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causal power
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  因果力
     (b) the representations of literal presentation, tables and graphs had no impact on the judgments of causal power in generative causes, but had the impact on that in preventive causes where more participants' judgments were in accord with the Power PC theory in the representation of graphs, compared with the representations of literal presentation and tables;
     ⑵文字陈述、表格和图形三种信息外部表征方式 ,不影响产生原因条件下的因果力估计 ,但影响预防原因条件下的因果力估计。 在预防原因条件下 ,与文字陈述和表格表征相比 ,图形表征会促使更多被试按效力PC理论来做因果力估计 ;
短句来源
     An experiment was conducted to investigate human causal judgments in the concentrative presentation of information with the three different external representations and the paradigm of direct estimates of causal power, and to test the Power PC theory, Probabilistic Contrast Model, and pCI rule.
     在分别用文字陈述、表格和图形三种外部表征方式集中呈现因果信息的条件下 ,用直接估计因果力大小的实验范式考察单一因果关系因果力估计的特点 ,检验概率对比模型 ,效力PC理论和 pCI规则。
短句来源
     Lastly, The author reviewed the basic problems of research on judgments of causal power of single causal relationships: the main impact factors and the mechanism of judgments of causal power, the methodological problem of the main research.
     最后,概述了单一因果关系因果力判断研究的基本问题:因果力判断的主要影响因素和过程机制、研究的方法问题。
短句来源
     A Review on the Research in Judgments of Causal Power of Single Causal Relationships
     单一因果关系因果力判断研究述评
短句来源
     A TEST ON THE POWER PC THEORY WITH THE PARADIGM OF COMPARING CAUSAL POWER
     因果力比较范式下对效力PC理论的检验
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  “causal power”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Power PC theory was tested by using the concentrative presentation of graph representation of information and the paradigm of comparing causal power.
     在用图形方式集中呈现信息的条件下 ,用因果力大小比较的实验范式检验效力PC理论。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     POWER
     清华的力量
短句来源
     power;
     权力 ;
短句来源
     Causal Relation Analysis
     效应关联分析
短句来源
     Bayesian Causal Analysis
     用贝叶斯网络进行因果分析
短句来源
     On Incompleteness of Causal Theory of Reference
     因果指称理论的不完全性
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  causal power
A collective causal power with respect to agreed outcomes, not evidentialist reasoning, makes cooperation attractive in the Prisoners' Dilemma.
      
Cheng) of human judgment of causal power can be considerably generalized: and (iv) suggesting a range of possible experiments comparing human and computer abilities to extract causal information from associations.
      
It implies that the causal power of any higher-level property must be reducible to the subset of the causal powers of its lower-level properties.
      
Without them, there would be no faces since the facial features of people would lack the relevant causal power required to be a face.
      
The second half seems to bear all the causal power.
      
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The Power PC theory was tested by using the concentrative presentation of graph representation of information and the paradigm of comparing causal power. The participants were 233 college students. The results showed that comparative judgments of causal power of single causal relationships had the following characteristics: (a) Most judgments were in accord with the Power PC theory in the conditions of preventive causes, but conversely most judgments were not in accord with the theory...

The Power PC theory was tested by using the concentrative presentation of graph representation of information and the paradigm of comparing causal power. The participants were 233 college students. The results showed that comparative judgments of causal power of single causal relationships had the following characteristics: (a) Most judgments were in accord with the Power PC theory in the conditions of preventive causes, but conversely most judgments were not in accord with the theory in the conditions of generative causes, (b) in the condition of generative causes with simultaneous changes of the covariation coefficient and the base rate of the effect, most participants used the ΔP rule of probabilistic contrast model, which was not in accord with the Power PC theory, and (c) in the condition of generative causes with the change of the base rate of the effect and the constant covariation coefficient, most participants used the RP rule, which couldn't be explained by all known theories of causal reasoning.

