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personnel     
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  人员
     Study on the Relationship between Job Burnout and Occupational Stress and the Effect on the Quality of Working Life in Medical Personnel
     医务人员工作倦怠与职业紧张的关系及其对职业生命质量影响的研究
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     A Mathematical Model and Analytical Methods of the Management of Technical Personnel
     科技人员管理的一个数学模型及其分析方法
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     PRELIMINARY DISCUSSION ON PROBLEMS OF CONTINUING EDUCATION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL IN THE SEISMOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT
     地震科技人员继续教育问题初探
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     Cohort Study of Cancer Mortality among Chloroprene Personnel
     氯丁二烯致癌性研究之二——氯丁二烯作业人员肿瘤队列调查
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     The Analysis on the Gastroendoscopic Examination for 748 Cases of Flying personnel
     飞行人员748例胃镜检查结果分析
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  人才
     ON THE QUESTION OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
     关于人才管理问题
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     Development of Science and Technology and Training of Management Personnel
     科学技术的发展与管理人才的培养
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     VERIFICATION OF THE PREDICTION METHODS OF THE DEMEND FOR THE QUALIFIED FORESTRY PERSONNEL OF YUNNAN FROM 1985 TO 2000
     云南省林业系统1985至2000年专门人才需求预测结果的验证
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     Information,chemical industry and talented personnel
     信息、化工与人才
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     Exploration on the Establishment of the System of Forecasting and Management of Qualified Personnel
     关于建立人才预测及管理系统的探讨
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  人事
     Apple—Ⅱ Microcomputer in Chinese Characters Record of Personnel,of science and technology,and of Eguipment Management System
     Apple—Ⅱ微型计算机人事、科技、设备档案汉字管理系统
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     Reform of Administrative and Personnel Systems in the Course of Reforms of Political System
     政治体制改革过程中的行政管理体制与人事管理制度改革
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     COMMON-USE PROGRAM FOR COLLEGE PERSONNEL AFFAIRS MANAGEMENT --A MICROCOMPUTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
     高校人事管理通用程序微电脑管理系统
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     The Application of the Microcomputer to the Personnel Management
     微机在人事管理工作中的应用
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     Some Characteristics and Strategies of Personnel Decisions in Chinese Enterprises
     企业人事决策的特点与对策
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  员工
     is one of the major factors that have influence the efficiency and loss of personnel's.
     而员工工作满意感是影响员工绩效与流失的主要因素之一。
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     The Research and Redesign of Personnel Performance Appraisal Proposal of T Company
     T公司员工绩效考评方案的研究与再设计
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     Personnel's Training in Large Enterprise and Its Evaluation
     大型企业中的员工培训及培训绩效综合评价研究
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     Hotel Personnel Change Management
     饭店员工职位变动管理
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     Study on the Model of Personnel Behavior Management
     员工行为管理模式研究
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      personnel
    A soundproof electromagnetic screen that protects the operating personnel and provides for the normal operation of electronic devices is described.
          
    The possibility of multifold increasing of the noise-to-signal ratio and decreasing radiation doses for patients and personnel is shown.
          
    The achievements of the analytical service and the potential of the analytical department, namely, its equipment, personnel, methodological basis, and the concept of further development, are considered.
          
    The important role of the laboratory staff at all steps of its work is noted both in the development of methods of spectrochemical analysis and their application as well as in training students and highly skilled personnel in analytical spectroscopy.
          
    The immune status of basically healthy personnel of OAO Uralkalii and OAO Sil'vinit was studied for three years (1998-2000) to assess the effect of the workplace environment on the parameters of the immune system.
          
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    Six species of stem-borers injurious to rice plant have been hitherto known from China. The paddy borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Walker), does the greatest damage and is distributed in the principal rice area in Central and South China. The main factors influencing the fluctuation of population include climate, food, cropping system and biotic factors, among which rice as a food plant and its cropping system play a more marked role. In has been proven that the infestation, survival, reproduction and the degree...

