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   mandibular resection 在 肿瘤学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.442秒
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mandibular resection
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  “mandibular resection”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The total scores of QoL in the patients who survived 5 to 10 years with early tumor,non-segmental mandibular resection or non-radiotherapy were significantly high than those patients with advanced tumor,segmental mandibular resection or radiotherapy respectively(P<0.05). Operation,age,clinical stage,segmental mandibular resection and radiotherapy significantly affected QoL of patients.
    结果:60岁以下的长期无瘤生存的舌癌患者,QoL显著高于60岁以上的患者(P<0.05),早期、未行下颌骨骨段切除或未放疗的长期生存的舌癌患者QoL明显高于进展期、下颌骨骨段切除或放疗的舌癌患者(P<0.05),手术、年龄、临床分期、下颌骨骨段切除和放疗明显影响患者的QoL。
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  mandibular resection
Surgical treatment consisted in a resection by the transoral approach in 43 patients (81.13%); ten patients (18.87%) benefited from a pharyngectomy with (seven) or without (three) mandibular resection.
      
A reliable preoperative predictor of mandibular invasion is required to guide the need for and extent of mandibular resection.
      
Mandibular resection for oral cancers has significant aesthetic and functional sequelae.
      
It is suggested that the maxillary preprosthetic situation after oral tumor treatment is getting worse not only due to maxillary resection and/or irradiation, but surprisingly also due to mandibular resection and or irradiation.
      
Mandibular resection must include an adequate zone of normal-appearing bone around the main tumor mass.
      


To evaluate the effect of mandibular marginal resection for oral squamous cell carcinomaA retrospective study on 248 consecutive cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma was carried outAll cases were treated with mandibular resection,including 82 marginal resection and 166 segmental resectionA comparision on local recurrence rate and 5year survival rate was madeThe local recurrence rate for marginal and segmental group was 156% and 163% respectivelyFive years survival rates were 522% and 557% respectively[Conclusion]Marginal...

To evaluate the effect of mandibular marginal resection for oral squamous cell carcinomaA retrospective study on 248 consecutive cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma was carried outAll cases were treated with mandibular resection,including 82 marginal resection and 166 segmental resectionA comparision on local recurrence rate and 5year survival rate was madeThe local recurrence rate for marginal and segmental group was 156% and 163% respectivelyFive years survival rates were 522% and 557% respectively[Conclusion]Marginal resection is an effective mandible management for oral squamous cell carcinomas with no or minimal mandible invasion

[目的]对口腔癌的下颌骨边缘切除的效果进行评价。[方法]对248例行下颌骨切除的口腔癌病人的临床资料进行了回顾性研究 ,其中82例行边缘性切除 ,166例行骨段切除 ,比较两组病人的复发率和生存率。[结果]边缘切除和骨段切除两组病人的局部复发率分别为15 6 %和16 3 % ,5年生存率分别为52 2 %和55 7 % ,无显著性差异。[结论]下颌骨边缘切除对于无明显破坏或仅有轻度下颌骨破坏的口腔癌是一种有效的下颌骨处理方法 ,既能取得良好的局部控制效果又能较好地保存病人的口腔功能。

Objective To explore a new method which can not only completely excise the ameloblastoma avoiding recurrence .but also maintain the mandibular contour. Methods For the tumor located in ramus and angle even in the body part of the mandible with crusty mono-cavity changes in X-ray,complete resection followed by freezing with liquid nitrogen should be expanded with removing the internal surface in the cavity. The part where fracture will probably occur should be supported with a slim titaniumplate internally. One...

Objective To explore a new method which can not only completely excise the ameloblastoma avoiding recurrence .but also maintain the mandibular contour. Methods For the tumor located in ramus and angle even in the body part of the mandible with crusty mono-cavity changes in X-ray,complete resection followed by freezing with liquid nitrogen should be expanded with removing the internal surface in the cavity. The part where fracture will probably occur should be supported with a slim titaniumplate internally. One end is fixed in the mandibular body and another is adjusted to be alike a perpendicular angle fixed on the internal surface of the cavity or posterior edge of the ramus or under the neck of the condyle. Mini titaniumplate with 4-6 foramina should be suppled if there is fracture and the periosteum should be reserved. Hand-controlled replacement according to the occluding relation should be taken before plate-fixation and intermaxillary-fixation which should be kept for 2 weeks. Antibiotics should be applied at the same time. Results Contour symmetry of the maxillofacial part,normal open-close occlusive movement, linguistic and masticatory function are regained for 2 patients without recurrence after 2-5 years' regular clinical examination since 1997. X-ray shows that the fractured prt recovered completely,new osteon created, the cavity defect decreased conspicuously,the fixation is rigid. Conclusion Without mandibular resection and bone implantation, the new method can provide mandibular symmetry and continuity for the bigger cases with mural ameloblastoma and lessen the malfomation and malfuction. No recurrence could be detected. It can also be applied for bigger cyst operation as well.

