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sign language
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  sign language
Background: Prelingually deaf persons usually gain only a rudimentary command of speech and prefer sign language to communicate within the deaf community without the handicap they experience in the hearing world.
      
Method: Data were collected with the help of semi-structured interviews; with the deaf patients these were conducted in German sign language.
      
Due to his deafness Sam never developed vocal language but instead used sign language from the age of four.
      
His tic disorder rapidly accelerated from the age of seven over a six-month period and soon sign language was incorporated into tics as complex "vocal" tics.
      
Bursting out "words"in sign language would also occur in front of people unfamiliar with sign language and often with an obscene content although this was not evident to someone not trained in sign language.
      
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This paper, through nine typical cases of Pre-school deaf children who have completed 280-300 hours of hearing-speech training course in Tianjin Hearing Disability Rehabilitation Centre, will deal with special methods of hearing-speech training and discuss some problems in the course for pre-school deaf children, which include their refusing to wear audiphones, keeping silence and absence of mind, being used to sign language instead of spoken language, and failing to say what they have been taught...

This paper, through nine typical cases of Pre-school deaf children who have completed 280-300 hours of hearing-speech training course in Tianjin Hearing Disability Rehabilitation Centre, will deal with special methods of hearing-speech training and discuss some problems in the course for pre-school deaf children, which include their refusing to wear audiphones, keeping silence and absence of mind, being used to sign language instead of spoken language, and failing to say what they have been taught or misunderstanding some conceptions, etc.

本文报告了天津市听力障碍康复中心9名聋儿通过280~300学时的康复语言训练情况,并讨论了训练方法以及在听力——语言康复训练中遇到的聋儿拒绝带助听器、训练时不开口、不安心、训练中聋儿喜欢用手势语,以及概念性理解错误,学而不用等问题。

Objective To evaluate the suitability and the satisfaction rate of non language communication in nursing patients with artificial airway (endotracheal intubation or tracheotomy) after cardiac surgery. Methods Four non language communication ways (i.e. standardized sign language, picture cards, writing boards and bell ringing) were used in 337 patients with artificial airway after cardiac surgery.Results Sign language was suitable for all patients with a satisfaction rate of 96.02% . Picture...

Objective To evaluate the suitability and the satisfaction rate of non language communication in nursing patients with artificial airway (endotracheal intubation or tracheotomy) after cardiac surgery. Methods Four non language communication ways (i.e. standardized sign language, picture cards, writing boards and bell ringing) were used in 337 patients with artificial airway after cardiac surgery.Results Sign language was suitable for all patients with a satisfaction rate of 96.02% . Picture cards were mainly used in the illiterate or semiliterate patients and those who did not understand Putonghua, giving a satisfaction rate of 94.25%. Writing boards were mainly suitable for the educated patients with a satisfaction rate of 84.81%. Bell ringing, as a signal of non language communication, was especially prepared for the senile and infirm patients, with a satisfaction rate of 97.37%. The overall satisfaction rate was 93.11%.Conclusion Non language communication is an important and effective interchange means between nurses and patients with artificial airway after cardiac surgery.

目的 评价非语言交流方式对心脏手术后建立人工气道患者进行护患交流和沟通的适用性和满意度。方法 采用规范化手势语、图片卡、写字板、摇铃四种非语言交流方式对 337例心脏手术后建立人工气道 (气管插管及气管切开 )患者进行护患交流和沟通。结果 手势语适用于各层次患者 ,满意率为 96 .0 2 % ;图片卡主要适用于文盲或半文盲和听不懂普通话的患者 ,满意率为 94.2 5 % ;写字板则主要适用于有一定文化水平的患者 ,满意率为 84.81% ;而摇铃主要作为年老体弱患者需要非语言交流的信号 ,满意率为 97.37%。总体满意率为 93.11%。结论 非语言交流是心脏术后建立人工气道患者监护中护患之间重要而有效的沟通方式

Objective: The purpose of the article was to help the patients and their families to establish an appropriate expectation through health education, and to help the patients to succeed in the recovery of cochlear implant. Method: Health education was provided to the patients at admission, in-hospital, and before discharge by using words, sign language, pictures, and booklets. Result: All of the 38 cochlear were used correctly and kept well. Thirty cases were trained in language recovery institution,...

Objective: The purpose of the article was to help the patients and their families to establish an appropriate expectation through health education, and to help the patients to succeed in the recovery of cochlear implant. Method: Health education was provided to the patients at admission, in-hospital, and before discharge by using words, sign language, pictures, and booklets. Result: All of the 38 cochlear were used correctly and kept well. Thirty cases were trained in language recovery institution, 5 cases were trained at home by their parents and 3 cases received no training. Ten children have entered ordinary school.Conclusion:It is important for medical personnel to give health education of cochlear implant to the patients and their parents. It represents the development of modern medicine from the biomedical model to the bio-psycho-social medical model.

目的 :通过健康教育 ,帮助患者及家属建立恰当的期望值 ,帮助患者人工耳蜗植入后的成功康复。方法 :利用文字、手语、图片配合宣传手册等方式对患者及家属进行入院前教育、住院教育和出院教育。结果 :3 8例人工耳蜗均能够被正确使用 ,保养良好 ,3 0例植入者在康复机构语训、5例在家由父母训练、3例缺乏训练 ,10位儿童已经进入正常学校学习。结论 :医护人员对患者及家庭进行人工耳蜗系统的健康知识教育 ,是保证人工耳蜗手术成功康复的重要因素 ,体现了现代医学由生物医学模式向生物、社会、心理医学模式发展的优越性。

 
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