    Six species of stem-borers injurious to rice plant have been hitherto known from China. The paddy borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Walker), does the greatest damage and is distributed in the principal rice area in Central and South China. The main factors influencing the fluctuation of population include climate, food, cropping system and biotic factors, among which rice as a food plant and its cropping system play a more marked role. In has been proven that the infestation, survival, reproduction and the degree of damage done are closely related to the growth stages of rice. The tillering and booting stages are advantageous to this pest, while the seedling, transplanting to rejuvenating, prebooting, and ripening stages are disadvantageous. The initial population and living conditions of the paddy borer have a very profound in- fluence on the subsequent changes of the population, and both of which are affected by the cropping system of rice. The size of initial population is determined by the effective pest sources in spring, and has a close bearing on the population size of the current year, especially the first and the second generations. The degree of borer damage depends upon the growth stage of rice plants during the prevailing period of larval hatching and also the population size of the borers. In different regions, it is necessary to utilize as much as possible the cultural practices to eliminate the sources of infestation, repress the initial population and prevent the epidemic of the later generations. Moreover, it is important also to improve cultural practices, regulate the growth stage of rice and deteriorate the living conditions of the paddy borer in order to avoid or reduce borer injury. Chemical control plays also an important role in paddy borer control. The insecticide commonly used now is 6% γ BHC. The effective dosage is 1.5 carries~* per mow to prevent dead hearts and 2 catties each mow in preventing white heads. The essential methods used to apply BHC for borer control are splashing and toxic-earth-casting, both of which are equally effective for the prevention of dead hearts. Although splashing is less satisfactory in preventing white heads, but due to its higher efficiency it is also adopted. As to the proper time of applicaton, during the prevailing period of larval hatching, rice plants at tillering or booting stages should be carefully protected. However, if the borer damage is less than 1% according to forecasting, the application of insecticides will be unnecessary. For the prevention of dead hearts, the proper time of application is 1-2 days before the hatching peak under normal conditions. In an outbreak year, nevertheless, insecticides should be applied at the beginning of the peak. In order to prevent white heads, the booting as well as the early heading stages are recommended as the right time for BHC application. When the booting stage of the rice plant occurs before the hatching peak, the insecticide is usually applied at the beginning of the peak; while the hatching peak happens before the booting stage, application should be done at the beginning of booting. The paddy borer is the chief pest of rice in China, causing an annual loss not less than 10% in average years before liberation. Since the founding of New China, significant advances have been made in scientific research work. The paddy borer control work have been Carried out under the guidance of the policy of plant protection "to promote prevention and elimination simultaneously, with prevention playing the leading role". And the proper tactics of control "to carry on systematic control with cultural control as the basis and recruiting with necessary applications of insecticides", effective control measures and methods of prognosis have been adopted. The control campaign are carried on as mass movements. Therefore, the borer damage has been practically kept in check. In 1963, the average damage due to riceborers was reduced to around 29%, and in many localities even below 1%. All these were achieved by the cooperation among the leading cadres, techanical personnel and masses, under the light of the three red banners of the general line, the big leap forward and the people's communes.

    在中国为害水稻較重的螟虫已知有6种,以三化螟 Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.)最为重要,分布于我国中南部稻区。本文阐述了气候、食料、水稻栽培制度和生物等因素对三化螟种群数量变动的影响,并指出作为螟虫食料的水稻及其栽培制度的作用更为明显。研究証明,三化螟的产卵、侵入、成活、繁殖和为害都与水稻的生育期有密切关系,水稻的分蘖期及孕穗期,都是水稻最易受害的生育期,在这两个时期被害,会造成枯心或白穗;而秧田期、移植至回青期、圓稈期和成熟期都对螟虫不利。螟虫的发生基数和生活环境条件,密切影响种群数量的变动,而这些都受水稻栽培制度的影响。发生基数决定于春季螟虫的有效虫源,其数量的大小对当年的螟虫,尤其对第一、二代的发生量有密切关系。螟害程度主要决定于:(1)种群数量和(2)水稻最易受害的生育期与螟虫盛发期配合程度的综合作用。为了加強防治,各地区必须因地制宜,利用耕作栽培措施,一方面尽可能消灭虫源、压低发生基数、控制以后各代螟虫的发生;另一方面力求改进栽培技术、調节水稻生育期,恶化螟虫的生活条件,避免或減輕螟害。化学防治也是治螟的一項重要措施。目前广泛应用的药剂是6%丙体六六六,每亩用量在防治枯心时为1...

    在中国为害水稻較重的螟虫已知有6种,以三化螟 Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.)最为重要,分布于我国中南部稻区。本文阐述了气候、食料、水稻栽培制度和生物等因素对三化螟种群数量变动的影响,并指出作为螟虫食料的水稻及其栽培制度的作用更为明显。研究証明,三化螟的产卵、侵入、成活、繁殖和为害都与水稻的生育期有密切关系,水稻的分蘖期及孕穗期,都是水稻最易受害的生育期,在这两个时期被害,会造成枯心或白穗;而秧田期、移植至回青期、圓稈期和成熟期都对螟虫不利。螟虫的发生基数和生活环境条件,密切影响种群数量的变动,而这些都受水稻栽培制度的影响。发生基数决定于春季螟虫的有效虫源,其数量的大小对当年的螟虫,尤其对第一、二代的发生量有密切关系。螟害程度主要决定于:(1)种群数量和(2)水稻最易受害的生育期与螟虫盛发期配合程度的综合作用。为了加強防治,各地区必须因地制宜,利用耕作栽培措施,一方面尽可能消灭虫源、压低发生基数、控制以后各代螟虫的发生;另一方面力求改进栽培技术、調节水稻生育期,恶化螟虫的生活条件,避免或減輕螟害。化学防治也是治螟的一項重要措施。目前广泛应用的药剂是6%丙体六六六,每亩用量在防治枯心时为1.5斤,防治白穗为2斤。主要的施药方法为泼浇和撒毒土,两者对防治枯心的效果都很好;撒毒土防治白穗的效果虽稍差,但操作簡便易行。在螟虫发生期內,适值分蘖和孕穗的水稻田一般都要施药;但預测螟害低于1%的田块,可不防治。防治枯心的施药适期一般在孵化高峯前1—2天天开始,如虫量很大,要提前到盛孵始期用药。防治白穗的施药适期是:在蚁螟盛孵前孕穗的水稻,普通在盛孵始期开始施药;蚁螟盛孵后孕穗的水稻,在孕穗始期开始用药。稻螟是我国长期以来的一种严重害虫,解放前因螟害常年損失稻谷10%以上。解放后,在党和政府的領导下,科学技术有了显著的进展,治螟工作貫彻了“防治并举、以防为主”的方針,“以农业防治为基础,重点使用药剂綜合防治”的策略;采用了准确的預测預报;开展了群众性的防治活动,基本上控制了螟虫的危害,1663年的螟害率已压低到2%左右,不少地区已降低到1%以下。这都是在总路线、大跃进、人民公社三面紅旗光輝照耀下,領导、技术人員、群众三結合所取得的成果的

