The author finally asserts that compared with the traditional approach, the strategy reading instruction approach is more effective to facilitate the students' reading proficiency.

Here the author hopes to look into the traditional approach of teaching material explanation and to reform the instruction of reading from such aspects as the aims of the teaching, ethics , approaches and links of teaching , expecting to use the theory of dialogue more effectively in the application of the new textbooks .

and (4)By using extensive experiments demonstrating the effectiveness of REFA The results show that when mining functions in a dataset with 3 33% noise data, REFA increases the success probability by 3 times and decreases the average relative error from 7 899% to 2 320% compared with the traditional approach

Because the new software development paradigm is quite different from the traditional approach, the standard and requirement for component-based techniques are also different.

Second, the traditional approach is lack of the analysis on the interest and behavior motivation, and furthermore the structuring of the framework & criterion behavior of the monetary authorities. The analysis of the dynamic consistency of the monetary policy is also lacking.

Using some SeaWinds L2A data, the new approach was validated and compared with the traditional approach under the same wind direction interval condition.

The traditional approach to the solution of these problems consists in the use of finite-difference methods or the method of characteristics in various modifications.

The traditional approach to the development of instability of a weakly charged helium surface needs correction.

It is shown that, compared to the traditional approach, this domain can be enlarged by 20-50% in frequency and by 50% in the gain increment.

Unlike the traditional approach, the proposed perturbation theory provides energy conservation in every order.

The results can be used for interpreting various experimental data insufficiently explained in the context of the traditional approach.

This paper presents a finite element method to estimate local buckling stress of stiffened panels in axial compression. Proceeding from the symmetry analysis for the mode of buckling deformation, a so-called "local unit" computation model is proposed. It is also shown that for the structures with unsymmetric mode of buckling deformation the "typical unit' model leads to unreasonable results, because such a model represents a false structure far from the real one. Therefore, the universal adaptability of the...

This paper presents a finite element method to estimate local buckling stress of stiffened panels in axial compression. Proceeding from the symmetry analysis for the mode of buckling deformation, a so-called "local unit" computation model is proposed. It is also shown that for the structures with unsymmetric mode of buckling deformation the "typical unit' model leads to unreasonable results, because such a model represents a false structure far from the real one. Therefore, the universal adaptability of the local unit to instability analysis is confirmed and reasonableness of calculated results is ensured by avoiding the traditional approach which treats the unsymmetric mode of buckling deformation as symmetric one.Considering the difference of joints for stiffened panels, the assumption of simplification for attachments of sheet to riveted stiffeners is discussed. Then the original computation model has been improved to approach actual conditions. In addition, two principles for simplifying the computation model are defined as following:1.By taking advantage of symmetry of the deformation mode the constraint effect of the adjacent strip element to the analyzed object can be replaced by the condition of zero angular displacement.2.The evaluation for whole panel can be replaced by the evaluation for one local unit, because the constraint effect of the adjacent strip element to the local unit is very small.On the basis of these principles the computation model is further simplified, therefore the computer storage and the operation time are saved.Finally the moment distribution method is analyzed, and it is shown that the results obtained by presented method are more reasonable.

In this paper, the author is attempting to solve the thermalengineering problems by the exergetic method as follows:1. First of all, four more definite and clearer definitions of exergetic efficiency are presented. Then, separate definitions of reasonable exergetic efficiency are also given for the different kinds of thermalengineering equipments for different uses.2. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of exergy of steady flow process with perfect gas as the working substance. From such an analysis, it is shown...

