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local labor market
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     Geographical concentration of industrial clusters is a common spatial economic phenomenon, which results from the followings: division and cooperation, local labor market, the mechanism of learning-by-doing and innovation.
     产业集群的地理集中是一种普遍的空间经济现象,其内生源泉主要在于分工与协作、劳动力共享市场、边干边学机制与创新。
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     local market
     国内市场
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     Local News
     本地要闻
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     Abnormal Labor
     异常分娩
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     On the right of labor
     论劳动力权——兼评职工持股制度
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     Local Activities
     地方动态
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  local labor market
Interfirm wage differentials in a local labor market: The case of the fast-food industry
      
In response to fluctuations in local labor market conditions, proxied by the local unemployment rate, a much more flexible wage-setting process is found in the nonunion sector relative to the union sector.
      
The ability of young workers to move from dead-end jobs into higher-wage jobs which have better career prospects is greatly influenced by the individual's characteristics, local labor market conditions, and his or her human capital.
      
The empirical results suggest that local market conditions may be as important a determinant of local wages as local labor market conditions, including union membership.
      
Local labor market conditions and foreign direct investment flows in the U.S.
      
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Geographical concentration of industrial clusters is a common spatial economic phenomenon, which results from the followings: division and cooperation, local labor market, the mechanism of learning-by-doing and innovation. As a result, increasing in labor productivity inside cluster is endogenous and shown up by the characteristics of increasing returns to scale. As for regional economy,because of the intra-industrial and inter-industrial relationship, increasing returns to scale has been shown up...

Geographical concentration of industrial clusters is a common spatial economic phenomenon, which results from the followings: division and cooperation, local labor market, the mechanism of learning-by-doing and innovation. As a result, increasing in labor productivity inside cluster is endogenous and shown up by the characteristics of increasing returns to scale. As for regional economy,because of the intra-industrial and inter-industrial relationship, increasing returns to scale has been shown up not only in enterprises level but also in industry level. Furthermore, the feature of increasing returns also has been shown up in regional macro-economic level. Regional multiplier and input-output analysis may be used to evaluate the regional economic effect. Formation and development of industrial clusters rely on market mechanism as well as the regulation of the government, which is a so-called 'visible hand'. Reasonable and effective regional policies may promote harmonious interaction between industrial clusters and regional economy so as to enforce the competitiveness of industries and regional economy.

产业集群的地理集中是一种普遍的空间经济现象,其内生源泉主要在于分工与协作、劳动力共享市场、边干边学机制与创新。因此,产业集群内劳动生产率增长是内生的,且呈现规模收益递增的特征。对于区域经济来说,由于产业内和产业间联系,规模收益递增不仅体现在企业中,而且还体现在行业中。此外,在区域宏观经济水平上也会出现递增的收益。运用区域乘数和投入-产出分析工具可以衡量产业集群的区域经济效应。产业集群的形成和发展不仅依赖于市场机制,而且也有赖于政府这只"看得见的手"的调节。合理有效的区域政策可以推动产业集群与区域经济的良性互动,从而提高产业和区域经济的竞争力。

Labor as a key production factor has been paid attention to by scholars for a long time. Since the 1990s, as a result of the changes enabled by economic globalization and technological progress, e.g., transformations of production pattern, employment structure, welfare institution and labor-capital relations, labor issues have displayed more significant than ever. Such transformations have made labor studies a key research area in the field of economic geography in the Western countries. In fact, this is just...

Labor as a key production factor has been paid attention to by scholars for a long time. Since the 1990s, as a result of the changes enabled by economic globalization and technological progress, e.g., transformations of production pattern, employment structure, welfare institution and labor-capital relations, labor issues have displayed more significant than ever. Such transformations have made labor studies a key research area in the field of economic geography in the Western countries. In fact, this is just a reflection of the "institutional and cultural turn" in economic geography in recent years as labor issues become a focus of study. Since local labor market is a place where social and institutional activities and regulations interact, its study is a concrete support to the "institutional and cultural turn". This paper firstly summarizes the three main stages in labor studies by economic geographers in the Western countries, and then reviews the main theoretical approaches to labor studies. It finally analyzes and examines the implications for the geographical study of labor issues in China.

劳动力问题因为其日益增强的空间性和地域差异性,已经稳定地成为现代西方经济地理学的一个重要研究对象。本文首先简要回顾西方经济地理学对劳动力问题研究的几个主要阶段,进而介绍其主要研究方法和相关理论,最后根据西方经济地理学在劳动力问题上的主要研究议题提出对我国地方劳动力市场研究的启示。

 
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