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calculi
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  结石
    CLINICAL ANALYSIS OF 273 CASES OF RENAL CALCULI TREATED BY PARTIAL NEPHRECTOMY
    腎部分切除治疗腎结石273例临床分析
短句来源
    Treatment of 213 cases of complicated upper urinary tract calculi with ESWL
    体外震波碎石治疗复杂性上尿路结石213例体会
短句来源
    Study for the role of double-J stents in ESWL for large renal calculi
    ESWL治疗肾大结石时双-J导管的作用探讨
短句来源
    Treatment of transparent and semi-transparent ureteral calculi with ESWL underX-ray
    X线下ESWL治疗输尿管透光和半透光结石
短句来源
    Report of 17 Cases of Calculi of Upper Urinary Tract Retreated by Open Operation After ESWL Therapy
    17例上尿路结石经ESWL治疗后再行开放性手术报告
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  “calculi”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Surgical Treatment of Renal Calculi:An Analysis of 133 Cases
    肾结石133例手术治疗临床分析
短句来源
    SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR BILATERAL UPPER URINARY TRACT CALCULI Report of 137 Cases
    双侧上尿路结石的外科治疗(附137例报告)
短句来源
    EXPERIMENT IN LASER FRAGMETATION OF URINARY CALCULI
    激光粉碎尿路结石的实验研究
短句来源
    A Quantitative Study of Spontaneous Passage Urinary Calculi
    自排尿石成份的定量研究
短句来源
    Oral Administration of Magnesium and Vitamin B_6 in Patients with Renal Calculi
    氧化镁和维生素B_6对肾结石的防治
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  calculi
A further generalization to the setting when there is no group action present is also discussed, and the various settings in which similar operator calculi appear are briefly surveyed.
      
This accomplishes the first of a possible, two-step process in solving the problem raised (LNCS, 1991, 530: 16-33; Domains and lambda-calculi, Cambridge Univ.
      
The notion of meta-variable plays a fundamental role when we define formal systems such as logical and computational calculi.
      
The influence of amino acids on the formation of particles of synthetic analogs of hydroxyapatites of renal calculi with different degrees of nonstoichiometry is investigated.
      
The results obtained allow the assumption that, under the normal physiological conditions, free amino acids are natural inhibitors for the formation of renal calculi in the human organism.
      
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Observations on the fine structure o[ urinary calculi in 15 cases were made by means of SEM along with chemical analysis, and 12 basic forms of the calculi were found. It is believed that salts exist in the calculi in the form of crystal,and the matrix theory and crystal theory are not inconsistent. Some of our views on the machanism of the formation of concentric lamina are not found in existing literatures. In 4 cases out of 15 the urinary calculi were composed of the crystals of sulfa...

Observations on the fine structure o[ urinary calculi in 15 cases were made by means of SEM along with chemical analysis, and 12 basic forms of the calculi were found. It is believed that salts exist in the calculi in the form of crystal,and the matrix theory and crystal theory are not inconsistent. Some of our views on the machanism of the formation of concentric lamina are not found in existing literatures. In 4 cases out of 15 the urinary calculi were composed of the crystals of sulfa drugs.It is suggested that in treating urinary tract infections with sulfa drugs, care should be taken. SEM is an effective tool for research on urolithiasis.

作者应用扫描电子显徽镜对15例病人的尿石微细结构进行了观察,对照化学分析结果,在尿石中找见十二种基本形态。认为盐类是以结晶形式存在于尿石中。简单讨论了尿石成因的基质学说与结晶学说,认为两派学说应该互相补充,对尿石中年轮状结构形成的机理,补充了已有文献上的看法。15例标本中有4例是由磺胺药物结晶参与尿石形成,故建议今后治疗尿路感染时应慎用磺胺药物。通过观察,认为扫描电镜是研究尿石症的有效科研工具。

The clinical experience of 273 cases of renal calculi treated by partial nephrectomy during the period of 1965-1982 is reported and the clinical data analysed. The ratio of male to female was 4 : 1. The patients were predominately (85%) adolescents and adults. The most common symptoms were hematuria, lumbago and less often irritation of the urinary bladder. About 86.3% of the calculi were located in the inferior calyx of the pelvis and 98.2% of the patients with various kinds of calculi can...

