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watermelon
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  西瓜
     Studies on Transcriptional Regulation Role and Application of 5' Promoter Regions of Watermelon Fruit-specific Gene wml1
     西瓜果实特异性基因wml1 5'端启动子区转录调控功能及其应用研究
短句来源
     Genetic Variation and Adverse Stress Resistance Mechanism of Different Ploidy Watermelon (Citrullus Lanatus)
     不同染色体倍性西瓜(Citrullus lanatus)的遗传变异和抗逆机理研究
短句来源
     Mechanism of Nuclear Male Sterility in G17AB Line Watermelon
     西瓜G17AB核雄性不育两用系的不育机理研究
短句来源
     Establishment of Watermelon and Melon Genetic Transformation System and Analysis of Disease-resistance in Transgenic Plants
     西瓜、甜瓜遗传转化体系的建立及转基因植株的抗病性分析
短句来源
     IN VITRO CLONAL PROPAGATION OF TRIPLOID SEEDLESS WATER MELON (CITRULLUS VULGARIS SCHRAD.)
     用离体培养无性繁殖三倍体无籽西瓜(Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.)
短句来源
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  西瓜
     Studies on Transcriptional Regulation Role and Application of 5' Promoter Regions of Watermelon Fruit-specific Gene wml1
     西瓜果实特异性基因wml1 5'端启动子区转录调控功能及其应用研究
短句来源
     Genetic Variation and Adverse Stress Resistance Mechanism of Different Ploidy Watermelon (Citrullus Lanatus)
     不同染色体倍性西瓜(Citrullus lanatus)的遗传变异和抗逆机理研究
短句来源
     Mechanism of Nuclear Male Sterility in G17AB Line Watermelon
     西瓜G17AB核雄性不育两用系的不育机理研究
短句来源
     Establishment of Watermelon and Melon Genetic Transformation System and Analysis of Disease-resistance in Transgenic Plants
     西瓜、甜瓜遗传转化体系的建立及转基因植株的抗病性分析
短句来源
     IN VITRO CLONAL PROPAGATION OF TRIPLOID SEEDLESS WATER MELON (CITRULLUS VULGARIS SCHRAD.)
     用离体培养无性繁殖三倍体无籽西瓜(Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.)
短句来源
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  “watermelon”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Effect of biocontrol agents FO47 & FO47B10 on watermelon and cucumber
     生防菌FO47和FO47B10的应用研究
短句来源
     The control efficacy of T31 G1 and B11 to the watermelon wilt in field was about 35-50%.
     经田间防治试验,T_(31)、G_1和B_(11)单个菌的田间防效在35—50%左右;
     Seed watermelon ( Citrullus lanatus ssp. vulgaris convar. megalaspermus Lin et Chao.) is the one convar. of ssp.
     以新籽瓜2号等籽瓜(Citrullus Lanatus ssp.vulgaris convar.megalaspermus Lin et Chao.)
短句来源
     30 days after the ALA treatments,the dry weights,starch and solvable sugar contents of treated watermelon plants increased separately by 42%~54%,62.2%~207.0% and 32.0%~87.1% compared with those of the control plants.
     处理后30 d分析表明,ALA处理植株干物质重量比对照高出42%~54%,淀粉含量增加62.2%~207.0%,可溶性糖含量也增加32.0%~87.1%。
短句来源
     1、Seedling dropped and seeds soaked: (1) Three watermelon varieties were treated by ORYZALIN which concentration were 12.1mg/L,17.3mg/L,34.6mg/ L respectively. The time of seedling dropped were 2,4 and 6 days.
     1田间滴苗法和浸种法:(1)滴苗法:ORYZALIN溶液滴苗浓度为12.1mg/L、17.3mg/L、34.6mg/ L,滴苗天数为2d、4d、6d。
短句来源
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  watermelon
The study also showed that intercropping with watermelon and vegetables proved to have the highest economic return among the treatments adopted.
      
