stout and fusiform.Cleithrum with at-tenuated dorsal extension.Pelvic,dorsal and anal fins with comparatively long bases.The rays of all the fins sparsely segmented.Fin-fulcra very small,only present on un-paired fins.Scales without diagonal ridges,and with smooth posterior border.Triassodus retains the basic Palaeoniscoid condition.It is a typically fusiform fishwith strongly heterocercal tail,rhomboidal,enamel-covered scales and an oblique su-spensorium.Triassodus also exhibits some advanced characters,for instance,the lepido-trichia of tre pectoral fins unjointed poximally;Pelvic fins anteriorly placed;Caudalfin nearly equilobate cte.All these show the same characters as Turseodus and Shunis-cus.This new discovery is of great interest in the studying of the stratigraphic andgeographic distribution of fishes during the Late Triassic age.An interesting form ofPalaeoniscoids,Fukangichthys longidorsalis which was discovered(Su,1978)from theKaramy Formation(Upper Triassic)in Xinjiang(Sinkiang),bears characters closelyresembling Tanaocrossus kalliokoskii from the Chinle Formation of the United states.Another gracile Palaeoniscoid fish,Shuniscus longianalis which was discovered(Su,1983)from the Xujiahe Formation(Upper Triassic)in Sichuan,exhibits characters resem-bling Turseodus from the Chinle Formation and Newark Group in United States.Thediscovery of Triassodus and specimen of Coelacanths from the Tonchuan Formation ofNorth Shaanxi has further indicated the resemblance between the Upper Triassie fishfauna in Eastern Asia and North America.

本文记述了在陕西北部耀县铜川组发现的古鳕科一新属、种——延长三叠鳕(Triassodusyanchangensis,gen.et sp.nov.)。在对其形态特征作较详细描述的基础上,认为它既与美国晚三叠世的吐鲁瑟欧鳕(Turseodus)很接近,又与我国四川须家河组(晚三叠世)的蜀鳕(Sh-uniscus)相似。基于上述的理由,认为铜川组的时代是晚三叠世。根据迄今在我国晓三叠世发现的鱼类,探讨了我国晚三叠世的鱼群与北美的关系。

 
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