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striatum
相关语句
  纹状体
     Effects of Chronic Ischemia on Ultrastructure and Motor Function of Substantia Nigra and Striatum in Rats
     慢性缺血对大鼠黑质和纹状体结构及功能的影响
短句来源
     Studies on the Spatial Learning and Memory Function in the Marginal Division of Rat Striatum and Its Mechanism
     大鼠纹状体边缘区空间学习记忆功能及其机制的研究
短句来源
     Studies on the Mechanism of the Avoidance Learning and Memory Function in the Marginal Division of Rat Striatum
     大鼠脑纹状体边缘区逃避性学习记忆功能机制的研究
短句来源
     The Exploration for the Molecular Mechanism of the Marginal Division of Striatum Contributing to Learning and Memory
     大鼠脑纹状体边缘区参与学习记忆的分子机制的研究
短句来源
     Mechanisms of Retinoic Acid on the Induction of Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells from Newborn Rat Striatum
     视黄酸对新生大鼠纹状体神经干细胞诱导分化作用及其机制的研究
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  “striatum”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The afferent connections and its immunohistochemical characteristics of the marginal division in the rat corpus striatum
     The afferent connections and its immunohistochemical characteristics of the marginal division in the rat corpus striatum
短句来源
     CHANGES OF MONOAMINES, PURINES AND AMINO ACIDS IN RAT STRIATUM AS MEASURED BY INTERCEREBRAL MICRODIALYSIS DURING ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION
     CHANGES OF MONOAMINES,PURINES AND AMINO ACIDS IN RAT STRIATUM AS MEASURED BY INTERCEREBRAL MICRODIALYSIS DURING ISCHEMIA/REPE
短句来源
     striatum sp.n.
     striatum sp.n.
短句来源
     m RNA level of hypothalamus,frontal cortex,hippocam pus and striatum was 9.3± 1.2 ,3.2± 0 .8,3.7± 0 .3,5 .0± 1.7in control group,but 1.0± 0 .7,2 .5± 1.1,1.3± 0 .5 ,1.7± 0 .8respectively in addiction group.
     成瘾组分别为 1.0± 0 .7、2 .5± 1.1、1.3± 0 .5、1.7± 0 .8,除额叶皮质外均较对照组显著降低 (P<0 .0 5 )。
短句来源
     The masses corpus striatum were (23.7±3.9)g and (22.4±3.2)g in the abusers respectively and were lower than that in the controls (33.6±2.6)g (P<0.01).
     质量分别为( 23 7±3 9 )g和( 22 4±3 2)g,低于对照组[ (33 6±2 6)g;P<0 01];
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  相似匹配句对
     striatum sp.n.
     striatum sp.n.
短句来源
     ON THE TRANSPLANTATION AND CULTIVATION OF EUCHEUMA STRIATUM
     异枝麒麟菜的移植和人工栽培
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  striatum
In brain regions, the highest activity was detected in gray matter of cerebral hemispheres and cerebellum, and slightly lower activity was found in thalamus/hypothalamus, striatum, and hippocampus.
      
The Interstrain Differences in the Effects of D-Amphetamine and Raclopride on Dorsal Striatum Dopaminergic System in KM and Wist
      
Lipid peroxidation in the brain cortex, striatum, hippocampus, and hypothalamus of rats of the KLA and KHA lines which were distinguished by their strategies of adaptive behavior was investigated following emotional-painful stress.
      
The induced depressive-like states (on the 21st day after the stress) in rats of the KLA and KHA lines were distinguished by the largest changes in lipid peroxidation in the striatum and hypothalamus and in the striatum and hippocampus, respectively.
      
This role is based on the reorganization of neuronal firing in the motor cortico-basal ganglia-thalamocortical loop as a consequence of opioid-mediated LTD induction in the spiny cells of the input basal ganglia nucleus, striatum.
      
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Intraventricular injection of bacitracin 50 μg/50μl greatly prolonged theanalgesic effect of manual needling of Tsu-San-Li points in rabbits.Pain thresholdremained high 30-40 minutes after withdrawing the needles,whereas in the salineacupuncture group analgesic effect could no longer be demonstrated at this time.Estimation of two enekphalin levels in various brain regions revealed that thecontents in striatum and hypothalamus were much higher than those in the salineacupuncture and bacitracin control groups.This...