In this paper, the author is attempting to solve the thermalengineering problems by the exergetic method as follows:1. First of all, four more definite and clearer definitions of exergetic efficiency are presented. Then, separate definitions of reasonable exergetic efficiency are also given for the different kinds of thermalengineering equipments for different uses.2. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of exergy of steady flow process with perfect gas as the working substance. From such an analysis, it is shown that the exergy of a steady flow process of perfect gas can be divided into two different kinds of capabilities of work exclusive of the constant - zero exergy e0, which characterizes difference of mass transported between the steady flow and the surrounding medium. Now that the steady flow process in a fluid machine with perfect gas as the working substance can be described by stagnation enthalpy exergy ei* and stagnation pressure exergy ep* instead of stagnation enthalpy i* and stagnation pressure p*. And that two different kinds of capability of work can be distinguished and eventually a further development of exergetic analysis can be brought about.3. The objective function of the malengineering equipment is so depicted by the exergetic efficiency as to examine whether more reasonable result can be made otherwise with the traditional approach of analysis through its objective function-thermal efficiency. According to the author, that will depend on the coherence of variation of exergetic efficiency against the parameter analysed with that of thermal efficiency. As the coherence does not appear, the more reasonable result can be obtained. Otherwise, that will never be obtained.4. Referring to the exergetic analysis of weak part where improvement must best be made, it carried out by use of an example, it is shown that the weak part can only be determined correctly in virtue of the following approaches:(1) By comparing the magnitudes of exergy losses for various parts in a given equipment.(2) By comparing the magnitudes of exergy losses at the same part of different kinds, of thermalengineering equipments.(3) By rigorously distinguishing two different kinds of exergy losses i.e. stagnation enthalpy exergy losses and stagnation pressure exergy losses.

Ever since the identification of the neutron star as the core of a pulsar, much effort had been directed to the study of the equation of state of neutron matter at nuclear and supernuclear densities. The traditional approach of the nuclear physicists in employing static two-body nucleon-nucleon potentials to the study of the properties of nuclear matter becomes questionable in the supernuclear density. Thus physicists have to search for a novel method which would be applicable for this special problem.Of...

Ever since the identification of the neutron star as the core of a pulsar, much effort had been directed to the study of the equation of state of neutron matter at nuclear and supernuclear densities. The traditional approach of the nuclear physicists in employing static two-body nucleon-nucleon potentials to the study of the properties of nuclear matter becomes questionable in the supernuclear density. Thus physicists have to search for a novel method which would be applicable for this special problem.Of all the methods proposed to date, the one that shows considerable promise seens to be the relativistic field theoretic model of Walecka (1974)m in which all interactions are summarized by the introduction of two types of fields: a neutral scalar field (for long rang attraction) and a neutral vector field (for short rang repulsion). Since this is a relativistic model, the results so derived should be more reliable than the potential approaches.Walecka's mean field model (MFT) contains only two free parameters. It is the- refore completely fixed once the parameters are adjusted to fit the nuclear density and binding energy at saturation. A third bulk property of nuclear matter at saturation is also known. It is the nuclear compressibility Kv. Experimental result gives the compression modulus kvo-1=220MeV[9,15], whereas the Walecka model yields Kv-1=550MeV.ICQ view of this fact we had.proposed to modify the model (MMFT) by retaining same feature of scalar meson field but 'treating the interaction of the vector meson field some what diffirently. Walecka supposes a neutron star to be a system of uniformly distributed nucleons which interact by interchanging neutral scalar mesons and neutral vector mesons.It is our view that the neutral vector mesons cannot be regarded as forming a homogeneous medium, rather, they should be regarded as forming a lattice of point sources.We has advanced the mean field model of high-dense matter. The relation between mean field of neutral vector mesons and compression modulus Kv-1 in MMFT is researched, one may find new result: In condition of Kv-1=220MeV, ml may take 2.0 and 4.3. ml=4.3 is called MMFT-L, ml=2.0 MMFT-2. The results are shown in Fig. 2 and Table 2.p mesons are added into MMFT-1 and MMFT-2, the energy of system is given by equations (22) and (23). a4 is discussed and is shown by equation (24).The equation of state of neutron matter and nuclear matter are given by (26) and (27).Using the EOS and T-O-V equation, we obtain the maximum mass of neutron star. The results of integration are shown in Table 6 and 7, and Fig. 3.It may be noted, when the p meson is added. The mass of neutron star is more large. Main results are following: MMFT-1 (ml = 4.3), Mmax = 1.69M (not contain p meson)Mmax = 1.89M (contain p meson)MMFT-2 (ml = 2.0), Mmas = 2.22M (not contain p meson)Mmax = 2.27M (contain p meson).