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   underreporting 在 人口学与计划生育 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.007秒
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underreporting
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  漏报
    This paper finds that 20. 42 million under age 17 were underreported in the 5th census, by comparing school enrolment data. The total population in 2000 should be between 1253. 15-1260. 87 million then, which is 4. 96-12. 68 million less than published data, the net underreporting is between 8. 04-15. 76 million, and the rate of underreporting is 0. 65-1. 27%.
    用小学入学人数检验“五普”低年龄组的人口数据,发现“五普”17岁以下年龄组人口净漏报2042.03万,以此调整的2000年“五普”总人数在125315万-126087万之间,比公布的总人数少496万-1268万,其净漏报人数大约为在804万-1576万,净漏报率为0.65%-1.27%。
短句来源
    Based on data from censuses,applying survival analysis and numerical fitting method,as well as other statistics and contrast analysis,the paper explores underreporting and overreporting in the 2000 census and adjusts the population size and structure.
    以人口普查资料为基础,运用人口存活分析方法和数值拟合思想,并辅之以其他统计数据和对比分析方法,分析五普数据中的重报和漏报,对普查人口总量和结构进行调整。 研究发现,“五普”0-9岁人口存在漏报,漏报人口为3 743万;
短句来源
    The Underreporting and Sex Ratio of Lower Age Group in the Fifth Census: Investigating School Enrolment Data
    用小学入学人数检验“五普”低龄组的人口漏报和性别比
短句来源
    avstract According to the 5th national population census, 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government in China Mainland have 1265.83 million population on November 1, underreporting rate 1.81%, which means the population registered directly is only 1243.37 million, 22.46 million less than the published number.
    第五次人口普查公布 ,2 0 0 0年 1 1月 1日零时 ,大陆 3 1个省、自治区、直辖市总人口为 1 2 65 83万人 ,漏报率为 1 81 %。 意味着普查直接登记人口只有 1 2 43 3 7万人 ,比公布人数少 2 2 46万人。
短句来源
    This paper makes an evaluation from several aspects of the 1243.37 million people registered directly, pointing out that underreporting does exist in the registered population in census, the number above 20 million.
    本文从几个方面对普查直接登记的 1 2 43 3 7万人进行了评估 ,指出普查登记人口确实存在一定程度的漏报 ,漏报人口超过 2 0 0 0万。
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  “underreporting”译为未确定词的双语例句
    In spite of the efforts, however, the underreporting rate increases greatly to 1.81%, compared with that of the 1990 census.
    尽管如此 ,这次普查的漏登率却比 1 990年普查大幅度提高 ,达到了 1 .81 %。
短句来源
    While the recent survey results get a TFR of 1. 3, the calculated TFR' stands at 1. 7 showing that the lifetime fertility of Chinese women has been basically over the policy level, and the actual lifetime fertility will be higher when taking consideration of the birth underreporting.
    而根据最新调查数据的分析表明,虽然近年TFR仅为1.3,但作为从时期生育行为对终身生育水平的较好估计,近年TFR’值却为1.7,这表示全国终身生育率大体仍在政策要求的水平以上。
短句来源
    Despite the serious problems of underreporting,the analysis confirms that ever since 1992 fertility has been below replacement level.
    结果同时表明,中国1992年以来确实达到了低生育水平。
短句来源
    The statistical records at the village level suffer from severe underreporting and overreporting in response to different political purposes or misreporting according to conventional criteria.
    村官在数据建构时玩弄的“数字游戏”可分两类一种是出于政治目的,人为地虚报或瞒报数字; 另一种是因袭传统的统计标准,随意报送与人口现实不符的数据。
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  underreporting
Neonaticide is a sad and infrequent crime with possibly a high level of underreporting.
      
Estimates of this relationship may have been biased toward the null by underreporting that can occur with phone surveys.
      
Interpretation is clouded, however, by underreporting and overreporting across methodologies.
      
The contract reduces both accident frequency and total losses, but increases reported loss severity as managers evade approximately 40% of the accident penalty by underreporting small losses.
      
Critics claim incentives for underreporting were thus created, and that published injury rates could be biased downward.
      