Intraventricular injection of bacitracin 50 μg/50μl greatly prolonged theanalgesic effect of manual needling of Tsu-San-Li points in rabbits.Pain thresholdremained high 30-40 minutes after withdrawing the needles,whereas in the salineacupuncture group analgesic effect could no longer be demonstrated at this time.Estimation of two enekphalin levels in various brain regions revealed that thecontents in striatum and hypothalamus were much higher than those in the salineacupuncture and bacitracin control groups.This was especially conspicuous instriatum,where the enkephalin contents of bacitracin acupuncture group were2-3 times higher than those of the bacitracin control group.Thirty minutes afterthe cessation of needling,a trace of enkephalin increase in striatum was still foundin the saline acupuncture group.Naloxone effectively antagonized the analgesiceffect during the bacitracin prolongation period,indicating the enhancement byintraventricular bacitracin was due to the preservation of released endogenousmorphine-like substances.

杆菌肽50微克/0.05毫升脑室内注射明显延长家兔手针双侧足三里引起的镇痛效应,在停针后30—40分钟痛阈仍维持很高的水平。测定这时脑内各区的脑啡肽含量,发现杆菌肽手针组纹状体及下丘脑含量显著高于生理盐水手针组及杆菌肽对照组。纹状体尤其明显,比杆菌肽组高1—2倍。停针后30分钟生理盐水手针组在纹状体尚有脑啡肽增高的痕迹,但近不及杆菌肽手针组。在杆菌肽延长针刺镇痛期间,纳洛酮可以明显翻转这种镇痛效应,说明杆菌肽的增强作用可能通过内源性吗啡样物质而实现。

Scopolamine and anisodine are alike in chemical structure, except that anisodine possesses a hydroxyl group on the α-carbon atom of the tropic acid moiety. In this paper, the results of a comparative study on the physiological dispositions of scopolamine and anisodine, both labeled with ~3H by the Wilzbach technic, are reported.Biological materials were extracted with chloroform at an alkaline pH. The chloroform layer was separated and washed with phosphate buffer of pH 8. An aliquet of the extract was transferred...

Scopolamine and anisodine are alike in chemical structure, except that anisodine possesses a hydroxyl group on the α-carbon atom of the tropic acid moiety. In this paper, the results of a comparative study on the physiological dispositions of scopolamine and anisodine, both labeled with ~3H by the Wilzbach technic, are reported.Biological materials were extracted with chloroform at an alkaline pH. The chloroform layer was separated and washed with phosphate buffer of pH 8. An aliquet of the extract was transferred to a counting vial and evaporated to dryness. After addition of 5 ml of scientillation liquid (toluene containing ppo 0.5%, popop 0.03% or dioxane containing ppo 0.4%, popop 0.002%, naphthalene 6%) the samples were counted in a scientillation counter (Model F3-353, Hsi-an). The measured radioactivity was shown to be unchanged ~3H-scopolamine or ~3H-anisodine by specificity tests using thin layer chromatography.Both ~3H-scopolamine and ~3H-anisodine were found to be well absorbed from rat intestine in situ, but it seemed that ~3H-scopolamine was absorbed more rapidly and more completely than ~3H-anisodine. After a single intravenous injection of ~3H-scopolamine or ~3H-anisodine, a plot of the logarithm of drug concentration in plasma versus time yielded a curve with two distinct linear components. For ~3H-scopolamine and ~3H-anisodine, the T1/2 α were found to be 11 and 13 minutes, and the T1/2β were 95 and 70 minutes, respectively. When given intravenously, the highest levels of ~3H-scopolamine and ~3H-anisodine were found in the lungs and kidneys respectively. The content of both drugs in the brain was higher than that in the plasma. The distribution patterns of the two drugs over the various regions of the brain were similar: highest levels were found in the striatum, cerebral cortex and hippocampus, moderate levels were found in the septum and diencephalon, and very low levels were obtained in the lower brain stem and cerebellum. The contents of ~3H-scopolamine in the brain sections were signi-Ficantly higher than those of ~3H-anisodine, although their contents in plasma were similar.Following an intravenous dose of ~3H-scopolamine and ~3H-anisodine, the total radioactivity excreted in urine was 62% and 78% respectively within 48 hours, while those excreted in feces was 25% and 12.5% respectively. In rats with a biliary cannula, 40% and 20% respectively of an intravenous dose of ~3H-scopolamine and ~3H-anisodine could be recovered from the bile collected within 48 hours. In the urine, feces or bile, about 1/7 to 1/4 of the excreted total radioactivity was shown to be unchanged drug.~3H-scopolamine and ~3H-anisodine were shown to be metabolized by rat liver as well as by plasma. ~3H-anisodine was shown to be also metabolized by rat kidney slices. Both drugs were rapidly metabolized by liver, kidney and plasma of the rabbit. In this animal, it seemed that the metabolism of ~3H-scopolamine was more rapid than that of ~3H-anisodine.

