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the traditional approach
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  传统教学法
     One key reason was that the traditional approach to language teaching passed down from the 1930s still dominated middle school classroom teaching.
     一个重要的原因是上个世纪30年代流传下来的传统教学法仍然主宰着中学课堂教学。
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     The author finally asserts that compared with the traditional approach, the strategy reading instruction approach is more effective to facilitate the students' reading proficiency.
     作者最后认为,使用阅读教学策略讲授阅读课比传统教学法能更有效地提高学生的阅读水平。
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  “the traditional approach”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Here the author hopes to look into the traditional approach of teaching material explanation and to reform the instruction of reading from such aspects as the aims of the teaching, ethics , approaches and links of teaching , expecting to use the theory of dialogue more effectively in the application of the new textbooks .
     反思篇部分,提出了对话在阅读教学中应用所引起的一些思考,希望对传统的讲解法予以重新审视,希望应用对话能从教学目的、伦理、方式、环节等方面深刻变革阅读教学,期待新教材出现以利于对话更有效地应用于阅读教学。
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     and (4)By using extensive experiments demonstrating the effectiveness of REFA The results show that when mining functions in a dataset with 3 33% noise data, REFA increases the success probability by 3 times and decreases the average relative error from 7 899% to 2 320% compared with the traditional approach
     ④用详尽的实验验证了REFA的有效性 ,当测量数据的噪声率为 3 33%时 ,与传统方法相比 ,REFA方法的成功率提高了 3倍 ,产生结果的平均相对误差从 7 899%降低到 2 32 0 %
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     Because the new software development paradigm is quite different from the traditional approach, the standard and requirement for component-based techniques are also different.
     因为这种新的软件开发模式与已往完全自主开发的软件开发过程不同,基于构件的软件系统的软件技术也有不同的要求与规范。
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     Second, the traditional approach is lack of the analysis on the interest and behavior motivation, and furthermore the structuring of the framework & criterion behavior of the monetary authorities. The analysis of the dynamic consistency of the monetary policy is also lacking.
     第二,没有分析货币当局的利益和行为动机,没有分析货币当局为达到其目的所必需的激励和约束,并在此基础上分析货币当局的最优组织构架和行为方式,而且缺乏对货币政策动态一致性的分析。
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     Using some SeaWinds L2A data, the new approach was validated and compared with the traditional approach under the same wind direction interval condition.
     然后利用SeaWinds散射计部分L2A实测数据对该方法进行了验证,并在等风向间隔的条件下将该方法与传统的最大似然方法对同一实验数据的运行时间进行了比较。
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  相似匹配句对
     On Traditional Geography
     中国传统地理学刍议
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     The traditional Caprifoliaceae s.
     广义忍冬科为一多系类群 ;
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     On Traditional M.F and Modern M.F
     论传统物流与现代物流
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     the traditional answer is negative.
     传统观点认为社会主义与私有制经济水火难容,因而用传统观点回答必然是否定的。
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     "Science" approach.
     一是“科学”取向。
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  the traditional approach
The traditional approach to the solution of these problems consists in the use of finite-difference methods or the method of characteristics in various modifications.
      
The traditional approach to the development of instability of a weakly charged helium surface needs correction.
      
It is shown that, compared to the traditional approach, this domain can be enlarged by 20-50% in frequency and by 50% in the gain increment.
      
Unlike the traditional approach, the proposed perturbation theory provides energy conservation in every order.
      
The results can be used for interpreting various experimental data insufficiently explained in the context of the traditional approach.
      
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This paper presents a finite element method to estimate local buckling stress of stiffened panels in axial compression. Proceeding from the symmetry analysis for the mode of buckling deformation, a so-called "local unit" computation model is proposed. It is also shown that for the structures with unsymmetric mode of buckling deformation the "typical unit' model leads to unreasonable results, because such a model represents a false structure far from the real one. Therefore, the universal adaptability of the...

