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traditional evidence
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  传统证据
     Canadian Electronic Evidence Act Breaking through Traditional Evidence Rules in Common Law System
     加拿大电子证据法对英美传统证据规则的突破
短句来源
     What are the differences between the electronic evidence and other traditional evidence forms.
     电子证据与其他传统证据形式相比究竟有何差异?
短句来源
     The paper bases itself upon the comparative study between the electronical evidence and the traditional evidence in our country, and expresses its view points on the theories of the position of the electronical evidence. Also it makes some suggestions on legislation, in order to confirm the independent position of the electronical evidence.
     本文在立足于电子证据与我国传统证据形式比较研究的基础上,针对电子证据地位的各种学说表达了自己的一些看法,并提出立法上的建议,以期确定电子证据的独立证据地位,同时也希望借此文与关心电子证据立法工作的广大同仁交流意见,互相学习,促进我国民事证据立法工作的顺利、健康发展。
短句来源
     Similar to traditional evidence, the computer evidence must be: Authentic, accurate, complete, in accordance with law, and accept able to law court.
     与传统证据一样,计算机证据必须是:可信的、准确的、完整的、符合法律法规的,即可为法庭所接受的。
短句来源
     The most essential difference between electronic evidence and traditional evidence is the particularity in recording mode,which has an effect on other characteristics of electronic evidence.
     记录方式的特殊性是电子证据与传统证据最本质的区别,其他特性都受这一本性特点的影响。
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  “traditional evidence”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In the field of studying evidence, the traditional evidence concept has received the enormous impact of electronic information.
     在证据学方面,传统的证据概念受到了电子信息的巨大冲击。
短句来源
     Electronic evidence has brought challenges to traditional evidence rule such as Best Evidence,Authentication Rule and Hearsay Rule.
     电子证据对传统英美证据规则的挑战主要涉及最佳证据规则、鉴证规则和传闻规则。
短句来源
     Then the authorpresents his own idea: the current electronic evidence is only the electronic forms of traditional evidence.
     笔者提出自己的倾向性的观点:现阶段电子证据定为传统证据的电子形式。
短句来源
     4) our evidence evaluation system after 1840 adopted civillaw countries finally which is the inevitable result of influence of our traditional evidence system;
     第四,我国近代证据判断制度最终取法大陆法系,是受古代证据判断制度历史影响的必然结果。 第五,在我国古代和近代,判例在指导事实认定方面都发挥了积极的作用。
短句来源
     Traditional evidence theory is constructed on the assumption of independence, but both theory and practice require processing of dependent evidences.
     证据理论是建立在独立性假设基础上的 ,理论和实际应用都需要突破这一限制 .
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  相似匹配句对
     WHO promotes evidence-based traditional medicine.
     世界卫生组织倡导循证的传统医学。
短句来源
     Evidence Base of Clinical Reseach for Traditional Chinese Medicine
     浅谈中医临床研究的科学证据
短句来源
     On Electronic Evidence
     电子证据可采论
短句来源
     On Traditional Geography
     中国传统地理学刍议
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     On Network Evidence
     网络证据刍议
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  traditional evidence
Only a few researchers have used designs resulting in evidence ranked as strong in the traditional evidence grading systems.
      
Non-traditional evidence not provided The complete set of requirements for non-traditional claim submissions has not been met.
      
At any rate, the use of the decimated image in the algorithm does not differ from a traditional evidence grid.
      


E commerce, depending on modern Hi tech, is currently changing the operating principle and transaction forms of traditional trade fundamentally. Its practical form Electronic document is referred to as Electronic Evidence if used for action . Compared with traditional evidence and as far as the acceptibility, the proof and collecting materials are concerned, electronic evidence is faced with barriers in legislation and application. There still exists much difficulty concerning its order to smooth...