The rheological properties of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers of various compositions in blends with pectins of various origins (pectins recovered from apple pulp, watermelon peel, and citrus fruits) were studied.
      
Using carboxyfluorescein, a fluorochrome transported along the phloem, we demonstrated that symplasmic phloem unloading in the watermelon root occurred in the basal zone of the meristem adjusting to the elongation zone.
      
The treatment of muskmelon cultivar "Wangwenxiang", which is sensitive to watermelon mosaic virus-2 (WMV-2), with oxalate increases systemic resistance of the cultivar to WMV-2 significantly.
      
Measurement of soluble solids content in watermelon by Vis/NIR diffuse transmittance technique
      
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During 1957 and 1958,a survey of the virus diseases of cucurbit crops was carried out inPeking.Not only the symptoms of the naturally infected plants were described,but also thesamples of the diseased plants were collected and proceeded to routine diagnosis.The mosaicdisease of vegetable marrow(Cucurbita pepo L.var.)was very severe in this district.Theessential causal factor of this malady was revealed to be the Muskmelon Virus(=Marmormelonis Raeder et al.)which evidently caused the systemic infection of watermelonand...

During 1957 and 1958,a survey of the virus diseases of cucurbit crops was carried out inPeking.Not only the symptoms of the naturally infected plants were described,but also thesamples of the diseased plants were collected and proceeded to routine diagnosis.The mosaicdisease of vegetable marrow(Cucurbita pepo L.var.)was very severe in this district.Theessential causal factor of this malady was revealed to be the Muskmelon Virus(=Marmormelonis Raeder et al.)which evidently caused the systemic infection of watermelonand hada lower thermal death point(55-62℃).In the case of the mosaic disease of squash(Cucurbitamoschata var.melonaeformis,Makino),a similar virus was isolated,however,it differed fromthe above strain by not attacking watermelon,although having the same thermal resistance.From the specimens of the mosaic disease of cucumber plants,all isolates were pertain-ing to the Cucumber Mosaic Virus(CMV=Marmot cucumeris Holmes)group,consisting oftwo or more distinct strains,except a peculiar entity was isolated from a specimen of theautumnal cucumber plant.This entity,having a higher thermal death point(85℃),did notattack Nicotiana glutinosa L.,but did systemically infect N.tabacuum L.and N.sylvestris L.and caused local necrotic spots on Datura stramonium L.It was tentatively considered as anew strain and named Autumnal Cucumber Mosaic Virus(ACMV).All isolates from variousmelons were demonstrated to be the same entity as that obtained from the vegetable marrow,namely the Muskmelon Virus(MMV).A virus isolated from Luffa cylindrica Roem.was shown to have distinct properties butclose to MMV.Owing to its rather restricted host range among cucurbits,it was possibly adistinct strain of the Muskmelon Virus.

从1957到1958年,在北京都区进行了瓜类作物花叶病毒的调查研究。在记述病作物症状的同时,还采集了各类花叶病株的标样,进行了病毒的常规鉴定。西葫芦的花叶病是一个严重的病毒病,鉴定的结果证明其毒原主要为典型的甜瓜花叶病毒(MMV),而且能侵染西瓜而产生系统性花叶症。在南瓜的花叶病标样中分离到的也是甜瓜花叶病毒,但是这个株系不同于典型的甜瓜花叶病毒,因为它们都不侵染西瓜。从黄瓜花叶病标样中分离出来的病毒全属于黄瓜花叶病毒种羣(GMV),其中可能有不同的株系,而秋黄瓜上却分离出了一个毒原,不侵染心叶菸,系统侵染普通菸和毛叶菸,在蔓陀蘿叶上产生局部枯斑而具有较高的致死温度(85℃)。作者认为这可能是一个新单元,称之为秋黄瓜花叶病毒(ACMV)。所有在甜瓜,哈密瓜及绞瓜上分离出来的毒原都是属于典型甜瓜花叶病毒的,但梢瓜(即白瓜)上的毒原都是黄瓜花叶病毒(CMV),没有广州报告的白瓜花叶花病毒。丝瓜花叶病的分离物类似甜瓜花叶病毒,但寄主范围远较狭隘,很可能是一个甜瓜花叶病毒的新株系。

