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doctoral programs
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  博士培养
     The contemporary Australian Doctoral Education is marked with a new feature: diversified doctoral programs.
     当前澳大利亚博士教育领域出现了一个新的特征:博士培养形式多样化。
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  “doctoral programs”译为未确定词的双语例句
     On the construction of doctoral programs and first-class group of subjects
     切实抓好环境工程博士点建设 积极创建一流学科群
短句来源
     This paper, based on the analyses of the national-level key subjects, the achievements in research and teaching of doctoral programs, and the problems existing in the reinforcement of research contingents, concludes that the enhancement of the key subjects involves emphatic reinforcement of the research contingents, especially the selection and training of the academic leaders.
     通过对浙江农业大学国家级重点学科、博士点学科的教学、科研成绩和学科的学术队伍建设中存在问题的分析,认为要抓好重点学科建设,应着重抓好学科的学术队伍建设,特别是抓好学术带头人的选拔和培养工作。
短句来源
     Based on the establishment of doctoral programs in our university ,this paper expounds the necessity and importance of constructing environmental subjects,introduces the basis and characteristics of the doctoral program of environmental engineering,and proposes relevant practical thoughts and methods,while emphasizing the significance,content,and means of constructing mining environmental subject group which centers on environmental engineering.
     围绕我校环境工程博士授权点的建立 ,论述了环境学科建设的必要性和重要性 ,介绍了我校环境工程博士点的基础和特色 ,提出了切合实际的博士点建设的有关思路和方法 ,重点阐述了以环境工程为主的煤炭环境学科群的建设意义、内容和途径
短句来源
     Within 862 institutions,a stratified random sample of 432 public and private universities offering Research/Doctoral programs(extensive-,intensive-)and Master programs(I,II)were selected for the study. 864 self-designed surveys were directly sent to an administrator and a professor of sampled institutions via emails,and 561 surveys were returned through self-designed computer program "Internet survey data gathering system" or by emails.
     从美国的研究/博士型、硕士型共862所大学总体中,采用分层随机抽样法,抽取公、私立大学共432所为样本,每所大学选择行政官员和教授各1位,直接进行跨国网上问卷调查。
短句来源
     There are 281 research directions in the master's programs (only 26 for cartography) and 126 research directions in the doctoral programs concentrating in science and technology (only 1 for cartography, 1 for economy and 1 for tourism).
     硕士专业共有281个研究方向,其中26个方向是地图学方向; 博士专业共有126个研究方向,只有1个方向的核心词是地图, 1个方向含有经济一词、1个方向含有旅游一词,绝大多数方向都集中在理工科领域。
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  相似匹配句对
     On the construction of doctoral programs and first-class group of subjects
     切实抓好环境工程博士点建设 积极创建一流学科群
短句来源
     Institutional Analysis of the Authorization of Doctoral Degree Programs in China
     我国博士点审批政策的历史考察与制度分析
短句来源
     Campus Programs
     校园规划与文化建设论略
短句来源
     On the Equivalence of Programs
     程序的等价性证明
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     China's Post-doctoral System
     我国博士后制度发展的现状和展望
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  doctoral programs
Furthermore, masters programs are significantly more likely to have changed department names and to be in combined departments than doctoral programs.
      
As an alternative, we present a new and auspicious assessment methodology by analyzing sixty doctoral programs in sociology for 1975/80 on six measures of research productivity and graduate education.
      
Reputational surveys frequently are used in evaluating doctoral programs.
      
The findings provide a new basis for assessing the quality of journals and provide new insights about the content of doctoral programs.
      
This article reports on doctoral programs in educational technology during the period 1960-70.
      
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This paper, based on the analyses of the national-level key subjects, the achievements in research and teaching of doctoral programs, and the problems existing in the reinforcement of research contingents, concludes that the enhancement of the key subjects involves emphatic reinforcement of the research contingents, especially the selection and training of the academic leaders. It advances the conditions for an academic leader as well as the specific methods of selection and training. In the meantime,...

This paper, based on the analyses of the national-level key subjects, the achievements in research and teaching of doctoral programs, and the problems existing in the reinforcement of research contingents, concludes that the enhancement of the key subjects involves emphatic reinforcement of the research contingents, especially the selection and training of the academic leaders. It advances the conditions for an academic leader as well as the specific methods of selection and training. In the meantime, this paper als< expounds the measures as to how to make full use of the superior comprehensive academic strength of higher institutions and how to achieve optimum mass combination so as to focus the superior strength on the research of the key subjects.

