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ethnic nation
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  ethnic nation
In China, a multi-ethnic nation-state whose national policy regarding ethnic groups is still in flux, ethnicity is a subject worthy of serious analysis.
      
China is a united multi-ethnic nation of 56 ethnic groups.
      


Abstract Minority education is affected by educational law as well as ethnic law. Minority education in a multi ethnic nation is existent and developed in the interaction of its mainstream culture and subcultures. whether minority groups can maintain their educational style, and to what degree, really depends on the inner cause of their ethnic group as well as their educational features in particular, and on the mainstream culture and its educational influence in general.

少数民族教育的发展,受教育规律的影响,又受民族发展规律的影响。在多民族或多元文化的国家里,少数民族教育总是在少数民族与主体民族的相互联系和影响中存在和发展。少数民族能保持或在多大程度上保持其民族教育的特色,主要取决于少数民族自身的各种因素及其文化教育的特点。少数民族文化教育的发展,还在很大程度上取决于主体民族文化教育的影响

This article discusses 8 key issues of basic theory and policy implications regarding ethnicity in China: concept of \!ethnicity"; sources of ethnic consciousness; the formation process of China's multi-ethnic nation; understanding \!nation" and ethnicity in the West; relation between ethnic groups and territories; language and education of ethnic minorities; equity between ethnic groups and government policies favoring some groups; perspectives of ethnic relations in the...

This article discusses 8 key issues of basic theory and policy implications regarding ethnicity in China: concept of \!ethnicity"; sources of ethnic consciousness; the formation process of China's multi-ethnic nation; understanding \!nation" and ethnicity in the West; relation between ethnic groups and territories; language and education of ethnic minorities; equity between ethnic groups and government policies favoring some groups; perspectives of ethnic relations in the future.

中国各民族之间的团结合作是国家统一、社会稳定、经济发展的一个重要条件 ,也是社会学研究者必须关注的重要领域。文章讨论了与民族基础理论和应用实践相关的八个研究专题 :( 1)“民族”一词的定义 ;( 2 )民族意识的产生 ;( 3)中国多民族共同体和族群观 ;( 4)欧美国家的民族观 ;( 5)族群与地域之间的关系 ;( 6 )民族语言与教育 ;( 7)“民族平等”和政府优惠政策 ;( 8)世界上各民族交往沟通的前景。

The article points out that a nation that has weak influence upon others or is still in the ascendant needs the nationalism as its banner or weapon; however, nationalism may be used by different groups with different interests in the same country, so it may vitalize a nation or ruin a nation. A state seeking development must make nationalism to become a weapon for the integration of the state's strength relying on correct guiding ideology and methods. Under the new historical conditions the Chinese nation must...

The article points out that a nation that has weak influence upon others or is still in the ascendant needs the nationalism as its banner or weapon; however, nationalism may be used by different groups with different interests in the same country, so it may vitalize a nation or ruin a nation. A state seeking development must make nationalism to become a weapon for the integration of the state's strength relying on correct guiding ideology and methods. Under the new historical conditions the Chinese nation must substantiate nationalism with new spirit and content full of ethno-national magnani mousness in acculturation, treat history and the outside world correctly, and oppose ethno-national nihilism and ethno-national chauvism. China is not a mono-ethnic nation-state, therefore, the identity of the Chinese nation must be stressed, but the Chinese nation does not mean a simple sum of more than 50 ethnic groups and innumerable life groups as an addition compound and can not be summarized in a simple way with a certain or several special spiritual product(s). It is states, but not nations, that possess the nature of being entities and the legal effect in modern international relations, therefore, in exchange and propaganda activities the state consciousness, but not the ethnic consciousness, must be highlighted, so as to complete the historical transformation from the “nation-state” to the “state's nation” as soon as possible.

处于弱势或上升阶段的民族需要民族主义作旗帜、作武器 ;在同一个国家里 ,民族主义可能被不同的利益群体所利用 ,因此它可以振兴一个民族 ,也可能葬送一个民族。谋求发展的国家必须以正确的理念和方法使民族主义成为整合国家力量的武器。在新的历史条件下 ,中华民族必须用全新的、富有包容性的精神和内容充实民族主义 ,正确地对待历史和外部世界 ,反对民族虚无和民族自大。由于我国不是单一民族组成的民族国家 ,因此必须强调对中华民族的认同 ,但中华民族不是五十多个民族和无数个生活群体的简单相加 ,也不能用某一种或某几种特殊的精神产物作简单的概括。在现代国际关系中 ,拥有实体性质和法律效力的是国家而不是民族 ,因此 ,在交流、宣传等活动中必须突出国家意识而不是突出民族意识 ,从而尽早完成从“民族国家”到“国家民族”的历史性转移

 
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