    In the first part of the article, the writer has briefly viewed the history of the past three decades in retrospect and sufficiently affirmed the prominent achievements made by the architectural designers in the cause of socialist construction. At the same time, however, he also points out that the development of ideas of architectural design in the past thirty years has followed a zigzag road. Especially since 1966, Lin Biao and the gang of four had fastened on the designers many mental chains, and even now...

    In the first part of the article, the writer has briefly viewed the history of the past three decades in retrospect and sufficiently affirmed the prominent achievements made by the architectural designers in the cause of socialist construction. At the same time, however, he also points out that the development of ideas of architectural design in the past thirty years has followed a zigzag road. Especially since 1966, Lin Biao and the gang of four had fastened on the designers many mental chains, and even now the influences still suffocate their minds and make them dare not create boldly. Therefore, the most important problem at present is to emancipate the mind, and only with this can the designers make more contributions to the realization of four modernizations.Secondly, the writer suggests that in order to flourish the architectural creation, the leading cadres concerned should not only well handle the carrying out of Party's policies and principles, but should also encourage and support the designers to create boldly. It is much to be regretted that, in some regions and departments, particular leading cadres mess things up by issuing subjective orders, which has caused confusion of ideas among the architectural designers, thus obstructing them from bringing into play their enthusiasm and initiative. Moreover, stress should be laid on doing things in the light of scientific laws. The architectural design work needs its specific rules and regulations. Those procedures of capital construction, which have all along proved effective but have been scrapped under the interference of the gang of four, should be re-established as soon as possible. Design criteria and quality indices of different building types should be enacted again and strictly observed.Thirdly, the writer maintains that it is necessary to further implement the Party's principle of "utility, economy and aesthetic consideration when conditions permit." Design concept should be considered functionally, and the trend of blindly seeking after form without paying attention to function should be objected. But, under the interference of the gang of four the design personnel dared not talk about architectural style and plastic arts, and consequently at present there exists a trend of neglecting aesthetic considerations. In solving the problem of housing construction, it is necessary to employ standard structural members for affording possibilities of building mechanization, but attention should also be paid to variety in design, so as to create lively and pleasant neighbourbood units. In public buildings different architectural styles should be developed freely, and on the basis of studying and assimilating the Chinese architectural heritage, the architects will be in a position to create new styles both with national characteristics and vernacular idioms

    在全国正在开展关于真理标准问题的补课中,国家建工总局于8月22日至9月3日,在大连召开了“全国建工勘察设计工作会议”。这次会议提出,要总结历史经验,深入开展设计思想问题的讨论。这是一项有关贯彻三中全会精神,进一步肃清林彪、“四人帮”流毒,打破禁区,实现建筑现代化的大事。希望各级领导和广大设计人员,要解放思想,畅所欲言,用实践是检验真理的唯一标准这个马克思主义的基本观点去判断是非,拨乱反正,积极参加讨论,认真总结经验。 为配合搞好这次讨论,我们开辟了“建筑创作问题讨论”专栏,以组织交流大家的意见。为了促使设计思想的全面解放,讨论和形成的文章,可以涉及三十年来建筑界的的主要历史事件以及有关建筑理论、建筑风格和建筑评论等问题。这一期,我们先发表下面几篇文章,作为本专栏的开始,布望各地同志争鸣争放,各抒己见,踊跃投稿。

    The author presents some personal viewpoints on the development of technical sciences including its significance and its relationships with basic sciences and technology, its educational program and personnel training, finally the basic guidelines for developing technical sciences and the problems about its developing rate.

    作者对技术科学的发展提出几点个人的看法,包括技术科学的地位与科学技术整体的关系,技术科学的重要性,技术科学的教育与人才的培养,技术科学发展的准则,以及技术科学发展的进度问题。

     
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