This paper presents a finite element method to estimate local buckling stress of stiffened panels in axial compression. Proceeding from the symmetry analysis for the mode of buckling deformation, a so-called "local unit" computation model is proposed. It is also shown that for the structures with unsymmetric mode of buckling deformation the "typical unit' model leads to unreasonable results, because such a model represents a false structure far from the real one. Therefore, the universal adaptability of the local unit to instability analysis is confirmed and reasonableness of calculated results is ensured by avoiding the traditional approach which treats the unsymmetric mode of buckling deformation as symmetric one.Considering the difference of joints for stiffened panels, the assumption of simplification for attachments of sheet to riveted stiffeners is discussed. Then the original computation model has been improved to approach actual conditions. In addition, two principles for simplifying the computation model are defined as following:1.By taking advantage of symmetry of the deformation mode the constraint effect of the adjacent strip element to the analyzed object can be replaced by the condition of zero angular displacement.2.The evaluation for whole panel can be replaced by the evaluation for one local unit, because the constraint effect of the adjacent strip element to the local unit is very small.On the basis of these principles the computation model is further simplified, therefore the computer storage and the operation time are saved.Finally the moment distribution method is analyzed, and it is shown that the results obtained by presented method are more reasonable.

本文是用有限元素法解轴压加筋板局部稳定性问题的研究报告。它从失稳变形模态对称性分析入手,提出了局部单元的计算模型。对于失稳变形模态非对称结构,指出典型单元计算模型的局限性。从而肯定了局部单元在稳定性计算中普遍的实用意义。对于铆接结构,分析了筋条与蒙皮的连接及其简化假设,改进了铆接结构的计算模型,确保了计算结果的合理性。另外,讨论了简化计算模型的两项原则。在此基础上,对计算模型作进一步简化,从而节省了机器内存,提高了解题速度。最后给出了计算曲线及实验结果,并对力矩分配法作了分析。

In this paper, the author is attempting to solve the thermalengineering problems by the exergetic method as follows:1. First of all, four more definite and clearer definitions of exergetic efficiency are presented. Then, separate definitions of reasonable exergetic efficiency are also given for the different kinds of thermalengineering equipments for different uses.2. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of exergy of steady flow process with perfect gas as the working substance. From such an analysis, it is shown...

In this paper, the author is attempting to solve the thermalengineering problems by the exergetic method as follows:1. First of all, four more definite and clearer definitions of exergetic efficiency are presented. Then, separate definitions of reasonable exergetic efficiency are also given for the different kinds of thermalengineering equipments for different uses.2. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of exergy of steady flow process with perfect gas as the working substance. From such an analysis, it is shown that the exergy of a steady flow process of perfect gas can be divided into two different kinds of capabilities of work exclusive of the constant - zero exergy e0, which characterizes difference of mass transported between the steady flow and the surrounding medium. Now that the steady flow process in a fluid machine with perfect gas as the working substance can be described by stagnation enthalpy exergy ei* and stagnation pressure exergy ep* instead of stagnation enthalpy i* and stagnation pressure p*. And that two different kinds of capability of work can be distinguished and eventually a further development of exergetic analysis can be brought about.3. The objective function of the malengineering equipment is so depicted by the exergetic efficiency as to examine whether more reasonable result can be made otherwise with the traditional approach of analysis through its objective function-thermal efficiency. According to the author, that will depend on the coherence of variation of exergetic efficiency against the parameter analysed with that of thermal efficiency. As the coherence does not appear, the more reasonable result can be obtained. Otherwise, that will never be obtained.4. Referring to the exergetic analysis of weak part where improvement must best be made, it carried out by use of an example, it is shown that the weak part can only be determined correctly in virtue of the following approaches:(1) By comparing the magnitudes of exergy losses for various parts in a given equipment.(2) By comparing the magnitudes of exergy losses at the same part of different kinds, of thermalengineering equipments.(3) By rigorously distinguishing two different kinds of exergy losses i.e. stagnation enthalpy exergy losses and stagnation pressure exergy losses.