在用图形方式集中呈现信息的条件下 ,用因果力大小比较的实验范式检验效力PC理论。 2 33名大学生被试对不同化学药物影响动物基因变异的能力做大小比较判断。结果发现 ,对单一因果关系因果力大小的比较判断具有以下 3个特点 :(1)不对称性 :在预防原因条件下的因果力判断一般符合效力PC理论 ,而在产生原因条件下的因果力判断一般不符合效力PC理论 ;(2 )在同时变化协变值ΔP和结果基率ΔP(E|~C)的产生原因条件下 ,多数被试使用ΔP规则。这与概率对比模型的预测相一致 ,而不支持效力PC理论 ;(3)在固定协变值ΔP而只变化结果基率P(E|~C)的产生原因条件下 ,多数被试使用变异比RP规则。这是目前所有的因果推理理论都不能解释的现象。

The author reviewed the main theoretical models of simple causal induction from the two aspects of bottom-up data-driven processing and top-down knowledge-driven processing. Within the paradigm of bottom-up data-driven processing, there are the basic differences between associative accounts and computational accounts. Lastly, The author reviewed the basic problems of research on judgments of causal power of single causal relationships: the main impact factors and the mechanism of judgments of causal...

The author reviewed the main theoretical models of simple causal induction from the two aspects of bottom-up data-driven processing and top-down knowledge-driven processing. Within the paradigm of bottom-up data-driven processing, there are the basic differences between associative accounts and computational accounts. Lastly, The author reviewed the basic problems of research on judgments of causal power of single causal relationships: the main impact factors and the mechanism of judgments of causal power, the methodological problem of the main research.

简单因果归纳包括自下而上的材料驱动的加工和自上而下的因果知识驱动加工两个方面。简单因果归纳的多数理论模型强调自下而上的材料驱动的加工,这些模型又存在联想解释与计算解释的基本区分。最后,概述了单一因果关系因果力判断研究的基本问题:因果力判断的主要影响因素和过程机制、研究的方法问题。

An experiment was conducted to investigate human causal judgments in the concentrative presentation of information with the three different external representations and the paradigm of direct estimates of causal power, and to test the Power PC theory, Probabilistic Contrast Model, and pCI rule. The participants were 287 college students. It was found that judgments of causal power of single causal relationships had the four characteristics: (a) More judgments were in accord with the Power...

An experiment was conducted to investigate human causal judgments in the concentrative presentation of information with the three different external representations and the paradigm of direct estimates of causal power, and to test the Power PC theory, Probabilistic Contrast Model, and pCI rule. The participants were 287 college students. It was found that judgments of causal power of single causal relationships had the four characteristics: (a) More judgments were in accord with the Power PC theory in preventive causes, but conversely most judgments were in accord with probabilistic contrast model in generative causes; (b) the representations of literal presentation, tables and graphs had no impact on the judgments of causal power in generative causes, but had the impact on that in preventive causes where more participants' judgments were in accord with the Power PC theory in the representation of graphs, compared with the representations of literal presentation and tables; (c) no participant used pCI rule; and (d) there were obvious individual differences in causal judgments.

在分别用文字陈述、表格和图形三种外部表征方式集中呈现因果信息的条件下 ,用直接估计因果力大小的实验范式考察单一因果关系因果力估计的特点 ,检验概率对比模型 ,效力PC理论和 pCI规则。让 2 87名大学生被试估计不同化学药物影响动物基因变异的能力。结果发现 ,对单一因果关系因果力估计具有以下 4个特点 :⑴不对称性 :在预防原因条件下的因果力估计较多符合效力PC理论 ,而在产生原因条件下的因果力估计一般符合概率对比模型 ;⑵文字陈述、表格和图形三种信息外部表征方式 ,不影响产生原因条件下的因果力估计 ,但影响预防原因条件下的因果力估计。在预防原因条件下 ,与文字陈述和表格表征相比 ,图形表征会促使更多被试按效力PC理论来做因果力估计 ;⑶没有被试使用 pCI规则 ;⑷被试估计因果力所使用的规则存在明显的个体差异。

 
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