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As China records increasingly low fertility, the last decade has seen fertility research concentrating on the estimation of the birth underreporting and on the policies countering the very low fertility. However, one important issue that has been overlooked is the disadvantages of the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) index in representing the lifetime fertility level. This article introduces Bongarrts-Feeney model of calculating the Tempo Adjusted TFR (TFR' ), which has a better approximation to the lifetime...

As China records increasingly low fertility, the last decade has seen fertility research concentrating on the estimation of the birth underreporting and on the policies countering the very low fertility. However, one important issue that has been overlooked is the disadvantages of the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) index in representing the lifetime fertility level. This article introduces Bongarrts-Feeney model of calculating the Tempo Adjusted TFR (TFR' ), which has a better approximation to the lifetime fertility using fertility data of China. While the recent survey results get a TFR of 1. 3, the calculated TFR' stands at 1. 7 showing that the lifetime fertility of Chinese women has been basically over the policy level, and the actual lifetime fertility will be higher when taking consideration of the birth underreporting. Some technical issues of the application of TFR' are also discussed. Guo Zhigang, born in 1954, is director and Professor, Institute of Population Research, People's University of china.

面临近年来极低的全国总和生育率(TFR)水平,有关研究一方面集中于出生漏报的估计,一方面集中于针对极低生育水平的对策研究。但是,还有一个重要问题却被忽视了,即由于近年来生育年龄变化而使得TFR指标的内在缺陷更为突出,已不能很好反映妇女终身生育水平。就此,本文介绍了Bongaarts和Feeney新近提出的去进度效应总和生育率(TFR’)方法。应用中国历年生育数据对 TFR’方法的检验表明该指标的确比 TFR指标更接近于实际队列的终身生育率。而根据最新调查数据的分析表明,虽然近年TFR仅为1.3,但作为从时期生育行为对终身生育水平的较好估计,近年TFR’值却为1.7,这表示全国终身生育率大体仍在政策要求的水平以上。如果再进一步考虑数据中的出生漏报问题,那么实际终身生育水平还会更高。本文还分析了其他有关指标,并对该方法在应用中的若干技术问题进行了讨论。

This paper examines adoption in Haidian District, Beijing, and its demographic characteristics, causes and functions. Adoption related underreporting and violation of family planning and Adoption Law are also discussed. The paper concludes with some important policy suggestions.

文从抱养人群的人口学基本特征出发 ,分析了抱养的原因及功能 ,探讨了抱养中存在的人口瞒报、漏报 ,违背计划生育以及严重违犯《收养法》等问题 ,并对抱养与合法收养进行了严格界定 ,提出了有针对性的对策建议 ,以便为社会对抱养进行有效管理提供依据

The implementation of the 2000 national population census encountered unprecedented difficulties. In order to acquire accurate data, the Population Census Office of the State Council has improved the census scheme and applied some new techniques. Results show that these efforts are necessary. In spite of the efforts, however, the underreporting rate increases greatly to 1.81%, compared with that of the 1990 census. Causes are multi-faceted, from the design of census scheme to the organization and implementation,...

The implementation of the 2000 national population census encountered unprecedented difficulties. In order to acquire accurate data, the Population Census Office of the State Council has improved the census scheme and applied some new techniques. Results show that these efforts are necessary. In spite of the efforts, however, the underreporting rate increases greatly to 1.81%, compared with that of the 1990 census. Causes are multi-faceted, from the design of census scheme to the organization and implementation, to the change in social background. Making a sincere study of these problems and finding the countermeasures are essential in improving population statistics in China.

20 0 0年人口普查是一次难度空前的普查。为了获得准确的资料 ,国务院人口普查办公室对普查方案做了改进 ,采用了一些新的技术。从实施效果来看 ,证明这些改进是十分必要的。尽管如此 ,这次普查的漏登率却比 1 990年普查大幅度提高 ,达到了 1 .81 %。导致人口普查漏登率上升的因素是多方面的 ,既有方案设计上的 ,也有组织实施、普查环境变化的影响。认真研究这些问题以及解决的对策 ,对改进我国的人口统计是非常重要的

 
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