本文在热工问题的(火用)分析方面作了下列各项工作: 1.提出了四种工程意义明确而又严密的(火用)效率定义,并分别对各种具体情况提出了各类热工设备的合理的(火用)效率定义。 2.对高速稳定流动的理想气体工质的作功能力(总(火用)e~*),进行了分析,分析指出除常数零(火用)e_0外,总(火用)e~*系由两类不同质的作功能力所组成,由此引入了两个新概念:总焓(火用)e_i*和总压(火用)e_p*。由于新概念的引入,就区分了两类不同质的作功能力,这是热工问题(火用)分析的一个新发展。 3.指出了用(火用)分析法进行热工设备的最优分析,能否得到比热效率法更为合理的结果,这需视两种分析法的目标函数随分析对象的变化是否一致而定。 4.关于薄弱环节(火用)分析,本文指出了薄弱环节的确定,不仅需要进行纵的比较,而且还需要进行横的比较,也要注意区分两类不同质的作功能力((火用))的损失。

Ever since the identification of the neutron star as the core of a pulsar, much effort had been directed to the study of the equation of state of neutron matter at nuclear and supernuclear densities. The traditional approach of the nuclear physicists in employing static two-body nucleon-nucleon potentials to the study of the properties of nuclear matter becomes questionable in the supernuclear density. Thus physicists have to search for a novel method which would be applicable for this special problem.Of...

Ever since the identification of the neutron star as the core of a pulsar, much effort had been directed to the study of the equation of state of neutron matter at nuclear and supernuclear densities. The traditional approach of the nuclear physicists in employing static two-body nucleon-nucleon potentials to the study of the properties of nuclear matter becomes questionable in the supernuclear density. Thus physicists have to search for a novel method which would be applicable for this special problem.Of all the methods proposed to date, the one that shows considerable promise seens to be the relativistic field theoretic model of Walecka (1974)m in which all interactions are summarized by the introduction of two types of fields: a neutral scalar field (for long rang attraction) and a neutral vector field (for short rang repulsion). Since this is a relativistic model, the results so derived should be more reliable than the potential approaches.Walecka's mean field model (MFT) contains only two free parameters. It is the- refore completely fixed once the parameters are adjusted to fit the nuclear density and binding energy at saturation. A third bulk property of nuclear matter at saturation is also known. It is the nuclear compressibility Kv. Experimental result gives the compression modulus kvo-1=220MeV[9,15], whereas the Walecka model yields Kv-1=550MeV.ICQ view of this fact we had.proposed to modify the model (MMFT) by retaining same feature of scalar meson field but 'treating the interaction of the vector meson field some what diffirently. Walecka supposes a neutron star to be a system of uniformly distributed nucleons which interact by interchanging neutral scalar mesons and neutral vector mesons.It is our view that the neutral vector mesons cannot be regarded as forming a homogeneous medium, rather, they should be regarded as forming a lattice of point sources.We has advanced the mean field model of high-dense matter. The relation between mean field of neutral vector mesons and compression modulus Kv-1 in MMFT is researched, one may find new result: In condition of Kv-1=220MeV, ml may take 2.0 and 4.3. ml=4.3 is called MMFT-L, ml=2.0 MMFT-2. The results are shown in Fig. 2 and Table 2.p mesons are added into MMFT-1 and MMFT-2, the energy of system is given by equations (22) and (23). a4 is discussed and is shown by equation (24).The equation of state of neutron matter and nuclear matter are given by (26) and (27).Using the EOS and T-O-V equation, we obtain the maximum mass of neutron star. The results of integration are shown in Table 6 and 7, and Fig. 3.It may be noted, when the p meson is added. The mass of neutron star is more large. Main results are following: MMFT-1 (ml = 4.3), Mmax = 1.69M (not contain p meson)Mmax = 1.89M (contain p meson)MMFT-2 (ml = 2.0), Mmas = 2.22M (not contain p meson)Mmax = 2.27M (contain p meson).

本文对以前提出的改进的平均场模型(简称 MMFT)做了进一步的讨论。发现该模型有新的解 ml=2 ; 加入ρ介子,计算了核物质对称能 α_4;用新的参数计算了加ρ与未加ρ的中子物质的态方程,将二者作了比较,并与ml=4.3的结果做了比较;引用二体关联函数对矢量介子平均场的形式做了初步的理论探讨;用中子星结构方程计算了相应于各种态方程的中子星最大质量,结果是: MMFT-2(ml=2): M_(max)=2.22M(不含ρ介子) M_(max)=2.27M(加入ρ介子) MMFT-1(ml=4.3):M_(max)=1.69M(不含ρ介子) M_(max)=1.89M(加入ρ介子)

 
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