E commerce, depending on modern Hi tech, is currently changing the operating principle and transaction forms of traditional trade fundamentally. Its practical form Electronic document is referred to as Electronic Evidence if used for action . Compared with traditional evidence and as far as the acceptibility, the proof and collecting materials are concerned, electronic evidence is faced with barriers in legislation and application. There still exists much difficulty concerning its order to smooth out the way for the development of E commerce legally. We should research further into the new characteristics of electronic evidence, use the experience of International Organizations for reference and make our own law of e commerce gradually to provide law guarantee for the smooth development of our electronic commerce.

电子商务依托现代高新技术全面改变着传统贸易的经营理念和方式 ,其表现载体数据电文应用到诉讼领域成为电子证据。与传统证据相比 ,电子证据的可接受性、证明力以及搜集采信等问题存在较大立法障碍和适用困难。必须加强研究电子商务证据新特点 ,借鉴国际组织有益探索 ,逐步建立我国电子证据法律制度 ,为电子商务的顺利发展提供法律保障

With the coming of information times,in Electronic commerce or other computer criminal cases,the evidential price and function of data message becomes more and more important.Electronic evidence is a kind of electronic information which lies in computer hardware or software magnetic medium in form of data message.The character of electronic evidence is different from that of traditional evidence.In respect to its adoptability, Electronic evidence is different from written evidence and video-audio...

With the coming of information times,in Electronic commerce or other computer criminal cases,the evidential price and function of data message becomes more and more important.Electronic evidence is a kind of electronic information which lies in computer hardware or software magnetic medium in form of data message.The character of electronic evidence is different from that of traditional evidence.In respect to its adoptability, Electronic evidence is different from written evidence and video-audio material.There is no difference between the original and the copy of electronic evidence.Therefore,It should be sorted as a new kind of evidences.We can ensure from three legal aspects that the evidence value of electronic evidence exists or not.Therefore, Electronic evidence should be emphasized in evidence legislation.

随着信息时代的到来 ,在电子商务或其他计算机犯罪案件中 ,数据电文的证据价值与功能日显重要。电子证据是以数据电文形式存在于电脑硬盘或软件磁性介质上的电子信息 ,其具有不同于传统证据的特征。在可采纳性问题上 ,电子证据既不同于书证和视听资料 ,也不存在原件和副本的差异性 ,因而应独列为一种新的证据类型。电子证据的证据价值的有无和大小可以从三个法定方面予以确定。电子证据理应为证据立法所关注。

Traditional evidence theory is constructed on the assumption of independence, but both theory and practice require processing of dependent evidences. In a model of dependent evidences recently proposed by Sun and Yang, two dependent evidences are thought of as resulted from orthogonal sum of dependent original evidence and two independent original evidences, respectively. Combining the two dependent evidences can be reduced to an orthogonal sum of the three original independent evidences. For this, the independent...

Traditional evidence theory is constructed on the assumption of independence, but both theory and practice require processing of dependent evidences. In a model of dependent evidences recently proposed by Sun and Yang, two dependent evidences are thought of as resulted from orthogonal sum of dependent original evidence and two independent original evidences, respectively. Combining the two dependent evidences can be reduced to an orthogonal sum of the three original independent evidences. For this, the independent original evidences must be identified from two dependent evidences and dependent original evidence. This is an inverse problem in evidence theory. A sufficient condition for the existence and uniqueness of the solution is given in this paper. Then a method for combining dependent multiple classifiers is proposed. Handwriting recognition experimental results indicate that the dependent evidence model is more appropriate for fusing multiple classifiers than traditional evidence theory, because it can efficiently utilize dependence between multiple classifiers.

证据理论是建立在独立性假设基础上的 ,理论和实际应用都需要突破这一限制 .最近提出的一种相关证据模型认为 ,两个相关证据由一个相关源证据分别与两个独立源证据通过正交和合成得到 ,相关证据的合成可以归结为这三个源证据的正交和 ,为此首先要由相关证据和相关源证据辩识独立源证据 ,这是证据理论中的反问题 ,其解是否有意义取决于相关源证据是否合适 .该文给出了一个充分条件 ,如果相关源证据满足此条件 ,反问题有唯一有意义的解 ,在此指导下 ,研究了字符识别中的多分类器融合问题 ,实验结果表明 ,识别性能优于传统证据理论方法

 
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