给大鼠灌胃~3H-东莨菪碱与~3H-樟柳碱后,吸收都好,但前者的吸收比后者更快更完全。静脉注射后,前者的T1/2α为11分钟,T1/2β为95分钟,后者的T1/2α为13分钟,T1/2β为70分钟。静脉注射后二者的组织浓度均以肺与肾最高,脑内的浓度都比血浆内者高。两药在脑的分布形式相似,以纹状体、大脑皮层及海马较多,膈区和间脑次之,低位脑干和小脑较低。虽然两药的血浆浓度相似,但在脑内各区的分布~3H-东莨菪碱明显高于~3H-樟柳碱。 两药静脉注射后,仅很小部分原形药从尿及粪排出,大部分以转化形式排出。两药都可被大鼠肝和血浆所转化,家兔的肝、肾和血浆也有这种活性,而且更强。~3H-东莨菪碱的转化速度明显地比~3H-樟柳碱快。 ~3H-东莨菪碱与~3H-樟柳碱在代谢上的差异可能与后者托品酸部分多一羟基因而极性较大有关。

The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide has been reported to interferewith the incoporation of ~3H-tyrosine into enkephalin in vitro.We now report itsin vivo effect on acupuncture analgesia and brain methionine-enkephalin contentafter intraventricular injection.Thirty-eight rats were divided into(1)control,(2)electric acupuncture,(3)Cycloheximide(0.5 mg/rat)and(4)Cvcloheximide(0.5 mg/rat)plus electric acupuncture groups.Experiments were performed 24hours after intraventricular injection.Cycloheximide itself...

The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide has been reported to interferewith the incoporation of ~3H-tyrosine into enkephalin in vitro.We now report itsin vivo effect on acupuncture analgesia and brain methionine-enkephalin contentafter intraventricular injection.Thirty-eight rats were divided into(1)control,(2)electric acupuncture,(3)Cycloheximide(0.5 mg/rat)and(4)Cvcloheximide(0.5 mg/rat)plus electric acupuncture groups.Experiments were performed 24hours after intraventricular injection.Cycloheximide itself had no conspicuouseffect on pain threshold(p>0.05)but greatly attenuated electric acupunctureanalgesia.Cycloheximide decreased methionine-enkephalin content 47% in thehypothalamus and 20% in the striatum.Electric acupuncture increased me-thionine-enkephalin 113% and 222% in these two regions respectively,but aftercycloheximide,electric acupuncture only increased methionine-enkephalin 28%and 123%.The effect on striatum was less prominent,this may be due to thefact that cycloheximide could hardly reach the contralateral striatum after unila-teral intraventricular injection.

本文用蛋白质抑制剂环己亚胺500微克/50微升大白鼠脑室内注射方法同光热甩尾测痛、放射免疫测定技术相结合发现环己亚胺组、环己亚胺+电针纽与对照组、单独电针组之比,痛阐明显降低,同时测定脑内纹状体、下丘脑甲-脑啡肽含量相应降低。阐明电针能促进甲-脑啡肽的合成,电针为提高脑内脑啡肽含量的机制之一。

 
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