通过对浙江农业大学国家级重点学科、博士点学科的教学、科研成绩和学科的学术队伍建设中存在问题的分析,认为要抓好重点学科建设,应着重抓好学科的学术队伍建设,特别是抓好学术带头人的选拔和培养工作。提出了学术带头人的条件及其选拔培养的措施,以及学术队伍如何充分利用和发挥高校综合学科的优势、搞好群体优化组合、集中优势力量攻关的对策。

Discipline construction is the core of the colleges and universities. As the peculiarity of the Provincial ones, consideration should be taken to the distinctive discipline construction and thus it may be useful for the construction of the academic echelon and for the groWth of the excellent academic leader, for the promotion of the scientific research level, for the culturing faculty and teaching construction, for the construction of the Master's and Doctoral program, for the enhancing of the capacity...

Discipline construction is the core of the colleges and universities. As the peculiarity of the Provincial ones, consideration should be taken to the distinctive discipline construction and thus it may be useful for the construction of the academic echelon and for the groWth of the excellent academic leader, for the promotion of the scientific research level, for the culturing faculty and teaching construction, for the construction of the Master's and Doctoral program, for the enhancing of the capacity of university and for the improving of the status of university. Strengthening the distinctive discipline construction may play very important role in the development of provincial colleges and universities.The Ph. D program of Animal Breeding and Genetics and Animal Reproduction of Gansu Agricultural University persists it distinctive research aspects and gives full play to discipline advantage on it way of development and by which to contribute to the development of the university.

学科建设是高等院校工作的龙头,由于省属高校的特殊性,在其发展中,应注重加强特色优势学科的建设,这样有利于学术梯队建设和造就优秀的学科带头人,有利于促进科研水平的提高,有利于人才培养和教学建设,有利于学位点创建,有利于增强学校办学实力和提高学校社会地位,有利于学校的可持续性发展。加强特色优势学科建设在省属高校发展中占有非常重要的地位。甘肃农业大学动物遗传育种与繁殖博士学位授权点在其学科发展建设中,坚持特色研究、发挥学科优势,为学校发展作出了积极贡献。

AbstractThis work was supported in part by a grant from International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) of United Nations Industry and Development Organization (UNIDO), Doctoral Program Foundation, Trans Century Training Program Foundation for the Talents and China Medical Board (CMB). Objective To investigate the effect of interleukin 6 (IL 6) on the growth of human lung cancer in vivo as well as in vitro. Methods To examine the mRNA level of IL 6 receptor (IL...

AbstractThis work was supported in part by a grant from International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) of United Nations Industry and Development Organization (UNIDO), Doctoral Program Foundation, Trans Century Training Program Foundation for the Talents and China Medical Board (CMB). Objective To investigate the effect of interleukin 6 (IL 6) on the growth of human lung cancer in vivo as well as in vitro. Methods To examine the mRNA level of IL 6 receptor (IL 6R) in high metastatic human lung giant cell carcinoma cell line PG by means of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR). To assess the existence of IL 6 receptor complex (including IL 6R and gp130) with the treatment of PG cells by use of recombinant human IL 6 (rhIL 6), recombinant human oncostatin M (rhOSM), and recombinant human leukemia inhibitory factor (rhLIF), respectively. To detect the expression of IL 6 by Northern blotting hybridization and bioactive assay. To identify the effect of IL 6 secreted by PG cells by use of IL 6 and IL 6R antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), and specific neutralizing antibody to IL 6. To document the influence of IL 6 on PG cells growth in vivo through the strategy of the transfection of expression vector inserted antisense IL 6 cDNA. Results RT PCR analysis revealed that PG cells expressed IL 6R mRNA. Any one of the recombinant cytokine IL 6, OSM and LIF stimulated the growth of PG cells in vitro in a concentration dependent manner. These results demonstrated IL 6 receptor complex exist in PG cells. At the same time, PG cells expressed IL 6 mRNA and secreted bioactive IL 6. Both IL 6 antisense ODNs and IL 6R ODNs inhibited PG cells proliferation. Treatment of PG cells with IL 6 antibodies reduced the growth of PG cells in vitro. PG cells transfected with IL 6 antisense expression vector showed a decreased growth in nude mice. Conclusion IL 6 functions as an autocrine growth stimulator for PG cells in vivo as well as in vitro.

Efectofinterleukin6onthegrowthofhumanlungcancercellineFuJian付坚,ZhengJie郑杰,FangWeigang方伟岗andWuBingquan吴秉铨DepartmentofPatholog...

 
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