An isolate of MMV from Cucurbita moschata,infecting watermelon,became non-infectiousto Cucurbita maxima after passage through Luffa cylindrica.CMV is pretty common on various cultivated and wild plants in the vicinity of Peking.Eight strains are differentiated from the reactions on Benincasa hispida,Cucurbita moschata,Cucurbita maxima,Datura stramonium,Nicotiana glutinosa,and N.tabacum.

北京郊区南瓜、西葫芦花叶病是由甜瓜花叶病毒类型所致。黄瓜、参瓜、丝瓜的花叶病都是由黄瓜花叶病毒类型所引起;黄瓜花叶病毒除为害瓜类作物外,还广泛分布在郊区其他栽培作物和野生植物上。根据 CMV 各分离物在冬瓜、南瓜、蔓陀罗,心叶菸,菸上的病状反应,建议将 CMV 分离物区分为八个毒株。来自南瓜并侵染西瓜的一个甜瓜花叶病毒分离物在侵染丝瓜后不能用汁接侵染荀瓜。

From the results of the present experiment, it was found that ripening of tomato fruits can be hastened significantly with ethreleither by preharvest spray onto the plants or by dipping the fruits after harvest. Concentrations of the ethrel used for dipping ranged from 1,000 to 4,000 ppm. Temperature higher than 25℃ during the ripening period was required in accelera- ting the fruit colour development, but no consistent differences was found between that of 20℃ and that of 30℃ of the dipping solutions used....

From the results of the present experiment, it was found that ripening of tomato fruits can be hastened significantly with ethreleither by preharvest spray onto the plants or by dipping the fruits after harvest. Concentrations of the ethrel used for dipping ranged from 1,000 to 4,000 ppm. Temperature higher than 25℃ during the ripening period was required in accelera- ting the fruit colour development, but no consistent differences was found between that of 20℃ and that of 30℃ of the dipping solutions used. Preharvest spraying with ethrel (500-2000 ppm) in the field also accelerated the fruit ripening by 6-8 days. The early yield of red mature fruits of the treated lots was thus increased considerably over that of the untreated lots. But it was not the case in the total yield. Such a pattern of yield increase was mainly due to the in- crease of fruit number per unit area, and not the average weight of fruits. No appreciable change was found in total soluble solids contents in the course of ripening, whereas the titratable acidity decreased rapidly. Maturation of watermelon could also be hastensd by spraying with ethrel in the field from 100 to 500 ppm, and harvest was advanced by 5-7 days. Soluble solids contents were found to be higher in all regions of the treated fruits in comparision with the untreated ones at the same calender age of fruit development.

乙烯利(2-氯乙基磷酸)对番茄果实有明显的催熟作用。不管是在植株上喷洒处理,或采收后浸果处理均属有效。采收后浸果处理的浓度,可以从1000—4000ppm,浸果处理时药液温度(20℃及30℃)对催熟的效果影响不大。但在浸果后,要在较高的温度(22—25℃)下,才能获得预期的催熟效果。采收前植株喷洒乙烯利,浓度从500—2000ppm可以提早红熟6—8天,增加红熟果实的早期产量,但对总产量影响不大。这种对产量的一时的增加,主要是增加红熟果实数而不是单果重。在成熟过程中,可溶性固形物变异不大。而可滴定酸度则迅速降低。乙烯利处理对这两种物质的含量只有少量的增加。西瓜在采收前用乙烯利喷果处理,浓度100—500ppm,可提早成熟5—7天,及增加果汁中可溶性固形物的含量。乙烯利处理对果肉各部位的可溶性固形物含量,都比不处理的有相应的增加。

 
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