The clinical experience of 273 cases of renal calculi treated by partial nephrectomy during the period of 1965-1982 is reported and the clinical data analysed. The ratio of male to female was 4 : 1. The patients were predominately (85%) adolescents and adults. The most common symptoms were hematuria, lumbago and less often irritation of the urinary bladder. About 86.3% of the calculi were located in the inferior calyx of the pelvis and 98.2% of the patients with various kinds of calculi can be completely removed by resection of the lower pole of the kidney, or supplemented with small incisions in the parenehyma. Conservaton of the renal tissue as much as possible during the operation was emphasized. Generlly, it was enough to excise 1/5—1/6 of the kidney and then the cut surface of the kidney was closed by continuous suture with "ooo" catgut passing through the pelvis or calyx along the borderline of the cortex and medulla. The advantages of this procedure were good hemostasis and a simple technique with rarely complications and no deaths. The post-operative complications were hemorrhage (1.4%), urinary fistula (0.74%) , wound infection (3.3%) . The recurrence rate of calculi was 15.5% in this series of patients. The renal function inproved in various degrees after operation. The operative indications are given with our modified technique. We have proved in our practice that through this procedure one may remove all of the calculi, eliminate the factors of recurrences, conserve renal tissue to the utmost extent and improve renal function of the affected kidney. Therefore, this procedure is safe and efficient when the operative indications are followed strictly.

本文报导自1965—1982年,采用肾部分切除治疗肾结石273例的临床经验,并对临床资料进行分析。本组男女之比为4:1,青壮年占85.5%,症状以血尿、腰痛为主,次为膀胱刺激症。结石位于肾盂下盏占85.3%。本组98.2%作肾下极切除,个别加小切口则可取净各类型肾结石。强调术中尽量保存肾组织,一般切除相当于一侧肾脏的1/5—1/6。肾断面用“○○○”肠线经肾皮质与髓质交界处穿过肾孟或肾盏连续缝合关闭。止血可靠,手术简便,并发症少,无手术死亡。术后出血占1.4%。尿瘘0.74%。伤口感染3.3%,结石复发率为15.5%,术后肾功能有不同程度的明显改善。文中提出手术适应证及手术方法改进的根据。实践证明,本术式既能取净结石又能去除局部结石复发因素,最大限度保存患肾又能改善肾功能。因此,严格掌握具有手术适应证的病例,本术式是一种安全有效的手术方法。

1004 patients including 373 with renal 282 with ureteral,166 with vesical and 62 with urethral calculi were treated from 1966 to 1980.851 operations were performed of which 52 were pyelotomy,195 Gil Verner's pyelotomy 13 nephrolithotomy,28 partal nephrectomy,ll5 nephrectomy,220 ureterolithotomy,197 vesiculolithtomy,12 urethrotomy and 19 withdrawal of the calculi with forceps.Gil Verner's pyelotomy is a method of choice in modern urology.We believe that surgical operation is advisable in all cases...

1004 patients including 373 with renal 282 with ureteral,166 with vesical and 62 with urethral calculi were treated from 1966 to 1980.851 operations were performed of which 52 were pyelotomy,195 Gil Verner's pyelotomy 13 nephrolithotomy,28 partal nephrectomy,ll5 nephrectomy,220 ureterolithotomy,197 vesiculolithtomy,12 urethrotomy and 19 withdrawal of the calculi with forceps.Gil Verner's pyelotomy is a method of choice in modern urology.We believe that surgical operation is advisable in all cases with bilateral urolithiasis in the upper urinary tacrt,in the hope of restoring renal function and avoiding infections of the urinary tract.In the majority of such patients,nephrostomic or pyelostomic drainage is of definite advantage to assure satisfactory post-operative results.

本文总结尿路结石病计1004例。其中,上尿路结石776例;下尿路结石228例,认为:上尿路结石治疗应根据结石发生部分、多发、合并症等。慎重选择手术方法;双侧上尿路结石手术尽量保护肾组织,严格掌握肾切除适应症;肾窦内肾盂切开取石术是优越的手术方法;肾造瘘或肾盂造瘘有一定的价值。

 
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