目的探索一种既能彻底切除肿瘤、防止复发,又能保存下颌骨连续性及颞颌关节功能的下颌骨成釉细胞瘤手术新方法。方法对X线影像显示病变波及几乎整个下颌骨升支部、角部甚至部分下颌骨体部的较大的单房型成釉细胞瘤病例,先尽量做到完整摘除肿瘤并扩大刮除骨腔内壁,再施以液氮冻融处理。为预防术区薄弱骨板处极可能发生的下颌骨病理性骨折,加用长条状钛板支撑式内固定。钛板一端固定于下颌骨体部,另一端弯制成类似直角形,以钛螺钉固定于髁状突颈部下方或下颌骨升支后缘的骨腔内壁。如术中下颌骨下缘发生骨折,则另以4-6孔微型钛板内固定,并注意保留该处骨膜。固定钛板前参照牙齿咬合关系先行手法复位,并在预先安装好的上下颌牙弓夹板上行颌间固定。术后颌间固定保持两周。结果 1997年以来共治疗2例,经2-5年以上定期随访及临床X线复查,2例病人均未见肿瘤复发,颌面部外形对称,开闭口运动正常,语言及咀嚼运动良好。X线显示原病理性骨折处完全愈合,新骨增生,皮质骨形成,原术后之骨腔明显缩小,内固定之钛板牢固。结论该方法对较大的下颌骨成釉细胞瘤可以保存完整对称的颞下颌关节功能及下颌骨的连续性,避免了根治性手术中的下颌骨截骨术及自体植骨术,大大减轻了面部畸形和功...

目的探索一种既能彻底切除肿瘤、防止复发,又能保存下颌骨连续性及颞颌关节功能的下颌骨成釉细胞瘤手术新方法。方法对X线影像显示病变波及几乎整个下颌骨升支部、角部甚至部分下颌骨体部的较大的单房型成釉细胞瘤病例,先尽量做到完整摘除肿瘤并扩大刮除骨腔内壁,再施以液氮冻融处理。为预防术区薄弱骨板处极可能发生的下颌骨病理性骨折,加用长条状钛板支撑式内固定。钛板一端固定于下颌骨体部,另一端弯制成类似直角形,以钛螺钉固定于髁状突颈部下方或下颌骨升支后缘的骨腔内壁。如术中下颌骨下缘发生骨折,则另以4-6孔微型钛板内固定,并注意保留该处骨膜。固定钛板前参照牙齿咬合关系先行手法复位,并在预先安装好的上下颌牙弓夹板上行颌间固定。术后颌间固定保持两周。结果 1997年以来共治疗2例,经2-5年以上定期随访及临床X线复查,2例病人均未见肿瘤复发,颌面部外形对称,开闭口运动正常,语言及咀嚼运动良好。X线显示原病理性骨折处完全愈合,新骨增生,皮质骨形成,原术后之骨腔明显缩小,内固定之钛板牢固。结论该方法对较大的下颌骨成釉细胞瘤可以保存完整对称的颞下颌关节功能及下颌骨的连续性,避免了根治性手术中的下颌骨截骨术及自体植骨术,大大减轻了面部畸形和功能障碍,经初步观察无复发。该方法还可

PURPOSE:To study the quality of life and related factors in a group of 5~15 years survivors of tongue cancer. METHODS:Fifty-four patients who had primary resection of tongue cancer in our hospital between 1991 and 2001 completed the University of Washington Quality of Life Scale version 4(UW-QoL~(v4))by themselves,Nonparametric test was used for statistical analysis with SPSS11.0 software package.RESULTS:The patients who were less than 60 years old had better scores than those who were more than 60(P<0.05).The...

PURPOSE:To study the quality of life and related factors in a group of 5~15 years survivors of tongue cancer. METHODS:Fifty-four patients who had primary resection of tongue cancer in our hospital between 1991 and 2001 completed the University of Washington Quality of Life Scale version 4(UW-QoL~(v4))by themselves,Nonparametric test was used for statistical analysis with SPSS11.0 software package.RESULTS:The patients who were less than 60 years old had better scores than those who were more than 60(P<0.05).The total scores of QoL in the patients who survived 5 to 10 years with early tumor,non-segmental mandibular resection or non-radiotherapy were significantly high than those patients with advanced tumor,segmental mandibular resection or radiotherapy respectively(P<0.05).Operation,age,clinical stage,segmental mandibular resection and radiotherapy significantly affected QoL of patients.CONCLUSIONS:UW-QoL~(v4)can effectively evaluated QoL of patients with tongue cancer,it can give good suggestions to treatment modality for tongue cancer. Supported by Key Science and Technology Research Project of Guangzhou City(Grant No.05z2-E0121).

目的:探讨舌癌术后无瘤生存5~15a患者的生存质量(quality of life,QoL)及其临床影响因素。方法:选择1991~2001年期间在我科治疗的无瘤生存至今的舌癌患者,54例自主完成华盛顿大学生存质量问卷第4版(University of Washington Quality of Life version 4,UW-QoL~(v4)),分析结果中可能的临床影响因素,结果利用SPSS11.0软件的非参数检验方法进行分析。结果:60岁以下的长期无瘤生存的舌癌患者,QoL显著高于60岁以上的患者(P<0.05),早期、未行下颌骨骨段切除或未放疗的长期生存的舌癌患者QoL明显高于进展期、下颌骨骨段切除或放疗的舌癌患者(P<0.05),手术、年龄、临床分期、下颌骨骨段切除和放疗明显影响患者的QoL。结论:UW-QoL~(v4)是有效的舌癌患者QoL评价工具,可为舌癌治疗方案设计提供参考建议。

 
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